260 Works

ESSAYS ON FINANCIAL MARKET IMPERFECTIONS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Dana Charles Andersen
The first chapter explores the effect of credit constraints on production-generated pollution emissions. I develop a theoretical model wherein polluting firms borrow externally to finance investment in various assets, subject to a credit constraint with lenders. The main insight of the model is that credit constraints distort the composition of assets towards over-investment in tangible assets, which can be pledged as collateral, thereby increasing the intensity of pollution emissions. The predictions of the model are...

Goodbye Lenin, Hello Europe? An Empirical Investigation of Subjective Well-being in Transition and Post-transition Economies

Milena Veselinova Nikolova
In this dissertation, I rely on self-reported objective and subjective data to study processes related to acquiring new opportunities and exercising choice in transition and post-transition countries, i.e., the economies in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, which recently underwent or are still going through transitions to democracy and market economy. The departure point is the proposition that at the macro level, transition consists of marketization and democratization processes but at the...

WHAT'S IN A \"LIKE\"? INFLUENCE OF NEWS AUDIENCE ENGAGEMENT ON THE DELIBERATION OF PUBLIC OPINION IN THE DIGITAL PUBLIC SPHERE.

Soo-Kwang Oh
This dissertation is a mixed methods study of the influence of the "like" feature on how people discuss and understand online news. Habermas's notion of the public sphere was that an inclusive, all-accessible and non-discriminating forum enables participants to deliberate on topics of concern. With increased interactivity and connectivity introduced by new media, commenting features have been heralded as a means to expand and accommodate discussions from audiences. In particular, by allowing people to provide...

Chemical compositions, antioxidant and antiproliferative properties of wheat

Yingjian Lu
To promote its use in nutraceutical and functional ingredients, different growing environments, genotypes, and processing fractions of soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were investigated for their chemical compositions and biological activities. The first study of this research investigated phytochemicals composition and antiproliferative activities of ten wheat bran samples. It was found that the individual wheat bran samples significantly differed in their chemical and biological properties. The second part of this research further studied influences of...

Performance enhancement of heat exchanger coolers with evaporative cooling

Sahil Popli
Air or water cooled heat exchangers (HX) are typically utilized as condensers or coolers for air-conditioning, refrigeration or process cooling applications in both commercial and industrial sector. However, air cooled heat exchanger performance degrades considerably with rise in ambient air temperature and water cooled coolers require considerable pumping power, a cooling tower and may consume a significant amount of water which may come from fresh water sources. Evaporative cooling offers a unique solution to this...

Societal Risk Criteria: History, Current Risks, Risk Aversion, and Scale Effect

Farshad Abedinisohi
In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused massive flooding in the city of New Orleans. Eighty-percent of the city was left submerged causing 1833 fatalities and immense economic loss. In the wake of this catastrophic event, the need for concise, consistent, and robust societal risk criteria for dam and levee risk management was felt necessary to guide the assessment of risks obtained from risk analysis. In the United States, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)...

Adaptive Sensing and Processing for Some Computer Vision Problems

Garrett Warnell
This dissertation is concerned with adaptive sensing and processing in computer vision, specifically through the application of computer vision techniques to non-standard sensors. In the first part, we adapt techniques designed to solve the classical computer vision problem of gradient-based surface reconstruction to the problem of phase unwrapping that presents itself in applications such as interferometric synthetic aperture radar. Specifically, we propose a new formulation of and solution to the classical two-dimensional phase unwrapping problem....

THE ROLE OF SELF-BRAND CONNECTION IN BRAND PRIMING AND BRAND CO-CREATION CONTEXTS

Heather Macrea Johnson
This dissertation includes two essays that examine how self-brand connection influences brand-related behaviors in different contexts. Essay I investigates conditions under which brand primes can lead to decreased behavioral intentions toward the brand not shown in prior brand priming research (Berger and Fitzsimons 2008; Ferraro, Bettman, and Chartrand 2009). We identify the type of association primed (core vs. non-core) as an important factor in determining whether positive or negative brand priming effects will occur for...

