10,114 Works

Microfluidic EPG Recordings Show Striking Pharyngeal Pumping Phenotype in a C. elegans Alzheimer's Disease Model

Janis C Weeks, Kristen J Robinson, Benedicta Wanjeri, Philip F Copenhaver & William M Roberts
Strain CL4176 accumulates human amyloid-β1-42 in body wall muscles after animals are shifted from 15 to 25 oC, causing paralysis (Link et al. 2003). We temperature-shifted worms at early L4 and quantified pharyngeal pumping at 48 h using a microfluidic electropharyngeogram (EPG) recording platform (Lockery et al. 2012; Weeks et al. 2016). Recordings were made in M9 buffer with 10 mM serotonin and analyzed by automated pump-recognition software. At 48 h, control CL802 worms showed...

Mutations in KCNQ potassium channels cause pharyngeal pumping defects in C. elegans

Yoanne Clovis, Alexis Webb, Carl Turner & Bill Roberts
Pumps were stimulated with 10mM 5HT in M9 recorded as electropharyngeograms (EPGs) for 2 minutes in a NemaMetrix ScreenChip, and analyzed using NemAnalysis software (NemaMetrix). The null mutant strains kqt-1(aw3) and kqt-3 (aw1) were kindly donated by Dr. Aguan Wei (Wei et al., 2002) A) Pump frequency in kqt-1(aw3) animals was significantly lower than in N2s, while kqt-3(aw1) worms showed an increase in pump frequency (*p<0.05; ***p<0.01; 1-tailed Mann-Whitney U-test; n = 21-23 worms in...

Gêneros radiofônicos em programações de webrádios públicas brasileiras

Paulo Lopes & Mariana Santos

A Health Care Regulatory Agenda for the Biden Administration

Timothy S. Jost

Cultivation and use of faba beans (Vicia faba minor) as a component in poultry feed

The slo-1 BK potassium channel interacts genetically with pmr-1 secretory pathway calcium ATPase during C. elegans embryonic cell migration

Michellie Thurman, Haonan Sun, Sam Kubica & Vida Praitis
Calcium signaling is known to play a critical role in cell migration (Ridley et al., 2003; Wei et al., 2012). In C. elegans, embryos with disruptions in the secretory pathway calcium ATPase gene pmr-1 show defects in cell migration that result in lethal phenotypes. Previous work has shown that pmr-1(lof) phenotypes can be suppressed by changes in the activity of the calcium channels IP3-receptor/ITR-1 and ryanodine receptor/UNC-68, indicating that cell migration defects are the results...

Ewolucja metod oceny zasobności gleb Polski w przyswajalne formy mikroelementów

Jolanta Korzeniowska, Ewa Stanisławska-Glubiak & Tamara Jadczyszyn

Zasobność gleb w podstawowe składniki oraz zanieczyszczenie gleb i wód azotanami

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Regionalne zróżnicowanie towarowości polskiego rolnictwa

Stanisław Krasowicz & Mariusz Matyka

Kierunki rozwoju produkcji zwierzęcej w Polsce w aspekcie gospodarki nawozowej

Jerzy Kopiński

Zagrożenie użytków rolnych woj. lubelskiego przez gatunki inwazyjne roślin naczyniowych

Beata Feledyn-Szewczyk & Adam K. Berbeć

Aktualny stan odwadnianych gleb łąkowych wytworzonych z torfów niskich – badania pilotażowe

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Siarka – ważny makroskładnik pokarmowy

Anna Podleśna

Database of Marine Larval Fish Assemblages in Australian temperate and subtropical waters (NIMO) 1983 - 2016

James A. Smith, Anthony G. Miskiewicz, Lynnath E. Beckley, Jason D. Everett, Valquiria Garcia, Charles A. Gray, David Holliday, Alan R. Jordan, John Keane, Ana Lara-Lopez, Jeffrey M. Leis, Paloma A. Matis, Barbara A. Muhling, Francisco J. Neira, Anthony J. Richardson, Kimberley A. Smith, Kerrie Swadling, Augy Syahailatua, Matthew D. Taylor, Paul D. Van Ruth, Tim M. Ward & Ian M. Suthers

Two new functions in the WormBase Enrichment Suite

David Angeles-Albores, Raymond Y.N. Lee, Juancarlos Chan & Paul W. Sternberg
​Genome-wide experiments routinely generate large amounts of data that can be hard to interpret biologically. A common approach to interpreting these results is to employ enrichment analyses of controlled languages, known as ontologies, that describe various biological parameters such as gene molecular or biological function. In C. elegans, three distinct ontologies, the Gene Ontology (GO), Anatomy Ontology (AO), and the Worm Phenotype Ontology (WPO) are used to annotate gene function, expression and phenotype, respectively (Ashburner...

A quantitative trait locus for nictation behavior on chromosome V

Jun Kim, Daehan Lee & Junho Lee
Lee et al., 2017 showed that CB4856 has a lower nictation ratio (the number of nictating dauers over the number of moving dauers on a micro-dirt chip) than N2, and that a genetic locus (nict-1) on chromosome IV mediates this phenotype difference. Although this paper had no evidence of any other genetic loci for nictation behavior, we have studied other quantitative trait loci (QTL) using different linkage-based mapping strategies. Here, we report another genetic locus...

sy680 is a novel allele of pkd-2

Allyson Whittaker, Gary Schindelman, Shahla Gharib & Paul W. Sternberg
A new allele of pkd-2 was isolated in a behavioral genetic screen for male mating defects, and found to result in a substitution of Arginine for Glycine in the equivalent of human PKD2 alanine 615. The C. elegans ortholog of polcystin-2 is encoded by pkd-2 (Barr et al., 2001). From an EMS screen of a plg-1; him-5 strain for male mating defective mutants and a secondary behavioral screen for defects in discrete steps of male...

Extending the CRISPR toolbox for C. elegans: Cpf1 as an alternative gene editing system for AT-rich sequences

Annabel Ebbing, Peng Shang, Niels Geijsen & Hendrik C. Korswagen
The CRISPR/Cas9 system has become a powerful tool for genome-editing in C. elegans. Sequence specificity of the system is determined by a guide RNA which targets the Cas9 endonuclease to the genomic region of interest. In addition, Cas9 needs to interact with a so-called protospacer-adjacent motif (PAM) next to the target sequence. In case of Cas9 from Streptococcus pyogenes (SpCas9), the most commonly used Cas9, this sequence is NGG. Because the C. elegans genome sequence...

SapTrap vectors for introducing point mutations with unc-119+ selection

Matthew L Schwartz & Erik M Jorgensen
SapTrap assembly generates CRISPR targeting vectors using a Golden Gate cloning strategy (Schwartz and Jorgensen, 2016). The original toolkit was designed for inserting tags, such as fluorescent proteins or affinity tags, into protein coding genes in C. elegans. In the original design, the floxed unc-119+ selectable marker was incorporated into the tag. For site-directed mutagenesis, the selectable marker is useful but a tag is unnecessary. We have developed a new set of vectors dedicated for...

Lecture on the anomalous diffusion in Condensed Matter Physics

M. Benhamou
Diffusion is a natural or artificial process that governs many phenomena in nature. The most known diffusion is the Brownian or normal motion, where the mean-square-displacement of the tracer (diffusive particle among others) increases as the square-root of time. It is not the case, however, for complex systems, where the diffusion is rather slow, because at small-scales, these media present an heterogenous structure. This kind of slow motion is called subdiffusion, where the associated mean-square-displacement...

SPAS-1 expression in neurons and vulva during L4 stage

George Brown & Rachid El Bejjani
spas-1 is the worm homolog of the human spastic paraplegia gene, spastin. Previous work in C. elegans has shown that SPAS-1 disassembles microtubules in an ATP-dependent manner (Matsushita-Ishiodori et al, 2007). Another study shows that SPAS-1 plays a role in synapse remodeling in motor neurons (Kurup et al, 2015). Here we describe the expression of SPAS-1 in L4 hermaphrodite larvae using the transcriptional reporter, axrEx8 [Pspas-1:mCh]: A) Low magnification (10X objective) image of an entire...

Novel deletion alleles of a C. elegans gene Y73E7A.1, named as tm6429 and tm6475

Yuji Suehiro, Sawako Yoshina, Sayaka Hori & Shohei Mitani
We report tm6429 and tm6475 as novel deletion alleles of the gene Y73E7A.1 that is a homologue of mammalian Coiled-coil domain containing 124 (Ccdc124)1. The Ccdc124 is a conserved gene from invertebrates to human. In human cell lines, Ccdc124 is a component of the centrosome during interphase and at the G2/M transition. During cell division, Ccdc124 relocates to the midbody at telophase and acts as an essential molecular component in cytokinesis2. The alleles were isolated...

daf-2 modulates regeneration of mechanosensory neurons I

Zehra C Abay, Michelle Yu-Ying Wong & Brent Neumann
Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) possess the ability to spontaneously regenerate injured axons via a highly efficient mechanism known as axonal fusion (Ghosh-Roy, et al., 2010; Neumann et al., 2011; Neumann et al., 2015; Abay et al., 2017). Following laser axotomy, regrowth from the proximal axon segment (still attached to the cell body) reconnects and fuses with its separated distal segment (Fig. 1A). We recently demonstrated that the level of axonal fusion increases with age (Abay...

The bodies of dpy-10(e128) are twice as stiff as wild type

Sylvia Fechner, Frédéric Loizeau, Adam L Nekimken, Beth L Pruitt & Miriam B Goodman
DPY-10 is a collagen protein in the nematode's cuticle. Mutations in the dpy-10 gene induce various morphological changes that lead to animals with a dumpy or roller phenotype (Levy, Yang & Kramer, 1993). Here, we asked how such mutations affect body stiffness by comparing force-indentation curves in dpy-10(e128) and wild type worms. On average, dpy-10(e128) worms have a steeper force-indentation relationship, leading to a higher body stiffness (Fig 1.C). Average stiffness values were 2.5 0.9...

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