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Will Evaluations of Medicaid 1115 Demonstrations That Restrict Eligibility Tell Policymakers What They Need to Know?

Sara Rosenbaum, Maria Velasquez, Rachel Gunsalus, Rebecca Morris & Alexander Somodevilla
ABSTRACT Issue: With thousands in Arkansas losing their Medicaid benefits under the state’s work-requirement demonstration, the importance of evaluating such experiments could not be clearer. In Stewart v. Azar, the court concluded that the purpose of Section 1115 demonstrations such as Arkansas’s is to promote Medicaid’s objective of insuring the poor; evaluations of these demonstrations, as required by law, inform policymakers whether this objective is being achieved. Goal: To examine the quality of evaluation designs...

The Electronic Health Record Problem

David Blumenthal
It’s no secret that many physicians are unhappy with their electronic health records (EHRs). They say they spend too much time keying in data and too little making eye contact with patients. They say their electronic records are clunky, poorly designed, hard to navigate, and cluttered with useless detail that colleagues have cut and pasted to meet documentation requirements. Meanwhile, the data they really need are buried almost beyond retrieval.

What Is the Status of Women’s Health and Health Care in the U.S. Compared to Ten Other Countries?

Munira Z. Gunja, Roosa Tikkanen, Shanoor Seervai & Sara R. Collins
Women in the United States have long lagged behind their counterparts in other high-income countries in terms of access to health care and health status. This brief compares U.S. women’s health status, affordability of health plans, and ability to access and utilize care with women in 10 other high-income countries by using international data.

Technology Could Transform Care for People on Medicaid

Shanoor Seervai & Lovisa Gustaffson
To date, health care apps, remote-monitoring services, and other digital technologies have mostly been developed for middle- and high-income people, who get health coverage through an employer or purchase it on the private market. Few of these tools have been available to people with low incomes, many of whom have Medicaid. But as a new feature article illustrates, there are millions of low-income Americans who could benefit as well. The Commonwealth Fund's Shanoor Seervai and...

10 Notable Health Care Events of 2018

David Blumenthal & Shanoor Seervai

Direct N-body code designed for a cluster based on heterogeneous computational nodes

David Goz, Luca Tornatore, Sara Bertocco & Giuliano Taffoni
The ExaNeSt H2020 project is developing an exascale ready prototype based on hybrid hardware (CPUs+accelerators). Astrophysical codes are used to test and validate the exascale platform. At the same time, astrophysical applications must be re-engineered in order to exploit heterogeneous hardware. We present and test the parallel scheme of a state-of-the-art direct N -body code (called ExaHiGPUs) conceived to be run on hybrid architecture.

Drought impacts on broadacre and dairy farms in South-Eastern Australia

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Kompleksowe urządzanie obszarów wiejskich jako szansa dla rozwoju wsi

Franciszek Woch, Jacek Pijanowski & Tadeusz Kuryłowicz

Lebenslauf von Andreas Heege & Andreas Heege – ein Forscher mit vielen Facetten Schriftenverzeichnis von Andreas Heege Tabula gratulatoria

Andreas Heege & Eva Roth Heege
Historische Archäologie

Chemotaxis based enrichment for transgenic animals containing the rol-6 marker

John L. Carter, Rafael Morales & Steven M. Johnson
Utilizing the chemotaxis of C. elegans, we can separate wild-type C. elegans from “rollers.” If a mixed population of transgenic worms harboring the rol-6 marker, and their non-transgenic siblings are plated a distance from food, “rollers” will be unable to efficiently migrate towards the food due to impaired locomotion, while non-transgenic C. elegans will have normal locomotion and be able to quickly migrate to the food source. This will efficiently separate the two types of...

Characterizing Dynein’s Role in P-cell Nuclear Migration using an Auxin-Induced Degradation System

Jamie Ho, Venecia A. Valdez, Linda Ma & Daniel A. Starr
Here, we tested the hypothesis that the unc-83/unc-84 pathway works through dynein to move P-cell nuclei using the auxin-inducible degradation system (AID) to knock down dynein specifically during P-cell nuclear migration (Zhang et al., 2015). The Arabidopsis thaliana TIR1 gene was expressed downstream of the C. elegans P-cell specific hlh-3 promoter (Bone et al., 2016) in the strain UD550 (oxIs12[unc-47::GFP]; ycEx253[phlh-3::TIR-1::mRuby; odr-1::rfp]). Next, UD550 was crossed to a strain with dhc-1(ie28[dhc-1::degron::GFP]) (Zhang et al., 2015)...

Rapamycin-induced protein dimerization as a tool for C. elegans research

Sriyash Mangal, Jeffrey Zielich, Eric J. Lambie & Esther Zanin
Induced protein dimerization is an invaluable tool in cellular biology to study protein function. Induced dimerization has been widely used to modulate enzymatic activity as well as expression and localization of proteins (Voß et al., 2015; DeRose et al., 2013). A popular method employs the chemical dimerizer rapamycin to induce binding between the FRB domain of the mTOR kinase and the FKBP12 protein (FK506 binding protein 12 kDa) (Putyrski and Schultz, 2012). Rapamycin-induced protein dimerization...

Australian Crop Report: December 2018 No. 188

The report is a quarterly report with a consistent and regular assessment of crop prospects for major field crops, forecasts of area, yield and production and a summary of seasonal conditions on a state by state basis.

Temporal dynamics of the recruitment of glass eels in two valleys of French Polynesia (Tahiti and Moorea Islands)

Herehia Helme, Frédéric Bertucci, Rakamaly Madi Moussa, Yann Wolff & Pierre Sasal
Glass eels were sampled in two estuaries of French Polynesia (Tahiti and Moorea islands) from 2009 to 2017. Three species were identified by morphological measurements (Anguilla marmorata, A. megastoma and A. obscura). Our results revealed a difference in the species composition between Moorea and Tahiti. The recruitment of eels is seasonal and occurs between November and March during the rainy season, with peaks in December and January. The recruitment size of glass eels was analyzed...

First record of Nanobagrus armatus (Siluriformes: Bagridae) in Sumatra, Indonesia

Doni Setiawan, Ajiman & Muhammad Iqbal
On March 2017, a specimen of Nanobagrus armatus was captured and photographed in the Keroh River, South Sumatra province. So far, N. armatus has only been observed from Indonesian Borneo, so this record constitutes the first record of this species for Sumatra.

Snapshot of Australia's agricultural workforce

Bill Binks, Nyree Stenekes, Heleen Kruger & Robert Kancans
his snapshot describes Australia’s agricultural workforce, providing key information and statistics in one place. We cover where workers live, what sub-industries and occupations they work in, and the mobility and educational attainment of the workforce. The snapshot also describes the involvement of Indigenous people, People from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse backgrounds, women and young people in the agricultural workforce.

The Effect of an Environmentally Relevant Phthalate Mixture on Primordial Germ Cells of Xenopus laevis Embryos

Nathalie L Momplaisir, Aurora Turgeon, Jodi Flaws & Jing Yang
Phthalates, being considered endocrine disrupting chemicals, are estrogen-like and anti-androgenic compounds that interfere with hormones which regulate numerous biological processes, including the maintenance of homeostasis and the regulation of development (Kavlock et al., 1996). Toxicological studies have consistently shown that phthalate metabolites are reproductive and developmental toxicants (Jeng, 2014). Some of the significant complications include fertility issues, decreased anogenital distance, low sperm concentration and motility. While the adverse effects of phthalates on the reproductive system...

Delta-9 Fatty Acid Desaturase Mutants Display Increased Body Size

James F.; Savage-Dunn Clark
C. elegans contain three Δ9 fatty acid desaturases (FADs), fat-5, fat-6, and fat-7, responsible for the initial desaturation step in the synthesis of complex polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Production of PUFAs is vital for survival, as simultaneous loss-of-function in all three genes results in synthetic lethality (Brock et al. 2006). Animals containing mutations in any one of the three Δ9 FADs, fat-5, fat-6, and fat-7, display an increase in body length. fat-5 mutants display a...

Биодеструкция полимерных композиционных материалов микроскопическими грибами

Э.Х. Сакаева, Ю.В. Куликова & Л.В. Рудакова
Показана возможность биологической деструкции полимерных композиционных материалов на примере стеклопластиков на основе фенолоформальдегидной смолы и стекловолокна (марки АГ – 4 и ДСВ), органопластики (марки ОП-ЖА) и углепластиков (УП-Урал-Тр-СФ, УТЗФ2УМН, ЭПАН-2Б) микроскопическими грибами. Степень биодеструкции зависит от состава полимерных композиционных материалов. Наименее стойкими к биодеструкции являются органопластики на основе эпоксидных компонентов. Выявлено, что основными биодеструкторами полимерных композитных материалов являются представители микроскопических грибов Pеnicillium chrysogenum, P. funiculosum, P. cyclopium, Aspergillus lerreus, A. niger, A. oryzae. Уровень стойкости...

Биомониторинговые возможности микроорганизмов при оценке степени токсичности синтетических поверхностно-активных веществ

Л.В. Кондакова, Л.И. Домрачева, Т.Я. Ашихмина & В.С. Симакова
Доказана возможность использования отдельных групп микроорганизмов для выявления степени токсичности синтетических поверхностно-активных веществ (СПАВ), которые используются в качестве автошампуней. Показана высокая чувствительность двух видов цианобактерий Nostoc paludosum и Fischerella muscicola, применяемых в качестве тест-организмов на действие трёх марок автошампуней. При инкубировании культур цианобактерий в растворах автошампуней с концентрацией, равной рекомендуемой дозе (1 р. д.), происходит резкое падение численности жизнеспособных клеток. Биотестирование с помощью бацилл проводили путём высева бактериальных суспензий на питательный агар с предварительно внесённым...

Preliminary data about algae and cyanobacteria of volcanic soils on Kuril Islands

K.V. Ilchibaeva, D.F. Kunsbaeva, R.Z. Allaguvatova, A.I. Fazlutdinova, O.V. Polokhin, L.A. Sibirina, A.A. Gontcharov, P. Singh & L.A. Gaysina
Fifty-five species from five phyla (Cyanobacteria – 8, Chlorophyta – 29 (Chlorophyceae – 14, Trebouxiophyaceae – 11), Bacillariophyta – 19, Streptophyta – 1, Ochrophyta – 2 (Xanthophyceae – 1, Eustigmatophyceae – 1)) were revealed during the study on biodiversity of cyanobacteria and algae from terrestrial habitats of Urup, Paramushir, Iturup, and Simushir (Kuril Islands). Algal flora of Iturup Islands was the most divers with 25 species, 23 species were found on Urup, 17 on Simushir,...

Bending of a Seven Layer Beam with Foam Cores

Krzysztof MAGNUCKI, Szymon MILECKI, Jerzy LEWIŃSKI & Piotr KĘDZIA

Thermal Instability Analysis of an Elastico-Viscous Nanofluid Layer

Ramesh CHAND, Gian C. RANA & Dolors PUIGJANER

Evaluation of Cutting Forces and Temperature of Iron-Rich Binder Carbide Tool in Turning of Titanium

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Experimental Verification of the Steering Performance of All-Hydraulic Crawler Chassis

Xiaolian LV, Xiaorong LV, Xiaojie SHI & Tingyu WANG

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