1,132 Works

Clinical First-Trimester Prediction Models for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Qi-Fang Huang, Yin-Chu Hu, Chong-Kun Wang, Jing Huang, Mei-Di Shen & Li-Hua Ren
BackgroundGestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common pregnancy complication that negatively impacts the health of both the mother and child. Early prediction of the risk of GDM may permit prompt and effective interventions. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to summarize the study characteristics, methodological quality, and model performance of first-trimester prediction model studies for GDM.MethodsFive electronic databases, one clinical trial register, and gray literature were searched from the inception date to March 19, 2022....

Estimating disability-adjusted life years for breast cancer and the impact of screening in female populations in China, 2015–2030: an exploratory prevalence-based analysis applying local weights

Xin-Xin Yan, Juan Zhu, Yan-Jie Li, Meng-Di Cao, Xin Wang, Hong Wang, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Jing Wang, Yang Li & Ju-Fang Shi
Abstract Background Most cancer disability-adjusted life year (DALY) studies worldwide have used broad, generic disability weights (DWs); however, differences exist among populations and types of cancers. Using breast cancer as example, this study aimed to estimate the population-level DALYs in females in China and the impact of screening as well as applying local DWs. Methods Using multisource data, a prevalence-based model was constructed. (1) Overall years lived with disability (YLDs) were estimated by using numbers...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is a known bacterium that produces biofilms and causes severe infection. Furthermore, P. aeruginosa biofilms are extremely difficult to eradicate, leading to the development of chronic and antibiotic-resistant infections. Our previous study showed that a cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) inhibits the formation of P. aeruginosa biofilms and markedly reduces the biomass of preformed biofilms, while the mechanism of eradicating bacterial biofilms remains elusive. Therefore, in this study, the potential mechanism...

LncRNA SNHG16 promotes development of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma by interacting with EIF4A3 and modulating RhoU mRNA stability

Lihua Ren, Xin Fang, Sachin Mulmi Shrestha, Qinghua Ji, Hui Ye, Yan Liang, Yang Liu, Yadong Feng, Jingwu Dong & Ruihua Shi
Abstract Background Numerous studies have revealed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are closely related to the development of many diseases and carcinogenesis. However, their specific biological function and molecular mechanism in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear. Methods RNA-Seq was performed to determine the differential expressions of lncRNAs in ESCC, and the level of SNHG16 expression was detected in ESCC and intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN) samples. In vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to...

Work productivity and activity in patients with SAPHO syndrome: a cross-sectional observational study

Chen Li, Heng Xu, Liang Gong, Afang Wang, Xia Dong, Kai Yuan, Guangrui Huang, Shufeng Wei & Luying Sun
Abstract Background Our understanding of work productivity impairment among patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is limited. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of work productivity loss in SAPHO syndrome patients through the use of the work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI) questionnaire, as well as to investigate the relationship between the WPAI and other disease-related indicators. Methods Patients for this cross-sectional study were recruited from Peking...

Molecular characteristics of a coxsackievirus A12 strain in Zhejiang of China, 2019

Linjie Hu, Lu Zhou, Pingping Wang, Hairenguli Maimaiti & Yihan Lu
Abstract Background Enterovirus A (EV-A), such as enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), generally causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). However, limited studies focused on uncommon enterovirus serotypes such as coxsackievirus A12 (CV-A12). This study aimed to provide evidence to determine the molecular characteristics of a CV-A12 strain isolated in Zhejiang province, China. Methods In routine surveillance of HFMD, we identified a child case with CV-A12 infection in 2019 in Zhejiang province, China. Enterovirus was examined by...

BMSC exosome-enriched acellular fish scale scaffolds promote bone regeneration

Yangyufan Wang, Bin Kong, Xiang Chen, Rui Liu, Yuanjin Zhao, Zhuxiao Gu & Qing Jiang
Abstract Tissue engineering scaffolds are essential for repairing bone defects. The use of biomimetic scaffolds for bone tissue engineering has been investigated for decades. To date, the trend in this area has been moved toward the construction of biomimetic acellular scaffolds with effective modification to enhance the osteogenic differentiation efficiency of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The exosomes derived from BMSCs have been shown as a potential therapeutic tool for repairing bone defects. In...

