1,500 Works

Optical center of a luminescent solar concentrator

Jingjian Zhou, Jing Huang & Ilya Sychugov
This letter introduces a novel approach estimating the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of a square luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) by point excitations on the “optical centers” as proposed here. Predicted by theoretical calculations, photoluminescence emissions from these optical centers experience almost the same average optical path with those from the whole device under uniform illumination. This is experimentally verified by a 20 x 20 cm2 silicon quantum dots-based LSC, with only ~5% errors between the...

Enhance the Efficiency of Graphene-based THz Modulator by Optimizing the Brewster Angle

Xingyue Li, zhaohui zhang, Xiaoyan Zhao, Tianyao Zhang, Luqi Tao, Zhengyong Huang, Ying Li, Xianhao Wu, Lu Yin & Yuan Yuan
The gate-controllable electronical property of graphene provides a possibility of active tuning property for THz modulator. However, the common modulation technology which only depends on voltage cannot solve the problem of power consumption limitation in communication applications. Here, we demonstrated a Brewster angle-controlled graphene-based THz modulator, which could achieve a relatively high modulation depth with low voltage. First, we explored the complex relationships among the Brewster angles, reflection coefficients and the conductivities of graphene. Then,...

Perspective clipping and fast rendering of light field images for holographic stereograms using RGBD data

Xin Liu, Yimin Lou, Juanmei Hu, Jianlong Kou & Fengmin Wu
The production of holographic stereogram (HS) requires a huge amount of light field data. How to efficiently clip and render these image data remains a challenge in the field. This work focuses on the perspective clipping and fast rendering algorithm of light field images using RGBD data without explicit 3D reconstruction. The RGBD data is expanded to RGBDθ data by introducing a light cone for each point, which gives a new degree of freedom for...

Moiré artifacts reduction in Talbot-Lau X-ray phase contrast imaging using three-step iterative approach

Siwei Tao, Yueshu Xu, ling bai, Zonghan Tian, Xiang Hao, Cuifang Kuang & Xu Liu
Talbot-Lau X-ray phase contrast imaging is a promising technique in biological imaging since it could provide absorption, differential phase contrast and dark-field images simultaneously. However, high accuracy motorized translation stages and high stability of the imaging system are needed to avoid moiré artifacts in the retrieved images. In this work, the effects of the stepping errors and the dose fluctuations on absorption, differential phase contrast and dark-field images are theoretically derived and systematically summarized. A...

SPARC plays an important role in the oviposition and nymphal development in Nilaparvata lugens Stål

Weixia Wang, Tingheng Zhu, Pinjun Wan, Qi Wei, Jiachun He, Fengxiang Lai & Qiang Fu
Abstract Background The brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål)is a notorious rice pest in many areas of Asia. Study on the molecular mechanisms underlying its development and reproduction will provide scientific basis for effective control. SPARC (Secreted Protein, Acidic and Rich in Cysteine) is one of structural component of the extracellular matrix, which influences a diverse array of biological functions. In this study, the gene for SPARC was identified and functionally analysed from N.lugens. Results The...

A successful hybrid deep learning model aiming at promoter identification

Ying Wang, Qinke Peng, Xu Mou, Xinyuan Wang, Haozhou Li, Tian Han, Zhao Sun & Xiao Wang
Abstract Background The zone adjacent to a transcription start site (TSS), namely, the promoter, is primarily involved in the process of DNA transcription initiation and regulation. As a result, proper promoter identification is critical for further understanding the mechanism of the networks controlling genomic regulation. A number of methodologies for the identification of promoters have been proposed. Nonetheless, due to the great heterogeneity existing in promoters, the results of these procedures are still unsatisfactory. In...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the development of chronic and antibiotic-resistant infections. Our previous study showed that a cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) inhibits the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilms and markedly reduces the biomass of preformed biofilms, while the mechanism of eradicating bacterial biofilms remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, the potential mechanism...

