Data from: Genome-wide survey of nuclear protein-coding markers for beetle phylogenetics and their application in resolving both deep and shallow-level divergencesLi-Heng Che, Shao-Qian Zhang, Yun Li, Dan Liang, Hong Pang, Adam Ślipiński & Peng Zhang
Beetles (Coleoptera) are the most diverse and species-rich insect group, representing an impressive explosive radiation in the evolutionary history of insects, and their evolutionary relationships are often difficult to resolve. The amount of “traditional markers” (e.g., mitochondrial genes and nuclear rDNAs) for beetle phylogenetics is small and these markers often lack sufficient signals in resolving relationships for such a rapidly radiating lineage. Here, based on the available genome data of beetles and other related insect...
Data from: Soil biota suppress positive plant diversity effects on productivity at high but not low soil fertilityShan Luo, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, Bin Jiang & Shixiao Yu
1. Plant community productivity commonly increases with increasing plant diversity, which is explained by complementarity among plant species in resource utilization (complementarity effect), or by selection of particularly productive plant species in diverse plant communities (selection effect). Recent studies have also shown that soil biota can drive the positive plant diversity–productivity relationship by suppressing productivity more in low- than in high-diversity plant communities. However, much remains unknown about whether soil fertility plays a role in...
Data from: Species colonisation, not competitive exclusion, drives community overdispersion over long-term successionShao-Peng Li, Marc W. Cadotte, Scott J. Meiners, Zheng-Shuang Hua, Lin Jiang & Wen-Sheng Shu
Ecological communities often transition from phylogenetic and functional clustering to overdispersion over succession as judged by space-for-time substitution studies. Such a pattern has been generally attributed to the increase in competitive exclusion of closely related species with similar traits through time, although colonisation and extinction have rarely been examined. Using 44 years of uninterrupted old-field succession in New Jersey, USA, we confirmed that phylogenetic and functional clustering decreased as succession unfolded, but the transition was...
The ability to explain why multispecies assemblages produce greater biomass compared to monocultures, has been a central goal in the quest to understand biodiversity effects on ecosystem function. Species contributions to ecosystem function can be driven by two processes: niche complementarity and a selection effect that is influenced by fitness (competitive) differences, and both can be approximated with measures of species’ traits. It has been hypothesised that fitness differences are associated with few, singular traits...
Data from: Plantings accelerate restoration of tropical forest but assembly mechanisms appear insensitive to initial compositionLanping Li, Marc W. Cadotte, Cristina Martínez-Garza, Marinés De La Peña-Domene & Guozhen Du
1. Phylogenetic and trait-based approaches to community ecology are increasingly being used to test for nonrandom community assembly and are now being applied to assessments of habitat restoration. A critical question for the restoration of tropical forests is how plantings influence the recruitment of new species, and specifically the phylogenetic and functional diversity of restored habitats. 2. We examined 8 years (2006-2014) of tropical forest recruitment in two restoration planting compositions (12 animal-dispersed and 12...
Data from: Logistic regression analysis of factors influencing the effectiveness of intensive sound masking therapy in patients with tinnitusYuexin Cai, Qian Zhou, Haidi Yang, Jiajia Jiang, Fei Zhao, Xiayin Huang, Hanjie Mo, Xiaoting Chen, Hao Xiong, Suijun Chen, Xueyuan Zhang & Yiqing Zheng
Objectives: To investigate factors influencing the effectiveness intensive sound masking therapy on tinnitus using Logistic Regression Analysis. Design: The study used a retrospective cross-section analysis. Participants: 102 patients with tinnitus were recruited at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, China. Intervention: Intensive sound masking therapy was used as an intervention approach for patients with tinnitus. Primary and secondary outcome measures: participants underwent audiological investigations and tinnitus pitch and loudness matching measurements, followed...
Data from: Phylogenomics reveals rapid, simultaneous diversification of three major clades of Gondwanan frogs at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundaryYan-Jie Feng, David C. Blackburn, Dan Liang, David M. Hillis, David B. Wake, David C. Cannatella & Peng Zhang
Frogs (Anura) are one of the most diverse groups of vertebrates and comprise nearly 90% of living amphibian species. Their worldwide distribution and diverse biology make them well-suited for assessing fundamental questions in evolution, ecology, and conservation. However, despite their scientific importance, the evolutionary history and tempo of frog diversification remain poorly understood. By using a molecular dataset of unprecedented size, including 88-kb characters from 95 nuclear genes of 156 frog species, in conjunction with...
Data from: Effects of extreme temperatures on the growth and photosynthesis of invasive Bidens alba and its native congener B. biternataMao-Feng Yue, S. Luke Flory, Li Feng, Wan-Hui Ye, Hao Shen, Xing-Shan Tian & Zhang-Ming Wang
Temperatures are expected to fluctuate widely under climate change but little is known about how extreme temperatures might affect the physiology and performance of invasive compared to native plant species. In this study, we evaluated the effects of high (40/35oC) and low (10/5oC) temperature regimes on the growth and photosynthesis of the invasive Asteraceae species Bidens alba and its native congener B. biternata using a growth chamber experiment. Results showed that invasive B. alba had...
Sun Yat-sen University8
University of Toronto3
University of Florida2
The University of Texas at Austin1
University of California, Berkeley1
Georgia Institute of Technology1
Chinese Academy of Sciences1
Eastern Illinois University1
First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University1