39 Works

RNA binding protein HuR protects against NAFLD by suppressing long noncoding RNA H19 expression

Yanyan Wang, Yun-Ling Tai, Grayson Way, Jing Zeng, Derrick Zhao, Lianyong Su, Xixian Jiang, Kaitlyn G. Jackson, Xuan Wang, Emily C. Gurley, Jinze Liu, Jinpeng Liu, Weidong Chen, Xiang-Yang Wang, Arun J. Sanyal, Phillip B. Hylemon & Huiping Zhou
Abstract Background NAFLD has become the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. Human antigen R (HuR), an RNA-binding protein, is an important post-transcriptional regulator. HuR has been reported as a key player in regulating lipid homeostasis in the liver and adipose tissues by using tissue-specific HuR knockout mice. However, the underlying mechanism by which hepatocyte-specific HuR regulates hepatic lipid metabolism under metabolic stress remains unclear and is the focus of this study. Methods Hepatocyte-specific HuR...

Biomarkers for isolated congenital heart disease based on maternal amniotic fluid metabolomics analysis

Xuelian Yuan, Lu Li, Hong Kang, Meixian Wang, Jing Zeng, Yanfang Lei, Nana Li, Ping Yu, Xiaohong Li & Zhen Liu
Abstract Introduction Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most prevalent birth defects in the world. The pathogenesis of CHD is complex and unclear. With the development of metabolomics technology, variations in metabolites may provide new clues about the causes of CHD and may serve as a biomarker during pregnancy. Methods Sixty-five amniotic fluid samples (28 cases and 37 controls) during the second and third trimesters were utilized in this study. The metabolomics of...

Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Abstract Background Schistosomiasis is a harmful neglected tropical disease caused by infection with Schistosoma spp., such as Schistosoma mansoni. Schistosoma must transition within a molluscan host to survive. Chemical analyses of schistosome-molluscan interactions indicate that host identification involves chemosensation, including naïve host preference. Proteomic technique advances enable sophisticated comparative analyses between infected and naïve snail host proteins. This study aimed to compare resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata snail-conditioned water (SCW) to identify potential attractants...

RBM10 regulates alternative splicing of lncRNA Neat1 to inhibit the invasion and metastasis of NSCLC

Shan Cong, Xin Di, Ranwei Li, Yingshu Cao, Xin Jin, Chang Tian, Min Zhao & Ke Wang
Abstract Background Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for more than 85% of the total cases with lung cancer. NSCLC is characterized by easy metastasis, which often spreads to bones, brains and livers. RNA-binding motif protein 10 (RBM10) is an alternative splicing (AS) regulator frequently mutated in NSCLC. We found that there were multiple peak binding sites between RBM10 and long non-coding RNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (LncRNA Neat1) by crosslinking-immunprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing...

Ivabradine toxicity: a case report

Kavisha Singh, Muthukumar R. Alagarraju, Carl E. Wolf, Justin L. Poklis, Nitin Kulkarni, William Tharpe & Parag H. Joshi
Abstract Background We describe a case of symptomatic bradycardia resulting from ivabradine toxicity by measurement of ivabradine levels, of which there are limited reports in the literature. Case presentation A 43-year-old White female presented with several days of near syncope and dizziness accompanied by a drop in her heart rate to 50 beats per minute. She was taking ivabradine for inappropriate sinus tachycardia. After excluding several other causes of bradycardia, we made the diagnosis of...

Expanding known viral diversity in plants: virome of 161 species alongside an ancient canal

Shixing Yang, Qingqing Mao, Yan Wang, Jingxian He, Jie Yang, Xu Chen, Yuqing Xiao, Yumin He, Min Zhao, Juan Lu, Zijun Yang, Ziyuan Dai, Qi Liu, Yuxin Yao, Xiang Lu, Hong Li, Rui Zhou, Jian Zeng, Wang Li, Chenglin Zhou, Xiaochun Wang, Quan Shen, Hui Xu, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart … & Wen Zhang
Abstract Background Since viral metagenomic approach was applied to discover plant viruses for the first time in 2006, many plant viruses had been identified from cultivated and non-cultivated plants. These previous researches exposed that the viral communities (virome) of plants have still largely uncharacterized. Here, we investigated the virome in 161 species belonging to 38 plant orders found in a riverside ecosystem. Results We identified 245 distinct plant-associated virus genomes (88 DNA and 157 RNA...