Neomorphic DNA-binding enables tumor-specific therapeutic gene expression in fusion-addicted childhood sarcoma

Tilman L. B. Hölting, Florencia Cidre-Aranaz, Dana Matzek, Bastian Popper, Severin J. Jacobi, Cornelius M. Funk, Florian H. Geyer, Jing Li, Ignazio Piseddu, Bruno L. Cadilha, Stephan Ledderose, Jennifer Zwilling, Shunya Ohmura, David Anz, Annette Künkele, Frederick Klauschen, Thomas G. P. Grünewald & Maximilian M. L. Knott
Abstract Chimeric fusion transcription factors are oncogenic hallmarks of several devastating cancer entities including pediatric sarcomas, such as Ewing sarcoma (EwS) and alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS). Despite their exquisite specificity, these driver oncogenes have been considered largely undruggable due to their lack of enzymatic activity. Here, we show in the EwS model that – capitalizing on neomorphic DNA-binding preferences – the addiction to the respective fusion transcription factor EWSR1-FLI1 can be leveraged to express therapeutic genes....

Validity and reliability of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire in groups at high risk for cardiovascular diseases

Ni Yan, Nan Li, Wanlu Liu, Xiaoxia Li, Xiuying Liu, Pengju Zhang, Can Liu, Juan Li, Jiangwei Qiu, Yuhong Zhang & Yi Zhao
Abstract Background Diet is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but there is still a lack of tools to assess dietary intakes of this high-risk population in Ningxia, China. Objective We aim to evaluate the validity and reliability of the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) in the groups in Ningxia using a 24-hour dietary recall method. Method Two hundred five participants were included in the analysis. The two FFQs were 6 months apart,...

Circ_0003570 Suppresses the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma through miR-182-5p/STARD13 regulatory axis

Xu Zhang, Wenwen Chen, Dan Guo, Yarui Li, Yan Zhao, Mudan Ren, Guifang Lu, Xinlan Lu & Shuixiang He
Abstract Background Emerging evidence have revealed that circRNAs exert important biological effects in the development and progression of various diseases, including cancer. Our study aimed to elaborated the biological effects of hsa-circ_0003570 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development at the molecular level. Results The results of functional experiments showed that knockdown of circ_0003570 induced HCC cell growth, migration and invasion, whereas overexpression of circ_0003570 presented the opposite effects. In vivo experiments, xenograft tumors grown from circ-overexpressed...

Furosemide improves the stone clearance rate of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for kidney stones but not ureteral stones: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Feng Yao, Ke Li, ShiQuan Huang, XueSong Cheng & XiaoLiang Jiang
Introduction:We conducted a meta-analysis (MA) to investigate the effects of furosemide on the prognosis of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) therapy to remove renal (RS) and ureteric stones (US).Methods:We screened scientific databases including PubMed, Clinicalkey, Google Scholar, Medline, Embase, and Cochrane, from the date of establishment until March 2022, to search for randomized controlled trials evaluating SWL, in combination with furosemide (experimental group) or with SWL alone (control group), in treating RS or US. Our search...

Exosomal circZNF451 restrains anti-PD1 treatment in lung adenocarcinoma via polarizing macrophages by complexing with TRIM56 and FXR1

Jian Gao, Yong-Qiang Ao, Ling-Xian Zhang, Jie Deng, Shuai Wang, Hai-Kun Wang, Jia-Hao Jiang & Jian-Yong Ding
Abstract Background Although success was achieved in the therapy for a minority of advanced lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients, anti-programmed death 1 (PD1) resistance was found in most LUAD patients. Here, we aimed to uncover a potential role of exosomal circular RNAs (circRNAs) in LUAD refractory to PD1 blockade. Methods circRNA sequencing and qRT-PCR were performed to determine the level of exosomal circRNAs in LUAD patients subsequently treated with anti-PD1. Then, the RNA pulldown, RNA immunoprecipitation,...

Association between irisin and metabolic parameters in nondiabetic, nonobese adults: a meta-analysis

Yan Li & Zhenbin Xu
Abstract Background Irisin has been proposed to have a beneficial influence on the metabolic status of animals and humans. However, the relationship between circulating irisin levels and the risks of metabolic components in humans remains unclear. In the present meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the association between circulating irisin and metabolic parameters in nonobese, nondiabetic adults. Methods We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and ClinicalTrial.gov using the main search terms and...

Mid-infrared Nb₄N₃-based superconducting nanowire single photon detectors for wavelengths up to 10 μm

Yiming Pan, Hui Zhou, XINGYU ZHANG, Huiqin Yu, Lu Zhang, Mengting Si, Hao Li, Lixing YOU & Zhen Wang
Mid-infrared (MIR) single-photon detection is emerging as an important technology for various applications. Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) fabricated with superconducting films with energy gaps of a few meV are natural broadband single-photon detectors. Recently, extending SNSPDs’ operation wavelengths into the MIR region is highly attractive. γ-Nb₄N₃ has a reduced N content and lower energy gap than the commonly used δ-NbN, making SNSPDs based on γ-Nb₄N₃ film more sensitive to low energy photons. We...

Real-time realistic computer-generated hologram with accurate depth precision and a large depth range

Chongli Zhong, Xinzhu Sang, Binbin Yan, Hui Li, Duo Chen & Xiujuan Qin
Holographic display is an ideal technology for near-eye display to realize virtual and augmented reality applications, because it can provide all depth perception cues. However, depth performance is sacrificed by exiting computer-generated hologram (CGH) methods for real-time calculation. In this paper, volume representation and improved ray tracing algorithm are proposed for real-time CGH generation with enhanced depth performance. Using the single fast Fourier transform (S-FFT) method, the volume representation enables a low calculation burden and...

Label-Free Measurement of Wall Shear Stress in Brain Venule and Arteriole Using Dual-Wavelength Third-Harmonic-Generation Line-Scanning Imaging

Hui Cheng, Xinlin Chen, Zhong jincheng, Jia Li, Ping Qiu & Ke Wang
Wall shear stress (WSS) is of fundamental physiological and pathological significance. Current measurement technologies suffer from poor spatial resolution, or cannot measure instantaneous values in a label-free manner. Here we demonstrate dual-wavelength third-harmonic-generation (THG) line-scanning imaging, for instantaneous wall shear rate and WSS measurement in vivo. We used soliton self-frequency shift to generate dual-wavelength femtosecond pulses. Simultaneous acquisition of dual-wavelength THG line-scanning signals extract blood flow velocities at adjacent radial positions for instantaneous wall shear...

Exosomal DNAJB11 promotes the development of pancreatic cancer by modulating the EGFR/MAPK pathway

Peng Liu, Fuqiang Zu, Hui Chen, Xiaoli Yin & Xiaodong Tan
Abstract Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a malignant tumor with invasive and metastatic characteristics and poor prognosis. Intracellular protein homeostasis is associated with invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer, but the specific molecular mechanism remains unclear. Our previous studies have revealed that DNAJB11, a key protein in protein homeostasis, is secreted by exosomes in the supernatant of dissociated pancreatic cancer cells with high metastasis. The results from transcriptome sequencing and co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP)-based liquid chromatography with...

Supplementary material from \"Sensory evolution in a cavefish radiation: patterns of neuromast distribution and associated behaviour in Sinocyclocheilus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae)\"

Bing Chen, Tingru Mao, Yewei Liu, Wenzhang Dai, Xianglin Li, Amrapali P. Rajput, Marcio R. Pie, Jian Yang, Joshua B. Gross & Madhava Meegaskumbura
The genus Sinocyclocheilus, comprises a large radiation of freshwater cavefishes, are well known for their presence of regressive features (e.g. variable eye reduction). Fewer constructive features are known, such as the expansion of the lateral line system (LLS), which is involved in detecting water movements. The precise relationship between LLS expansion and cave adaptation is not well understood. Here, we examine morphology and LLS-mediated behaviour in Sinocyclocheilus species characterized by broad variation in eye size,...

Estimating disability-adjusted life years for breast cancer and the impact of screening in female populations in China, 2015–2030: an exploratory prevalence-based analysis applying local weights

Xin-Xin Yan, Juan Zhu, Yan-Jie Li, Meng-Di Cao, Xin Wang, Hong Wang, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Jing Wang, Yang Li & Ju-Fang Shi
Abstract Background Most cancer disability-adjusted life year (DALY) studies worldwide have used broad, generic disability weights (DWs); however, differences exist among populations and types of cancers. Using breast cancer as example, this study aimed to estimate the population-level DALYs in females in China and the impact of screening as well as applying local DWs. Methods Using multisource data, a prevalence-based model was constructed. (1) Overall years lived with disability (YLDs) were estimated by using numbers...

