1,410,248 Works

Macroergonomics in the wild: research challenges in community settings

Richard J. HOLDEN, Amanda M. McDOUGALD SCOTT, Pascale CARAYON, Peter L.T. HOONAKKER & Ann S. HUNDT

Contribution to relational coordination and social capital through consultancy on communication in the context of the organisati

Heidi GRAFF & Hanne V. MOLTKE

Three Swedish hospitals’ lean strategies and their contribution to organizational development

Andrea ERIKSSON, Lotta DELLVE, Anna WILLIAMSSON & Richard J. HOLDEN

Work environment, Lean and agriculture

Karin ANDERSSON & Jörgen EKLUND
Lean has become the predominant management concept in industry, but its effect on the work environment is debated. Lean has now reached farms and garden nurseries. This paper aims to identify consequences for the physical and psychosocial work environment when Lean was applied in micro-businesses in the agricultural sector. Observations, a questionnaire and interviews were used as methods. It was concluded that the psychosocial work environment became more structured and less stressful. The physical work...

HF/E in shaky places

Dave MOORE & Felipe MEYER-COHEN
This paper considers the actual and potential contribution of Human Factors / Ergonomics in regions impacted by extreme natural events. The data is from nine interviews with HF/E practitioners and related professionals in New Zealand and Chile, places that have recently experienced trauma from earthquakes, tsunami, inundation and related problems. The findings include suggestions of areas in which we should be more active in order to better prepare, respond and recover. Of concern to participants,...

A survey of methods for product design and development with regards to ergoecological principles

Martha Helena SARAVIA-PINILLA, Gabriel GARCÍA-ACOSTA & Carolina DAZA-BELTRÁN
This paper presents the first part of the analisys of a literature review conducted to build an inventory of methods/models for design, development and innovation of products that are focused on both –the human factor (user) and the environmental factor (sustainability). Four databases were selected and reviewed using criteria of robustness, coverage and relevant thematic. About 1900 items were found by applying 56 search equations. Over 850 articles were classified to identify those combining simultaneously...

Sharing is caring: a discussion for combining risk information

Matthew STOGSDILL, Pernilla ULFVENGREN, Daniele BARANZINI, Siobhán CORRIGAN & Nick MCDONALD
As the aviation system continues to grow, the need to develop models that allow for an understanding of the complex interactions that occur within the industry. This paper will present some preliminary finding of the PROactive Safety PERformance for Operations (PROSPERO), an FP7 project, regarding the development of the conceptual and practical implication of such a model. Additionally, work concerning the development of a new understanding of risk, which will be necessary to fully understand...

Simulations in operational integration projects: from space to organizational conception

Cláudia CORDEIRO, Iara CASTRO, Nora MAIA & Francisco DUARTE
In the oil industry, many collaborative environments are being created known as Integrated Operations project. This article shows that the simulation for design layout of a collaborative environment highlights issues concerning the future organization of work. The participatory dynamics and the use of the proposed layouts for the new space were the main features of the simulation process. More than a review of the furniture and the physical layout of the rooms, simulation’s meetings turned...

Self-reported pain and trunk posture during pruning activity among vineyard workers at the Château Larose-Trintaudon

Romain BALAGUIER, Pascal MADELEINE, Petra HLAVACKOVA, Kévin ROSE-DULCINA, Bruno DIOT & Nicolas VUILLERME
This paper presents the first stage of our project aiming at preventing workrelated musculoskeletal disorders and improving work conditions for the Château Larose- Trintaudon (Saint-Laurent Médoc, France) vineyard workers: an ergonomic assessment of vine pruning activity was conducted. Self-reported musculoskeletal pain increased throughout the working day in the lower back region. Furthermore, video analysis during real working conditions revealed that pruning activity exposed vineyard workers to a high risk of developing WMSD. The vineyard workers...

Inter-ergonomist reliability in rating risk level - without any specific method - in ten video recorded work tasks

Mikael FORSMAN, Kristina ELIASSON, Ida-Märta RHEN, Teresia NYMAN, Per LINDBERG, Katarina KJELLBERG, Natalja BALLIU & Peter PALM

A successful private company in industrial developing country. Managers' perspective

Houshang SHAHNAVAZ, E-C LÖNNROTH & F GHASEMZADEH

Distal upper extremity disorders due to extensive usage of hand held mobile devices

Deepak SHARAN, Mathankumar MOHANDOSS, Rameshkumar RANGANATHAN, Jerrish A JOSE & Joshua Samuel RAJKUMAR
The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and clinical features of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in mobile device users. A report analysis which included 59 subjects between the ages of 5 to 56 years, who were diagnosed to have a MSD affecting the upper extremities was done. All the patients underwent rehabilitation using a sequenced protocol. All the subjects reported pain in the thumb and forearm with associated burning, numbness...

Work style risk and its correlation with other ergonomic risk factors in musculoskeletal disorders - a retrospective report anal

Deepak SHARAN, Mathankumar MOHANDOSS, Rameshkumar RANGANATHAN & Jerrish A JOSE
The aim of this study was to identify Work style related and other ergonomic risk factors that may be associated with the onset or exacerbation of Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSD) among Information Technology (IT) professionals and to look for the correlation between the two. It is a retrospective report analysis of 5331 professionals working for various IT companies in India. Ergonomic workplace analysis reports of those employees were analysed retrospectively. Report consisted of Demographic...

An assessment of lecturers ability in transferring the necessary skills in classroom: The College of Technological Studies, Kuwa

Salah Al-Ali

Broadband optical characterization of material properties

Otto Højager Attermann Nielsen
Optical inspection of material properties is of great interest to industry because it can perform objective and non-invasive characterisation of large sample quantities. This may be used in various ways to lower production costs and improve product quality. In this thesis the objective has been to develop and investigate the applicability of optical broadband characterization techniques in industrially relevant production process. Both combined broad and high resolution techniques have the potential to provide important information...

Ledelse med social kapital giver høj produktivitet

Kasper Edwards, Niels Møller, Jan Mouritsen & Hermann Burr

A Flag Diffuser for Small Wind Turbines

C. M. Gallardo & L. A. Gonzales
INTRODUCTION Small Wind Turbines are very popular for eco-communities and isolate villages. Particularly, one of these models uses a diffuser to improve the power generation and the cut-in wind speed, reaching until three times the rated power of the same wind turbine without it. Currently, many small wind turbines still remain with the traditional concept design for many reasons; however, for most of them the diffuser concept could be installed like an additional accessory improving...

A Novel Method converting Bentazone-contaminated Groundwater into Clean Drinking Water

T. S. Jepsen
The safe and healthy Danish drinking water is threatened by pesticide contamination. Pesticides are found in 20 to 25 % of the drinking water abstraction wells (Thorling, et al., 2011) and previously 150 wells have been closed each year due to contamination (Brüsch, 2007). This has significant economic and environmental costs for Society in terms of identification of uncontaminated areas and installation of new wells, besides higher carbon dioxide footprint caused by deeper wells and...

Robust design, Predictable innovation

Niels Hansen

Systematic Method for Axiomatic Robustness-Testing (SMART)

Stefan Kemmler & Bernd Bertsche
SMART (Systematic Method for Axiomatic Robustness-Testing) is a method for the development of robust and reliable products. It combines elements from the robust design methodology with a holistic approach by using Axiomatic Design (AD) and the Taguchi Method (TM). These two methods were established and expanded by N.P. Suh [1990] (AD) and G. Taguchi [1949] (TM). SMART is based on the chronological sequence of the four phases of the Product Development Process (planning, conception, design...

The Variation Management Framework (VMF) for Robust Design

Thomas J. Howard, Martin Ebro, Tobias Eifler, Moritz Göhler, Søren N. Pedersen, A. Christiansen & A. Rafn

An assessment tool for dialysis patients’ satisfaction: exploring crucial satisfaction factors for Japanese patients

Xiuzhu GU & Kenji ITOH
A questionnaire-based survey was conducted to extract a factor structure for assessing dialysis patient satisfaction. Japanese dialysis patients expressed their high satisfaction with the facility where they currently received therapy; they also wished to continue their treatment in the facility and recommend it to those who need dialysis therapy as patient loyalty. The overall satisfaction was critically determined by 5 satisfaction factors, and the following 2 were especially contributed: environment and equipment, and treatment and...

Mobile Technologies and Patient Care: A Cognitive Systems Engineering View

Penelope SANDERSON

Are physical work demands during cleaning associated with sedentary leisure time?

Mette Korshøj, Peter Krustrup, Mark Lidegaard, Karen Søgaard & Andreas Holtermann

Redesign of the logo and design of a new ergonomic hand tool enabled by systemic analysis of the Serra da Estrela PDO cheese uni

Tiago E. P. CARROLA, Fátima L. VIEIRA, Ana F. COUVINHAS & Denis A. COELHO
The work reported on this paper was aimed at improving the efficiency of a semi-artisanal cheese production process. A systemic design analysis, presented in another paper (Carrola, Couvinhas & Coelho, 2014) triggered the development of design work. A discursive analysis aimed at creating alternative logos for the Serra da Estrela PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) cheese was developed. Observations following an ethnographic approach identified ergonomic risks in cheese making during the process of cutting excess...

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