Development and validation of an extended Cox prognostic model for patients with ER/PR+ and HER2− breast cancer: a retrospective cohort study

Yiqun Xie, Xizhou Li, Ying Wu, Wenting Cui & Yang Liu
Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to explore a new estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR)+ and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)− breast cancer prognostic model, called the extended Cox prognostic model, for determining the cutoff values for multiple continuous prognostic factors and their interaction via the new model concept and variable selection method. Methods A total of 335 patients with ER/PR+ and HER2− breast cancer were enrolled for the...

CEF3 is involved in membrane trafficking and essential for secondary cell wall biosynthesis and its mutation enhanced biomass enzymatic saccharification in rice

Hongrui Jiang, Yan Ren, Junyao Guo, Huijie Yang, Xiaotong Zhu, Wenhao Li, Liangzhi Tao, Yue Zhan, Qi Wang, Yuejin Wu, Binmei Liu & Yafeng Ye
Abstract Background As one of the most important staple food crops, rice produces large of agronomic biomass residues that contain lots of secondary cell walls (SCWs). Membrane trafficking plays key roles in SCWs biosynthesis, but information association membrane trafficking and SCWs formation in plants is limited. Results In this study, we report the function characterization of a rice mutant, culm easily fragile 3 (cef3), that exhibits growth retardation and fragile culm phenotype with significantly altered...

Influence of the graft-copolymerized hydrophilic lignin content on the structure and mechanical properties of gel-spun poly(vinyl alcohol) composite fibers

Yu Cheng, Jiaxian Lin, Xiaorui Sun, Lianjie Duan, Yuanyuan Zheng, Xiaoxia Sun, Xian Li & Chunhong Lu
Lignin is a cost-effective, biobased filler for the fabrication of high-performance poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) composite fibers that increases fiber performance and sustainability. However, amorphous and hydrophobic lignin often have poor compatibility with semi-crystalline and hydrophilic PVA matrixes. Moreover, aggregation of the filler at high content could occur to impede the effectiveness of lignin as a reinforcing filler. To address these issues, modified organosolv lignin (OL24) with hydrophilicity was obtained from the graft copolymerization of organosolv...

CRISPR/Cas9-targeted mutagenesis of a representative member of a novel PR10/Bet v1-like protein subfamily significantly reduces rice plant height and defense against Meloidogyne graminicola

Zhiwen Li, Qiuling Huang, Borong Lin, Bin Guo, Jing Wang, Chunhui Huang, Jinling Liao & Kan Zhuo
Abstract Plant PR10/Bet v1-like proteins are involved in defense against microbial pathogens, however, whether they participate in host defense against plant-parasitic animals including nematodes remains unknown. Here, according to the phylogeny, sequence-similarity, and secondary structure analyses, we found that the rice OsBet v1 protein and its homologs constitute a new subfamily of PR10/Bet v1-like protein. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR assay showed that OsBet v1 was highly expressed in rice roots and induced by Meloidogyne graminicola infection....

Forecasting Institutional LINAC Utilization in Response to Varying Workload

Srinivas Raman, Fan Jia, Zhihui Liu, Julie Wenz, Michael Carter, Colleen Dickie, Fei-Fei Liu & Daniel Letourneau
ObjectivesPandemics, natural disasters, and other unforeseen circumstances can cause short-term variation in radiotherapy utilization. In this study, we aim to develop a model to forecast linear accelerator (LINAC) utilization during periods of varying workloads. Methods: Using computed tomography (CT)-simulation data and the rate of new LINAC appointment bookings in the preceding week as input parameters, a multiple linear regression model to forecast LINAC utilization over a 15-working day horizon was developed and tested on institutional...

Radiomics features for assessing tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes correlate with molecular traits of triple-negative breast cancer

Guan-Hua Su, Yi Xiao, Lin Jiang, Ren-Cheng Zheng, He Wang, Yan Chen, Ya-Jia Gu, Chao You & Zhi-Ming Shao
Abstract Background Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have become a promising biomarker for assessing tumor immune microenvironment and predicting immunotherapy response. However, the assessment of TILs relies on invasive pathological slides. Methods We retrospectively extracted radiomics features from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to develop a radiomic cohort of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) (n = 139), among which 116 patients underwent transcriptomic sequencing. This radiomic cohort was randomly divided into the training cohort (n = 98) and validation...