Evaluating the effect of an artificial intelligence system on the anesthesia quality control during gastrointestinal endoscopy with sedation: a randomized controlled trial

Cheng Xu, Yijie Zhu, Lianlian Wu, Honggang Yu, Jun Liu, Fang Zhou, Qiutang Xiong, Shanshan Wang, Shanshan Cui, Xu Huang, Anning Yin, Tingting Xu, Shaoqing Lei & Zhongyuan Xia
Abstract Background Sedative gastrointestinal endoscopy is extensively used worldwide. An appropriate degree of sedation leads to more acceptability and satisfaction. Artificial intelligence has rapidly developed in the field of digestive endoscopy in recent years and we have constructed a mature computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system. This system can identify the remaining parts to be examined in real-time endoscopic procedures, which may help anesthetists use anesthetics properly to keep patients in an appropriate degree of sedation. Aims...

Predictive worth of estimated glucose disposal rate: evaluation in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and non-diabetic patients after percutaneous coronary intervention

Chi Liu, Xiaoli Liu, Xiaoteng Ma, Yujing Cheng, Yan Sun, Dai Zhang, Qi Zhao & Yujie Zhou
Abstract Background Measurement of estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR) has been demonstrated to be an indicator of insulin resistance (IR) and a risk sign for long-term outcomes in those with ischemic heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) having coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). After elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the usefulness of eGDR for prognosis in those with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and non-diabetes is yet unknown. Methods 1510 NSTE-ACS patients...

LPAR5 confers radioresistance to cancer cells associated with EMT activation via the ERK/Snail pathway

Xiao-Ya Sun, Hao-Zheng Li, Da-Fei Xie, Shan-Shan Gao, Xin Huang, Hua Guan, Chen-Jun Bai & Ping-Kun Zhou
Abstract Background Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical event contributing to more aggressive phenotypes in cancer cells. EMT is frequently activated in radiation-targeted cells during the course of radiotherapy, which often endows cancers with acquired radioresistance. However, the upstream molecules driving the signaling pathways of radiation-induced EMT have not been fully delineated. Methods In this study, RNA-seq-based transcriptome analysis was performed to identify the early responsive genes of HeLa cells to γ-ray irradiation. EMT-associated genes...

Histological and molecular responses of Vigna angularis to Uromyces vignae infection

Xiwang Ke, Jie Wang, Xiaodan Xu, Yongxia Guo, Yuhu Zuo & Lihua Yin
Abstract Background To advance the understanding of adzuki bean (Vigna angularis) resistance to infection with the rust-causing fungus Uromyces vignae (Uv), we comprehensively analyzed histological events and the transcriptome of Uv-infected adzuki bean. Results Compared with the susceptible cv. Baoqinghong (BQH), the resistant cv. QH1 showed inhibition of uredospore germination and substomatal vesicle development, intense autofluorescence of cells around the infection site, and cell wall deposit formation in response to Uv infection. In cv. QH1,...

Risk Factors for Revision or Rerupture After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Di Zhao, Jian-ke Pan, Fang-zheng Lin, Ming-hui Luo, Gui-hong Liang, Ling-feng Zeng, He-tao Huang, Yan-hong Han, Nan-jun Xu, Wei-yi Yang & Jun Liu
Background:The rerupture or need for revision after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a serious complication. Preventive strategies that target the early identification of risk factors are important to reduce the incidence of additional surgery.Purpose:To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate risk factors for revision or rerupture after ACLR.Study Design:Systematic review and meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4.Methods:Literature searches were performed in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from database inception to November 2021...

Real-world effectiveness of steroids in severe COVID-19: a retrospective cohort study

Wenjuan Wang, Luke B Snell, Davide Ferrari, Anna L Goodman, Nicholas M Price, Charles D Wolfe, Vasa Curcin, Jonathan D Edgeworth & Yanzhong Wang
Abstract Introduction Randomised controlled trials have shown that steroids reduce the risk of dying in patients with severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), whilst many real-world studies have failed to replicate this result. We aim to investigate real-world effectiveness of steroids in severe COVID-19. Methods Clinical, demographic, and viral genome data extracted from electronic patient record (EPR) was analysed from all SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive patients admitted with severe COVID-19, defined by hypoxia at presentation, between March...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Collection


  • Capital Medical University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Zhejiang University
  • Fudan University
  • Sichuan University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Nanjing Medical University