975 Works

Telo Tulku Rinpoche, About Pilgrimage to Holy Places

Baasanjav Terbish
Telo Tulku: The Dalai Lama is not able to visit Russia for many reasons and due to many factors. He visited Russia in the past though. Under the current circumstances we are not able to host His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Many people do not understand the reasons, and because of that they tend to be emotional and frustrated without knowing these political matters as to why he is not able to freely visit Russia....

Ivan Vankaev, About a Temple in Ulan Hol

Baasanjav Terbish
Ivan talks about a temple in Ulan Hol which was destroyed after the Bolshevik Revolution, and reminisces about how people went to see that place in the Soviet period.

Maria Erdnieva, About Bad and Good Signs

Darina Gedeeva & Andrei Babaev
Refrain from leaning against the door of someone’s house, for doing so is no different to sitting on the neck of the head of that household. Both acts are disrespectful. It is forbidden to fold your arms, for you may lose your mother. Also, if you hold your arms behind your back or lean your jaw on your hand, you may lose your father. If a magpie sits at your door it is a bad...

Nina Koksunova, Parental Advice

Baasanjav Terbish & Elvira Churyumova
Nina is a teacher of the Kalmyk language at a secondary school in Khar-Buluk. In this video she talks about what parents teach their children: Children should be taught from a very young age. Parents should serve as an example to their children. I believe that the mother's milk nourishes children in the same way as the father’s advice helps the children grow into proper human beings. My father Badma Ulanov was a very educated...

Ritual of Making Offerings to the Masters and Protectors of Land

Baasanjav Terbish
Kalmyks who today live in Bantir village of Astrakhan oblast’ in the past lived in a village called Dambur that was disbanded after the deportation of Kalmyks in 1943. In 2017 a stupa of Enlightenment was built in that historical place, where people perform rituals. This video shows a ritual of offering to Buddhas and spiritual masters of land in Bantir village. The ritual begins with the address of the villagers, who participated in the...

Anatoliy Safinov, Cattle Breeding

Elvira Churyumova
In his childhood Anatoliy looked after sheep. He recalls how he as a boy suckled lambs and how older people sheared sheep’s wool and weaved socks. Later his weaving skills helped Anatoliy in Siberia where he made socks out of dog hair. In his childhood Anatoliy’s family lived in the kolkhoz of the 3rd Internatsional in Tsoros. The kolkhoz kept horses. When in 1943 the Germans occupied the kolkhoz, they left four limping horses with...

Anatoliy Sangadzhi-Goryaev

Andzhur Okonov & Tsagan Seleeva
The Kalmyks were sent into exile when Anatoliy was two. In Siberia he was constantly ill but studied hard in school. After the exile, he returned to Yashkul’ rayon in Kalmykia where he worked for many years in a secondary school. He was also an instructor in the Yashkul’ regional committee of the Communist Party.

Viktoria Mukobenova, About Kuukn Noyon of Tsatkhl

Baasanjav Terbish & Elvira Churyumova
Viktoria talks about a hat that belonged to Kuukn Noyon. This is her story: Kuukn Noyon lived in Tsatkhl. After her death, her hat was turned into an object of worship. Boris Bazyrov keeps the hat on his domestic altar. When I was a child, my maternal grandmother used to take me to the house where the hat was kept. At the beginning of each spring my grandmother always filled a bottle with liquid butter,...

Andrei Ochir-Goryaev, Battle Between Khongor and Mangna Khan

Baasanjav Terbish & Elvira Churyumova
Andrei recites from the song about the battle between Khongor and Mangna Khan.

Maria Kamandzhaeva, How to Celebrate Ur Sar

Anton Churyumov
Maria says that historically the Kalmyks celebrated Ur Sar at the end of May or at the beginning of June, a time when spring ends and summer begins. It is also when livestock multiplies. In Kalmyk the word ur has two meanings, (1) a friend, a comrade, and (2) an offspring. Ur Sar is also a religious holiday. Early in the morning the Kalmyks make tea and biscuits and offer them to gods. It is...

Dzhidzha Araeva, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
Dzhidzha recounts her story of how her family was exiled to Siberia. She recalls that the carriage they were put in was full. At one of the stations Dzhidzha and her 17 year-old sister saw a room full of frozen corpses. Her family ended up in Kozulskiy rayon, in a small village 12 kilometers from the train station. Soon Dzhidzha’s two younger sisters died. Having found a job as a seamstress, she and her mother...

Danara Ungarlinova, About Myself and My Family

Baasanjav Terbish
Danara talks about herself and her family. I grew up in a close-knit family. My mother gave birth to 12 children, only 4 survived. I was born in 1934, and my siblings were born in Siberia. In Kalmykia my father worked at the newspaper Khalmg Unn. My mother was musical, she played the Saratov accordion and dombra. My father could dance well. Apparently, I inherited this gift from him. On holidays, my parents sang traditional...

Chimdya Anyasheva, About Myself

Baasanjav Terbish
Chimdya talks about how she was named, the exile of the Kalmyks to Siberia in 1943, her father, her native village and the neighboring villages, and about camels.