Childhood diabetes mellitus and early-onset kidney diseases later in life: a nationwide population-based matched cohort study

Jiahong Sun, Ce Wang, Min Zhao, Priscilla M. Y. Lee, Bo Xi, Yongfu Yu & Jiong Li
Abstract Background The empirical evidence remains inconclusive for an association between diabetes mellitus (DM) in children and early-onset kidney disease later in life, and little is known about the effects of DM types (i.e., type 1 diabetes [T1DM] and type 2 diabetes [T2DM]) in childhood on type-specific kidney diseases. We aimed to evaluate the association of childhood DM with overall and type-specific early-onset kidney diseases later in life. Methods The population-based matched cohort study included...

DNA Methylation Research in Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Population

Lathika Mohanraj, Dana M. Lapato, Amir Toor & Theresa Swift-Scanlan
Despite increased sophistication in DNA methylation (DNAm) measurement and methods, conducting studies in specific populations such as the hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) population, presents unique challenges and study design considerations. In this article, we explain the motivation for investigating DNAm in the HCT population, highlighting important study design features and key findings in a longitudinal prospective pilot study of DNAm in 32 patients undergoing autologous HCT in Central Virginia, USA. We also discuss limitations...

Pyrite oxidation under carbonate buffer and its environmental implications: a case study from the Shangmanggang gold deposit, southwest China

Yanyan Wang, Xuemin Liu & Qi Li
Abstract: Understanding the process and influencing factors of the oxidation of pyrite is beneficial for the management of environmental problems in mining areas. In this study, we investigated the morphology and geochemistry of the pyrite and related goethite from the weathering crust of the Shangmanggang (SMG) gold deposit, southwest China, via petrographic work, electron microprobe analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis, and PHREEQC geochemical modelling. The weathering profile of the SMG is composed of the unweathered Carlin-type...

Prevalence and trend of smokeless tobacco use and its associated factors among adolescents aged 12–16 years in 138 countries/territories, 1999–2019

Hui Yang, Chuanwei Ma, Min Zhao, Costan G. Magnussen & Bo Xi
Abstract Background Smokeless tobacco use is popular in some regions worldwide, but it receives less attention compared to cigarette smoking. We aimed to estimate the recent prevalence of, and trends in, smokeless tobacco use and to examine its associated factors among adolescents aged 12–16 years in 138 countries/territories (hereafter “countries”) from 1999 to 2019. Methods Data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey conducted in 138 countries in 2010–2019 and the National Youth Tobacco Survey conducted...

Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Abstract Background Schistosomiasis is a harmful neglected tropical disease caused by infection with Schistosoma spp., such as Schistosoma mansoni. Schistosoma must transition within a molluscan host to survive. Chemical analyses of schistosome-molluscan interactions indicate that host identification involves chemosensation, including naïve host preference. Proteomic technique advances enable sophisticated comparative analyses between infected and naïve snail host proteins. This study aimed to compare resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata snail-conditioned water (SCW) to identify potential attractants...

Application of exome sequencing for prenatal diagnosis of fetal structural anomalies: clinical experience and lessons learned from a cohort of 1618 fetuses

Fang Fu, Ru Li, Qiuxia Yu, Dan Wang, Qiong Deng, Lushan Li, Tingying Lei, Guilan Chen, Zhiqiang Nie, Xin Yang, Jin Han, Min Pan, Li Zhen, Yongling Zhang, Xiangyi Jing, Fucheng Li, Fatao Li, Lina Zhang, Cuixing Yi, Yingsi Li, Yan Lu, Hang Zhou, Ken Cheng, Jian Li, Lina Xiang … & Can Liao
Abstract Background Exome sequencing (ES) is becoming more widely available in prenatal diagnosis. However, data on its clinical utility and integration into clinical management remain limited in practice. Herein, we report our experience implementing prenatal ES (pES) in a large cohort of fetuses with anomalies detected by ultrasonography using a hospital-based in-house multidisciplinary team (MDT) facilitated by a three-step genotype-driven followed by phenotype-driven analysis framework. Methods We performed pES in 1618 fetal cases with positive...