When do targets' past financial results matter most to acquirers? The role of disruption of targets' existing operations

MaryJane Raffaella Rabier
A target's past earnings and past earnings quality are informative about the performance of its stand-alone operations while its book value is informative about its adaptation value, which is the potential value from alternative uses of its resources. The information in past earnings and past earnings quality about a target's stand-alone operations is likely to be more important to acquirers that intend to keep the target's operations intact post-merger while the information in book value...

Adaptive Magnetorheological Seat Suspension for Shock Mitigation

Harinder Jit Singh
This research focuses on theoretical and experimental analysis of an adaptive seat suspension employing magnetorheological energy absorber with the objective of minimizing injury potential to seated occupant of different weights subjected to broader crash intensities. The research was segmented into three tasks: (1) development of magnetorheological energy absorber, (2) biodynamic modeling of a seated occupant, and (3) control schemes for shock mitigation. A linear stroking semi-active magnetorheological energy absorber (MREA) was designed, fabricated and tested...

Effect of Fin-Guided Fuel Injection on Supersonic Mixing and Combustion

Camilo Aguilera Munoz
Rapid mixing and combustion is a key challenge in supersonic combustors due to the extremely short flow residence time and the effect of compressibility. Mixing enhancement is therefore desirable to ensure timely mixing, reaction, and heat release. Fin-guided fuel injection is one approach that can be optimized for propulsion performance consideration. The present investigation examined the mixing and combustion characteristics of using this alternative fuel injection method to evaluate its performance in comparison to conventional...

A MULTISCALE APPROACH TO PARAMETERIZATION OF BURNING MODELS FOR POLYMERIC MATERIALS.

Jing Li
A quantitative understanding of the processes that occur in the condensed phase of burning materials is critical for the prediction of ignition and growth of fires. A number of models have been developed to simulate these condensed phase processes. The main issue that remains to be resolved is the determination of parameters to be input into these models, which are formulated in terms of fundamental physical and chemical properties. This work is focused on developing...

Chapter 5 Images

Nancy Foster, Patricia Steele & Sandra Vicchio

Program for Spring 2014 MARAC meeting: Film, Freedom, and Feminism

The program for the Spring 2014 MARAC meeting, "Film, Freedom, and Feminism" held April 24-26 in Rochester, New York.

Education for A Better World Imaginarium: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Global Education Lesson Plans

Lisa M. Swayhoover
This study explores instructional materials available to teachers at the upper-elementary grades 3, 4 and 5 to teach about global social issues and develop global competence with their students. The choices that teachers make with regard to curriculum and instructional materials influence how their students will see themselves, construct their relationships with others in the world, and interpret world affairs. Global Education is broadly defined as activities in K-12 education settings related to teaching about...

Rilke's Russian Encounter and the Transformative Impact on the Poet

Victoria Finney
Russian culture had a pivotal role in the development of Rainer Maria Rilke's poetic perception and evolution. As late as 1922, Rilke emphatically claimed that Russian culture made him into what he is. Decades earlier, during his visits to Russia in 1899 and 1900, Rilke encountered many Russians from different walks of life: writers, artists, intellectuals and ordinary folk. Having immersed himself in the study of Russian language, literature, visual arts and religious ritual, Rilke...

INSTRUCTORS' BELIEFS ABOUT THE INTEGRATION OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN STARTALK TEACHER PROGRAMS: A COLLECTIVE CASE STUDY

Jiahang Li
The purpose of this collective case study was to explore four instructors' beliefs and actual teaching practice of social media in their STARTALK teacher programs. Based on individual case and cross-case analysis, overall, all participants identified many affordances and challenges regarding the integration of social media and foreign language teacher education. Moreover, a majority of participants' beliefs aligned well with their practices about integrating social media and foreign language teacher education while one participant's beliefs...

MODULATION OF HIV-1 REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE AND FAMILY A DNA POLYMERASE PRIMER-TEMPLATE BINDING

Katherine Joan Fenstermacher
Polymerases are enzymes used by all cellular and viral organisms to replicate their genomes. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) polymerase, reverse transcriptase (RT), uses a single-stranded RNA template to create double-stranded DNA during the course of the viral life cycle. Successful reverse transcription relies on the speed of catalysis and the ability of the enzyme to stay bound to the template during synthesis. I demonstrate that both of these properties can be modulated by the...

Essays on Search and Matching in the Labor Market

Leland Dod Crane
I study the matching of heterogeneous workers and firms in the labor market. In particular, I examine how firm productivity shocks and the nature of decreasing returns affect positive assortative matching: outcomes where the best, most productive workers are employed by the most productive firms and the least productive workers are assigned to the least productive firms. Chapter one studies the relationship between worker-firm sorting and firm growth both empirically and theoretically. I use U.S....

Mysticism in 20th and 21st Century Violin Music

Paul M. Bagley
“Mysticism,” according to the Oxford dictionary, can be defined as “belief in or devotion to the spiritual apprehension of truths inaccessible to the intellect.” More generally, it applies to the aspects of spirituality and religion that can only be directly experienced, rather than described or learned. This dissertation examines how mysticism fits into the aesthetic, compositional, and musical philosophies of four prominent composers of the 20th and 21st centuries—Ernest Bloch, Olivier Messiaen, Sophia Gubaidulina, and...

Regularization Methods for High-Dimensional Inference

David A. Shaw
High dimensionality is a common problem in statistical inference, and is becoming more prevalent in modern data analysis settings. While often data of interest may have a large -- often unmanageable -- dimension, modifications to various well-known techniques can be made to improve performance and aid interpretation. We typically assume that although predictors lie in a high-dimensional ambient space, they have a lower-dimensional structure that can be exploited through either prior knowledge or estimation. In...

EXAMINING THE SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS AND LEADERSHIP PRACTICES OF MIDDLE SCHOOL PRINCIPALS WITH HIGH SUCCESS RATES OF MINORITY STUDENTS IN ALGEBRA I

Monifa Bellinger McKnight
This qualitative case study examined the self-efficacy beliefs of three middle school principals who had high enrollment and successful completion rates of minority students in Algebra I. With current tracking systems impacting minority student enrollment in rigorous courses, particularly in the area of mathematics, there is a need to explore and analyze the beliefs and practices of successful principals to ensure academic success for minority students in the subject of mathematics, particularly in middle school....

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF GLYCAN MICROARRAYS USING SURFACE FUNCTIONALIZED CATANIONIC SURFACTANT VESICLES

Neeraja Dashaputre
Glycan microarray technology is a promising technology to screen numerous glycan-lectin interactions in a high through put manner. Currently the focus in this topic is to create microarrays that mimic a eukaryotic cell surface, in order to simulate the glycan-lectin binding in cell-cell recognition events. Previous research in our group has been focused on characterization of catanionic surfactant vesicles with surfactants sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) and cetyltrimethylammonium tosylate (CTAT). Surface functionalization of surfactant vesicles was achieved...

Teachers' and Principals' Perceptions of School Practices Related to a Professional Learning Community

Karen Yvonne Palmer
This quantitative study involved principals, lead teachers, and classroom teachers from 27 elementary schools and measured their perceptions on six characteristics of a PLC through the lens of the Professional Learning Community Assessment--Revised (PLCA-R) survey instrument developed by researchers at the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL).

The Art Songs of Celius Dougherty (1902-1986)

Madeline Elizabeth Miskie
ABSTRACT Title of Dissertation: THE ART SONGS OF CELIUS DOUGHERTY (1902-1986) Madeline Miskie, Doctor of Musical Arts, 2014 Directed By: Prof. Carmen Balthrop, Voice Dept. The chief aim of this series of recital programs was to introduce art songs (published and unpublished) by the composer Celius Dougherty (1902-1986), and to provide brief analysis of individual songs in order to develop a more comprehensive insight to his compositional style. Each recital in this dissertation featured a...

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