1,291 Works

Using a mixed method to identify communication skills training priorities for Chinese general practitioners in diabetes care

Mi Yao, Gang Yuan, Kai Lin, Lijuan Liu, Hao Tang, Jieying Xie, Xinxin Ji, Rongxin Wang, Binkai Li, Jiajia Hao, Huichang Qiu, Dongying Zhang, Hai Li, Shamil Haroon, Dawn Jackson, Wei Chen, Kar Keung Cheng & Richard Lehman
Abstract Background In China diabetes care is gradually shifting from secondary to primary care with great infrastructure investment and GP training. However, most GPs in China lack communication skills training, which is a huge obstacle in communication with their patients in primary care. In this study we seek to identify training priorities that is evidence-based, appropriate for the context of primary care in China, and that meet the real needs of both GPs and people...

Genome-wide identification of key enzyme-encoding genes and the catalytic roles of two 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase involved in flavonoid biosynthesis in Cannabis sativa L.

Xuewen Zhu, Yaolei Mi, Xiangxiao Meng, Yiming Zhang, Weiqiang Chen, Xue Cao, Huihua Wan, Wei Yang, Jun Li, Sifan Wang, Zhichao Xu, Atia Tul Wahab, Shilin Chen & Wei Sun
Abstract Background Flavonoids are necessary for plant growth and resistance to adversity and stress. They are also an essential nutrient for human diet and health. Among the metabolites produced in Cannabis sativa (C. sativa), phytocannabinoids have undergone extensive research on their structures, biosynthesis, and biological activities. Besides the phytocannabinoids, C. sativa is also rich in terpenes, alkaloids, and flavonoids, although little research has been conducted in this area. Results In this study, we identified 11...

On the initiation of fiber fuse damage in high-power ytterbium-doped fiber lasers

Jiading Tian, Zehui Wang, Qirong Xiao, Dan Li, Ping Yan & Mali Gong
Fiber fuse effect can occur spontaneously and propagate along optical fibers to cause wide-spread damage; it threatens all applications involving optical fibers. This paper presents two results. First, it establishes that the initiation of fiber fuse (IFF) in silica fibers is caused by defect-induced absorption. Critical temperatures and critical optical powers for IFF are simulated for the first time using a 3D solid-state heat transfer model with heat source generated by defect-induced absorption. In this...

A general method for calculating power for GEE analysis of complete and incomplete stepped wedge cluster randomized trials

Ying Zhang, John S Preisser, Elizabeth L Turner, Paul J Rathouz, Mark Toles & Fan Li
Stepped wedge designs have uni-directional crossovers at randomly assigned time points (steps) where clusters switch from control to intervention condition. Incomplete stepped wedge designs are increasingly used in cluster randomized trials of health care interventions and have periods without data collection due to logistical, resource and patient-centered considerations. The development of sample size formulae for stepped wedge trials has primarily focused on complete designs and continuous responses. Addressing this gap, a general, fast, non-simulation based...

Validity and reliability of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire in groups at high risk for cardiovascular diseases

Ni Yan, Nan Li, Wanlu Liu, Xiaoxia Li, Xiuying Liu, Pengju Zhang, Can Liu, Juan Li, Jiangwei Qiu, Yuhong Zhang & Yi Zhao
Abstract Background Diet is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but there is still a lack of tools to assess dietary intakes of this high-risk population in Ningxia, China. Objective We aim to evaluate the validity and reliability of the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) in the groups in Ningxia using a 24-hour dietary recall method. Method Two hundred five participants were included in the analysis. The two FFQs were 6 months apart,...

Functional differentiation determines the molecular basis of the symbiotic lifestyle of Ca. Nanohaloarchaeota

Yuan-Guo Xie, Zhen-Hao Luo, Bao-Zhu Fang, Jian-Yu Jiao, Qi-Jun Xie, Xing-Ru Cao, Yan-Ni Qu, Yan-Lin Qi, Yang-Zhi Rao, Yu-Xian Li, Yong-Hong Liu, Andrew Li, Cale Seymour, Marike Palmer, Brian P. Hedlund, Wen-Jun Li & Zheng-Shuang Hua
Abstract Background Candidatus Nanohaloarchaeota, an archaeal phylum within the DPANN superphylum, is characterized by limited metabolic capabilities and limited phylogenetic diversity and until recently has been considered to exclusively inhabit hypersaline environments due to an obligate association with Halobacteria. Aside from hypersaline environments, Ca. Nanohaloarchaeota can also have been discovered from deep-subsurface marine sediments. Results Three metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) representing a new order within the Ca. Nanohaloarchaeota were reconstructed from a stratified salt crust and...

