1,815 Works

Clinical First-Trimester Prediction Models for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Qi-Fang Huang, Yin-Chu Hu, Chong-Kun Wang, Jing Huang, Mei-Di Shen & Li-Hua Ren
BackgroundGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common pregnancy complication that negatively impacts the health of both the mother and child. Early prediction of the risk of GDM may permit prompt and effective interventions. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize the study characteristics, methodological quality, and model performance of first-trimester prediction model studies for GDM.MethodsFive electronic databases, one clinical trial register, and gray literature were searched from the inception date to March 19, 2022....

Alpha-ketoglutarate ameliorates abdominal aortic aneurysm via inhibiting PXDN/HOCL/ERK signaling pathways

Junjun Liu, Mingyuan Liu, Jiaxuan Feng, Hongqiao Zhu, Jianlie Wu, Heng Zhang, Shun Xiao, Zaiping Jing, Jian Zhou, Haitao Niu & Mingjin Guo
Abstract Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) represents the serious vascular degenerative disorder, which causes high incidence and mortality. Alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG), a crucial metabolite in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, has been reported to exert significant actions on the oxidative stress and inflammation. However, its role in AAA still remains elusive. Herein, we examined the effects of AKG on the formation of AAA. The study established an elastase-induced mouse abdominal aortic aneurysms model as well as a...

Estimating disability-adjusted life years for breast cancer and the impact of screening in female populations in China, 2015–2030: an exploratory prevalence-based analysis applying local weights

Xin-Xin Yan, Juan Zhu, Yan-Jie Li, Meng-Di Cao, Xin Wang, Hong Wang, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Jing Wang, Yang Li & Ju-Fang Shi
Abstract Background Most cancer disability-adjusted life year (DALY) studies worldwide have used broad, generic disability weights (DWs); however, differences exist among populations and types of cancers. Using breast cancer as example, this study aimed to estimate the population-level DALYs in females in China and the impact of screening as well as applying local DWs. Methods Using multisource data, a prevalence-based model was constructed. (1) Overall years lived with disability (YLDs) were estimated by using numbers...

Short-term effects of tropical cyclones on the incidence of dengue: a time-series study in Guangzhou, China

Chuanxi Li, Zhe Zhao, Yu Yan, Qiyong Liu, Qi Zhao & Wei Ma
Abstract Background Limited evidence is available about the association between tropical cyclones and dengue incidence. This study aimed to examine the effects of tropical cyclones on the incidence of dengue and to explore the vulnerable populations in Guangzhou, China. Methods Weekly dengue case data, tropical cyclone and meteorological data during the tropical cyclones season (June to October) from 2015 to 2019 were collected for the study. A quasi-Poisson generalized linear model combined with a distributed...

Periosteum coverage versus collagen-membrane coverage in periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics: a randomized controlled clinical trial in Class II and Class III malocclusions

Zhigui Ma, Yan Zhu, Yining Zhan, Yufan Zhang, Ahmed Abdelrehem, Bian Wang & Chi Yang
Abstract Background Periodontal accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) is a widely-used clinical procedure that combines selective alveolar corticotomy, particulate bone grafting, and the application of orthodontic forces. Different modifications of PAOO such as collagen-membrane coverage can better benefit patients from preventing displacement of grafts. Due to its stability, collagen-membrane coverage gradually gained popularity and became a widely-used procedure in traditional PAOO technique. Objectives To quantitatively investigate the radiographic changes of alveolar bone, periodontal soft tissue changes...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the development of chronic and antibiotic-resistant infections. Our previous study showed that a cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) inhibits the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilms and markedly reduces the biomass of preformed biofilms, while the mechanism of eradicating bacterial biofilms remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, the potential mechanism...

Association between triglyceride glucose index and atherosclerotic plaques and Burden: findings from a community-based study

Mengxing Wang, Lerong Mei, Aoming Jin, Xueli Cai, Jing Jing, Suying Wang, Xia Meng, Shan Li, Tiemin Wei, Yongjun Wang & Yuesong Pan
Abstract Background Insulin resistance is an important cause of cardiovascular events and cerebral infarction development. We aimed to investigate the association of the triglyceride glucose (TyG) index with atherosclerotic burden and plaques in coronary, intra- and extracranial arteries in participants with non-diabetes, and compared the results with that of the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Methods Participants without diabetes in the PolyvasculaR Evaluation for Cognitive Impairment and vaScular Events (PRECISE) study were included....