Bulgun Lapsina, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
Bulgun talks about herself and her ancestors. I was born in 1937 in Gorodovikovsk. My father’s name is Lapsin Burbet Vasilievich. Our surname comes from our grandfather Lavs. My great-grandfather’s name is Menke. He was a non-commissioned officer in the Tersk Army. My father told me that my great-grandfather was a very strong man and even when he was 82 he could topple a bull by holding its horns. When my grandmother died during childbirth,...

Antonina Kookueva, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish & Elvira Churyumova
Antonina talks about her work as deputy director in a village school and her job as a deputy at the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. I was born in 1947. My story is similar to that of my contemporaries. I graduated from Kalmyk Pedagogical Institute in 1969 and went to work in the village of Peschanyi where I was straight away appointed deputy director for teaching and educational work due to shortage of staff. I...

Baira Goryaeva, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
Baira talks about herself. I was born in Altsyn-Khuta, in the settlement of Tsegrg, where the famous Kalmyk poet Seryatir Badmaev was born. Other famous people from my clan are Muuta Garyaev, Lidzhi Inzhiev and many others. Now there are few people left there. When our elders were alive, they showed us the previous place of our village where villagers planted a tree. We gather there to worship that tree. My father was a teacher....

Anna Azvanova, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
This is Anna's story: My name is Anna Bovaevna Azvanova, Azvanova is my marital name. I was born in a place called Shorvan Kets on 22 February 1941. Four months after my birth, the Great Patriotic War broke out. On 28 December 1943 my family was forcibly deported to Siberia. We lived there for 13 years and returned to Kalmykia, to our homeland, on 15 April 1958. It was freezing in Siberia; the temperature would...

Yuriy Bembeev, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
In this video Yuriy talks about his origins and clan. Born in Siberia, Yuriy’s memories are mainly related to his life there. His ancestors were Torghut elite. He says that the land where his ancestors lived was captured by the Torghuts in 1640 and since then has been considered as the ancestral land of the Tsaatan and Keryad clans.

Yuriy Bembeev, About My Clan and Parents

Baasanjav Terbish
Yuriy talks about his ancestors, Torghut zaisangs, who lived in Limanskiy rayon of Astrakhan oblast, about his grandparents’ clan and his ancestral land before the Revolution in 1917. Accused of being kulaks, Yuriy’s paternal grandparents were sent to prison. When Yuriy’s parents got married, his mother’s parents did not acknowledge their (impoverished) son-in-law as an owner of an ulus (territory). Yuriy’s father never visited his in-laws since, although he allowed Yuriy to see them. Yuriy...

Vladimir Boldyrev, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
This is what Vladimir says: In the past Kalmyks were cattle breeders. They had cattle and consumed meat and dairy products. This time has passed. Today young people do not speak their language or follow their customs. They do not even distinguish between their paternal and maternal relatives. I arrived in Siberia when I was 9. My mother, grandmother and two younger siblings died there. I was left with my elder sister and we survived...

Tatyana Mukharaeva, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish & Elvira Churyumova
Tatyana was born in the village of Kharba in 1958. Her father, Monkya Muchiryaevich Boskhomdzhiev, was born in 1924. His clan affiliation was: Tsokhra bag, Zun ang. Tatyana was born in the village of Kharba in 1958. Her father, Monkya Muchiryaevich Boskhomdzhiev, was born in 1924. His clan affiliation was: Tsokhra bag, Zun ang. Having lost his father at a young age, Monkya was brought up by his mother, Kuuka Mandzhieva, who was born in...

Svetlana Batyreva, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
Svetlana is an expert on Buddhist and folk art. I was born in 1949 in Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan. I went to school there for 6 years, and in 1961 our family moved back to Kalmykia. For me the trip felt as if I had acquired a new homeland. We moved to Kalmykia on the insistence of our father. My parents always considered Kalmykia as their homeland, but for me it was where I was born. From...

Sangadzhi-Garya Dzhekiev, About Myself

Baasanjav Terbish
Sangadzhi-Garya, 85, is from the clan of Tyumnya Khoshud (i.e. Khoshuds of Prince Tyumen). He describes himself as a Torghut-Khoshud. He was born in 1928 in the village of Bergin in Yustinskiy rayon. After finishing 4 classes, he worked with his parents in the local sovkhoz. His father died before the war. With the beginning of the war, Sangadzhi-Garya was mobilized to work in a kolkhoz from where he was sent to work on the...

Oleg Mandzhiev, Autobiography

Baasanjav Terbish
In this interview Oleg Mandzhiev talks about his parents, grandfather, himself and his work. Oleg was born in 1949 in Novosibirsk. His father, Lidzhi Ismailovich, a Hero of the Soviet Union, was not deported as were the rest of the Kalmyk population. When his wife was sent to Siberia, Lidzhi followed her, despite being warned that he would lose his title. In Siberia, Oleg recalls, his mother went to work in a factory under military...

Oleg Dzhambinov, About My Family

Baasanjav Terbish
Oleg reminisces about his parents and siblings. This is his story: My father Dzhambinov Yaroslav Saykovich lived a good life. Like all in his generation, he endured many hardships, but always remained an honest and decent person. He was born in Abganer-Gakhankin district of the Western Ulus of the Kalmyk Autonomous Region on 3 March 1922. Today this village is called Esto-Altai and is in Yashalta rayon of Kalmykia. My father was orphaned when he...

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