1,640 Works

Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Aim:Some obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients may have mandibular retrognathia (ANB > 4.7° and SNB < 76.2°). Currently, there are no studies that have compared the effectiveness of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus mandibular advancement device (MAD) in severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia. We explored the efficacy of CPAP versus MAD for the treatment of severe OSA patients with mandibular retrognathia.Methods:A total of 105 patients were enrolled. Outcomes were assessed by using polysomnography,...

Effectiveness of electroacupuncture for thin endometrium in infertile women: study protocol for a single-blind, randomized controlled trial

Fangyuan Li, Hua Lu, Xinxin Wang, Qi Zhang, Qianchen Liu & Tong Wang
Abstract Background Thin endometrium negatively impacts the reproductive function. Current treatments for thin endometrium do not always improve endometrial receptivity. Preliminary evidence suggests that electroacupuncture could have potential therapy for thin endometrium in infertile women. Thus, this randomized controlled trial was designed to test whether electroacupuncture can improve endometrial receptivity in infertile women with thin endometrium. Methods This study is a randomized, single-blinded, controlled, clinical trial. A total of 142 eligible patients will be recruited...

Del Nido cardioplegia for myocardial protection in adult cardiac surgery: a systematic review and update meta-analysis

Kerong Zhai, Xingdong Cheng, Pengbin Zhang, Shilin Wei, Jian Huang, Xiangyang Wu, Bingren Gao & Yongnan Li
Objective:Although the application of del Nido cardioplegia solution (DNC) in adult cardiac surgery is accumulating, the feasibility and safety of this myocardial protection strategy in adults remains controversial. We aimed to update our previous meta-analysis to determine the myocardial protective effect of DNC versus conventional cardioplegia (CC) in adult cardiac surgery.Methods:A comprehensive literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and International Clinical Trials Registry Platform databases through November 2020.Results:Thirty-seven observational studies and...

Quadriceps Tendon Autograft Versus Bone–Patellar Tendon–Bone and Hamstring Tendon Autografts for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Wenli Dai, Xi Leng, Jian Wang, Jin Cheng, Xiaoqing Hu & Yingfang Ao
Background:The best type of autograft for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains debatable.Hypothesis:Compared with bone–patellar tendon–bone (BPTB) and hamstring tendon (HT) autografts, the quadriceps tendon (QT) autograft has comparable graft survival as well as clinical function and pain outcomes.Study Design:Meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4.Methods:A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library to July 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies reporting comparisons of QT versus BPTB or HT...

Inconsistency analysis between metagenomic next-generation sequencing results of cerebrospinal fluid and clinical diagnosis with suspected central nervous system infection

Jin Wang, Jun Ye, Liqi Yang, Xiangfeng Chen, Haoshu Fang, Zhou Liu, Guomei Xia, Yafei Zhang & Zhenhua Zhang
Abstract Background Recently, with the rapid progress of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS), inconsistency between mNGS results and clinical diagnoses has become more common. There is currently no reasonable explanation for this, and the interpretation of mNGS reports still needs to be standardised. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on 47 inpatients with suspected central nervous system (CNS) infections, and clinical data were recorded. The final diagnosis was determined by an expert group based on the...

Mucosal-associated invariant T cells predict increased acute graft-versus-host-disease incidence in patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Zhao Wang, Sudong Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Li Liu, Lukun Zhou, Yuyan Shen, Rongli Zhang, Yi He, Donglin Yang, Erlie Jiang, Xiaoming Feng, Jiaxi Zhou, Tao Cheng, Mingzhe Han & Sizhou Feng
Abstract Background Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are innate-like T cells, some studies have reported that the number of circulating MAIT cells reduced in patients with acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD) development. However, the role of donor MAIT cells on aGVHD development and subsequent functional change still remain unclear. Methods The study recruited 86 patients with hematological malignancies who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from May 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019. MAIT cells, their subset,...

AADAC protects colorectal cancer liver colonization from ferroptosis through SLC7A11-dependent inhibition of lipid peroxidation

Rongquan Sun, Zhifei Lin, Xiangyu Wang, Lu Liu, Meisi Huo, Rui Zhang, Jing Lin, Chao Xiao, Yitong Li, Wenwei Zhu, Lu Lu, Jubo Zhang & Jinhong Chen
Abstract Background Oxidative stress is a highly active metabolic process in the liver, that poses great threats to disseminated tumor cells during their colonization. Here, we aimed to investigate how colorectal cancer (CRC) cells overcome lipid peroxidation to sustain their metastatic colonization in the liver. Methods Orthotopic colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) and CRC liver colonization mouse models were constructed to determine the roles of lipid peroxidation and AADAC in CRC liver colonization. The levels of...

Genomic Architecture of Yield Performance of an Elite Rice Hybrid Revealed by its Derived Recombinant Inbred Line and Their Backcross Hybrid Populations

Fan Zhang, Conghe Zhang, Xiuqin Zhao, Shuangbing Zhu, Kai Chen, Guixiang Zhou, Zhichao Wu, Min Li, Tianqing Zheng, Wensheng Wang, Zhi Yan, Qinyong Fei, Zhikang Li, Jinjie Chen & Jianlong Xu
Abstract Background Since its development and wide adoption in China, hybrid rice has reached the yield plateau for more than three decades. To understand the genetic basis of heterosis in rice and accelerate hybrid rice breeding, the yield performances of the elite rice hybrid, Quan-you-si-miao (QYSM) were genetically dissected by whole-genome sequencing, large-scale phenotyping of 1061 recombined inbred lines (RILs) and 1061 backcross F1 (BCF1) hybrids derived from QYSM’s parents across three environments and gene-based...

Assessing the causal association between human blood metabolites and the risk of epilepsy

Jiahao Cai, Xiaoyu Li, Shangbin Wu, Yang Tian, Yani Zhang, Zixin Wei, Zixiang Jin, Xiaojing Li, Xiong Chen & Wen-Xiong Chen
Abstract Background Metabolic disturbance has been reported in patients with epilepsy. Still, the evidence about the causal role of metabolites in facilitating or preventing epilepsy is lacking. Systematically investigating the causality between blood metabolites and epilepsy would help provide novel targets for epilepsy screening and prevention. Methods We conducted two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. Data for 486 human blood metabolites came from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) comprising 7824 participants. GWAS data for epilepsy were...

Assessing the causal association between human blood metabolites and the risk of epilepsy

Jiahao Cai, Xiaoyu Li, Shangbin Wu, Yang Tian, Yani Zhang, Zixin Wei, Zixiang Jin, Xiaojing Li, Xiong Chen & Wen-Xiong Chen
Abstract Background Metabolic disturbance has been reported in patients with epilepsy. Still, the evidence about the causal role of metabolites in facilitating or preventing epilepsy is lacking. Systematically investigating the causality between blood metabolites and epilepsy would help provide novel targets for epilepsy screening and prevention. Methods We conducted two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. Data for 486 human blood metabolites came from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) comprising 7824 participants. GWAS data for epilepsy were...

Identification of SSBP1 as a ferroptosis-related biomarker of glioblastoma based on a novel mitochondria-related gene risk model and in vitro experiments

Jun Su, Yue Li, Qing Liu, Gang Peng, Chaoying Qin & Yang Li
Abstract Background Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor that leads to lethality. Several studies have demonstrated that mitochondria play an important role in GBM and that mitochondria-related genes (MRGs) are potential therapeutic targets. However, the role of MRGs in GBM remains unclear. Methods Differential expression and univariate Cox regression analyses were combined to screen for prognostic differentially-expressed (DE)-MRGs in GBM. Based on LASSO Cox analysis, 12 DE-MRGs were selected to construct...

Melanoma stem cells promote metastasis via exosomal miR-1268a inactivation of autophagy

Xiaoshuang Li, Doudou Liu, Hao Chen, Bin Zeng, Qiting Zhao, Yuhan Zhang, Yuting Chen, Jianyu Wang & H. Rosie Xing
Abstract Background Metastatic melanoma has a high mortality rate and poor survival. This is associated with efficient metastatic colonization, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Communication between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and cancer cells plays an important role in metastatic dissemination. Whether cancer stem cells can alter the metastatic properties of non-CSC cells; and whether exosomal crosstalk can mediate such interaction, have not been demonstrated in melanoma prior to this report. Results The results revealed...

Therapeutic overexpression of miR-92a-2-5p ameliorated cardiomyocyte oxidative stress injury in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy

Manli Yu, Yangyong Sun, Xinghua Shan, Fan Yang, Guojun Chu, Qian Chen, Lin Han, Zhifu Guo & Guokun Wang
Abstract Background Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) results from pathological changes in cardiac structure and function caused by diabetes. Excessive oxidative stress is an important feature of DCM pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of oxidative stress in the cardiovascular system. In the present study, we screened for the expression of oxidative stress-responsive miRNAs in the development of DCM. Furthermore, we aimed to explore the mechanism and therapeutic potential of miR-92a-2-5p in preventing diabetes-induced myocardial damage. Methods...