Molecular characteristics of a coxsackievirus A12 strain in Zhejiang of China, 2019

Linjie Hu, Lu Zhou, Pingping Wang, Hairenguli Maimaiti & Yihan Lu
Abstract Background Enterovirus A (EV-A), such as enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), generally causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). However, limited studies focused on uncommon enterovirus serotypes such as coxsackievirus A12 (CV-A12). This study aimed to provide evidence to determine the molecular characteristics of a CV-A12 strain isolated in Zhejiang province, China. Methods In routine surveillance of HFMD, we identified a child case with CV-A12 infection in 2019 in Zhejiang province, China. Enterovirus was examined by...

Failure pattern and suggestions for target volume delineation of carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy

Fang-Fang Kong, Guang-Sen Pan, Rui-Ping Zhai, Cheng-Run Du, Xia-Yun He, Chun-Ying Shen, Xue-Guan Lu, Tuan-Qi Sun, Yu Wang, Qing-Hai Ji, Chao-Su Hu & Hong-Mei Ying
Abstract Background To review our long-term clinical experience, analyze the failure patterns, and give suggestions for target volume delineation of carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods From April 2008 to May 2019, 30 patients with CASTLE treated by postoperative or radical IMRT in our center were retrospectively reviewed. A total dose of 56-60 Gy in 28–30 fractions was prescribed to patients without residual disease and 66 Gy in 33 fractions...

Simplified regimen of combined low-dose rituximab for autoimmune encephalitis with neuronal surface antibodies

Ying Du, Chao Zhao, Juntong Liu, Chuan Li, Qi Yan, Lin Li, Yunfeng Hao, Dan Yao, Huaxing Si, Yingjun Zhao & Wei Zhang
Abstract Background Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) with neuronal surface antibodies (NSAbs) presents pathogenesis mediated by B cell-secreting antibodies. Rituximab is a second-line choice for the treatment for AE with NSAbs, which can cause B cell depletion via targeting CD20. However, the optimal protocol and dosage of rituximab combined with first-line therapy for NSAbs-associated AE remains unclear so far. In this study, we explored the efficacy and safety of low-dose rituximab combined with first-line treatment for NSAbs-associated...

Simplified regimen of combined low-dose rituximab for autoimmune encephalitis with neuronal surface antibodies

Ying Du, Chao Zhao, Juntong Liu, Chuan Li, Qi Yan, Lin Li, Yunfeng Hao, Dan Yao, Huaxing Si, Yingjun Zhao & Wei Zhang
Abstract Background Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) with neuronal surface antibodies (NSAbs) presents pathogenesis mediated by B cell-secreting antibodies. Rituximab is a second-line choice for the treatment for AE with NSAbs, which can cause B cell depletion via targeting CD20. However, the optimal protocol and dosage of rituximab combined with first-line therapy for NSAbs-associated AE remains unclear so far. In this study, we explored the efficacy and safety of low-dose rituximab combined with first-line treatment for NSAbs-associated...

The important role of NLRP6 inflammasome in Pasteurella multocida infection

Xingping Wu, Zheng Zeng, Hongliang Tian, Lianci Peng, Dongyi Xu, Yu Wang, Chao Ye, Yuanyi Peng & Rendong Fang
Abstract Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) can cause severe respiratory disease in cattle, resulting in high mortality and morbidity. Inflammasomes are multiprotein complexes in the cytoplasm that recognize pathogens and play an important role in the host defense against microbial infection. In this study, the mechanism of P. multocida-induced NLRP6 inflammasome activation was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Firstly, P. multocida induced severe inflammation with a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating the lungs of...

FOXD1-dependent RalA-ANXA2-Src complex promotes CTC formation in breast cancer

Yufei Long, Tuotuo Chong, Xiaoming Lyu, Lujia Chen, Xiaomin Luo, Oluwasijibomi Damola Faleti, Simin Deng, Fei Wang, Mingliang He, Zhipeng Qian, Hongli Zhao, Wenyan Zhou, Xia Guo, Ceshi Chen & Xin Li
Abstract Background Early metastasis is a key factor contributing to poor breast cancer (BC) prognosis. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are regarded as the precursor cells of metastasis, which are ultimately responsible for the main cause of death in BC. However, to date molecular mechanisms underlying CTC formation in BC have been insufficiently defined. Methods RNA-seq was carried out in primary tissues from early-stage BC patients (with CTCs≥5 and CTCs = 0, respectively) and the validation...