Family Function and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis

Yingying Ye, Yifan Li, Shuxian Jin, Jiali Huang, Rong Ma, Xuan Wang & Xiao Zhou
Family function reflects the operating status of the family system, which plays a vital role in children’s mental health. The current meta-analysis examined the association between family function and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents for the first time. Studies published from 1980 to 2021 were identified via searching and screening. We identified 31 studies (91 unique effects) with 8,684 children. A three-level meta-analysis revealed that overall family function was negatively associated with...

Spindle and kinetochore-associated complex subunit 3 could serve as a prognostic biomarker for prostate cancer

Dechao Feng, Weizhen Zhu, Xu Shi, Qiao Xiong, Dengxiong Li, Wuran Wei, Ping Han, Qiang Wei & Lu Yang
Abstract Spindle and kinetochore-associated complex subunit 3 (SKA3) is a microtubule-binding subcomplex of the outer kinetochore that is required for proper chromosomal segregation and cell division. However, little is known regarding the probable mechanism of SKA3, particularly in terms of prostate cancer (PCA) progression. Multiple databases, including TCGA and GTEx, were utilized to examine the expression of SKA3 in PCA patients and to shed light on the clinical significance and potential mechanism of SKA3 in...

Dietary vitamin A intakes of chinese children with adequate liver stores as assessed by the retinol isotope dilution technique

Jing Zeng, Yanming Li, Yan Ren, Weiwei Gu, Zhaolin Li, Mei Yang & Bing Xiang
Abstract Background We attempted to estimate dietary vitamin A requirements based on dietary vitamin A intake in well-nourished Chinese children with adequate liver vitamin A reserves. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in a kindergarten and an elementary school in Shiyan city, Hubei province of China from December 2009 to July 2010. After screening, 60 children (22 aged 4 ~ 6 y and 38 aged 7 ~ 9 y) were randomly subjected to a 3-d...

Association between rheumatoid factor and metabolic syndrome in general population

Lan Li, Donglai Feng, Jing Zeng, Peng Ye, Yao Chen & Dong Wei
Abstract Background Rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic syndrome (MS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are mutually connected. We aim to investigate the association between rheumatoid factor (RF) and MS in general population, explore the potential value of RF for assessment of metabolic status, and further provide a reference to the establishment of CVD primary prevention for this population. Methods We assessed the health check-up subjects, accordance with the inclusive criteria, from 1 January 2015 to 31 October 2021...

DNA Methylation Changes in Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients

Lathika Mohanraj, Hope Wolf, Scott Silvey, Jinze Liu, Amir Toor & Theresa Swift-Scanlan
BackgroundBlood cancers may be potentially cured with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT); however, standard pre-assessments for transplant eligibility do not capture all contributing factors for transplant outcomes. Epigenetic biomarkers predict outcomes in various diseases. This pilot study aims to explore epigenetic changes (epigenetic age and differentially methylated genes) in patients before and after autologous HCT, that can serve as potential biomarkers to better predict HCT outcomes.MethodsThis study used a prospective longitudinal study design to compare...

Intracellular cholesterol transport inhibition Impairs autophagy flux by decreasing autophagosome–lysosome fusion

Yunash Maharjan, Raghbendra Kumar Dutta, Jinbae Son, Xiaofan Wei, Channy Park, Hyug Moo Kwon & Raekil Park
Abstract Background Autophagy is an intracellular degradation process crucial for homeostasis. During autophagy, a double-membrane autophagosome fuses with lysosome through SNARE machinery STX17 to form autolysosome for degradation of damaged organelle. Whereas defective autophagy enhances cholesterol accumulation in the lysosome and impaired autophagic flux that results Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC1) disease. However, exact interconnection between NPC1 and autophagic flux remain obscure due to the existence of controversial reports. Results This study aimed at a comparison...

Cost-effectively dissecting the genetic architecture of complex wool traits in rabbits by low-coverage sequencing

Dan Wang, Kerui Xie, Yanyan Wang, Jiaqing Hu, Wenqiang Li, Aiguo Yang, Qin Zhang, Chao Ning & Xinzhong Fan
Abstract Background Rabbit wool traits are important in fiber production and for model organism research on hair growth, but their genetic architecture remains obscure. In this study, we focused on wool characteristics in Angora rabbits, a breed well-known for the quality of its wool. Considering the cost to generate population-scale sequence data and the biased detection of variants using chip data, developing an effective genotyping strategy using low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (LCS) data is necessary to...

