13 Works

Data from: Extending RAD tag analysis to microbial ecology: a comparison between multi locus sequence typing (MLST) and 2b-RAD to investigate Listeria monocytogenes genetic structure

Marianna Pauletto, Lisa Carraro, Massimiliano Babbucci, Rosaria Lucchini, Luca Bargelloni & Barbara Cardazzo
The advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has dramatically changed bacterial typing technologies, increasing our ability to differentiate bacterial isolates. Despite it is now possible to sequence a bacterial genome in a few days and at reasonable costs, most genetic analyses do not require whole-genome sequencing, which also remains impractical for large population samples due to the cost of individual library preparation and bioinformatics. More traditional sequencing approaches, however, such as MultiLocus Sequence Typing (mlst) are...

Data from: Organic farming enhances parasitoid diversity at the local and landscape scale

Diego J. Inclán, Pierfilippo Cerretti, Doreen Gabriel, Tim G. Benton, Steven M. Sait, William E. Kunin, Mark A. K. Gillespie & Lorenzo Marini
1. The magnitude of the benefits derived from organic farming within contrasting managed landscapes remains unclear and, in particular, the potential scale-dependent response of insect parasitoids is relatively unexplored. Identifying the scale at which parasitoids are affected by organic farming will be an important step to enhance their conservation. 2. We sampled tachinid parasitoids at the centre and margin of arable and grassland fields on paired organic and conventional farms located in landscapes with different...

Data from: MHC-similarity and sexual selection: different doesn't always mean attractive

Clelia Gasparini, Leonardo Congiu & Andrea Pilastro
Females that mate multiply have the possibility to exert postcopulatory choice and select more compatible sperm to fertilize eggs. Prior work suggests that dissimilarity in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) plays an important role in determining genetic compatibility between partners. Favouring a partner with dissimilar MHC alleles would result in offspring with high MHC diversity and therefore with enhanced survival thanks to increased resistance to pathogens and parasites. The high variability of MHC genes may further...

Data from: Conservation tillage mitigates the negative effect of landscape simplification on biological control

Giovanni Tamburini, Serena De Simone, Maurizia Sigura, Francesco Boscutti & Lorenzo Marini
Biological pest control is a key ecosystem service, and it depends on multiple factors acting from the local to the landscape scale. However, the effects of soil management on biological control and its potential interaction with landscape are still poorly understood. In a field exclusion experiment, we explored the relative effect of tillage system (conservation vs. conventional tillage) on aphid biological control in 15 pairs of winter cereal fields (barley and wheat) selected along a...

Data from: How much would it cost to monitor farmland biodiversity in Europe?

Ilse R. Geijzendorffer, Stefano Targetti, Manuel K. Schneider, Dick J. Brus, Philippe Jeanneret, Robert H. G. Jongman, Martin Knotters, Davide Viaggi, Siyka Angelova, Michaela Arndorfer, Debra Bailey, Katalin Balzacs, András Báldim, Marion M. B. Bogers, Robert G.H. Bunce, Jean-Philippe Choisis, Peter Dennis, Sebastian Eiter, Wendy Fjellstad, Jürgen F. Friedel, Tiziano Gomiero, Arjan Griffioen, Max Kainz, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Gisela Lüscher … & András Báldi
To evaluate progress on political biodiversity objectives, biodiversity monitoring provides information on whether intended results are being achieved. Despite scientific proof that monitoring and evaluation increase the (cost) efficiency of policy measures, cost estimates for monitoring schemes are seldom available, hampering their inclusion in policy programme budgets. Empirical data collected from 12 case studies across Europe were used in a power analysis to estimate the number of farms that would need to be sampled per...

Data from: \"Characterization of two Iberian freshwater fish transcriptomes, Squalius carolitertii and Squalius torgalensis, living in distinct environmental conditions\" in Genomic Resources Notes Accepted 1 April 2015 to 31 May 2015

Tiago Filipe Jesus, Ana Rita Grosso, Vera Maria Fonseca Almeida-Val & Maria Manuela Coelho
The advance of NGS technologies opened exciting research avenues, as for example expanding the study of the mechanisms underlying adaptation from model organisms to natural systems. We used NGS technologies to sequence 12 RNA-seq libraries, and provide the first transcriptomes of two endemic Iberian Cyprinids. The species Squalius carolitertii and S. torgalensis inhabit different regions of Portugal with distinct climate types, Atlantic in the North and Mediterranean in the South, respectively. While northern regions present...

Data from: Response of seaward migrating European eel (Anguilla anguilla) to manipulated flow fields

Adam T. Piper, Costantino Manes, Fabio Siniscalchi, Andrea Marion, Rosalind M. Wright & Paul S. Kemp
Anthropogenic structures (e.g. weirs and dams) fragment river networks and restrict the movement of migratory fish. Poor understanding of behavioural response to hydrodynamic cues at structures currently limits the development of effective barrier mitigation measures. This study aimed to assess the effect of flow constriction and associated flow patterns on eel behaviour during downstream migration. In a field experiment, we tracked the movements of 40 tagged adult European eels (Anguilla anguilla) through the forebay of...

Data from: Testing scale-dependent effects of semi-natural habitats on farmland biodiversity

Matteo Dainese, Diego Inclán Luna, Tommaso Sitzia & Lorenzo Marini
The effectiveness of conservation interventions for maximizing biodiversity benefits from agri-environment schemes (AESs) is expected to depend on the quantity of seminatural habitats in the surrounding landscape. To verify this hypothesis, we developed a hierarchical sampling design to assess the effects of field boundary type and cover of seminatural habitats in the landscape at two nested spatial scales. We sampled three types of field boundaries with increasing structural complexity (grass margin, simple hedgerow, complex hedgerow)...

Data from: Range-wide population structure of European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax

Erika L. Souche, Bart Hellemans, Massimiliano Babbucci, Eoin MacAoidh, Bruno Guinand, Luca Bargelloni, Dimitry Alexandrovich Chistiakov, Tomaso Patarnello, François Bonhomme, Jann T. Martinsohn & Filip A. M. Volckaert
The euryhaline European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax L., inhabiting the coasts of the eastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, has had many opportunities for differentiation throughout its large natural range. However, evidence for this has been incompletely documented geographically and with an insufficient number of markers. Therefore, its full range was sampled at 22 sites and individuals were genotyped with a suite of mapped markers, including 14 microsatellite loci (N = 536) and 46 neutral...

Data from: Social orienting in gaze leading: a mechanism for shared attention

Stephen Gareth Edwards, Lisa J. Stephenson, Mario Dalmaso & Andrew P. Bayliss
Here, we report a novel social orienting response that occurs after viewing averted gaze. We show, in three experiments, that when a person looks from one location to an object, attention then shifts towards the face of an individual who has subsequently followed the person's gaze to that same object. That is, contrary to ‘gaze following’, attention instead orients in the opposite direction to observed gaze and towards the gazing face. The magnitude of attentional...

Data from: \"Transcriptomic resources for the critically endangered stellate sturgeon Acipenser stellatus\" in Genomic Resources Notes accepted 1 April 2015 – 31 May 2015

Michele Vidotto, Alessandro Grapputo, Elisa Boscari, Lorenzo Zane & Leonardo Congiu
This article documents the public availability of transcriptomic resources of the non-model and critically endangered starlet sturgeon Acipenser stellatus.

Data from: Indirect genetic effects and the genetic bases of social dominance: evidence from cattle

Cristina Sartori & Roberto Mantovani
Genetic studies of social behaviour have currently received new impetus from models including indirect genetic effects (IGEs) of social partners. This study aimed at investigating the contribution of conspecifics in social dominance, considered as response of dyadic interaction that is, winning (dominant individual) or losing (subordinate). A genetic correlation of −1 is expected between the attitude to win and the attitude to loose, and because a population always accounts for half winners and half losers,...

Data from: Evolution of increased competitiveness in cows trades offs with reduced milk yield, fertility and more masculine morphology

Cristina Sartori, Serena Mazza, Nadia Guzzo & Roberto Mantovani
In some species females compete for food, foraging territories, mating, and nesting sites. Competing females can exhibit morphological, physiological and behavioral adaptations typical of males, which are commonly considered as secondary sexual traits. Competition and the development of traits increasing competitiveness require much energy and may exert adverse effects on fecundity and survival. From an evolutionary perspective, positive selection for increased competitiveness would then result in evolution of reduced values for traits related to fitness...

Registration Year

  • 2015
    13

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    13

Affiliations

  • University of Padua
    13
  • University of Udine
    3
  • European Commission
    1
  • Estonian University of Life Sciences
    1
  • University of Bologna
    1
  • Aberystwyth University
    1
  • University of Extremadura
    1
  • University of Toulouse
    1
  • University of Southampton
    1
  • University of Gothenburg
    1