1,518 Works

Traditional Chinese medicine Lingguizhugan decoction treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with spleen-yang deficiency pattern: Study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Jingjuan Xu, Ruirui Wang, Shengfu You, Lei Zhang, Peiyong Zheng, Guang Ji & Baocheng Liu
Abstract Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver. One of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms is insulin resistance (IR). Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has showed potential benefits in the management of NAFLD. Lingguizhugan decoction (LGZG) is a representative Chinese herbal formula; however, there is still no rigorous clinical trial supporting its application. Methods/design This study will be a three-arm, dose-optimization, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled...

Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Background:Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) has been shown to be inversely associated with immune infiltration in several cancers including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), but it remains unclear whether ITH is associated with response to immunotherapy (e.g. PD-1 blockade) in ccRCC.Methods:We quantified ITH using mutant-allele tumor heterogeneity, investigated the association of ITH with immune parameters in patients with ccRCC (n = 336) as well as those with papillary RCC (pRCC, n = 280) from The Cancer...

The evolution of collaborative networks: A social network analysis of Chinese environmental protection policy

Yanwei Li & Jing Huang
Interagency collaboration helps governments to better resolve various complex societal problems. This contribution examines the mechanisms underlying the collaboration of disparate national government agencies engaged in Chinese environmental protection. We test three dominant mechanisms, namely, the institutionalization of collaborative networks, resource interdependence and exchange, and preferential attachment. It is concluded that a collaborative network over time becomes cohesive, that national government agencies prefer to collaborate with popular agencies and tend to collaborate with those whose...

The evolution of collaborative networks: A social network analysis of Chinese environmental protection policy

Yanwei Li & Jing Huang
Interagency collaboration helps governments to better resolve various complex societal problems. This contribution examines the mechanisms underlying the collaboration of disparate national government agencies engaged in Chinese environmental protection. We test three dominant mechanisms, namely, the institutionalization of collaborative networks, resource interdependence and exchange, and preferential attachment. It is concluded that a collaborative network over time becomes cohesive, that national government agencies prefer to collaborate with popular agencies and tend to collaborate with those whose...

Effect of traditional Chinese medicine formula Guilu Xian on in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer outcome in older women with low prognosis: study protocol for a prospective, multicenter, randomized double-blind study

Yingjie Ma, Xianling Cao, Jingyan Song, Dandan Gao, Xinlei Wang, Li Li & Zhengao Sun
Abstract Introduction In recent years, the prevalence of infertility has significantly increased and has become a global reproductive health problem. The female ovarian reserves have been shown to decrease progressively with an increase in age. Besides, the rate of embryo implantation and clinical pregnancy also decreases. Traditional Chinese medicine has been widely applied in assisted reproductive technology. It is reported to have a significant influence on improving the quality of oocytes, improving endometrial receptivity, increasing...

Quadriceps Tendon Autograft Versus Bone–Patellar Tendon–Bone and Hamstring Tendon Autografts for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Wenli Dai, Xi Leng, Jian Wang, Jin Cheng, Xiaoqing Hu & Yingfang Ao
Background:The best type of autograft for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains debatable.Hypothesis:Compared with bone–patellar tendon–bone (BPTB) and hamstring tendon (HT) autografts, the quadriceps tendon (QT) autograft has comparable graft survival as well as clinical function and pain outcomes.Study Design:Meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4.Methods:A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library to July 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies reporting comparisons of QT versus BPTB or HT...

A CT-based nomogram for predicting the risk of adenocarcinomas in patients with subsolid nodule according to the 2021 WHO classification

Qilong Song, Biao Song, Xiaohu Li, Bin Wang, Yuan Li, Wu Chen, Zhaohua Wang, Xu Wang, Yongqiang Yu, Xuhong Min & Dongchun Ma
Abstract Purpose To establish a nomogram for predicting the risk of adenocarcinomas in patients with subsolid nodules (SSNs) according to the 2021 WHO classification. Methods A total of 656 patients who underwent SSNs resection were retrospectively enrolled. Among them, 407 patients were assigned to the derivation cohort and 249 patients were assigned to the validation cohort. Univariate and multi-variate logistic regression algorithms were utilized to identity independent risk factors of adenocarcinomas. A nomogram based on...

Optical center of a luminescent solar concentrator

Jingjian Zhou, Jing Huang & Ilya Sychugov
This letter introduces a novel approach estimating the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of a square luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) by point excitations on the “optical centers” as proposed here. Predicted by theoretical calculations, photoluminescence emissions from these optical centers experience almost the same average optical path with those from the whole device under uniform illumination. This is experimentally verified by a 20 x 20 cm2 silicon quantum dots-based LSC, with only ~5% errors between the...

The bidirectional association of C-peptide with cardiovascular risk in nondiabetic adults and patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus: a retrospective cohort study

Shuang-Tong Yan, Jing Sun, Zhao-Yan Gu, Xin-Yu Miao, Li-Chao Ma, Ban-Ruo Sun, Xiao-Min Fu, Hong-Zhou Liu, Guang Yang, Fu-Sheng Fang & Hong Li
Abstract Background Recent literature reported the biological role of C-peptide, but this role is still controversial and unclear. The primary aim of this study was to investigate associations between C-peptide and cardiovascular biomarkers as well as events. Methods A total of 55636 participants who had a health examination from 2017 to 2021 were included. Of them, 6727 participants visited the hospital at least twice. Cardiovascular biomarkers like high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the development of chronic and antibiotic-resistant infections. Our previous study showed that a cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) inhibits the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilms and markedly reduces the biomass of preformed biofilms, while the mechanism of eradicating bacterial biofilms remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, the potential mechanism...

Circ_0003570 Suppresses the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma through miR-182-5p/STARD13 regulatory axis

Xu Zhang, Wenwen Chen, Dan Guo, Yarui Li, Yan Zhao, Mudan Ren, Guifang Lu, Xinlan Lu & Shuixiang He
Abstract Background Emerging evidence have revealed that circRNAs exert important biological effects in the development and progression of various diseases, including cancer. Our study aimed to elaborated the biological effects of hsa-circ_0003570 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development at the molecular level. Results The results of functional experiments showed that knockdown of circ_0003570 induced HCC cell growth, migration and invasion, whereas overexpression of circ_0003570 presented the opposite effects. In vivo experiments, xenograft tumors grown from circ-overexpressed...

Real-time realistic computer-generated hologram with accurate depth precision and a large depth range

Chongli Zhong, Xinzhu Sang, Binbin Yan, Hui Li, Duo Chen & Xiujuan Qin
Holographic display is an ideal technology for near-eye display to realize virtual and augmented reality applications, because it can provide all depth perception cues. However, depth performance is sacrificed by exiting computer-generated hologram (CGH) methods for real-time calculation. In this paper, volume representation and improved ray tracing algorithm are proposed for real-time CGH generation with enhanced depth performance. Using the single fast Fourier transform (S-FFT) method, the volume representation enables a low calculation burden and...

Estimating disability-adjusted life years for breast cancer and the impact of screening in female populations in China, 2015–2030: an exploratory prevalence-based analysis applying local weights

Xin-Xin Yan, Juan Zhu, Yan-Jie Li, Meng-Di Cao, Xin Wang, Hong Wang, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Jing Wang, Yang Li & Ju-Fang Shi
Abstract Background Most cancer disability-adjusted life year (DALY) studies worldwide have used broad, generic disability weights (DWs); however, differences exist among populations and types of cancers. Using breast cancer as example, this study aimed to estimate the population-level DALYs in females in China and the impact of screening as well as applying local DWs. Methods Using multisource data, a prevalence-based model was constructed. (1) Overall years lived with disability (YLDs) were estimated by using numbers...

LPAR5 confers radioresistance to cancer cells associated with EMT activation via the ERK/Snail pathway

Xiao-Ya Sun, Hao-Zheng Li, Da-Fei Xie, Shan-Shan Gao, Xin Huang, Hua Guan, Chen-Jun Bai & Ping-Kun Zhou
Abstract Background Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical event contributing to more aggressive phenotypes in cancer cells. EMT is frequently activated in radiation-targeted cells during the course of radiotherapy, which often endows cancers with acquired radioresistance. However, the upstream molecules driving the signaling pathways of radiation-induced EMT have not been fully delineated. Methods In this study, RNA-seq-based transcriptome analysis was performed to identify the early responsive genes of HeLa cells to γ-ray irradiation. EMT-associated genes...

Quantitative tumor depth determination using dual wavelength excitation fluorescence

Christine OBrien, Kevin Bishop, Haini Zhang, Xiao Xu, Leonid Shmuylovich, Elizabeth Conley, Karen Nwosu, Katie Duncan, Suman Mondal & Gail Sudlow
Quantifying solid tumor margins with fluorescence-guided surgery approaches is a challenge, particularly when using near infrared (NIR) wavelengths due to increased penetration depths. An NIR dual wavelength excitation fluorescence (DWEF) approach was developed that capitalizes on the wavelength-dependent attenuation of light in tissue to determine fluorophore depth. A portable dual wavelength excitation fluorescence imaging system was built and tested in parallel with an NIR tumor-targeting fluorophore in tissue mimicking phantoms, chicken tissue, and in vivo...

Histological and molecular responses of Vigna angularis to Uromyces vignae infection

Xiwang Ke, Jie Wang, Xiaodan Xu, Yongxia Guo, Yuhu Zuo & Lihua Yin
Abstract Background To advance the understanding of adzuki bean (Vigna angularis) resistance to infection with the rust-causing fungus Uromyces vignae (Uv), we comprehensively analyzed histological events and the transcriptome of Uv-infected adzuki bean. Results Compared with the susceptible cv. Baoqinghong (BQH), the resistant cv. QH1 showed inhibition of uredospore germination and substomatal vesicle development, intense autofluorescence of cells around the infection site, and cell wall deposit formation in response to Uv infection. In cv. QH1,...

Prevalence of reproductive tract infections among women preparing to conceive in Chongqing, China: trends and risk factors

Jun Liu, Mengyao Zeng, Liu Yang, Yanyan Mao, Yang He, Min Li, Qing Chen, Weijin Zhou, Liang Chen & Qianxi Zhu
Abstract Background Reproductive tract infection has become a major public health issue all over the world for its high and growing prevalence. It can cause adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women and their foetuses. This study aimed to investigate the trends and risk factors of the prevalence of reproductive tract infections among women who prepared to conceive in the Chongqing Municipality (China) from 2012 to 2016. Methods A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted between January...

Identification of DNA methylation-regulated genes as potential biomarkers for coronary heart disease via machine learning in the Framingham Heart Study

Xiaokang Zhang, Chen Wang, Dingdong He, Yating Cheng, Li Yu, Daoxi Qi, Boyu Li & Fang Zheng
Abstract Background DNA methylation-regulated genes have been demonstrated as the crucial participants in the occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD). The machine learning based on DNA methylation-regulated genes has tremendous potential for mining non-invasive predictive biomarkers and exploring underlying new mechanisms of CHD. Results First, the 2085 age-gender-matched individuals in Framingham Heart Study (FHS) were randomly divided into training set and validation set. We then integrated methylome and transcriptome data of peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs)...

Clostridium subterminale infection in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and haemophagocytic syndrome: A case report and literature review

Ying Zhou, Sheng Wang & Xing-bei Weng
Although uncommon, infection caused by Clostridium subterminale may be life threatening particularly in immunocompromised patients. We report here a rare presentation of a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and haemophagocytic syndrome associated with C. subterminale bacteraemia. The management of the patient is described as well as a review of medical literature. Infection by Clostridium species, including C. subterminale, should be considered in a febrile patient with a haematologic malignancy. The case highlights the importance...

Automated total and vessel-specific coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification on chest CT: direct comparison with CAC scoring on non-contrast cardiac CT

Jie Yu, Lijuan Qian, Wengang Sun, Zhuang Nie, DanDan Zheng, Ping Han, Heshui Shi, Chuansheng Zheng & Fan Yang
Abstract Background This study aimed to evaluate the artificial intelligence (AI)-based coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification and regional distribution of CAC on non-gated chest CT, using standard electrocardiograph (ECG)-gated CAC scoring as the reference. Methods In this retrospective study, a total of 405 patients underwent non-gated chest CT and standard ECG-gated cardiac CT. An AI-based algorithm was used for automated CAC scoring on chest CT, and Agatston score on cardiac CT was manually quantified. Bland-Altman...

The role of proteoglycan form of DMP1 in cranial repair

Yang Liu, Pingping Niu, Mengqi Zhou & Hui Xue
Abstract Background The cranial region is a complex set of blood vessels, cartilage, nerves and soft tissues. The reconstruction of cranial defects caused by trauma, congenital defects and surgical procedures presents clinical challenges. Our previous data showed that deficiency of the proteoglycan (PG) form of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1-PG) could lead to abnormal cranial development. In addition, DMP1-PG was highly expressed in the cranial defect areas. The present study aimed to investigate the potential...

The FUS/circEZH2/KLF5/ feedback loop contributes to CXCR4-induced liver metastasis of breast cancer by enhancing epithelial-mesenchymal transition

Peng Liu, Zehao Wang, Xueqi Ou, Peng Wu, Yue Zhang, Song Wu, Xiangsheng Xiao, Yuehua Li, Feng Ye & Hailin Tang
Abstract Background Metastasis of breast cancer have caused the majority of cancer-related death worldwide. The circRNAs are associated with tumorigenesis and metastasis in breast cancer according to recent research. However, the biological mechanism of circRNAs in liver metastatic breast cancer remains ambiguous yet. Methods Microarray analysis of three pairs of primary BC tissues and matched hepatic metastatic specimens identified circEZH2. We used RT-qPCR and FISH assays to confirm circEZH2 existence, characteristics, and expression. Both in...

Midazolam exhibits antitumour and enhances the efficiency of Anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma

Junwei Kang, Zhiying Zheng, Xian Li, Tian Huang, Dawei Rong, Xinyang Liu, Miaomiao Qin, Yuliang Wang, Xiangyi Kong, Jinhua Song, Chengyu Lv & Xiongxiong Pan
Abstract Background Midazolam (MDZ) is an anaesthetic that is widely used for anxiolysis and sedation. More recently, MDZ has also been described to be related to the outcome of various types of carcinomas. However, how MDZ influences the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its effects on the biological function and tumour immune microenvironment of this type of tumour remain unknown. Methods The effects of MDZ on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of HCC cell...

Electroacupuncture alleviates cognitive dysfunction and neuronal pyroptosis in septic mice

Yan Li, Zhaoying Li, Fujuan He, Chenguang Qin, Rui Fan, Fangxiang Zhang & Bin Wang
Background:Sepsis is defined as organ dysfunction caused by an uncontrolled response to infection and is followed by a high incidence of cognitive dysfunction, which can severely affect patients’ quality of life. Previous studies have suggested that electroacupuncture (EA) is protective against sepsis-associated cognitive dysfunction and that pyroptosis plays a vital role in cognitive function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of EA on cognition and neuronal pyroptosis in a mouse model...

Zinc oxide nanoparticle regulates the ferroptosis, proliferation, invasion and steaminess of cervical cancer by miR-506-3p/CD164 signaling

Jie-Yun Lei, Shuang-Xue Li, Feng Li, Hui Li & Yuan-Sheng Lei
Abstract Background Cancer stem cell (CSC) and ferroptosis play critical roles in cancer development, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Cervical cancer induces a great mortality and an increased incidence globally. Zinc oxide nanoparticle is the nanomaterial that has been applied in industrial products and targets multiple cancer cell types and cancer stem cells. Here, we aimed to explore the effect of ZON on CSC and ferroptosis of cervical cancer. Methods In the present study,...

Registration Year

  • 2023
  • 2022
  • 2021
  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Collection


  • Peking University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Fudan University
  • Zhejiang University
  • Capital Medical University
  • Sichuan University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Sun Yat-sen University