Nurse-led telephone follow-up according to the revised nursing outcomes classification for laryngeal carcinoma surgery patients: a randomized controlled trial

Yongxia Ding, Jinxia Xu, Yan Ning, Qian Wang & Zhaojie Chang
Abstract Background This study used the revised nursing outcomes classification (NOC) outlined in our previous study, “Core nursing outcomes for otorhinolaryngology head-neck,” for telephone follow-up of patients who had laryngeal carcinoma surgery in China. This randomized controlled trial aimed to compare nurse-led telephone follow-up according to the revised NOC with traditional telephone follow-up. Methods A total of 100 postoperative patients were recruited from March 2018‒March 2020. Patients were randomly assigned to nurse-led telephone follow-up groups...

A general method for calculating power for GEE analysis of complete and incomplete stepped wedge cluster randomized trials

Ying Zhang, John S Preisser, Elizabeth L Turner, Paul J Rathouz, Mark Toles & Fan Li
Stepped wedge designs have uni-directional crossovers at randomly assigned time points (steps) where clusters switch from control to intervention condition. Incomplete stepped wedge designs are increasingly used in cluster randomized trials of health care interventions and have periods without data collection due to logistical, resource and patient-centered considerations. The development of sample size formulae for stepped wedge trials has primarily focused on complete designs and continuous responses. Addressing this gap, a general, fast, non-simulation based...

Cryptotanshinone From Salvia miltiorrhiza Inhibits the Growth of Tumors and Enhances the Efficacy of Chemotherapy in a Gastric Cancer Mouse Model

Wenkai Wu, Yezhi Cao, Ling Cheng, Linghu Wang, Qingsheng Yu, Hui Peng, Fuhai Zhou, Haiwei Liu & Qi Zhang
Cryptotanshinone is a quinone diterpene extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza root that shows obvious anticancer activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of action of cryptotanshinone as an antigastric cancer agent, as well as a chemotherapy potentiator. A gastric cancer model was established by tumor transplantation, and mice were treated with either 5-fluorouracil or cryptotanshinone, or both drugs. The tumor mass was recorded, and the tumor suppression rate...

Foodways of the Medieval Tibetans on the Silk Road: New evidence from the Miran Site in Xinjiang

Pengfei Sheng, Meiying Zhao, Zhihao Dang, Edward Allen, Luo’sang Tajie, Tian Ma & Hongen Jiang
Located in the Tarim Basin in southern Xinjiang, the Miran site is well known for its so-called “winged angel” frescos and diverse cultural artifacts dating from the Han Dynasty through Tubo Kingdom (~200 BC–900 AD) periods. This essay presents the first integrated archeobotanical and isotopic investigation on the archeobotanical remains at Miran. Our findings suggest that, despite implementing mixed-crop cultivation, Tibetans at Miran became increasingly invested in drought-resistant millet-based agriculture. New seed δ13C data recovered...

Foodways of the Medieval Tibetans on the Silk Road: New evidence from the Miran Site in Xinjiang

Pengfei Sheng, Meiying Zhao, Zhihao Dang, Edward Allen, Luo’sang Tajie, Tian Ma & Hongen Jiang
Located in the Tarim Basin in southern Xinjiang, the Miran site is well known for its so-called “winged angel” frescos and diverse cultural artifacts dating from the Han Dynasty through Tubo Kingdom (~200 BC–900 AD) periods. This essay presents the first integrated archeobotanical and isotopic investigation on the archeobotanical remains at Miran. Our findings suggest that, despite implementing mixed-crop cultivation, Tibetans at Miran became increasingly invested in drought-resistant millet-based agriculture. New seed δ13C data recovered...

Association between frequency of dairy product consumption and hypertension: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang Province, China

Hao Wang, Lingli Chen, Yuan Cao, Kaixu Xie, Chunmei Wang, Pei Pei, Yu Guo, Fiona Bragg, Min Yu, Zhengming Chen & Liming Li
Abstract Background Hypertension, a well-known risk factor, contributes to millions of deaths from cardiovascular and renal diseases worldwide. However, evidence on the association between frequency of dairy product consumption and hypertension is inconsistent. Methods The data for the present study are from the Tongxiang baseline dataset of the China Kadoorie Biobank prospective study. A total of 53,916 participants aged 30–79 years were included in the final analysis. Multivariable logistic regression was utilized to evaluate the...

Inhibition of Schwann cell pannexin 1 attenuates neuropathic pain through the suppression of inflammatory responses

Qian Wang, Han-yang Li, Zhuo-min Ling, Gang Chen & Zhong-Ya Wei
Abstract Background Neuropathic pain is still a challenge for clinical treatment as a result of the comprehensive pathogenesis. Although emerging evidence demonstrates the pivotal role of glial cells in regulating neuropathic pain, the role of Schwann cells and their underlying mechanisms still need to be uncovered. Pannexin 1 (Panx 1), an important membrane channel for the release of ATP and inflammatory cytokines, as well as its activation in central glial cells, contributes to pain development....

Mid-infrared Nb₄N₃-based superconducting nanowire single photon detectors for wavelengths up to 10 μm

Yiming Pan, Hui Zhou, XINGYU ZHANG, Huiqin Yu, Lu Zhang, Mengting Si, Hao Li, Lixing YOU & Zhen Wang
Mid-infrared (MIR) single-photon detection is emerging as an important technology for various applications. Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs) fabricated with superconducting films with energy gaps of a few meV are natural broadband single-photon detectors. Recently, extending SNSPDs’ operation wavelengths into the MIR region is highly attractive. γ-Nb₄N₃ has a reduced N content and lower energy gap than the commonly used δ-NbN, making SNSPDs based on γ-Nb₄N₃ film more sensitive to low energy photons. We...

Midazolam exhibits antitumour and enhances the efficiency of Anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma

Junwei Kang, Zhiying Zheng, Xian Li, Tian Huang, Dawei Rong, Xinyang Liu, Miaomiao Qin, Yuliang Wang, Xiangyi Kong, Jinhua Song, Chengyu Lv & Xiongxiong Pan
Abstract Background Midazolam (MDZ) is an anaesthetic that is widely used for anxiolysis and sedation. More recently, MDZ has also been described to be related to the outcome of various types of carcinomas. However, how MDZ influences the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its effects on the biological function and tumour immune microenvironment of this type of tumour remain unknown. Methods The effects of MDZ on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of HCC cell...

Dietary supplementation of Macleaya cordata extract and Bacillus in combination improve laying performance by regulating reproductive hormones, intestinal microbiota and barrier function of laying hens

Fei Wang, Peng Zou, Shujie Xu, Qi Wang, Yuanhao Zhou, Xiang Li, Li Tang, Baikui Wang, Qian Jin, Dongyou Yu & Weifen Li
Abstract Background This study aimed to investigate whether the combination of Macleaya cordata extract (MCE) and Bacillus could improve the laying performance and health of laying hens better. Methods A total of 360 29-week-old Jingbai laying hens were randomly divided into 4 treatments: control group (basal diet), MCE group (basal diet + MCE), Probiotics Bacillus Compound (PBC) group (basal diet + compound Bacillus), MCE + PBC group (basal diet + MCE + compound Bacillus). The...

Multiparametric liver MRI for predicting early recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after microwave ablation

Zhaohe Zhang, Jie Yu, Sisi Liu, Linan Dong, Tiefang Liu, Haiyi Wang, Zhiyu Han, Xiaojing Zhang & Ping Liang
Abstract Background High early recurrence (ER) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after microwave ablation (MWA) represents a sign of aggressive behavior and severely worsens prognosis. The aim of this study was to estimate the outcome of HCC following MWA and develop a response algorithmic strategy based on multiparametric MRI and clinical variables. Methods In this retrospective study, we reviewed the records of 339 patients (mean age, 62 ± 12 years; 106 men) treated with percutaneous MWA...

Risk factors and outcomes of postoperative stroke in surgical treatment for giant intracranial aneurysms

Hao Wang, Junlin Lu, Xin Chen & Qiang Hao
Abstract Background Giant intracranial aneurysms (GIAs) are challenges for surgical treatment. Risk factors of postoperative stroke remain unclear. This study aims to investigate the predictors of postoperative stroke in GIAs and the impact of stroke on outcomes. Methods We performed a retrospective medical record review of patients with GIAs who received microsurgery at our institution between 2011 and 2018. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify risk factors for postoperative stroke. The clinical...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    1,132

Resource Types

  • Collection
    1,132

Affiliations

  • University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
    1,132
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    752
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    738
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    660
  • Zhejiang University
    630
  • Fudan University
    593
  • Capital Medical University
    576
  • Sichuan University
    573
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    564
  • Nanjing Medical University
    490