1,250 Works

Effectiveness of electroacupuncture for thin endometrium in infertile women: study protocol for a single-blind, randomized controlled trial

Fangyuan Li, Hua Lu, Xinxin Wang, Qi Zhang, Qianchen Liu & Tong Wang
Abstract Background Thin endometrium negatively impacts the reproductive function. Current treatments for thin endometrium do not always improve endometrial receptivity. Preliminary evidence suggests that electroacupuncture could have potential therapy for thin endometrium in infertile women. Thus, this randomized controlled trial was designed to test whether electroacupuncture can improve endometrial receptivity in infertile women with thin endometrium. Methods This study is a randomized, single-blinded, controlled, clinical trial. A total of 142 eligible patients will be recruited...

Establishment of a venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a rat model of acute respiratory distress syndrome

Yongnan Li, Jian Huang, Rongzhi Zhang, Shixiong Wang, Xingdong Cheng, Pengbin Zhang, Kerong Zhai, Wei Wang, Debin Liu & Bingren Gao
Introduction:Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) is now considered a reasonable option to salvage acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, we lack a rodent model for experimental studies. This study was undertaken to establish an animal model of VV ECMO in ARDS rats.Methods:A total of 18 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (350 ± 50 g) were used in this study. Using a rat model of oleic acid (OA)-induced ARDS, VV ECMO was established through cavoatrial cannulation of...

Loneliness Among Chinese Older Adults: The Role of Grandparenthood and Grandparental Childcare by Gender

Jing Zhang, Tineke Fokkema & Bruno Arpino
This study examines the influence of grandparenthood and grandparental childcare on loneliness among Chinese older adults. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of 9240 individuals from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), we applied logistic regression to examine the relationship between various grandparental statuses and loneliness with a focus on gender. The grandparental role is a protective factor for loneliness. Providing care to grandchildren was associated with a lower likelihood of...

Data integration and evolutionary analysis of long non-coding RNAs in 25 flowering plants

Shiye Sang, Wen Chen, Di Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Wenjing Yang & Changning Liu
Abstract Background Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in many important biological processes in plants. Currently, a large fraction of plant lncRNA studies center at lncRNA identification and functional analysis. Only a few plant lncRNA studies focus on understanding their evolutionary history, which is crucial for an in-depth understanding of lncRNAs. Therefore, the integration of large volumes of plant lncRNA data is required to deeply investigate the evolution of lncRNAs. Results We present a...

Data integration and evolutionary analysis of long non-coding RNAs in 25 flowering plants

Shiye Sang, Wen Chen, Di Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Wenjing Yang & Changning Liu
Abstract Background Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in many important biological processes in plants. Currently, a large fraction of plant lncRNA studies center at lncRNA identification and functional analysis. Only a few plant lncRNA studies focus on understanding their evolutionary history, which is crucial for an in-depth understanding of lncRNAs. Therefore, the integration of large volumes of plant lncRNA data is required to deeply investigate the evolution of lncRNAs. Results We present a...

Establishment of a venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a rat model of acute respiratory distress syndrome

Yongnan Li, Jian Huang, Rongzhi Zhang, Shixiong Wang, Xingdong Cheng, Pengbin Zhang, Kerong Zhai, Wei Wang, Debin Liu & Bingren Gao
Introduction:Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) is now considered a reasonable option to salvage acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, we lack a rodent model for experimental studies. This study was undertaken to establish an animal model of VV ECMO in ARDS rats.Methods:A total of 18 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (350 ± 50 g) were used in this study. Using a rat model of oleic acid (OA)-induced ARDS, VV ECMO was established through cavoatrial cannulation of...

Metabolic profiling and pharmacokinetic studies of Baihu-Guizhi decoction in rats by UFLC-Q-TOF–MS/MS and UHPLC-Q-TRAP-MS/MS

Yan He, Zhenkun Zhou, Weijie Li, Yanqiong Zhang, Ruoyao Shi, Tao Li, Linlin Jin, Hongliang Yao, Na Lin & Hao Wu
Abstract Background Baihu-Guizhi decoction (BHGZD) is a well-documented traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) prescription that has been extensively applied to treating rheumatoid arthritis. Despite of its beneficial outcomes, the chemical constituents of BHGZD have not been fully portrayed and the in vivo absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) patterns of absorbed components have never been described. Methods Characterization of absorbed components and in vivo biotransformation profiling of these feature compounds were based on the ultra-fast liquid...

Optical center of a luminescent solar concentrator

Jingjian Zhou, Jing Huang & Ilya Sychugov
This letter introduces a novel approach estimating the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of a square luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) by point excitations on the “optical centers” as proposed here. Predicted by theoretical calculations, photoluminescence emissions from these optical centers experience almost the same average optical path with those from the whole device under uniform illumination. This is experimentally verified by a 20 x 20 cm2 silicon quantum dots-based LSC, with only ~5% errors between the...

Risk factors and outcomes of postoperative stroke in surgical treatment for giant intracranial aneurysms

Hao Wang, Junlin Lu, Xin Chen & Qiang Hao
Abstract Background Giant intracranial aneurysms (GIAs) are challenges for surgical treatment. Risk factors of postoperative stroke remain unclear. This study aims to investigate the predictors of postoperative stroke in GIAs and the impact of stroke on outcomes. Methods We performed a retrospective medical record review of patients with GIAs who received microsurgery at our institution between 2011 and 2018. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify risk factors for postoperative stroke. The clinical...

Estimating disability-adjusted life years for breast cancer and the impact of screening in female populations in China, 2015–2030: an exploratory prevalence-based analysis applying local weights

Xin-Xin Yan, Juan Zhu, Yan-Jie Li, Meng-Di Cao, Xin Wang, Hong Wang, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Jing Wang, Yang Li & Ju-Fang Shi
Abstract Background Most cancer disability-adjusted life year (DALY) studies worldwide have used broad, generic disability weights (DWs); however, differences exist among populations and types of cancers. Using breast cancer as example, this study aimed to estimate the population-level DALYs in females in China and the impact of screening as well as applying local DWs. Methods Using multisource data, a prevalence-based model was constructed. (1) Overall years lived with disability (YLDs) were estimated by using numbers...

Clinical First-Trimester Prediction Models for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Qi-Fang Huang, Yin-Chu Hu, Chong-Kun Wang, Jing Huang, Mei-Di Shen & Li-Hua Ren
BackgroundGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common pregnancy complication that negatively impacts the health of both the mother and child. Early prediction of the risk of GDM may permit prompt and effective interventions. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize the study characteristics, methodological quality, and model performance of first-trimester prediction model studies for GDM.MethodsFive electronic databases, one clinical trial register, and gray literature were searched from the inception date to March 19, 2022....

System analysis based on the pyroptosis-related genes identifies GSDMC as a novel therapy target for pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Cheng Yan, Yandie Niu, Feng Li, Wei Zhao & Liukai Ma
Abstract Background Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD) is one of the most common malignant tumors of the digestive tract. Pyroptosis is a newly discovered programmed cell death that highly correlated with the prognosis of tumors. However, the prognostic value of pyroptosis in PAAD remains unclear. Methods A total of 178 pancreatic cancer PAAD samples and 167 normal samples were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases. The “DESeq2” R package was used...

Circulating tumor DNA integrating tissue clonality detects minimal residual disease in resectable non-small-cell lung cancer

Siwei Wang, Ming Li, Jingyuan Zhang, Peng Xing, Min Wu, Fancheng Meng, Feng Jiang, Jie Wang, Hua Bao, Jianfeng Huang, Binhui Ren, Mingfeng Yu, Ninglei Qiu, Houhuai Li, Fangliang Yuan, Zhi Zhang, Hui Jia, Xinxin Lu, Shuai Zhang, Xiaojun Wang, Youtao Xu, Wenjia Xia, Tongyan Liu, Weizhang Xu, Xinyu Xu … & Rong Yin
Abstract Background Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) has been proven as a marker for detecting minimal residual diseases following systemic therapies in mid-to-late-stage non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) by multiple studies. However, fewer studies cast light on ctDNA-based MRD monitoring in early-to-mid-stage NSCLCs that received surgical resection as the standard of care. Methods We prospectively recruited 128 patients with stage I–III NSCLCs who received curative surgical resections in our Lung Cancer Tempo-spatial Heterogeneity prospective cohort. Plasma samples...

