27 Works

Quality Assurance in Individual Monitoring for External Radiation – Results of EURADOS Survey 2012

P. J. Gilvin, J. G. Alves, C. Chesteres, J. W. E. van Dijk, M. Lehtinen, F. Rossi, B. Vekic & M. A. Chevallier
Abstract: EURADOS Working Group 2 (WG2) on Harmonization of Individual Monitoring is a network of institutions and individual monitoring services (IMSs), built up over the last 20 years, that aims to promote quality, technical excellence and good practice in Europe. In pursuit of these aims, in 2012 WG2 carried out a survey of IMSs in Europe. The survey was sent to about 170 IMS and included questions on: the use of formal quality assurance (QA)...

InterComparison on Internal DOSE Assessment – ICIDOSE 2017 Analysing the intercomparison results

Carlo Maria Castellani, Andor Andrasi, Augusto Giussani, Tamas Pázmándi, Gareth Roberts & George Etherington
Abstract: Internal dose assessment often requires complex processes and judgements. “Technical Recommendations for Monitoring Individuals for Occupational Intakes of Radionuclides” (TECHREC) was developed during 2014 to 2016 as a tool for internal dosimetrists. The TECHREC recommendations have been publishedin the Radiation Protection document series of the European Commission as document RP188 (EC 2018). They aim to encourage harmonisation, to present a complete account of the principles of individual monitoring and internal dosimetry, and to provide...

Uncertainties in internal dose assessment: Lifetime dose assessment for three example workers occupationally exposed to uranium - Analysing the intercomparison results

Estelle Davesne, Richard Bull, Jeri Anderson, Derek Bingham, Alan Birchall, Carlo Maria Castellani, Cécile Challeton-de Vathaire, M. L. Fernandez, Martina Froning, A. Giomi, Anne Laure Lebacq, Jakub Ośko, Inés Gomez Parada, Anna Pántya, A. G. Rojas, Ana Rojo, Masa Takahashi, Kotaro Tani & Eric Blanchardon
Abstract: Recently, several epidemiological studies were interested in identifying potential health effects of incorporated radionuclides. To achieve this work, exposure of individuals was quantified in order to be compared with health status. In order to quantify the exposure of workers, the measurement of retained or excreted activity also called bioassay, must be interpreted in terms of dose. The data available for dose reconstruction are mostly bioassay analyses (mostly urine) carried out to verify the absence...

Challenges in Micro-and Nanodosimetry for Ion Beam Cancer Therapy (MIND-IBCT) - Report on an International Workshop co-organized by EURADOS

Thorsten Schneider, Heidi Nettelbeck & Hans Rabus
Abstract: Ion beam therapy offers the possibility of excellent dose localization for treatment of malignant tumours, minimizing radiation damage in normal tissue, while maximizing cell-killing within the tumour. However, the full potential of such therapy can only be realised by better understanding of the physical, chemical and biological mechanisms. The workshop MiND-IBCT (Micro- and Nano-Dosimetry for Ion Beam Cancer Therapy) was focussed on challenges encountered in the application of micro- and nanodosimetry for ion beam...

EURADOS Stakeholder Workshop on June 30th, 2016

Rühm Werner, Željka Knežević, Elena Fantuzzi, Roger Harrison, Helmut Schuhmacher, Filip Vanhavere, Joao Alves, Jean-Francois Bottolier-Depois, Paola Fattibene, Phil Gilvin, María Antonia Lopez, Sabine Mayer, Saveta Miljanić, Pawel Olko, Hannes Stadtmann, Rick Tanner, Arturo Vargas & Clemens Woda
Introduction: On June 30th, 2016, the “First EURADOS Stakeholder Workshop” was held at the Helmholtz Center Munich (HMGU) in Neuherberg, Germany. The workshop was jointly organized by the HMGU and the EURADOS Office in conjunction with the 57thEURADOS Council meeting, which took place on June 29thand July 1st, also at the HMGU. In the frame of the “European Joint Programme for the Integration of Radiation Protection Research”, the CONCERT project funded by the European Commission...

A model validation scheme for Monte Carlo simulationsof a medical linear accelerator: geometrical description and dosimetric dataused in the “Linac Action”

Barbara Caccia, Valentin Blidéanu, Maïwenn Le Roy, Hans Rabus & Rick Tanner
Abstract: Radiation therapy has become more complex over the past few years with the use of new techniques like IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy) and stereotactic treatments. Moreover, optimisation of the radiotherapeutic treatment has become a critical point in the overall planning and delivery process due to the trend in dose-escalation with these new techniques and the associated risk for damage to healthy tissue. Typically, in techniques such as IMRT the dose distribution includes steep...

Visions for Radiation Dosimetry over the Next Two Decades -Strategic Research Agenda of the European Radiation Dosimetry Group: Version 2020

Jean-François Bottolier-Depois, Isabelle Clairand, Elena Fantuzzi, Paola Fattibene, Roger Harrison, Oliver Hupe, Pawel Olko, Veronika Olšovcová, Werner Rühm, Marco Silari, Rick Tanner & Filip Vanhavere
Introduction: The European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) comprises a self-sustainable network of more than 70 European institutions and about 600 scientists active in the field of radiation dosimetry. It was founded in 1981, and was registered in Germany as an “e.V.” (registered society) in 2008. The aim of the network is to promote research and development and European cooperation in the field of dosimetry of ionising radiation. For this, EURADOS has established Working Groups (WGs)...

EURADOS Intercomparison on Compartmental Model for 18F-FDG Developed by Hays and Segall

Wei Bo Li, David Broggio, Augusto Giussani, Tomáš Vrba, Kerstin Hürkamp, Alexandra Kamp, Dietmar Noßke, Lara Struelens & Peter Covens
Abstract: This report was originated from the analysis of the results of a joint EURADOS-EANM project about the assessment of the external radiation dose rate to comforters and caregivers exposed to patients undergoing nuclear medical diagnostics and therapy. The compartmental model for 18F-FDG developed by Hays and Segall in 1999 was applied by EURADOS members for predicting the time activity curves (TAC) in the source organs and tissues, and the urinary excretion. Inconsistencies have been...

Patient maximum skin dose in interventional procedures in radiology and cardiology: summary of WG 12 activities

Olivera Ciraj Bjelac, Jérémie Dabin, Jad Farah, Hannu Järvinen, Francoise Malchair, Teemu Siiskonen & Željka Knežević
Abstract: Fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures in radiology (IR) and cardiology (IC) are techniques that have had wide diffusion in the last decades. Scarcely invasive, they reduce most of the risks to patients and the expenses of operating theatres. Nevertheless, prolonged exposures due, for instance, to complicated interventional procedures or inappropriate equipment may result in high doses to both patients and staff members, in particular, with potentially high radiation doses to the skinof a patient. Working...

Comparison of Codes Assessing Radiation Exposure at Aviation Altitudes in Case of Solar Particle Events

P. Beck, J.-F. Bottolier-Depois, R. Bütikofer, E. Flückiger, N. Fuller, K.-L. Klein, M. Latocha, V. Mares, D. Matthiä & W. Rühm
Abstract: The European Radiation Dosimetry Group, EURADOS focuses, among other issues, on the harmonization of dose assessment within Europe and conformance with international practices. Along these lines, this EURADOS report compares route doses and dose rates at flight altitudes due to solar cosmic radiation (SCR) associated with ground level enhancements (GLEs) as calculated by means of nine available computer codes. Some of these codes are routinely used for the assessment of radiation exposure of aircraft...

Dosimetry for second cancer risk estimation in radiotherapy:measurements in water phantoms

R. M. Harrison, A. Di Fulvio, J. M. Bordy, S. Miljanić, L. Stolarczyk & Ž. Knežević
Abstract: This report describes dosimetry techniques used by EURADOS Working Group 9 (Radiation Dosimetry in Radiotherapy) to measure out-of -field doses for use in radiotherapy. Several passive dosimeter types were used, based on the physical principles of thermoluminescence (TLD), optically simulated luminescence (OSL) and radiophotoluminescence (RPL), in addition to an ionization chamber used as a reference standard. Superheated drop, bubble damage and track etch detectors were used specifically for neutron measurements. In this report, doses...

12th EURADOS Winter School Radon: Dosimetry, Metrology and Regulation

Arturo Vargas, Annette Röttger, James W. Marsh, Pawel Olko, Martin Dubslaff, Marta García-Talavera, Claudia Grossi, Werner Hofmann, Estelle Rage, Krystian Skubacz & Hannah Wiedner
Abstract: The COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2013/59/EURATOM of 5 December 2013 laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation addresses radon at workplaces and at homes: Radon is directly addressed in the Basic Safety Standards Directive through Article 54 concerning workplace radon levels, Article 74 concerning indoor radon levels, and Article 103 for the national action plan. The new directive brings significant changes, with respect to the former Directive...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2010 for Whole Body Dosemeters in Photon Fields

Andrew F. McWhan, Wioletta Dobrzynska, Tom W.M. Grimbergen, Markus Figel, Ana M. Romero & Hannes Stadtmann
Abstract: EURADOS Working Group 2 has developed a system for a self-sustained programme of regular intercomparisons (Figel, M. Report to Council, WG02-SG2, 2007). The first intercomparison, for whole body dosemeters in photon fields (IC2008), was carried out in 2008. The following year an intercomparison was organized for extremity dosemeters in photon and beta fields. These two intercomparisons were assessed by EURADOS Council as successful and it was agreed to hold a further intercomparison, IC2010, for...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2008 for Whole Body Dosemeters in Photon Fields

Tom W.M. Grimbergen, Markus Figel, Ana M. Romero, Hannes Stadtmann & Andrew F. McWhan
Abstract: EURADOS working group 2 has developed a system for self-sustained intercomparison exercises for individual monitoring services for external radiation (Figel, M. Report to Council, WG02-SG2, 2007). As a result the first intercomparison exercise was carried out in 2008 (IC2008), for whole body dosemeters in photon fields with 62 participating dosimetry systems from participants across Europe. The IC2008 was organized by an organization group composed by Tom Grimbergen from NRG (co-ordinator and co-ordinating laboratory), Andrew...

ORAMED: Optimization of Radiation Protection of Medical Staff

F. Vanhavere, E. Carinou, G. Gualdrini, I. Clairand, M. Sans Merce, M. Ginjaume, D. Nikodemova, J. Jankowski, J.-M. Bordy, A. Rimpler, S. Wach, P. Martin, L. Struelens, S. Krim, C. Koukorava, P. Ferrari, F. Mariotti, E. Fantuzzi, L. Donadille, C. Itié, N. Ruiz, A. Carnicer, M. Fulop, J. Domienik & M. Brodecki
Abstract: The medical staff performing interventional cardiology and radiology (IC/IR) procedures stand close to the patient and thus close to the primary radiation beam. Although they wear a lead apron and thyroid collar, their hands, legs and eyes are not protected. Therefore, these parts could receive significantly high doses. Moreover, thedose ranges for the same kind of procedures vary a lot, as many factors affect extremity and eye lens doses. Additionally, there is evidence that...

IDEAS Guidelines (Version 2) for the Estimation of Committed Doses from Incorporation Monitoring Data

C.M. Castellani, J.W. Marsh, C. Hurtgen, E. Blanchardon, P. Berard, A. Giussani & M.A. Lopez
ABstract: Doses from intakes of radionuclides cannot be measured but must be assessed from monitoringdata, such as whole body, urine or faecaldata. Such assessments require applicationofbiokinetic and dosimetric models, and the assessor may well have to make assumptions about factors such as the pattern of intake and properties of the material. Intercomparison exercises (Doerfel 2000) have shown a wide range in doses that can be obtained from the same data set as a result of...

High-energy quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields: existing facilities and future needs

S. Pomp, D.T. Bartlett, S. Mayer, G. Reitz, S. Röttger, M. Silari, F.D. Smit, H. Vincke & H. Yasuda
Abstract: High-energy neutrons are the dominant component of the prompt radiation field present outside the shielding of high-energy accelerators, and are a significant component of the cosmic radiation fields in aircraft and in spacecraft. In radiotherapy using high-energy medical accelerators, high-energy neutrons are a secondary component of the fields in the beam delivery system and in the patient’s body. The range of neutron energies in these fields extends from thermal energies to several GeV, and...

Technical aspects on DAP calibration and CT calibration

H. Järvinen, O. Turak, M. Ginjaume, J. Daures, C. Hourdakis, P. Ferrari & F. Mariotti
Abstract: This report is the final outcome and summary of the work of the EURADOS WG12, Sub-Group (SG) 3: Technical aspects on DAP calibration and CT calibration. Management of patient dose in the high dose procedures of interventional radiology (IR) and computed tomography (CT) requires regular and accurate determinations of the practical dose quantities, which are relevant for the basis of actual patient dose determination and setting of the diagnostic reference levels (DRL) or trigger...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2012 for Neutron Dosemeters

Elena Fantuzzi, Marie-Anne Chevallier, Rodolfo Cruz-Suarez, Marlies Luszik-Bhadra, Sabine Mayer, David J. Thomas, Rick Tanner & Filip Vanhavere
Abstract: EURADOS, within the work performed by Working Group 2 -Harmonization of Individual Monitoring in Europe, has started a self-sustained programme of regular intercomparisons and has successfully executed three intercomparisons for whole body photon dosemeters (IC2008, IC2010, IC2012) and one intercomparison for extremity dosemeters for photon and beta fields (IC2009). In 2012, the EURADOS intercomparison IC2012n was launched for personal neutron dosemeters routinely used to measure personal dose equivalent, Hp(10), in individual monitoring. No systems...

ISO/IEC 17025 Guidance for IMS: Suggestions on How to Interpret and Implement the Requirements Including Examples from Accredited Laboratories

Biljana Petrovic, Henrik Roed, Raul Martín, Ana M. Romero, Panagiotis Askounis, Liam Buchanan, Francesco Rossi, Robert Bernat & Joao G. Alves
Abstract: Individual monitoring of external radiation is an activity usually regulated by national regulatory bodies in most countries. Regulations generally contain technical requirements to be met by the individual monitoring services (IMS), in order to ensure that the measurements are correct and therefore the dosimetry results are reliable. In some countries, the requirements include or even consist of the accreditation of the service according to the standard ISO/IEC 17025: “General requirements for the competence of...

Comparison of Codes Assessing Radiation Exposure of Aircraft Crew due to Galactic Cosmic Radiation

J.F. Bottolier-Depois, P. Beck, M. Latocha, V. Mares, D. Matthiä, W. Rühm & F. Wissmann
Abstract: The aim of this report is to compare the doses and dose rates calculatedby various codes assessing radiation exposure of aircraft crew due to cosmic radiation. Some of the codes are used routinely for radiation protection purposes while others are purely for scientific use. The calculations were done using a set of representative, real flight routes around the globe. The results are presented in an anonymous way. This comparison is of major importance since...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2009 for Extremity Dosemeters in Photon and Beta Fields

Tom W.M. Grimbergen, Markus Figel, Ana M. Romero, Hannes Stadtmann & Andrew F. McWhan
EURADOS Working Group 2 (WG2) has developed a system for self-sustained intercomparisonexercises (ICs) for individual monitoring services (IMS) for external radiation. The first IC, for whole body dosemeters in photon fields, was carried out in 2008 (IC2008). As a next step in the programme, an intercomparison was organized for extremity dosemeters in photon and beta fields, with 59 dosimetry systems from across Europe. IC2009 was organized by an organization group (OG) consisting of Tom Grimbergen...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2014 for Whole Body Dosemeters in Photon Fields

Hannes Stadtmann, Andrew F. McWhan, Tom W.M. Grimbergen, Markus Figel, Ana M. Romero, Christian Gärtner & Christian Hranitzky
Abstract: EURADOS Working Group 2 has developed a system for self-sustained programme of regular intercomparisons (ICs), (Figel, M. Report to Council, WG02-SG2, 2007). The first three ICs, which were all for whole body dosemeters in photon fields, were carried out between 2008 and 2012 (IC2008, IC2010, IC2012). In addition, two ICs with different scopes were carried out, one for extremity dosemeters in photon and beta fields (IC2009ext) and one for whole-body dosemeters in neutron fields...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2016 for Whole Body Dosemeters in Photon and Mixed Radiation Fields

Hannes Stadtmann, Andrew F. McWhan, Tom W.M. Grimbergen, Markus Figel, Ana M. Romero, B. J. Jansen, Christian Hranitzky & Christian Gärtner
Abstract: EURADOS Working Group 2 has developed a system for a self-sustained programme of regular intercomparisons (ICs), (Figel, M. Report to Council, WG02-SG2, 2007). The first four ICs, which were all for whole body dosemeters in photon fields, were carried out between 2008 and 2014 (IC2008, IC2010, IC2012, IC2014). In addition, three ICs with different scopes were carried out, two for extremity dosemeters in photon and beta fields (IC2009ext, IC2015ext) and one for whole-body dosemeters...

EURADOS Intercomparison 2012 for Whole Body Dosemeters in Photon Fields

A. F. McWhan, W. Dobrzynska, T. W. M. Grimbergen, M. Figel, A. M. Romero & H. Stadtmann
Abstract: EURADOS Working Group 2 (WG2) has developed a system for a self-sustained programme of regular intercomparisons. Four intercomparisonsfor whole body dosemeters (IC2008, IC 2010, IC2012and IC2012n) and one for extremity dosemeters (IC2009) have now been carried out. The number of participating systems has increased significantly from 62 in 2008 to 88 in 2012. IC2012was carried out by an organization group (OG) composed of Andrew McWhan and Wioletta Dobrzynska (Cavendish Nuclear Limited, co-ordinator and co-ordinating...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Data Paper


  • Helmholtz Zentrum München
  • Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire
  • Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
  • Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
  • Public Health England
  • Belgian Nuclear Research Centre
  • Seibersdorf Laboratories (Austria)
  • National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development
  • Rudjer Boskovic Institute
  • Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences