36 Works

Non-communicable diseases and maternal health: a scoping review

Tabassum Firoz, Beth Pineles, Nishika Navrange, Alyssa Grimshaw, Olufemi Oladapo & Doris Chou
Abstract Background Non-communicable diseases [NCDs] are leading causes of ill health among women of reproductive age and an increasingly important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Reliable data on NCDs is necessary for accurate measurement and response. However, inconsistent definitions of NCDs make reliable data collection challenging. We aimed to map the current global literature to understand how NCDs are defined, operationalized and discussed during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period. Methods For this...

Early child stimulation, linear growth and neurodevelopment in low birth weight infants

Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Tor A. Strand, Halvor Sommerfelt, Mari Hysing, Sarmila Mazumder, Nita Bhandari, Jose Martines, Tarun Dua, Patricia Kariger & Rajiv Bahl
Abstract Background Children with low birth weight (LBW) are at risk of linear growth faltering and developmental deficits. Evidence suggests that early child stimulation and care reflected as responsive caregiving and opportunities for learning can promote development. The current analysis aimed to measure the extent to which linear growth and early child stimulation modify each other’s association with neurodevelopmental outcomes among LBW infants. Methods This is a secondary data analyses from a randomized controlled trial...

Early child stimulation, linear growth and neurodevelopment in low birth weight infants

Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Sunita Taneja, Tor A. Strand, Halvor Sommerfelt, Mari Hysing, Sarmila Mazumder, Nita Bhandari, Jose Martines, Tarun Dua, Patricia Kariger & Rajiv Bahl
Abstract Background Children with low birth weight (LBW) are at risk of linear growth faltering and developmental deficits. Evidence suggests that early child stimulation and care reflected as responsive caregiving and opportunities for learning can promote development. The current analysis aimed to measure the extent to which linear growth and early child stimulation modify each other’s association with neurodevelopmental outcomes among LBW infants. Methods This is a secondary data analyses from a randomized controlled trial...

Education-related inequalities in beliefs and behaviors pertaining to COVID-19 non-pharmaceutical interventions

Katherine Kirkby, Nicole Bergen, Cecilia Vidal Fuertes, Anne Schlotheuber & Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
Abstract Background The coronavirus pandemic has exposed existing social inequalities in relation to disease preventive behaviors, risk of exposure, testing and healthcare access, and consequences as a result of illness and containment measures across different population groups. However, due to a lack of data, to date there has been limited evidence of the extent of such within-country inequalities globally. Methods We examined education-related inequalities in four COVID-19 prevention and testing indicators within 90 countries, using...

Fentanyl for labour pain management: a scoping review

Kyaw Lwin Show, Chetta Ngamjarus, Kiattisak Kongwattanakul, Siwanon Rattanakanokchai, Chatuporn Duangkum, Meghan A. Bohren, Ana Pilar Betrán, Monsicha Somjit, Wint Ye Hla Win & Pisake Lumbiganon
Abstract Background Labour pain has been identified as an important reason for women to prefer caesarean section (CS). Fentanyl is one of the short acting opioids recommended by World Health Organization for pain relief during labour. This study aimed to identify and describe the available evidence on the use of fentanyl (monotherapy) for labour pain management by any routes of administration or regime. Methods We included the records published until 31 December 2021 which reported...

Using the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence-to-decision framework to develop recommendations for induction of labour

Melissa Murano, Doris Chou, Maria Laura Costa & Tari Turner
Abstract Background In 2019, WHO prioritized updating recommendations relating to three labour induction topics: labour induction at or beyond term, mechanical methods for labour induction, and outpatient labour induction. As part of this process, we aimed to review the evidence addressing factors beyond clinical effectiveness (values, human rights and sociocultural acceptability, health equity, and economic and feasibility considerations) to inform WHO Guideline Development Group decision-making using the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence-to-decision framework, and to reflect on how...

Non-communicable diseases and maternal health: a scoping review

Tabassum Firoz, Beth Pineles, Nishika Navrange, Alyssa Grimshaw, Olufemi Oladapo & Doris Chou
Abstract Background Non-communicable diseases [NCDs] are leading causes of ill health among women of reproductive age and an increasingly important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Reliable data on NCDs is necessary for accurate measurement and response. However, inconsistent definitions of NCDs make reliable data collection challenging. We aimed to map the current global literature to understand how NCDs are defined, operationalized and discussed during pregnancy, childbirth and the postnatal period. Methods For this...

Palliative care in the Eastern Mediterranean: comparative analysis using specific indicators

Miguel Antonio Sánchez-Cárdenas, Nasim Pourghazian, Eduardo Garralda, Danny van Steijn, Slim Slama, Edgar Benítez, Marie-Charlotte Bouësseau & Carlos Centeno
Abstract Background Monitoring the development of palliative care (PC) illustrates the capacity of health systems to respond to the needs of people experiencing serious health-related suffering. Aim To analyse comparatively the situation of PC in the countries of the Easter Mediterranean region using context-specific indicators. Method An online questionnaire with 15 context-specific PC indicators investigating service provision, use of medicines, policy, education, and vitality was designed. Authors Institution 1 nominated in-country experts to complete the...

Research and implementation interactions in a social accountability study: utilizing guidance for conducting process evaluations of complex interventions

Joanna Paula Cordero, Vernon Mochache, Victoria Boydell, Mary Awelana Addah, Heather McMullen, Alice Monyo, Sigilbert Mrema, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba & Petrus S. Steyn
Abstract Background In recent years, researchers and evaluators have made efforts to identify and use appropriate and innovative research designs that account for the complexity in studying social accountability. The relationship between the researchers and those implementing the activities and how this impacts the study have received little attention. In this paper, we reflect on how we managed the relationship between researchers and implementers using the United Kingdom Medical Research Council (MRC) guidance on process...

Interventions addressing functional abilities of older people in rural and remote areas: a scoping review of available evidence based on WHO functional ability domains

Ivy Yan Zhao, Jed Montayre, Angela Y. M. Leung, Jann Foster, Ariana Kong, Stephen Neville, Ramona Ludolph, Christopher Mikton, Alana Officer & Alex Molassiotis
Abstract Background The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages healthy ageing strategies to help develop and maintain older people’s functional abilities in five domains: their ability to meet basic needs; learn, grow, and make decisions; be mobile; build and maintain relationships, and contribute to society. This scoping review reports the available evidence-based interventions that have been undertaken with people ≥ 50 years of age in rural and remote areas and the outcomes of those interventions relevant...

Education-related inequalities in beliefs and behaviors pertaining to COVID-19 non-pharmaceutical interventions

Katherine Kirkby, Nicole Bergen, Cecilia Vidal Fuertes, Anne Schlotheuber & Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor
Abstract Background The coronavirus pandemic has exposed existing social inequalities in relation to disease preventive behaviors, risk of exposure, testing and healthcare access, and consequences as a result of illness and containment measures across different population groups. However, due to a lack of data, to date there has been limited evidence of the extent of such within-country inequalities globally. Methods We examined education-related inequalities in four COVID-19 prevention and testing indicators within 90 countries, using...

Are emojis ready to promote the WHO 5 moments for hand hygiene in healthcare?

Nasim Lotfinejad, Ermira Tartari, Julien Sauser, Carolina Fankhauser-Rodriguez, Daniela Pires & Didier Pittet
Abstract Background Hand hygiene is universally recognized as a cornerstone measure for the prevention of healthcare-associated infections. Although the WHO “My five Moments for hand hygiene” poster has been used for more than a decade to delineate hand hygiene indications and promote action, adherence levels among healthcare workers are still notoriously low and disquieting. To compensate for the lack of effective hand hygiene communication, we aimed to evaluate emojis as possible surrogates for the non-verbal...

Novel application of one-step pooled molecular testing and maximum likelihood approaches to estimate the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia among rapid diagnostic test negative samples in western Kenya

Monica P. Shah, Winnie Chebore, Robert H. Lyles, Kephas Otieno, Zhiyong Zhou, Mateusz Plucinski, Lance A. Waller, Wycliffe Odongo, Kim A. Lindblade, Simon Kariuki, Aaron M. Samuels, Meghna Desai, Rebecca M. Mitchell & Ya Ping Shi
Abstract Background Detection of malaria parasitaemia in samples that are negative by rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) requires resource-intensive molecular tools. While pooled testing using a two-step strategy provides a cost-saving alternative to the gold standard of individual sample testing, statistical adjustments are needed to improve accuracy of prevalence estimates for a single step pooled testing strategy. Methods A random sample of 4670 malaria RDT negative dried blood spot samples were selected from a mass testing...

Research and implementation interactions in a social accountability study: utilizing guidance for conducting process evaluations of complex interventions

Joanna Paula Cordero, Vernon Mochache, Victoria Boydell, Mary Awelana Addah, Heather McMullen, Alice Monyo, Sigilbert Mrema, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba & Petrus S. Steyn
Abstract Background In recent years, researchers and evaluators have made efforts to identify and use appropriate and innovative research designs that account for the complexity in studying social accountability. The relationship between the researchers and those implementing the activities and how this impacts the study have received little attention. In this paper, we reflect on how we managed the relationship between researchers and implementers using the United Kingdom Medical Research Council (MRC) guidance on process...

The global inequity in COVID-19 vaccination coverage among health and care workers

Maria Sarah Nabaggala, Tapas Sadasivan Nair, Marta Gacic-Dobo, Amani Siyam, Khassoum Diallo & Mathieu Boniol
Abstract Background Health and care workers (HCWs) are at the forefront of COVID-19 response, at high risk of infection, and as a result they are a priority group for COVID-19 vaccination. This paper presents the global patterns in COVID-19 vaccination coverage among HCWs in 2021, how HCWs were prioritized, and identifies factors associated with the early vaccination coverage. Methods Using monthly data reported to the World Health Organization, the percentages of partially and fully vaccinated...

The global inequity in COVID-19 vaccination coverage among health and care workers

Maria Sarah Nabaggala, Tapas Sadasivan Nair, Marta Gacic-Dobo, Amani Siyam, Khassoum Diallo & Mathieu Boniol
Abstract Background Health and care workers (HCWs) are at the forefront of COVID-19 response, at high risk of infection, and as a result they are a priority group for COVID-19 vaccination. This paper presents the global patterns in COVID-19 vaccination coverage among HCWs in 2021, how HCWs were prioritized, and identifies factors associated with the early vaccination coverage. Methods Using monthly data reported to the World Health Organization, the percentages of partially and fully vaccinated...

The socioeconomic impact of tuberculosis on children and adolescents: a scoping review and conceptual framework

S. Atkins, L Heimo, DJ Carter, M. Ribas Closa, L. Vanleeuw, L. Chenciner, P. Wambi, K. Sidney-Annerstedt, U Egere, S Verkuijl, A Brands, T Masini, K Viney, T. Wingfield, K Lönnroth & D. Boccia
Abstract Background Tuberculosis (TB) has been repeatedly shown to have socioeconomic impacts in both individual-level and ecological studies; however, much less is known about this effect among children and adolescents and the extent to which being affected by TB during childhood and adolescence can have life-course implications. This paper describes the results of the development of a conceptual framework and scoping review to review the evidence on the short- and long-term socioeconomic impact of tuberculosis...

Fentanyl for labour pain management: a scoping review

Kyaw Lwin Show, Chetta Ngamjarus, Kiattisak Kongwattanakul, Siwanon Rattanakanokchai, Chatuporn Duangkum, Meghan A. Bohren, Ana Pilar Betrán, Monsicha Somjit, Wint Ye Hla Win & Pisake Lumbiganon
Abstract Background Labour pain has been identified as an important reason for women to prefer caesarean section (CS). Fentanyl is one of the short acting opioids recommended by World Health Organization for pain relief during labour. This study aimed to identify and describe the available evidence on the use of fentanyl (monotherapy) for labour pain management by any routes of administration or regime. Methods We included the records published until 31 December 2021 which reported...

Novel application of one-step pooled molecular testing and maximum likelihood approaches to estimate the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia among rapid diagnostic test negative samples in western Kenya

Monica P. Shah, Winnie Chebore, Robert H. Lyles, Kephas Otieno, Zhiyong Zhou, Mateusz Plucinski, Lance A. Waller, Wycliffe Odongo, Kim A. Lindblade, Simon Kariuki, Aaron M. Samuels, Meghna Desai, Rebecca M. Mitchell & Ya Ping Shi
Abstract Background Detection of malaria parasitaemia in samples that are negative by rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) requires resource-intensive molecular tools. While pooled testing using a two-step strategy provides a cost-saving alternative to the gold standard of individual sample testing, statistical adjustments are needed to improve accuracy of prevalence estimates for a single step pooled testing strategy. Methods A random sample of 4670 malaria RDT negative dried blood spot samples were selected from a mass testing...

Do in-service training materials for midwifery care providers in sub-Saharan Africa meet international competency standards? A scoping review 2000–2020

Joanne Welsh, Hashim Hounkpatin, Mechthild M. Gross, Claudia Hanson & Ann-Beth Moller
Abstract Background Levels of maternal and neonatal mortality remain high in sub-Saharan Africa, with an estimated 66% of global maternal deaths occurring in this region. Many deaths are linked to poor quality of care, which in turn has been linked to gaps in pre-service training programmes for midwifery care providers. In-service training packages have been developed and implemented across sub-Saharan Africa in an attempt to overcome the shortfalls in pre-service training. This scoping review has...

Risk and Protective Factors for Violence Against Women and Girls Living in Conflict and Natural Disaster-Affected Settings: A Systematic Review

Maureen Murphy, Mary Ellsberg, Aminat Balogun & Claudia García-Moreno
This systematic review provides an overview of existing research on risk and protective factors associated with violence against women and girls (VAWG) in conflict and natural disaster settings. PubMed (Medline); PsycINFO; Scopus; and Cochrane Center trials registrar were searched as well as relevant internet repositories for VAWG research. The inclusion criteria covered studies that were published between January 1995 and December 2020, documented risk and/or protective factors for VAWG in conflict or natural disaster-affected settings...

Are emojis ready to promote the WHO 5 moments for hand hygiene in healthcare?

Nasim Lotfinejad, Ermira Tartari, Julien Sauser, Carolina Fankhauser-Rodriguez, Daniela Pires & Didier Pittet
Abstract Background Hand hygiene is universally recognized as a cornerstone measure for the prevention of healthcare-associated infections. Although the WHO “My five Moments for hand hygiene” poster has been used for more than a decade to delineate hand hygiene indications and promote action, adherence levels among healthcare workers are still notoriously low and disquieting. To compensate for the lack of effective hand hygiene communication, we aimed to evaluate emojis as possible surrogates for the non-verbal...

Do in-service training materials for midwifery care providers in sub-Saharan Africa meet international competency standards? A scoping review 2000–2020

Joanne Welsh, Hashim Hounkpatin, Mechthild M. Gross, Claudia Hanson & Ann-Beth Moller
Abstract Background Levels of maternal and neonatal mortality remain high in sub-Saharan Africa, with an estimated 66% of global maternal deaths occurring in this region. Many deaths are linked to poor quality of care, which in turn has been linked to gaps in pre-service training programmes for midwifery care providers. In-service training packages have been developed and implemented across sub-Saharan Africa in an attempt to overcome the shortfalls in pre-service training. This scoping review has...

Using the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence-to-decision framework to develop recommendations for induction of labour

Melissa Murano, Doris Chou, Maria Laura Costa & Tari Turner
Abstract Background In 2019, WHO prioritized updating recommendations relating to three labour induction topics: labour induction at or beyond term, mechanical methods for labour induction, and outpatient labour induction. As part of this process, we aimed to review the evidence addressing factors beyond clinical effectiveness (values, human rights and sociocultural acceptability, health equity, and economic and feasibility considerations) to inform WHO Guideline Development Group decision-making using the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence-to-decision framework, and to reflect on how...

Human resource needs and costs for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis provision in nurse-led primary care in Eswatini and opportunities for task sharing

Stefan Kohler, Shona Dalal, Anita Hettema, Sindy Matse, Till Bärnighausen & Nicolas Paul
Abstract Background The global expansion of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) includes health systems that face a shortage of skilled health care workers (HCWs). We estimated the human resource needs and costs for providing PrEP in nurse-led primary care clinics in Eswatini. Furthermore, we assessed potential cost savings from task sharing between nurses and other HCW cadres. Methods We conducted a time-and-motion and costing study in a PrEP demonstration project between August 2017 and January 2019....

Registration Year

  • 2022
    36

Resource Types

  • Collection
    36

Affiliations

  • World Health Organization
    36
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
    4
  • University Hospital of Geneva
    4
  • Heidelberg University
    4
  • Karolinska Institute
    4
  • Bridgeport Hospital
    2
  • Charité - University Medicine Berlin
    2
  • Hong Kong Polytechnic University
    2
  • St Michael’s Hospital
    2
  • Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
    2