331,473 Works

Cultural heritage management and the palaeo-environmental resource: Surveying the surface-visable palaeochannel record in the Trent Valley, UK

Steve Baker
The Trent Valley Palaeochannels Database is a GIS archive of 1204 palaeochannels and 34 areas of ridge and swale topography mapped from geo-referenced aerial photographs during 2003. The work was carried out by Trent Valley GeoArchaeology, a partnership of academic, professional and commercial stakeholders, as part of a multidisciplinary project, Trent Valley 2002, funded through the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund.

Assessment of Archaeology within Marine Aggregate

Julie Satchell
This project investigates how archaeology is considered within Environmental Statements (ESs) submitted for marine aggregate dredging licences. The study considered a selection of ESs dating from across the period for which thei production has been required in support of licence applications before focussing on ESs submitted since 1998, when the application procedure underwent major changes. The review uses key legislation and guidance from the last two decades as measures for best practice.

Stone Age Occupation of the Mekrou Valley Southwest Niger, West Africa

Vicky Winton
The Mekrou Project aimed to assess the potential for field investigations of Early and Middle Stone Age archaeological sites in the Mekrou Valley. Additionally they assessed the potential for dating Mekrou Valley Pleistocene and Holocene sediments, and by association, artefacts interred within these, by Optically Stimulated Luminescence technique.

Wearmouth and Jarrow Monastic sites. Volume 2 Appendix C

Rosemary Cramp
The twin monastery of Wearmouth and Jarrow achieved European importance in the period between its foundation in the late 7th century and destruction in the mid-9th century. Thius is mainly because of the fame of its most renowned inmate, the theologian and historian, Bede. The excavated evidence provides important evidence for the evolution of monastic plans in the Christian West in this period. The excavations have also provided some evidence for the econonmic base of...

On the Importance of Shipwrecks

On the Importance of Shipwrecks is An Aggregates Levy Sustainability Project (ALSF) as rebursed by English Heritage. The project has developed a framework and methodology for evaluating the importance of physical remains of wrecks on the seabed in the context of the Environmental Impact Assessment. The project included as literature review, consultation with key practitioners and the development of a draft framework, trials of the framework on sub-sets of wreck records from the National Monuments...

Medieval Archaeology

Medieval Archaeology journal seeks to support and advance the international study of the period from the 5th to the 16th century AD. While maintaining a special concern for the medieval archaeology of Britain and Ireland, the journal also provides a forum for the discussion of important finds and developments within this period from anywhere in the world, serving as a medium for co-ordinating the work of archaeologists and that of historians and scholars in any...

Radiocarbon dating bone samples recovered from gravel sites

The Radiocarbon dating bone samples recovered from gravel sites is an Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund project as rebursed by English Heritage. The project was undertaken by the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit. Radiocarbon pre-treatment chemistry is costly and time-consuming and so it is often not feasible to attempt to date bones, especially in large numbers, from gravel sites or others known for poor bone preservation. However, sites which predominantly yield bone which contain insufficient surviving collagen...

Lower Lugg Archaeology And Aggregates Resource Assessment

NERC Ancient Biomolecules Initiative

The Ancient Biomolecules Initiative is a Natural Environment Research Council programme exploring the biomolecular record of past life which is entombed in archaeological and geological deposits. The findings have applications in archaeology, anthropology, forensic science, research into the past climates and oil exploration. This resource consists of a series of leaflets in PDF format which describe the key findings of the Ancient Biomolecules Initiative.

Trial excavations on the site of a 17th century clay tobacco pipe kiln near Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire, 2001

David Higgins
Trial excavations at Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire in 2001 revealed evidence of a 17th century clay pipe manufactory. The report of the excavtions along with four line drawings and the cover illustration have been archived with the Archaeology Data Service and are available for download.

Hartshill, Berkshire

Between January and April 2003 Cotswold Archaeology (CA) carried out an archaeological excavation funded by the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund (ALSF) at Hartshill Copse, Upper Bucklebury, West Berkshire (centred on NGR: SU 5310 6850). The excavation followed previous excavations conducted in 2002 prior to gravel extraction elsewhere within the gravel quarry which were carried out as a result of the findings of an archaeological evaluation undertaken in 1986. The excavation identified evidence for late Bronze...