Therapeutic overexpression of miR-92a-2-5p ameliorated cardiomyocyte oxidative stress injury in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy

Manli Yu, Yangyong Sun, Xinghua Shan, Fan Yang, Guojun Chu, Qian Chen, Lin Han, Zhifu Guo & Guokun Wang
Abstract Background Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) results from pathological changes in cardiac structure and function caused by diabetes. Excessive oxidative stress is an important feature of DCM pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of oxidative stress in the cardiovascular system. In the present study, we screened for the expression of oxidative stress-responsive miRNAs in the development of DCM. Furthermore, we aimed to explore the mechanism and therapeutic potential of miR-92a-2-5p in preventing diabetes-induced myocardial damage. Methods...

Influence of the graft-copolymerized hydrophilic lignin content on the structure and mechanical properties of gel-spun poly(vinyl alcohol) composite fibers

Yu Cheng, Jiaxian Lin, Xiaorui Sun, Lianjie Duan, Yuanyuan Zheng, Xiaoxia Sun, Xian Li & Chunhong Lu
Lignin is a cost-effective, biobased filler for the fabrication of high-performance poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) composite fibers that increases fiber performance and sustainability. However, amorphous and hydrophobic lignin often have poor compatibility with semi-crystalline and hydrophilic PVA matrixes. Moreover, aggregation of the filler at high content could occur to impede the effectiveness of lignin as a reinforcing filler. To address these issues, modified organosolv lignin (OL24) with hydrophilicity was obtained from the graft copolymerization of organosolv...

Supplementary material from \"Hoxa9/meis1-transgenic zebrafish develops acute myeloid leukaemia-like disease with rapid onset and high penetrance\"

Wei Wang, Hongji Li, Mengling Huang, Xue Wang, Wei Li, Xiaoqing Qian & Lili Jing
HOXA9 and MEIS1 are co-expressed in over 50% of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and play essential roles in leukemogenesis, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Diverse animal models offer valuable tools to recapitulate different aspects of AML and link in vitro studies to clinical trials. We generated a double transgenic zebrafish that enables hoxa9 overexpression in blood cells under the draculin (drl) regulatory element and an inducible expression of meis1 through a heat shock...

AGuIX nanoparticles enhance ionizing radiation-induced ferroptosis on tumor cells by targeting the NRF2-GPX4 signaling pathway

Hao Sun, Hui Cai, Chang Xu, Hezheng Zhai, François Lux, Yi Xie, Li Feng, Liqing Du, Yang Liu, Xiaohui Sun, Qin Wang, Huijuan Song, Ningning He, Manman Zhang, Kaihua Ji, Jinhan Wang, Yeqing Gu, Géraldine Leduc, Tristan Doussineau, Yan Wang, Qiang Liu & Olivier Tillement
Abstract In the frame of radiotherapy treatment of cancer, radioresistance remains a major issue that still needs solutions to be overcome. To effectively improve the radiosensitivity of tumors and reduce the damage of radiation to neighboring normal tissues, radiosensitizers have been given increasing attention in recent years. As nanoparticles based on the metal element gadolinium, AGuIX nanoparticles have been shown to increase the radiosensitivity of cancers. Although it is a rare nanomaterial that has entered...

Highly sensitive terahertz sensing with 3D-printed metasurfaces empowered by a toroidal dipole

Wei Yin, zhonglei shen, Yuqing Cui, Huibo Hao, Hao Zhang, Shengnan Li, Feng Gao, Shuting Fan, Liuyang Zhang & xuefeng chen
Label-free terahertz (THz) sensing with metasurfaces has attracted considerable attention in recent years, however, ultrahigh sensing sensitivity remains to be a huge challenge for practical applications. To improve the sensitivity of these devices, herein we have proposed an out-of-plane metasurface-assisted THz sensor consisting of periodically arranged bar-like meta-atoms. Benefiting from elaborate out-of-plane structures, the proposed THz sensor with high sensing sensitivity of 325 GHz/RIU can be easily fabricated via a simple three-step fabrication process. And,...

Pivotal interplays between fecal metabolome and gut microbiome reveal functional signatures in cerebral ischemic stroke

Lanlan Zhao, Cheng Wang, Shanxin Peng, Xiaosong Zhu, Ziyi Zhang, Yanyan Zhao, Jinling Zhang, Guoping Zhao, Tao Zhang, Xueyuan Heng & Lei Zhang
Abstract Background Integrative analysis approaches of metagenomics and metabolomics have been widely developed to understand the association between disease and the gut microbiome. However, the different profiling patterns of different metabolic samples in the association analysis make it a matter of concern which type of sample is the most closely associated with gut microbes and disease. To address this lack of knowledge, we investigated the association between the gut microbiome and metabolomic profiles of stool,...

