40 Works

Data from: Microsatellite length variation in candidate genes correlates with habitat in the gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata

Lamya Chaoui, Pierre-Alexandre Gagnaire, Bruno Guinand, Jean-Pierre Quignard, Costas Tsigenopoulos, M. Hichem Kara & Francois Bonhomme
The genetic basis and evolutionary implications of local adaptation in high gene flow marine organisms are still poorly understood. In several Mediterranean fish species, alternative migration patterns exist between individuals entering coastal lagoons that offer favorable conditions for growth and those staying in the sea where environmental conditions are less subject to rapid and stressful change. Whether these coexisting strategies are phenotypically plastic or include a role for local adaptation through differential survival needs to...

Data from: The impact of insecticide resistance on Culex pipiens immunity

Julien Vézilier, Antoine Nicot, Julien De Lorgeril, Sylvain Gandon & Ana Rivero
Because of their role as vectors of diseases, the evolution of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes has been intensively investigated. Insecticide resistance is associated to a wide range of pleiotropic effects on several key life history traits of mosquitoes such as longevity and behavior. However, despite its potential implications in pathogen transmission, the effects of insecticide resistance on mosquito immunity have received little, if any, attention. Here, we investigate the impact of insecticide resistance in Culex...

Data from: Genome scans reveal candidate regions involved in the adaptation to host plant in the pea aphid complex

Julie Jaquiéry, Solenn Stoeckel, Pierre Nouhaud, Lucie Mieuzet, Frédérique Mahéo, Fabrice Legeai, Nina Bernard, Antoine Bonvoisin, Renaud Vitalis & Jean-Christophe Simon
A major goal in evolutionary biology is to uncover the genetic basis of adaptation. Divergent selection exerted on ecological traits may result in adaptive population differentiation and reproductive isolation and affect differentially the level of genetic divergence along the genome. Genome-wide scan of large sets of individuals from multiple populations is a powerful approach to identify loci or genomic regions under ecologically divergent selection. Here, we focused on the pea aphid, a species complex of...

Data from: Barriers to gene flow in the marine environment: insights from two common intertidal limpet species of the Atlantic and Mediterranean

Alexandra Sá Pinto, Madalena Simas Branco, Paulo Barros Alexandrino, Michaël C. Fontaine & Stuart J. E. Baird
Knowledge of the scale of dispersal and the mechanisms governing gene flow in marine environments remains fragmentary despite being essential for understanding evolution of marine biota and to design management plans. We use the limpets Patella ulyssiponensis and Patella rustica as models for identifying factors affecting gene flow in marine organisms across the North-East Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. A set of allozyme loci and a fragment of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome C oxidase subunit...

Data from: Forecasting changes in population genetic structure of alpine plants in response to global warming

Flora Jay, Stéphanie Manel, Nadir Alvarez, Eric Y. Durand, Wilfried Thuiller, Rolf Holderegger, Pierre Taberlet & Olivier François
Species range shifts in response to climate and land use change are commonly forecasted with species distribution models based on species occurrence or abundance data. Although appealing, these models ignore the genetic structure of species, and the fact that different populations might respond in different ways due to adaptation to their environment. Here, we introduced ancestry distribution models, i.e., statistical models of the spatial distribution of ancestry proportions, for forecasting intra-specific changes based on genetic...

Data from: Translocation of wild populations: conservation implications for the genetic diversity of the black-lipped pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera

Sarah Lemer & Serge Planes
Translocation has been widely studied as a tool for conservation management to restore or enhance degraded populations. On the contrary few studies have been conducted on translocation for commercial purposes. In this study we evaluate the genetic consequences of translocation of wild individuals of Pinctada margaritifera on farmed and adjacent wild populations. We tested the hypotheses that translocations would induce high genetic heterogeneity in farmed populations and this heterogeneity would then leak into the adjacent...

Data from: On-farm dynamic management of genetic diversity: the impact of seed diffusions and seed saving practices on a population-variety of bread wheat

Mathieu Thomas, Elise Demeulenaere, Julie C. Dawson, Abdul Rehman Khan, Nathalie Galic, Sophie Jouanne-Pin, Carine Remoué, Christophe Bonneuil & Isabelle Goldringer
Since the domestication of crop species, humans have derived specific varieties for particular uses, and shaped the genetic diversity of these varieties. Here, using an interdisciplinary approach combining ethnobotany and population genetics, we document the within-variety genetic structure of a population-variety of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in relation to farmers practices to decipher their contribution to crop species evolution. Using 19 microsatellites markers, we conducted two complementary graph theory-based methods to analyze population structure...

Data from: Ergosterol biosynthesis: a fungal pathway for life on land?

Sebastien Dupont, Guillaume Lemetais, Thierry Ferreira, Philippe Cayot, Patrick Gervais & Laurent Beney
Sterols, essential lipids of most eukaryotic cells, ensure important structural and signaling functions. The selection pressure which has led to different dominant sterols in the three eukaryotic kingdoms remains unknown. Here we investigated the influence of the progression in the different steps of the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway (EBP) on the yeast resistance to transitions from aqueous to aerial media, typical perturbations of the higher fungi habitats. Five mutants of the EBP (ergΔ), accumulating different sterol...

Data from: The distribution of mutational fitness effects of phage ϕX174 on different hosts

Pedro F. Vale, Marc Choisy, Rémy Froissart, Rafael Sanjuán & Sylvain Gandon
Adaptation depends greatly on the distribution of mutation fitness effects (DMFE), but the phenotypic expression of mutations is often environment-dependent. The environments of multi-host pathogens are mostly governed by their hosts and therefore measuring the DMFE on multiple hosts can inform on the likelihood of short-term establishment and longer-term adaptation of emerging pathogens. We explored this by measuring the growth rate of 36 mutants of the lytic bacteriophage ϕX174 on two host backgrounds, Escherichia coli...

Data from: DNA from soil mirrors plant taxonomic and growth form diversity

Nigel G. Yoccoz, Kari-Anne Brathen, Ludovic Gielly, James Haile, Mary E. Edwards, Tomasz Goslar, H. Von Stedingk, Anne K. Brysting, Eric Coissac, Francois Pompanon, J. H. Sønstebø, Christian Miquel, Alice Valentini, Francesco De Bello, Jérôme Chave, Wilfried Thuiller, Patrick Wincker, Corinne Cruaud, Frederick Gavory, Morten Rasmussen, M. Thomas P. Gilbert, Ludovic Orlando, Christian Brochmann, Eske Willerslev & Pierre Taberlet
Ecosystems across the globe are threatened by climate change and human activities. New rapid survey approaches for monitoring biodiversity would greatly advance assessment and understanding of these threats. Taking advantage of next-generation DNA sequencing, we tested an approach we call metabarcoding: high-throughput and simultaneous taxa identification based on a very short (usually less than 100 base pairs) but informative DNA fragment. Short DNA fragments allow the use of degraded DNA from environmental samples. All analyses...

Data from: Variation in the level of aggression, chemical and genetic distance among three supercolonies of the Argentine ant in Europe

Olivier Blight, Laurence Berville, Valerie Vogel, Abraham Hefetz, Marielle Renucci, Jerome Orgeas, Erick Provost & Laurent Keller
In their invasive ranges, Argentine ant populations often form one geographically vast supercolony, genetically and chemically uniform within which there is no intraspecific aggression. Here we present regional patterns of intraspecific aggression, cuticular hydrocarbons and population genetics of 18 nesting-sites across Corsica and the French mainland. Aggression tests confirm the presence of a third European supercolony, the Corsican supercolony, which exhibits moderate to high levels of aggression, depending on nesting-sites, with the Main supercolony, and...

Data from: Polymorphism pattern at a Miniature Inverted-repeat Transposable Element locus downstream of the domestication gene Teosinte-branched1 in wild and domesticated pearl millet

Yann Dussert, Marie-Stanislas Remigereau, Michael C. Fontaine, Alodie Snirc, Ghayas Lakis, Solenn Stoeckel, Thierry Langin, Aboubakry Sarr, Thierry Robert, M.-S. Remigereau, M. C. Fontaine, T. Langin, S. Stoeckel, Y. Dussert, A. Snirc, G. Lakis, A. Sarr & T. Robert
Unraveling the mechanisms involved in adaptation to understand plant morphological evolution is a challenging goal. For crop species, identification of molecular causal polymorphisms involved in domestication traits are central to this issue. Pearl millet, a domesticated grass mostly found in semi-arid areas of Africa and India, is an interesting model to address this topic: the domesticated form shares common derived phenotypes with some other cereals such as a decreased ability to develop basal and axillary...

Data from: Cytonuclear discordance among the Southeast Asian Black rats (Rattus rattus complex)

Marie Pagès, Eric Bazin, Maxime Galan, Yannick Chaval, Julien Claude, Vincent Herbreteau, Johan Michaux, Sylvain Piry, Serge Morand & Jean-François Cosson
Black rats are major invasive vertebrate pests with severe ecological, economic and health impacts. Remarkably, their evolutionary history has received little attention, and there is no firm agreement on how many species should be recognized within the black rat complex. This species complex is native to India and Southeast Asia. According to current taxonomic classification, there are three taxa living in sympatry in several parts of Thailand, Cambodia and Lao People's Democratic Republic, where this...

Data from: Contrasting patterns of genome-wide polymorphism in the native and invasive range of the marine mollusk Crepidula fornicata

Florentine Riquet, Claire Daguin-Thiébaut, Marion Ballenghien, Nicolas Bierne & Frederique Viard
Selection processes are believed to be an important evolutionary driver behind the successful establishment of non-indigenous species, however evidence is still scarce. Genome-scans have often identified loci with atypical patterns of genetic differentiation (i.e. outliers) indicative of selection processes. Using microsatellite- and AFLP-based genome-scans, we looked for evidence of post-introduction selection in the mollusk Crepidula fornicata, native from the northwestern Atlantic and introduced in the northeastern Atlantic and northeastern Pacific during the 19th and 20th...

Data from: An experimental test of the transmission−virulence trade-off hypothesis in a plant virus

Juliette Doumayrou, Astrid Avellan, Rémy Froissart & Yannis Michalakis
The transmission–virulence trade-off hypothesis is one of the few adaptive explanations of virulence evolution, and assumes that there is an overall positive correlation between parasite transmission and virulence. The shape of the transmission–virulence relationship predicts whether virulence should evolve toward either a maximum or to an intermediate optimum. A positive correlation between each of these traits and within-host growth is often suggested to underlie the relationship between virulence and transmission. There are few experimental tests...

Data from: Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest

Yves Basset, Lukas Cizek, Philippe Cuénoud, Raphael K. Didham, François Guilhaumon, Olivier Missa, Vojtech Novotny, Frode Ødegaard, Tomas Roslin, Jürgen Schmidl, Alexey K. Tishechkin, Neville N. Winchester, David W. Roubik, Henri-Pierre Aberlenc, Johannes Bail, Héctor Barrios, Jon R. Bridle, Gabriela Castaño-Meneses, Bruno Corbara, Gianfranco Curletti, Wesley Duarte Da Rocha, Domir De Bakker, Jacques H. C. Delabie, Alain Dejean, Laura L. Fagan … & Maurice Leponce
Most eukaryotic organisms are arthropods. Yet, their diversity in rich terrestrial ecosystems is still unknown. Here we produce tangible estimates of the total species richness of arthropods in a tropical rainforest. Using a comprehensive range of structured protocols, we sampled the phylogenetic breadth of arthropod taxa from the soil to the forest canopy in the San Lorenzo forest, Panama. We collected 6,144 arthropod species from 0.48 ha and extrapolated total species richness to larger areas...

Data from: The maintenance of obligate sex in finite, structured populations subject to recurrent beneficial and deleterious mutation

Matthew Hartfield, Sarah P. Otto & Peter David Keightley
Although there is no known general explanation as to why sexual populations resist asexual invasion, previous work has shown that sexuals can outcompete asexuals in structured populations. However, it is currently unknown whether costly sex can be maintained with the weak structure that is commonly observed in nature. We investigate the conditions under which obligate sexuals resist asexual invasion in structured populations subject to recurrent mutation. We determine the level of population structure needed to...

Data from: Migratory constraints on yolk precursors limit yolk androgen deposition and underlie a brood reduction strategy in rockhopper penguins

Glenn T. Crossin, Maud Poisbleau, Laurent Demongin, Olivier Chastel, Tony D. Williams, Marcel Eens, Petra Quillfeldt, G. T. Crossin, L. Demongin, M. Eens, M. Poisbleau, O. Chastel & T. D. Williams
Hormonally mediated maternal effects link maternal phenotype and environmental conditions to offspring phenotype. The production of lipid-rich maternal yolk precursors may provide a mechanism by which lipophilic steroid hormones can be transported to developing yolks, thus predicting a positive correlation between yolk precursors in mothers and androgen levels in eggs. Using rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome), which produce a two-egg clutch characterized by extreme egg-size dimorphism, reversed hatching asynchrony and brood-reduction, we examined correlations between circulating...

Data from: Adaptive value of phenological traits in stressful environments: predictions based on seed production and laboratory natural selection

Benjamin Brachi, Carla Aimé, Cédric Glorieux, Joel Cuguen & Fabrice Roux
Phenological traits often show variation within and among natural populations of annual plants. Nevertheless, the adaptive value of post-anthesis traits is seldom tested. In this study, we estimated the adaptive values of pre- and post-anthesis traits in two stressful environments (water stress and interspecific competition), using the selfing annual species Arabidopsis thaliana. By estimating seed production and by performing laboratory natural selection (LNS), we assessed the strength and nature (directional, disruptive and stabilizing) of selection...

Data from: Phylogeography, genetic structure and population divergence time of cheetahs in Africa and Asia: evidence for long-term geographic isolates

Pauline Charruau, Carlos Fernandes, Pablo Orozco-TerWengel, Joris Peters, Luke Hunter, H. Ziaie, A. Jourabchian, H. Jowkar, Georges Schaller, Stephane Ostrowski, Paul Vercammen, Thierry Grange, Christian Schlötterer, Antoinette Kotze, Eva-Maria Geigl, Chris Walzer & Pamela A. Burger
The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) has been described as a species with low levels of genetic variation. This has been suggested to be the consequence of a demographic bottleneck 10 000–12 000 years ago (ya) and also led to the assumption that only small genetic differences exist between the described subspecies. However, analysing mitochondrial DNA and microsatellites in cheetah samples from most of the historic range of the species we found relatively deep phylogeographic breaks between...

Data from: Experimental evidence of early costs of reproduction in conspecific viviparous and oviparous lizards

Josefa Bleu, Benoit Heulin, Claudy Haussy, Sandrine Meylan & Manuel Massot
Reproduction entails costs, and disentangling the relative importance of each stage of the reproductive cycle may be important to assess the costs and benefits of different reproductive strategies. We studied the early costs of reproduction in oviparous and viviparous lizard females of the bimodal reproductive species Zootoca vivipara. Egg-retention time in oviparous females is approximately one third of the time in viviparous females. We compared the vitellogenesis and egg-retention stages which are common to both...

Data from: New environmental metabarcodes for analysing soil DNA: potential for studying past and present ecosystems

Laura S. Epp, Sanne Boessenkool, Eva P. Bellemain, James Haile, Alfonso Esposito, Tiayyba Riaz, Christer Erséus, Vladimir I. Gusarov, Mary E. Edwards, Arild Johnsen, Hans K. Stenøien, Kristian Hassel, Håvard Kauserud, Nigel G. Yoccoz, Kari Anne Bråthen, Eske Willerslev, Pierre Taberlet, Eric Coissac & Christian Brochmann
Metabarcoding approaches use total and typically degraded DNA from environmental samples to analyse biotic assemblages and can potentially be carried out for any kinds of organisms in an ecosystem. These analyses rely on specific markers, here called metabarcodes, which should be optimized for taxonomic resolution, minimal bias in amplification of the target organism group and short sequence length. Using bioinformatic tools, we developed metabarcodes for several groups of organisms: fungi, bryophytes, enchytraeids, beetles and birds....

Data from: Artificial selection on allometry: change in elevation but not slope

Camilla K. Egset, Thomas F. Hansen, Arnaud Le Rouzic, Geir H. Bolstad, Gunilla Rosenqvist & Christophe Pélabon
To what extent within-species (static) allometries constitute a constraint on evolution is the subject of a long-standing debate in evolutionary biology. A prerequisite for the constraint hypothesis is that static allometries are hard to change. Several studies have attempted to test this hypothesis with artificial-selection experiments, but their results remain inconclusive due to various methodological issues. Here, we present results from an experiment in which we selected independently on the slope and the elevation of...

Data from: Testing the influence of family structure and outbreeding depression on heterozygosity-fitness correlations in small populations

Helene Jourdan-Pineau, Joy Folly, Pierre-André Crochet & Patrice David
Theory predicts that positive Heterozygosity-Fitness Correlations (HFC) arise as a consequence of inbreeding, which is often assumed to have a strong impact in small, fragmented populations. Yet according to empirical data, HFC in such populations seem highly variable and impredictible. We here discuss two overlooked phenomena that may contribute to this variation. First, in a small population, each generation may consist of a few families. This generates random correlations between particular alleles and fitness (AFC,...

Data from: Dynamic transmission, host quality and population structure in a multi-host parasite of bumble bees

Mario Xavier Ruiz-González, John Bryden, Yannick Moret, Christine Reber-Funk, Paul Schmid-Hempel & Mark J. F. Brown
The evolutionary ecology of multi-host parasites is predicted to depend upon patterns of host quality and the dynamics of transmission networks. Depending upon the differences in host quality and transmission asymmetries, as well as the balance between intra- and inter-specific transmission, the evolution of specialist or generalist strategies is predicted. Using a trypanosome parasite of bumble bees we ask how host quality and transmission networks relate to parasite population structure across host species, and thus...

Registration Year

  • 2012

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
  • French National Institute for Agricultural Research
  • University of Oslo
  • University of Paris-Sud
  • Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive
  • Natural History Museum
  • University of Lausanne
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Dalhousie University
  • University of Southampton