Ancient mitochondrial DNA sequence and SNP data from Andaman and Nicobar museum samples

Phillip Endicott
To reconstruct the maternal demographic history of the populations of the Andaman and Nicobar archipelagos using genetic profiles obtained from colonial era skeletal material and hair collections. The project had two main technical arms: to obtain authentic DNA data from well-handled museum collections of human material, which were a priori presumed to be heavily contaminated; to use the data to fill in lacuna in the genetic landscape left by large-scale demographic decline caused by disease...

Alan Vince Archive

The Medieval Pottery Research Group, funded by English Heritage, undertook a comprehensive audit of the Alan Vince Archaeological Consultancy archive and made recommendations for the future security of the important elements of it. Dr. Vince's widow agreed to transfer title and copyright to the final curators of all the archive elements finally distributed as part of this project. Items were returned to individuals and institutions where appropriate. Archives lacking contact/commissioning information or belonging to commercial...

Ethanolysis Reaction Kinetics of Bio-Oils for Biodiesel Production in Developing Countries

H. Kazembe-Phiri, Y. Matsumura & T. Minowa
In an effort to introduce a sustainable source of power in the developing countries of Sub-Saharan African region, we conducted ethanolysis reaction kinetics, to test the kinetics of the improved reaction system and determine its essential kinetic parameters, using a new approach for biodiesel production that employed thermally pretreated premixture of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) crude oil feedstock, calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) and glycerol (GL). In a series of reactions, we changed the reaction temperatures and times...

Classification of Used Wood in European Solid Biofuel Standard: Fuel Specification and Classes (EN 14961-1)

E. Alakangas, C. Wiik, J. Rathbauer, L. Sulzbacher, G. Baumbach, D. Kilgus, D. Blumberga, J. Guscha, P. Grammelis & A. Malliopoulou
The work of the BioNormII on Fuel specification and classes (Task IV) has very valuable in upgrading of EN 14961 to European standard. Testing of the draft versions of EN 14961 in companies and collecting feedback from associations has provided useful information from practise in setting threshold values for property tables in Part 1 of EN 14961 and proposal for classification of product standards. The Task IV has also made a comprehensive study of current...

The Futurol Project: 2nd Generation Bioethanol French Research and Development Project

F. Martel
Procethol 2G has announced on November 2008 the launch of the FUTUROL PROJECT which is supported by 11 leading partners from research, industry and finance. The aim of this project is the development and marketing of a complete production process for 2nd generation bioethanol from whole plants or from lignocellulosic biomass.

Development of Process Routes for Synthetic Biofuels from Biomass (BTL)

G. Weber, A. Potetz, R. Rauch & H. Hofbauer
In Güssing a nearly nitrogen free product gas can be provided by the Fast Internal Circulating Fluidized Bed (FICFB) – gasification system. The main components of the product gas are hydrogen (H2), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). A Fischer – Tropsch (FT­) trial plant uses the product gas components H2 and CO in an exothermic, catalytic reaction to produce hydrocarbon chains. Catalysts based on iron and cobalt are used for the...

Food Deprival Footprint and Nitrogen-Related Carbon Intensity: Two Sustainability Indicators for Dedicated Energy Crops

E. Ceotto & M. Di Candilo
Environmental indicators are synthetic variables, specifically conceived for aggregating relevant information about agroecosystems. The assessment of sustainability for bioenergy cropping systems might be improved by specific indicators, because the diffusion of these systems raised novel scientific points, notably: i) the demand of biofuels compete for cropland against the demand for food production and nature conservation; ii) the intensive agricultural management, needed to sustain productivity of bioenergy crops, might negate the greenhouse gases benefits of replacing...

Biodiesel Greenhouse Gas and Energy Balances in Farm-Scale Production

M. Laihanen, E. Jäppinen & T. Ranta
Small scale production of biodiesel fuel has been demonstrated in Finland during the last ten years and at the moment some production units are in operation. The purpose of this study is to present ongoing research project where biodiesel’s greenhouse gas and energy balances in small scale production will be studied. The raw material of biodiesel is turnip rape which is cultivated in the region of South Savo and thus the other name of the...

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