When cultural values meets professional values: a qualitative study of chinese nurses’ attitudes and experiences concerning death

Jiong Tu, Manxuan Shen & Ziying Li
Abstract Background In China, there is a culture of death-avoidance and death-denying. Influenced by this distinctive socio-cultural views surrounding death, nurses often find it challenging to handle death and care for dying patients. This study explores the nurses’ attitudes and coping strategies concerning death and caring for dying patients in a cultural context of death taboo. Methods This research is a qualitative study that employs in-depth, semi-structured interviews with nurses from two major hospitals in...

AGuIX nanoparticles enhance ionizing radiation-induced ferroptosis on tumor cells by targeting the NRF2-GPX4 signaling pathway

Hao Sun, Hui Cai, Chang Xu, Hezheng Zhai, François Lux, Yi Xie, Li Feng, Liqing Du, Yang Liu, Xiaohui Sun, Qin Wang, Huijuan Song, Ningning He, Manman Zhang, Kaihua Ji, Jinhan Wang, Yeqing Gu, Géraldine Leduc, Tristan Doussineau, Yan Wang, Qiang Liu & Olivier Tillement
Abstract In the frame of radiotherapy treatment of cancer, radioresistance remains a major issue that still needs solutions to be overcome. To effectively improve the radiosensitivity of tumors and reduce the damage of radiation to neighboring normal tissues, radiosensitizers have been given increasing attention in recent years. As nanoparticles based on the metal element gadolinium, AGuIX nanoparticles have been shown to increase the radiosensitivity of cancers. Although it is a rare nanomaterial that has entered...

Automated total and vessel-specific coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification on chest CT: direct comparison with CAC scoring on non-contrast cardiac CT

Jie Yu, Lijuan Qian, Wengang Sun, Zhuang Nie, DanDan Zheng, Ping Han, Heshui Shi, Chuansheng Zheng & Fan Yang
Abstract Background This study aimed to evaluate the artificial intelligence (AI)-based coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification and regional distribution of CAC on non-gated chest CT, using standard electrocardiograph (ECG)-gated CAC scoring as the reference. Methods In this retrospective study, a total of 405 patients underwent non-gated chest CT and standard ECG-gated cardiac CT. An AI-based algorithm was used for automated CAC scoring on chest CT, and Agatston score on cardiac CT was manually quantified. Bland-Altman...

Design of a VIS-NIR superachromatic triplet with five-color correction for a broadband interferometer

Qi Lu, Yifan Ding, Wei Wang, Shijie Liu & Min Xu
In general, 𝑘 lenses with different materials can achieve at most (𝑘+1)-color correction (𝑘≥2). In this paper, a superachromat containing three lenses is designed to achieve five-color correction in the 600 - 1600 nm waveband, where the maximum chromatic focal shift is controlled within 1/100,000 of the focal length, achieving an almost unprecedented result. Conditions for lens power combination of three thin lenses in contact are firstly derived based on the Buchdahl dispersion equation, then...

Efficacy and safety of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis

Yuegang Li, Yuwei Du, Chi Xue, Pei Wu, Nan Du, Guolian Zhu, Huimian Xu & Zhi Zhu
Abstract Background Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown promise in microsatellite instability-high/mismatch repair deficient (MSI-H/dMMR) advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) immunotherapy, and many clinical trials have been conducted. Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in advanced CRC. Method PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and The Cochrane Library were searched for relevant studies up to September 2021. A retrospective cross-sectional data analysis was performed and Stata 16 software was used for analyses. Results Sixteen...

Functional analysis revealed the involvement of ZmABCB15 in resistance to rice black-streaked dwarf virus infection

Runqing Yue, Qi Sun, Jianguo Ding, Wenlan Li, Wencai Li, Meng Zhao, Shouping Lu, Tingru Zeng, Hua Zhang, Suxian Zhao, Shuanggui Tie & Zhaodong Meng
Abstract Background Maize rough dwarf disease (MRDD), caused by rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) belonging to the Fijivirus genus, seriously threatens maize production worldwide. Three susceptible varieties (Ye478, Zheng 58, and Zhengdan 958) and two resistant varieties (P138 and Chang7–2) were used in our study. Results A set of ATP-binding cassette subfamily B (ABCB) transporter genes were screened to evaluate their possible involvements in RBSDV resistance. In the present study, ZmABCB15, an ABCB transporter family...

Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome caused by destruction of residential area of rodent in a construction site: epidemiological investigation

Xiao Wei, Biao Meng, Hong Peng, Yan Li, Min Liu, Hairui Si, Rui Wu, Hailong Chen, Ying Bai, Qunling Feng, Changjun Wang & Xiangna Zhao
Abstract Background An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), caused by a Hantavirus, affected nine adult males in the southwest area of Xi’an in November 2020 was analyzed in this study. Methods Clinical and epidemiological data of HFRS patients in this outbreak were retrospectively analyzed. The whole genome of a hantavirus named 201120HV03xa (hv03xa for short) isolated from Apodemus agrarius captured in the construction site was sequenced and analyzed. In addition, nine HFRS...

Construction and Validation of Prognosis Nomogram for Metastatic Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Population-Based Study

Yuting Liu, Min Sun, Ying Xiong, Xinyue Gu, Kai Zhang & Li Liu
Purpose: This study aimed to establish a nomogram to predict overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma patients with metastasis for clinical decision-making. Methods: We investigated lung squamous cell carcinoma patients diagnosed with stage M1 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Final Results database between 2010 and 2015. They were divided into training cohort and validation cohort. In the training cohort, statistically significant prognostic factors were identified using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, and an...

Construction and Validation of Prognosis Nomogram for Metastatic Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Population-Based Study

Yuting Liu, Min Sun, Ying Xiong, Xinyue Gu, Kai Zhang & Li Liu
Purpose: This study aimed to establish a nomogram to predict overall survival in lung squamous cell carcinoma patients with metastasis for clinical decision-making. Methods: We investigated lung squamous cell carcinoma patients diagnosed with stage M1 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Final Results database between 2010 and 2015. They were divided into training cohort and validation cohort. In the training cohort, statistically significant prognostic factors were identified using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, and an...

Combination of oral STING agonist MSA-2 and anti-TGF-β/PD-L1 bispecific antibody YM101: a novel immune cocktail therapy for non-inflamed tumors

Ming Yi, Mengke Niu, Yuze Wu, Hong Ge, Dechao Jiao, Shuangli Zhu, Jing Zhang, Yongxiang Yan, Pengfei Zhou, Qian Chu & Kongming Wu
Abstract Background Non-inflamed tumors, including immune-excluded and immune-desert tumors, are commonly resistant to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 (α-PD-1/PD-L1) therapy. Our previous study reported the potent antitumor activity of anti-TGF-β/PD-L1 bispecific antibody YM101 in immune-excluded tumors. However, YM101 had limited antitumor activity in immune-desert models. MSA-2 is a novel oral stimulator of interferon genes (STING) agonist, which activates the innate immune system and may synergize with YM101 in overcoming immunotherapy resistance. Methods The dose-dependent effect of MSA-2 on STING...

Emergency department-based, nurse-initiated, serious illness conversation intervention for older adults: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Thidathit Prachanukool, Susan D. Block, Donna Berry, Rachel S. Lee, Sarah Rossmassler, Mohammad A. Hasdianda, Wei Wang, Rebecca Sudore, Mara A. Schonberg, James A. Tulsky & Kei Ouchi
Abstract Background Visits to the emergency department (ED) are inflection points in patients’ illness trajectories and are an underutilized setting to engage seriously ill patients in conversations about their goals of care. We developed an intervention (ED GOAL) that primes seriously ill patients to discuss their goals of care with their outpatient clinicians after leaving the ED. The aims of this study are (i) to test the impact of ED GOAL administered by trained nurses...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the development of chronic and antibiotic-resistant infections. Our previous study showed that a cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) inhibits the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilms and markedly reduces the biomass of preformed biofilms, while the mechanism of eradicating bacterial biofilms remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, the potential mechanism...

Cancer-associated fibroblast-specific lncRNA LINC01614 enhances glutamine uptake in lung adenocarcinoma

Tongyan Liu, Chencheng Han, Panqi Fang, Zhifei Ma, Xiaoxiao Wang, Hao Chen, Siwei Wang, Fanchen Meng, Cheng Wang, Erbao Zhang, Guozhang Dong, Hongyu Zhu, Wenda Yin, Jie Wang, Xianglin Zuo, Mantang Qiu, Jinke Wang, Xu Qian, Hongbing Shen, Lin Xu, Zhibin Hu & Rong Yin
Abstract Background Besides featured glucose consumption, recent studies reveal that cancer cells might prefer “addicting” specific energy substrates from the tumor microenvironment (TME); however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Methods Fibroblast-specific long noncoding RNAs were screened using RNA-seq data of our NJLCC cohort, TCGA, and CCLE datasets. The expression and package of LINC01614 into exosomes were identified using flow cytometric sorting, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The...

