178,314 Works

Clustering of miRseq mature expression: consensus NMF

Correlation between mRNA expression and DNA methylation

Nd-Sr isotopes, diatom and biogenic opal content of Pliocene sediments from IODP Site 318-U1361, supplement to: Cook, Carys P; van de Flierdt, Tina; Williams, Trevor; Hemming, Sidney R; Iwai, Masao; Kobayashi, Munemasa; Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco Jose; Escutia, Carlota; Gonzàlez, Jhon Jairo; Khim, Boo-Keun; McKay, Robert M; Passchier, Sandra; Bohaty, Steven M; Riesselman, Christina R; Tauxe, Lisa; Sugisaki, Saiko; Lopez Galindo, Alberto; Patterson, Molly O; Sangiorgi, Francesca; Pierce, Elizabeth L; Brinkhuis, Henk; Klaus, Adam; Fehr, Annick; Bendle, James A; Bijl, Peter K; Carr, Stephanie A; Dunbar, Robert B; Flores, José-Abel; Hayden, Travis G; Katsuki, Kota; Kong, Gee Soo; Nakai, Mutsumi; Olney, Matthew P; Pekar, Stephen F; Pross, Jörg; Röhl, Ursula; Sakai, Toyusaburo; Shrivastava, Prakash Kumar; Stickley, Catherine E; Tuo, Shouting; Welsh, Kevin; Yamane, Masako (2013): Dynamic behaviour of the East Antarctic ice sheet during Pliocene warmth. Nature Geoscience, 6(9), 765-769

Carys P Cook, Tina van de Flierdt, Trevor Williams, Sidney R Hemming, Masao Iwai, Munemasa Kobayashi, Francisco Jose Jiménez-Espejo, Carlota Escutia, Jhon Jairo Gonzàlez, Boo-Keun Khim, Robert M McKay, Sandra Passchier, Steven M Bohaty, Christina R Riesselman, Lisa Tauxe, Saiko Sugisaki, Alberto Lopez Galindo, Molly O Patterson, Francesca Sangiorgi, Elizabeth L Pierce, Henk Brinkhuis, Adam Klaus, Annick Fehr, James A Bendle, Peter K Bijl … & Masako Yamane
Warm intervals within the Pliocene epoch (5.33-2.58 million years ago) were characterized by global temperatures comparable to those predicted for the end of this century (Haywood and Valdes, doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00685-X) and atmospheric CO2 concentrations similar to today (Seki et al., 2010, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.01.037; Bartoli et al., 2011, doi:10.1029/2010PA002055; Pagani et al., 2010, doi:10.1038/ngeo724). Estimates for global sea level highstands during these times (Miller et al., 2012, doi:10.1130/G32869.1) imply possible retreat of the East Antarctic ice sheet, but...

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) scannings and grain size analysis at sites in the Gulf of Cádiz, supplement to: Bahr, André; Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco Jose; Kolasinac, Nada; Grunert, Patrick; Hernandéz-Molina, Francisco Javier; Röhl, Ursula; Voelker, Antje H L; Escutia, Carlota; Stow, Dorrik A V; Alvarez Zarikian, Carlos A; Hodell, David A (2014): Deciphering bottom current strength and paleoclimate signals from contourite deposits in the Gulf of Cádiz during the last 140 kyr: an inorganic geochemical approach. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(8), 3145-3160

André Bahr, Francisco Jose Jiménez-Espejo, Nada Kolasinac, Patrick Grunert, Francisco Javier Hernandéz-Molina, Ursula Röhl, Antje H L Voelker, Carlota Escutia, Dorrik A V Stow, Carlos A Alvarez Zarikian & David A Hodell
Contourites in the Gulf of Cádiz preserve a unique archive of Mediterranean Outflow Water (MOW) variability over the past 5.3 Ma. In our study we investigate the potential of geochemical data obtained by XRF scanning to decipher bottom current processes and paleoclimatic evolution at two different sites drilled through contourite deposits in the northern Gulf of Cadiz: Site U1387, which is bathed by the upper MOW core, and Site U1389, located more proximal to the...

Chemical compositions, antioxidant and antiproliferative properties of wheat

Yingjian Lu
To promote its use in nutraceutical and functional ingredients, different growing environments, genotypes, and processing fractions of soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were investigated for their chemical compositions and biological activities. The first study of this research investigated phytochemicals composition and antiproliferative activities of ten wheat bran samples. It was found that the individual wheat bran samples significantly differed in their chemical and biological properties. The second part of this research further studied influences of...

the regulation of critical period for ocular dominance plasticity

Yu Gu
The experience dependent plasticity of stimulus selectivity, including ocular dominance plasticity, is highest during a postnatal critical period. The developmental constraint on this plasticity is thought to underlie the inability to recover from amblyopia in adults, which has generated interest in understanding the mechanisms for the initiation and termination of the critical period. Previously, it had been shown dark exposure initiated in adulthood (P90) reactivates robust ocular dominance plasticity in the visual cortex. In this...

From Partisan Banking to Open Access - A Study on the Emergence of Free Banking in Early Nineteenth Century Massachusetts

Qian Lu
My dissertation examines how the financial sector, specifically banks, achieved open entry in early nineteenth-century Massachusetts. The first chapter introduces this question and provides the historical background and conceptual framework necessary for unpacking this question. The second chapter provides new evidence showing how the majority political party, the Federalists, held a monopoly on banks by dominating the state legislature in charge of issuing charters for new banks, effectively prohibiting members of the opposing political party,...

Queens College of New Jersey Dissertations

ESSAYS ON FINANCIAL MARKET IMPERFECTIONS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Dana Charles Andersen
The first chapter explores the effect of credit constraints on production-generated pollution emissions. I develop a theoretical model wherein polluting firms borrow externally to finance investment in various assets, subject to a credit constraint with lenders. The main insight of the model is that credit constraints distort the composition of assets towards over-investment in tangible assets, which can be pledged as collateral, thereby increasing the intensity of pollution emissions. The predictions of the model are...

INSTRUCTORS' BELIEFS ABOUT THE INTEGRATION OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN STARTALK TEACHER PROGRAMS: A COLLECTIVE CASE STUDY

Jiahang Li
The purpose of this collective case study was to explore four instructors' beliefs and actual teaching practice of social media in their STARTALK teacher programs. Based on individual case and cross-case analysis, overall, all participants identified many affordances and challenges regarding the integration of social media and foreign language teacher education. Moreover, a majority of participants' beliefs aligned well with their practices about integrating social media and foreign language teacher education while one participant's beliefs...

Reducing the Threat of State-to-State Cyber Attack against Critical Infrastructure through International Norms and Agreements

Jamal Henry
The global proliferation of networked computer systems within the public and private sectors presents an increased opportunity for malicious cyber attacks to disrupt the daily functions of governments, national emergency systems, the global economy, and our modern way of life. The potentially pandemic nature of network failures presents opportunities for states to work together to identify key infrastructure sectors of shared interest and formulate international norms and strategies to protect them from cyber attacks and...

Understanding the Equal Sign as Key to Algebraic Success: The Effects of Blended Instruction On Solving One- and Two-Step Equations and Conceptions of the Equal Sign for Seventh Grade Students with Mathematics Learning Difficulties

Jason Adam Miller
The current study examined the effect of an instructional package on the ability of students with mathematics difficulties to solve one- and two-step linear equations and understand the equal sign as a relational symbol. The instructional package included a blend of elements including explicit/systematic instruction, concrete-semi-concrete-abstract instruction, and graphic organizers while also developing students' capacity to meet the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice. A concurrent multiple probe design across three groups replicated across three...

Adaptive Sensing and Processing for Some Computer Vision Problems

Garrett Warnell
This dissertation is concerned with adaptive sensing and processing in computer vision, specifically through the application of computer vision techniques to non-standard sensors. In the first part, we adapt techniques designed to solve the classical computer vision problem of gradient-based surface reconstruction to the problem of phase unwrapping that presents itself in applications such as interferometric synthetic aperture radar. Specifically, we propose a new formulation of and solution to the classical two-dimensional phase unwrapping problem....

Measuring Predicates

Alexis Wellwood
Determining the semantic content of sentences, and uncovering regularities between linguistic form and meaning, requires attending to both morphological and syntactic properties of a language with an eye to the notional categories that the various pieces of form express. In this dissertation, I investigate the morphosyntactic devices that English speakers (and speakers of other languages) can use to talk about comparisons between things: comparative sentences with, in English, "more... than", "as... as", "too", "enough", and...

Rilke's Russian Encounter and the Transformative Impact on the Poet

Victoria Finney
Russian culture had a pivotal role in the development of Rainer Maria Rilke's poetic perception and evolution. As late as 1922, Rilke emphatically claimed that Russian culture made him into what he is. Decades earlier, during his visits to Russia in 1899 and 1900, Rilke encountered many Russians from different walks of life: writers, artists, intellectuals and ordinary folk. Having immersed himself in the study of Russian language, literature, visual arts and religious ritual, Rilke...

Performance enhancement of heat exchanger coolers with evaporative cooling

Sahil Popli
Air or water cooled heat exchangers (HX) are typically utilized as condensers or coolers for air-conditioning, refrigeration or process cooling applications in both commercial and industrial sector. However, air cooled heat exchanger performance degrades considerably with rise in ambient air temperature and water cooled coolers require considerable pumping power, a cooling tower and may consume a significant amount of water which may come from fresh water sources. Evaporative cooling offers a unique solution to this...

Regularization Methods for High-Dimensional Inference

David A. Shaw
High dimensionality is a common problem in statistical inference, and is becoming more prevalent in modern data analysis settings. While often data of interest may have a large -- often unmanageable -- dimension, modifications to various well-known techniques can be made to improve performance and aid interpretation. We typically assume that although predictors lie in a high-dimensional ambient space, they have a lower-dimensional structure that can be exploited through either prior knowledge or estimation. In...

Syntactic head movement and its consequences

Kenshi Funakoshi
This thesis attempts to assimilate head movement as far as possible to phrasal movement. In particular, I argue that if we assume that the computational system of natural languages does not discriminate head movement from phrasal movement in terms of locality and the possible mode of operation, a distributional difference between these two types of movement can be explained by the interaction between a locality constraint and an anti-locality constraint to which syntactic movement operations...

A MULTISCALE APPROACH TO PARAMETERIZATION OF BURNING MODELS FOR POLYMERIC MATERIALS.

Jing Li
A quantitative understanding of the processes that occur in the condensed phase of burning materials is critical for the prediction of ignition and growth of fires. A number of models have been developed to simulate these condensed phase processes. The main issue that remains to be resolved is the determination of parameters to be input into these models, which are formulated in terms of fundamental physical and chemical properties. This work is focused on developing...

In-air and Underwater Hearing of Diving Birds

Sara Crowell Therrien
In-air and underwater auditory thresholds were measured in diving bird species, using behavioral and electrophysiological techniques. In the first set of experiments, the auditory brainstem response (ABR) was used to compare in-air auditory sensitivity across ten species of diving birds. The average audiogram obtained for each species followed the U-shape typical of birds and many other animals. All species tested shared a common region of greatest sensitivity, from 1000 to 3000 Hz. The audiograms differed...

South Asian Studies Program

Sullivan, Margaret

Mulcahy, Kevin

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  • 2014
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