Multimodality treatment for brain arteriovenous malformation in Mainland China: design, rationale, and baseline patient characteristics of a nationwide multicenter prospective registry

Yu Chen, Heze Han, Li Ma, Ruinan Li, Zhipeng Li, Debin Yan, Haibin Zhang, Kexin Yuan, Ke Wang, Yang Zhao, Yukun Zhang, Weitao Jin, Runting Li, Fa Lin, Xiangyu Meng, Qiang Hao, Hao Wang, Xun Ye, Shuai Kang, Hengwei Jin, Youxiang Li, Dezhi Gao, Shibin Sun, Ali Liu, Shuo Wang … & Yuanli Zhao
Abstract Background Brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an important cause of hemorrhagic stroke in young adults, which can lead to severe neurological impairment. The registry of Multimodality treatment for brain ArTeriovenous malformation in mainland CHina (MATCH) is a national prospective registry to identify the natural history of AVMs in Asian population; to investigate traditional and emerging hemorrhagic predictors; and to explore the superiority of the multidisciplinary assessment in improving the long-term outcomes. Methods Consecutive AVM...

Theoretical analysis of 60-W solar-pumped single crystal fiber laser

Pengfei Xiang, Lanling Lan, Yan Liu, Hongfei Qi, Yulong Tang & xiuhua ma
In order to improve the output power of solar-pumped single-crystal fiber (SCF) lasers, a novel solar concentrating system is proposed, which consists of a parabolic mirror, a 3D-CPC, and a hollow-core reflector. By ray tracing with TracePro, influence of the fiber’s diameter and the hollow reflector’s shape on the solar absorption efficiency is theoretically investigated. A typical Nd:YAG SCF with a core-diameter of 1 mm, length of 150 mm and doping concentration of 1 at.%...

A Nomogram for Predicting Liver Metastasis of Lymph-Node Positive Luminal B HER2 Negative Subtype Breast Cancer by Analyzing the Clinicopathological Characteristics of Patients with Breast Cancer

Yuhan Yue, Junqing Liang, Yuruo Wu, Weibing Tong, Dan Li, Xuchen Cao & Xin Wang
Background: Luminal B-like human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (Luminal B [HER2−]) is the most common molecular subtype of breast cancer (BC). Since the relationship between Luminal B (HER2−) BC and liver metastasis (LM) is poorly defined, this retrospective study aimed to develop an LM risk nomogram for patients with lymph node-related (N + Luminal B [HER2−]) BC. Methods: Data were obtained for patients initially diagnosed with BC from the Tianjin Medical University Cancer...

Identification of castration-dependent and -independent driver genes and pathways in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)

Yan Li, Hui Shi, Zhenjun Zhao & Minghui Xu
Abstract Background Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most diagnosed cancers in the world. PCa inevitably progresses to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) after androgen deprivation therapy treatment, and castration-resistant state means a shorter survival time than other causes. Here we aimed to define castration-dependent and -independent diver genes and molecular pathways in CRPC which are responsible for such lethal metastatic events. Methods By employing digital gene expression (DGE) profiling, the alterations of the epididymal...

STAT3/miR-130b-3p/MBNL1 feedback loop regulated by mTORC1 signaling promotes angiogenesis and tumor growth

Hongwu Li, Ping Liu, Dapeng Li, Zixi Wang, Zhao Ding, Meng Zhou, Xu Chen, Manli Miao, Junli Ding, Wei Lin, Yehai Liu & Xiaojun Zha
Abstract Background Aberrantly activated mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) plays a vital role in tumor angiogenesis, but its precise mechanisms are still unclear. Methods Micro-RNA-130b-3p (miR-130b-3p) expression in mTORC1-activated and control cells was examined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). MiR-130b-3p levels and their correlation with mTORC1 activity were evaluated by analyzing publicly available databases and in-house head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) tissues. The role of miR-130b-3p in mTORC1-mediated angiogenesis and tumor...

Activity Enhancement of Photo-generated Carrier in CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Improved by Cd Element

Lianfei Yao, Xue Lou, Ning Sui, Wei Zhang, Hongwei Xiao, Xiaochun Chi, Hanzhuang Zhang & Yinghui Wang
Doping Cd element into perovskite materials is an effective strategy to improve the photoelectric property. However, the further discussion for carrier dynamic behavior in perovskites affected by Cd element remains not sufficient. In this research letter, based on steady and transient spectroscopy, it is found that adding Cd element into CsPbBr3 nanocrystals can enhance the activity of photo-generated carriers and accompany with the optimization of crystal structure. The former improves the carrier heating effect, which...

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