Discovery of an autophagy inducer J3 to lower mutant huntingtin and alleviate Huntington’s disease-related phenotype

Jiahui Long, Xia Luo, Dongmei Fang, Haikun Song, Weibin Fang, Hao Shan, Peiqing Liu, Boxun Lu, Xiao-Ming Yin, Liang Hong & Min Li
Abstract Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by aggregation of the mutant huntingtin (mHTT) protein encoded from extra tracts of CAG repeats in exon 1 of the HTT gene. mHTT proteins are neurotoxic to render the death of neurons and a series of disease-associated phenotypes. The mHTT is degraded through autophagy pathway and ubiquitin–proteasome system (UPS). This study identified a small molecule, J3, as an autophagy inducer by high-content screening. The results revealed...

Impact of the national hepatitis B immunization program in China: a modeling study

Zhixi Liu, Mengying Li, David W. Hutton, Abram L. Wagner, Ye Yao, Wenlong Zhu, Lingsheng Cao, Shenglan Tang, Jinhua Pan, Yesheng Wang, Qi Zhao, Hong Ren, Ying Wang & Weibing Wang
Abstract Background Elimination of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a striking challenge for countries with high or moderate disease burden. Therefore, using China as a practical case to share experiences for similar countries may accelerate the achievement of the WHO 2030 target of 90% reduction in HBV-related incidence. We aim to evaluate the impact of national HBV immunization strategies in China; and the feasibility to achieve WHO 2030 targets under different scenarios. Methods We constructed...

Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy associated with the PRKAG2 mutation

Jing Zhang, Xiu Han, Qun Lu, Yunfei Feng, Aiqun Ma & Tingzhong Wang
Abstract Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is one of the most common inherited cardiovascular diseases. The genetic backgrounds of most LVNC patients are not fully understood. We collected clinical data, family histories, and blood samples and performed genetic analysis using next-generation sequencing (NGS) from a Chinese family of 15 subjects. Clinically LVNC affected subjects showed marked cardiac phenotype heterogeneity. We found that these subjects with LVNC carried a missense heterozygous genetic mutation c.905G>A (p.R302Q) in...

Transcriptome profiling of lung immune responses potentially related to acute respiratory distress syndrome in forest musk deer

Jie Tang, Lijuan Suo, Feiran Li, Kun Bian, Chao Yang & Yan Wang
Abstract Background Forest musk deer is an endangered species globally. The death of captive forest musk deer can be caused by certain respiratory system diseases. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a huge threat to the life of forest muck deer that breed in our department. Methods Lung histopathologic analysis was conducted by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The lung gene changes triggered by ARDS were examined by RNA sequencing and related bioinformatics analysis in...

Single-cell transcriptomics reveals the role of Macrophage-Naïve CD4 + T cell interaction in the immunosuppressive microenvironment of primary liver carcinoma

Zhuomao Mo, Daiyuan Liu, Yihan Chen, Jin Luo, Wenjing Li, Jiahui Liu, Ling Yu, Bijun Huang & Shijun Zhang
Abstract Background Liver carcinoma generally presents as an immunosuppressive microenvironment that promotes tumor evasion. The intercellular crosstalk of immune cells significantly influences the construction of an immunosuppressive microenvironment. This study aimed to investigate the important interactions between immune cells and their targeting drugs in liver carcinoma, by using single-cell and bulk transcriptomic data. Methods Single-cell and bulk transcriptomic data were retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus (GSE159977, GSE136103, and GSE125449) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TGCA-LIHC),...

The global, regional, and national early-onset colorectal cancer burden and trends from 1990 to 2019: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

Hongfeng Pan, Zeyi Zhao, Yu Deng, Zhifang Zheng, Ying Huang, Shenghui Huang & Pan Chi
Abstract Purpose The incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer (EO-CRC), which occurs in people under age 50, has been increasing annually. The aim of this study was to provide an up-to-date estimate of the global EO-CRC burden. Methods We used Global Burden of Disease Study data and methodologies to describe changes in the EO-CRC burden from 1990 to 2019, including incidence, prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). The driving factors for cancer burden variation were...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Collection


  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Fudan University
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Zhejiang University
  • Sichuan University
  • Capital Medical University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Southern Medical University