Cost-effectively dissecting the genetic architecture of complex wool traits in rabbits by low-coverage sequencing

Dan Wang, Kerui Xie, Yanyan Wang, Jiaqing Hu, Wenqiang Li, Aiguo Yang, Qin Zhang, Chao Ning & Xinzhong Fan
Abstract Background Rabbit wool traits are important in fiber production and for model organism research on hair growth, but their genetic architecture remains obscure. In this study, we focused on wool characteristics in Angora rabbits, a breed well-known for the quality of its wool. Considering the cost to generate population-scale sequence data and the biased detection of variants using chip data, developing an effective genotyping strategy using low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (LCS) data is necessary to...

Pyrite oxidation under carbonate buffer and its environmental implications: a case study from the Shangmanggang gold deposit, southwest China

Yanyan Wang, Xuemin Liu & Qi Li
Abstract: Understanding the process and influencing factors of the oxidation of pyrite is beneficial for the management of environmental problems in mining areas. In this study, we investigated the morphology and geochemistry of the pyrite and related goethite from the weathering crust of the Shangmanggang (SMG) gold deposit, southwest China, via petrographic work, electron microprobe analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis, and PHREEQC geochemical modelling. The weathering profile of the SMG is composed of the unweathered Carlin-type...

RBM10 regulates alternative splicing of lncRNA Neat1 to inhibit the invasion and metastasis of NSCLC

Shan Cong, Xin Di, Ranwei Li, Yingshu Cao, Xin Jin, Chang Tian, Min Zhao & Ke Wang
Abstract Background Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for more than 85% of the total cases with lung cancer. NSCLC is characterized by easy metastasis, which often spreads to bones, brains and livers. RNA-binding motif protein 10 (RBM10) is an alternative splicing (AS) regulator frequently mutated in NSCLC. We found that there were multiple peak binding sites between RBM10 and long non-coding RNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (LncRNA Neat1) by crosslinking-immunprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing...

Intracellular cholesterol transport inhibition Impairs autophagy flux by decreasing autophagosome–lysosome fusion

Yunash Maharjan, Raghbendra Kumar Dutta, Jinbae Son, Xiaofan Wei, Channy Park, Hyug Moo Kwon & Raekil Park
Abstract Background Autophagy is an intracellular degradation process crucial for homeostasis. During autophagy, a double-membrane autophagosome fuses with lysosome through SNARE machinery STX17 to form autolysosome for degradation of damaged organelle. Whereas defective autophagy enhances cholesterol accumulation in the lysosome and impaired autophagic flux that results Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC1) disease. However, exact interconnection between NPC1 and autophagic flux remain obscure due to the existence of controversial reports. Results This study aimed at a comparison...

Prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma prognosis and immunotherapeutic effects based on tryptophan metabolism-related genes

Chen Xue, Xinyu Gu, Yalei Zhao, Junjun Jia, Qiuxian Zheng, Yuanshuai Su, Zhengyi Bao, Juan Lu & Lanjuan Li
Abstract Background L-tryptophan (Trp) metabolism involved in mediating tumour development and immune suppression. However, comprehensive analysis of the role of the Trp metabolism pathway is still a challenge. Methods We downloaded Trp metabolism-related genes’ expression data from different public databases, including TCGA, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Database (HCCDB). And we identified two metabolic phenotypes using the ConsensusClusterPlus package. Univariate regression analysis and lasso Cox regression analysis were used to establish a risk...

Dietary vitamin A intakes of chinese children with adequate liver stores as assessed by the retinol isotope dilution technique

Jing Zeng, Yanming Li, Yan Ren, Weiwei Gu, Zhaolin Li, Mei Yang & Bing Xiang
Abstract Background We attempted to estimate dietary vitamin A requirements based on dietary vitamin A intake in well-nourished Chinese children with adequate liver vitamin A reserves. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in a kindergarten and an elementary school in Shiyan city, Hubei province of China from December 2009 to July 2010. After screening, 60 children (22 aged 4 ~ 6 y and 38 aged 7 ~ 9 y) were randomly subjected to a 3-d...

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  • Virginia Commonwealth University
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  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
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