Melanoma stem cells promote metastasis via exosomal miR-1268a inactivation of autophagy

Xiaoshuang Li, Doudou Liu, Hao Chen, Bin Zeng, Qiting Zhao, Yuhan Zhang, Yuting Chen, Jianyu Wang & H. Rosie Xing
Abstract Background Metastatic melanoma has a high mortality rate and poor survival. This is associated with efficient metastatic colonization, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Communication between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and cancer cells plays an important role in metastatic dissemination. Whether cancer stem cells can alter the metastatic properties of non-CSC cells; and whether exosomal crosstalk can mediate such interaction, have not been demonstrated in melanoma prior to this report. Results The results revealed...

Sex differences in clinical cognitive impairment with Lewy bodies: a Chinese multicenter study

Jinghuan Gan, Zhichao Chen, Zhihong Shi, Xudong Li, Shuai Liu, Yiming Liu, Hongcan Zhu, Lu Shen, Guili Zhang, Yong You, Qihao Guo, Nan Zhang, Yang Lv, Baozhi Gang, Junliang Yuan & Yong Ji
Abstract Background Research on sex ratios of Lewy body dementia is controversial, established in small samples, and rarely focused on prodromal stage. The objective is to investigate the clinical sex ratios (men/women) and their associations with clinical features among individuals with mild cognitive impairment with Lewy bodies (MCI-LB), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson’s disease with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI), and Parkinson’s disease with dementia (PDD) in China. Methods We conducted a multicenter cohort study,...

The diversity and evolutionary relationships of ticks and tick-borne bacteria collected in China

JunHua Tian, Xin Hou, MiHong Ge, HongBin Xu, Bin Yu, Jing Liu, RenFu Shao, Edward C. Holmes, ChaoLiang Lei & Mang Shi
Abstract Background Ticks (order Ixodida) are ectoparasites, vectors and reservoirs of many infectious agents affecting humans and domestic animals. However, the lack of information on tick genomic diversity leaves significant gaps in the understanding of the evolution of ticks and associated bacteria. Results We collected > 20,000 contemporary and historical (up to 60 years of preservation) tick samples representing a wide range of tick biodiversity across diverse geographic regions in China. Metagenomic sequencing was performed...

Inhibition of Schwann cell pannexin 1 attenuates neuropathic pain through the suppression of inflammatory responses

Qian Wang, Han-yang Li, Zhuo-min Ling, Gang Chen & Zhong-Ya Wei
Abstract Background Neuropathic pain is still a challenge for clinical treatment as a result of the comprehensive pathogenesis. Although emerging evidence demonstrates the pivotal role of glial cells in regulating neuropathic pain, the role of Schwann cells and their underlying mechanisms still need to be uncovered. Pannexin 1 (Panx 1), an important membrane channel for the release of ATP and inflammatory cytokines, as well as its activation in central glial cells, contributes to pain development....

Quercetin and Luteolin may be the New Effective Drugs for Radiation Pneumonitis: Based on a Systems Pharmacology

Mengmei Zhang, Guangcai Li, Huaqing Hu, Mu Yi, Yang Li, Jihang Luo, Yan Tang, Guangmin Xu, Ze Yang & Xiao Liu
Background: The occurrence of radiation pneumonia not only affects the efficacy of radiotherapy, but also seriously threatens the health of patients undergoing radiotherapy for lung cancer. Studies have suggested that a feining granule is a potentially effective drug for the treatment of radiation pneumonitis, but its mechanism and main components are still unclear. Our study used bioinformatics methods to analyze the main drug Aster tataricus L. f. in feining granules and aims to gain the...

Supplementary material from \"Transcriptome analysis and mining of genes related to shade tolerance in foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.)\"

Dan Liu, Yanjiao Cui, Zilong Zhao, Jing Zhang, Suying Li & Zhengli Liu
A stereo interplanting system with foxtail millet beneath chestnut trees is an effective planting method to raise the utilization of land in chestnut orchards, increase yields and improve quality of chestnut nuts. Consequently, exploration of genes involved in shade tolerance response in foxtail millet and breeding shade-tolerant varieties have become urgent issues. In this study, RNA-seq of leaf samples from two shade-tolerant varieties and three shade-intolerant varieties of foxtail millet at the booting stage was...

Establishment and application of a CRISPR-Cas12a-based RPA-LFS and fluorescence for the detection of Trichomonas vaginalis

Shan Li, Xiaocen Wang, Yanhui Yu, Songgao Cao, Juan Liu, Panpan Zhao, Jianhua Li, Xichen Zhang, Xin Li, Nan Zhang, Min Sun, Lili Cao & Pengtao Gong
Abstract Background Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis can lead to cervicitis, urethritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, prostatitis and perinatal complications and increased risk of HIV transmission. Here, we used an RPA-based CRISPR-Cas12a assay system in combination with a lateral flow strip (LFS) (referred to as RPA-CRISPR-Cas12a) to establish a highly sensitive and field-ready assay and evaluated its ability to detect clinical samples. Methods We developed a one-pot CRISPR-Cas12a combined with RPA-based field detection technology for T. vaginalis,...

Leukocyte and Platelet Related Inflammatory Indicators and Risk of Carotid and Femoral Plaques: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Southeast China

Ruimei Feng, Yiquan Dai, Shanshan Du, Wenbin Liang, Hongyu Chen, Cheng Chen, Tianmin He, Tao Tao, Zhijian Hu, Pingfan Guo & Weimin Ye
The associations between several blood inflammatory indicators and risk of vascular plaques remain inconclusive. A total of 4596 native rural residents in Southeast China were enrolled from the Fuqing cohort study. Blood cell counts and their composite indexes including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and 2 novel indicators (systemic immune inflammation index (SII) and systemic immune inflammation response index (SIRI)) were considered as inflammatory indicators. Common carotid and femoral intima-media thickness (IMT) and...

Microbiota and metabolites alterations in proximal and distal gastric cancer patients

Yan Yang, Daofeng Dai, Wen Jin, Yingying Huang, Yingzi Zhang, Yiran Chen, Wankun Wang, Wu Lin, Xiangliu Chen, Jing Zhang, Haohao Wang, Haibin Zhang & Lisong Teng
Abstract Background Globally, gastric cancer is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death. Proximal and distal gastric cancers have distinct clinical and biological behaviors. The microbial composition and metabolic differences in proximal and distal gastric cancers have not been fully studied and discussed. Methods In this study, the gastric microbiome of 13 proximal gastric cancer tissues, 16 distal gastric cancer tissues, and their matched non-tumor tissues were characterized using...

Association between frequency of dairy product consumption and hypertension: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang Province, China

Hao Wang, Lingli Chen, Yuan Cao, Kaixu Xie, Chunmei Wang, Pei Pei, Yu Guo, Fiona Bragg, Min Yu, Zhengming Chen & Liming Li
Abstract Background Hypertension, a well-known risk factor, contributes to millions of deaths from cardiovascular and renal diseases worldwide. However, evidence on the association between frequency of dairy product consumption and hypertension is inconsistent. Methods The data for the present study are from the Tongxiang baseline dataset of the China Kadoorie Biobank prospective study. A total of 53,916 participants aged 30–79 years were included in the final analysis. Multivariable logistic regression was utilized to evaluate the...

Lensless imaging through thin scattering layers under broadband illumination

Wei Li, Bingjian Wang, Tengfei Wu, Feihu Xu & Xiaopeng Shao
Lensless scattering imaging is a prospective approach to microscopy in which a high-resolution image of an object is reconstructed from one or more measured speckle patterns, providing a solution in situations where the use of imaging optics is not possible. However, current lensless scattering imaging methods are typically limited by the need for a light source with a narrowband spectrum. Here, we propose two general approaches that enable single-shot lensless scattering imaging under broadband illumination...

Clostridium subterminale infection in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and haemophagocytic syndrome: A case report and literature review

Ying Zhou, Sheng Wang & Xing-bei Weng
Although uncommon, infection caused by Clostridium subterminale may be life threatening particularly in immunocompromised patients. We report here a rare presentation of a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and haemophagocytic syndrome associated with C. subterminale bacteraemia. The management of the patient is described as well as a review of medical literature. Infection by Clostridium species, including C. subterminale, should be considered in a febrile patient with a haematologic malignancy. The case highlights the importance...

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