CEF3 is involved in membrane trafficking and essential for secondary cell wall biosynthesis and its mutation enhanced biomass enzymatic saccharification in rice

Hongrui Jiang, Yan Ren, Junyao Guo, Huijie Yang, Xiaotong Zhu, Wenhao Li, Liangzhi Tao, Yue Zhan, Qi Wang, Yuejin Wu, Binmei Liu & Yafeng Ye
Abstract Background As one of the most important staple food crops, rice produces large of agronomic biomass residues that contain lots of secondary cell walls (SCWs). Membrane trafficking plays key roles in SCWs biosynthesis, but information association membrane trafficking and SCWs formation in plants is limited. Results In this study, we report the function characterization of a rice mutant, culm easily fragile 3 (cef3), that exhibits growth retardation and fragile culm phenotype with significantly altered...

CRISPR/Cas9-targeted mutagenesis of a representative member of a novel PR10/Bet v1-like protein subfamily significantly reduces rice plant height and defense against Meloidogyne graminicola

Zhiwen Li, Qiuling Huang, Borong Lin, Bin Guo, Jing Wang, Chunhui Huang, Jinling Liao & Kan Zhuo
Abstract Plant PR10/Bet v1-like proteins are involved in defense against microbial pathogens, however, whether they participate in host defense against plant-parasitic animals including nematodes remains unknown. Here, according to the phylogeny, sequence-similarity, and secondary structure analyses, we found that the rice OsBet v1 protein and its homologs constitute a new subfamily of PR10/Bet v1-like protein. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR assay showed that OsBet v1 was highly expressed in rice roots and induced by Meloidogyne graminicola infection....

Radiomics features for assessing tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes correlate with molecular traits of triple-negative breast cancer

Guan-Hua Su, Yi Xiao, Lin Jiang, Ren-Cheng Zheng, He Wang, Yan Chen, Ya-Jia Gu, Chao You & Zhi-Ming Shao
Abstract Background Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have become a promising biomarker for assessing tumor immune microenvironment and predicting immunotherapy response. However, the assessment of TILs relies on invasive pathological slides. Methods We retrospectively extracted radiomics features from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to develop a radiomic cohort of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) (n = 139), among which 116 patients underwent transcriptomic sequencing. This radiomic cohort was randomly divided into the training cohort (n = 98) and validation...

A general method for calculating power for GEE analysis of complete and incomplete stepped wedge cluster randomized trials

Ying Zhang, John S Preisser, Elizabeth L Turner, Paul J Rathouz, Mark Toles & Fan Li
Stepped wedge designs have uni-directional crossovers at randomly assigned time points (steps) where clusters switch from control to intervention condition. Incomplete stepped wedge designs are increasingly used in cluster randomized trials of health care interventions and have periods without data collection due to logistical, resource and patient-centered considerations. The development of sample size formulae for stepped wedge trials has primarily focused on complete designs and continuous responses. Addressing this gap, a general, fast, non-simulation based...

Cryptotanshinone From Salvia miltiorrhiza Inhibits the Growth of Tumors and Enhances the Efficacy of Chemotherapy in a Gastric Cancer Mouse Model

Wenkai Wu, Yezhi Cao, Ling Cheng, Linghu Wang, Qingsheng Yu, Hui Peng, Fuhai Zhou, Haiwei Liu & Qi Zhang
Cryptotanshinone is a quinone diterpene extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza root that shows obvious anticancer activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of action of cryptotanshinone as an antigastric cancer agent, as well as a chemotherapy potentiator. A gastric cancer model was established by tumor transplantation, and mice were treated with either 5-fluorouracil or cryptotanshinone, or both drugs. The tumor mass was recorded, and the tumor suppression rate...

Association between frequency of dairy product consumption and hypertension: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang Province, China

Hao Wang, Lingli Chen, Yuan Cao, Kaixu Xie, Chunmei Wang, Pei Pei, Yu Guo, Fiona Bragg, Min Yu, Zhengming Chen & Liming Li
Abstract Background Hypertension, a well-known risk factor, contributes to millions of deaths from cardiovascular and renal diseases worldwide. However, evidence on the association between frequency of dairy product consumption and hypertension is inconsistent. Methods The data for the present study are from the Tongxiang baseline dataset of the China Kadoorie Biobank prospective study. A total of 53,916 participants aged 30–79 years were included in the final analysis. Multivariable logistic regression was utilized to evaluate the...

Inhibition of CISD2 promotes ferroptosis through ferritinophagy-mediated ferritin turnover and regulation of p62–Keap1–NRF2 pathway

Yanchun Li, Bing Xu, Xueying Ren, Luyang Wang, Yaqing Xu, Yefeng Zhao, Chen Yang, Chen Yuan, Huanjuan Li, Xiangmin Tong, Ying Wang & Jing Du
Abstract Background CDGSH iron sulfur domain 2 (CISD2) is an iron–sulfur protein with a [2Fe–2S] cluster, which is critical for cell proliferation and iron homeostasis. It has been demonstrated that aberrant expression of CISD2 is associated with the progression of multiple cancers. However, the underlying mechanism of CISD2 in regulating tumorigenesis remains obscure. Methods Bioinformatics strategies were used to investigate the protein interaction network and functional annotation of CISD2. In the functional experiment, cell viability...

In Vitro and in Vivo Study of the Effect of Osteogenic Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields on Breast and Lung Cancer Cells

Mike Y. Chen, Jing Li, Nianli Zhang, Erik I. Waldorff, James T. Ryaby, Philip Fedor, Yongsheng Jia & Yujun Wang
Introduction: Although there have been significant advances in research and treatments over the past decades, cancer remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, mostly due to resistance to standard therapies. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF), a newly emerged therapeutic strategy, has been highly regarded as less invasive and almost safe to patients, is now a clinically accepted form to treat diseases including cancer. Breast and lung cancer are the most prevalent forms of human cancers,...

Mid-infrared Nb₄N₃-based superconducting nanowire single photon detectors for wavelengths up to 10 μm

Yiming Pan, Hui Zhou, XINGYU ZHANG, Huiqin Yu, Lu Zhang, Mengting Si, Hao Li, Lixing YOU & Zhen Wang
Mid-infrared (MIR) single-photon detection is emerging as an important technology for various applications. Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) fabricated with superconducting films with energy gaps of a few meV are natural broadband single-photon detectors. Recently, extending SNSPDs’ operation wavelengths into the MIR region is highly attractive. γ-Nb₄N₃ has a reduced N content and lower energy gap than the commonly used δ-NbN, making SNSPDs based on γ-Nb₄N₃ film more sensitive to low energy photons. We...

Dietary supplementation of Macleaya cordata extract and Bacillus in combination improve laying performance by regulating reproductive hormones, intestinal microbiota and barrier function of laying hens

Fei Wang, Peng Zou, Shujie Xu, Qi Wang, Yuanhao Zhou, Xiang Li, Li Tang, Baikui Wang, Qian Jin, Dongyou Yu & Weifen Li
Abstract Background This study aimed to investigate whether the combination of Macleaya cordata extract (MCE) and Bacillus could improve the laying performance and health of laying hens better. Methods A total of 360 29-week-old Jingbai laying hens were randomly divided into 4 treatments: control group (basal diet), MCE group (basal diet + MCE), Probiotics Bacillus Compound (PBC) group (basal diet + compound Bacillus), MCE + PBC group (basal diet + MCE + compound Bacillus). The...

Multiparametric liver MRI for predicting early recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after microwave ablation

Zhaohe Zhang, Jie Yu, Sisi Liu, Linan Dong, Tiefang Liu, Haiyi Wang, Zhiyu Han, Xiaojing Zhang & Ping Liang
Abstract Background High early recurrence (ER) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after microwave ablation (MWA) represents a sign of aggressive behavior and severely worsens prognosis. The aim of this study was to estimate the outcome of HCC following MWA and develop a response algorithmic strategy based on multiparametric MRI and clinical variables. Methods In this retrospective study, we reviewed the records of 339 patients (mean age, 62 ± 12 years; 106 men) treated with percutaneous MWA...

Risk factors and outcomes of postoperative stroke in surgical treatment for giant intracranial aneurysms

Hao Wang, Junlin Lu, Xin Chen & Qiang Hao
Abstract Background Giant intracranial aneurysms (GIAs) are challenges for surgical treatment. Risk factors of postoperative stroke remain unclear. This study aims to investigate the predictors of postoperative stroke in GIAs and the impact of stroke on outcomes. Methods We performed a retrospective medical record review of patients with GIAs who received microsurgery at our institution between 2011 and 2018. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify risk factors for postoperative stroke. The clinical...

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  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Fudan University
  • Zhejiang University
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Sichuan University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Capital Medical University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology