9 Works

Data from: Influences of summer warming and nutrient availability on Salix glauca L. growth in Greenland along an ice to sea gradient

Angela Luisa Prendin, Signe Normand, Marco Carrer, Nanna Bjerregaard Pedersen, Henning Matthiesen, Andreas Westergaard-Nielsen, Bo Elbering, Urs Albert Treier & Jørgen Hollesen
The combined effects of climate change and nutrient availability on Arctic vegetation growth are poorly understood. Archaeological sites in the Arctic could represent unique nutrient hotspots for studying the long-term effect of nutrient enrichment. In this study, we analysed a time-series of ring widths of Salix glauca L. collected at nine archaeological sites and in their natural surroundings along a climate gradient in the Nuuk fjord region, Southwest Greenland, stretching from the edge of the...

Data from: Improvement of genomic predictions in small breeds by construction of genomic relationship matrix through variable selection

Enrico Mancin, Lucio Mota, Beniamino Tuliozi, Rina Verdiglione, Roberto Mantovani & Cristina Sartori
Genomic selection has been increasingly implemented in the animal breeding industry, and it is becoming a routine method in many livestock breeding contexts. However, its use is still limited in several small-population local breeds, which are, nonetheless, an important source of genetic variability of great economic value. A major roadblock for their genomic selection is accuracy when population size is limited: to improve breeding value accuracy, variable selection models that assume heterogenous variance have been...

Past, present and future of chamois science

Luca Corlatti, Laura Iacolina, Toni Safner, Marco Apollonio, Elena Buzan, Francesco Ferretti, Sabine Hammer, Juan Herrero, Luca Rossi, Emmanuel Serrano, Mari Cruz Arnal, Francesca Brivio, Roberta Chirichella, Antonella Cotza, Barbara Crestanello, Johan Espunyes, Daniel Fernández De Luco, Saskia Friedrich, Dragan Gačić, Laura Grassi, Stefano Grignolio, Heidi Hauffe, Kresmir Kavčić, Andreas Kinser, Francesca Lioce … & Nikica Šprem
The chamois Rupicapra spp. is the most abundant mountain ungulate of Europe and the Near East, where it occurs as two species, the Northern chamois R. rupicapra and the Southern chamois R. pyrenaica. Here, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of research trends and the most challenging issues in chamois research and conservation, focusing on taxonomy and systematics, genetics, life history, ecology and behavior, physiology and disease, management, and conservation. Research on Rupicapra has a longstanding...

Female reproductive fluid increases the opportunities for post-mating sexual selection by prolonging egg fertilization window

Livia Pinzoni, Federica Poli, Alessandro Grapputo, Maria Berica Rasotto & Clelia Gasparini
Female reproductive fluid, the fluid that surrounds the eggs, has attracted increasing attention for its role in fertilization and post-mating sexual selection through its effects on sperm traits. Surprisingly, however, only a few studies have investigated the effects of female reproductive fluid on the eggs. Yet, these effects might offer great potential to affect fertilization dynamics by, for example, increasing the opportunities for post-mating sexual selection. Here, we determined whether, by extending the egg fertilization...

Guppies (Poecilia reticulata) are deceived by visual illusions during obstacle negotiation

Maria Santacà, Angelo Bisazza & Christian Agrillo
Animals traveling in their natural environment repeatedly encounter obstacles that they can either detour or go through. Gap negotiation requires an accurate estimation of the opening’s size to avoid getting stuck or being injured. Research on visual illusions revealed that in some circumstances transformation rules used to generate a three-dimensional representation from bidimensional retinal images fail, leading to systematic errors in perception. In Ebbinghaus and Delboeuf illusions, the presence of task-irrelevant elements causes us to...

Resource-dependent investment in male sexual traits in a viviparous fish

Erika Fernlund Isaksson, Charel Reuland, Ariel Kahrl, Alessandro Devigili & John Fitzpatrick
Exaggerated and conspicuous sexually selected traits are often costly to produce and maintain. Costly traits are expected to show resource-dependent expression, since limited resources prevent animals from investing maximally in multiple traits simultaneously. However, there may be critical periods during an individual’s life where the expression of traits is altered if resources are limited. Moreover, costly sexual traits may arise from sexual selection acting both before (pre-copulatory) and after mating (post-copulatory). Gaining a robust understanding...

Plant cover and plant-pollinator interactions in Central European grasslands (Poland/Czech Republic)

Demetra Rakosy, Elena Motivans, Valentin Ştefan, Arkadiusz Nowak, Sebastian Świerszcz, Reinart Feldmann, Elisabeth Kühn, Costanza Geppert, Neeraja Venkataraman, Anna Sobieraj-Betlińska, Anita Grossmann, Wiktoria Rojek, Katarzyna Pochrząst, Magdalena Cielniak, Anika Kirstin Gathof, Kevin Baumann & Tiffany Marie Knight
Complex socio-economic, political and demographic factors have driven the increased conversion of Europe’s semi-natural grasslands to intensive pastures. This trend is particularly strong in some of the most biodiverse regions of the continent, such as Central and Eastern Europe. Intensive grazing is known to decrease species diversity and alter the composition of plant and insect communities. Comparatively little is known, however, about how intensive grazing influences plant functional traits related to pollination and the structure...

SNPs genotypes of Italian wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations

Massimo Scandura, Giulia Fabbri, Romolo Caniglia, Laura Iacolina, Federica Mattucci, Chiara Mengoni, Giulio Pante, Marco Apollonio & Nadia Mucci
Human activities can globally modify natural ecosystems determining ecological, demographic and range perturbations for several animal species. These changes can jeopardize native gene pools in different ways, leading either to genetic homogenization or, conversely, to the split into genetically divergent demes. In the past decades, most European wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations were heavily managed by humans. Anthropic manipulations have strongly affected also Italian populations through heavy hunting, translocations and reintroductions that might have deeply...

Genetics dataset for: Assessment of connectivity patterns of the marbled crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus in the Adriatic and Ionian seas through combination of genetic data and Lagrangian simulations

Lorenzo Zane
Seascape connectivity studies, informing the level of exchange of individuals between populations, can provide extremely valuable data for marine population biology and conservation strategy definition. Here we used a multidisciplinary approach to investigate the connectivity of the marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus), a high dispersal species, in the Adriatic and Ionian basins. A combination of genetic analyses (based on 15 microsatellites screened in 314 specimens), Lagrangian simulations (obtained with a biophysical model of larval dispersal) and...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    9

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    9

Affiliations

  • University of Padua
    9
  • University of Sassari
    2
  • University of Primorska
    2
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    1
  • University of Zagreb
    1
  • University of Zaragoza
    1
  • Institute of Forestry
    1
  • Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    1
  • Aarhus University
    1
  • Polish Academy of Sciences
    1