162 Works

Rapid and predictable evolution of admixed populations between two Drosophila species pairs

Daniel Matute, Aaron Comeault, Eric Earley, Antonio Serrato-Capuchina, David Peede, Anaïs Monroy-Eklund, Wen Huang, Corbin Jones, Trudy Mackay & Jerry Coyne
The consequences of hybridization are varied, ranging from the origin of new lineages, introgression of some genes between species, to the extinction of one of the hybridizing species. We generated replicate admixed populations between two pairs of sister species of Drosophila: D. simulans and D. mauritiana; and D. yakuba and D. santomea. Each pair consisted of a continental species and an island endemic. The admixed populations were maintained by random mating in discrete generations for...

Data from: Vocal characteristics of prairie dog alarm calls across an urban noise gradient

Graeme Shannon, Megan F. McKenna, Grete Wilson-Henjum, Lisa M. Angeloni, Kevin R. Crooks & George Wittemyer
Increasing anthropogenic noise is having a global impact on wildlife, particularly due to the masking of crucial acoustical communication. However, there have been few studies examining the impacts of noise exposure on communication in free-ranging terrestrial mammals. We studied alarm calls of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) across an urban gradient to explore vocal adjustment relative to different levels of noise exposure. There was no change in the frequency 5%, peak frequency or duration of...

Phylogenomics and species delimitation for effective conservation of manta and devil rays

Emily Humble, Jane Hosegood, Rob Ogden, Mark De Bruyn, Simon Creer, Guy Stevens, Mohammed Abudaya, Kim Bassos-Hull, Ramon Bonfil, Daniel Fernando, Andrew Foote, Helen Hipperson, Rima Jabado, Jenny Kaden, Muhammad Moazzam, Lauren Peel, Stephen Pollett, Alessandro Ponzo, Marloes Poortvliet, Jehad Salah, Helen Senn, Joshua Stewart, Sabine Wintner & Gary Carvalho
Practical biodiversity conservation relies on delineation of biologically meaningful units. Manta and devil rays (Mobulidae) are threatened worldwide, yet morphological similarities and a succession of recent taxonomic changes impede the development of an effective conservation strategy. Here, we generate genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from a geographically and taxonomically representative set of manta and devil ray samples to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships and evaluate species boundaries under the general lineage concept. We show that nominal...

Ensemble outputs among contemporary ecosystem service models for water supply and aboveground carbon storage in the UK following 10 different methods

D.A.P. Hooftman, J.M. Bullock, L. Jones & S. Willcock
This data set contains UK-wide maps of ten different among-model ensemble approaches for two services: above ground Carbon stock and water supply. The data for Carbon comes as fourteen TIF maps for above ground carbon storage at a 1-km2 resolution with associated world files: ten approaches, with a double option for two of those, together with maps of variation among models and among ensembles. For water, the data comes as one shapefile with polygons per...

Dry bulk density, loss on ignition and organic carbon content of surficial soils from English and Welsh salt marshes 2019

P. Ruranska, C.J.T. Ladd, C. Smeaton, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The data provide a quantitative measure of the dry bulk density, soil texture, organic matter content (LOI) and organic carbon present within surface soils (up to a depth of 10 cm). A total of 212 samples from 49 sites across England and Wales were collected using modified syringe samplers as part of the citizen scientist programme CarbonQuest, part of Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats across England...

Methodological confounds of measuring urinary oxidative stress in wild animals

Zoe Melvin, Zoe Melvin, Hussein Dhirani, Christopher Mitchell, Tim Davenport, Jonathan Blount & Alexander Georgiev
Biomarkers of oxidative stress (OS) are useful in addressing a wide range of research questions, but thus far, they have had limited application to wild mammal populations due to a reliance on blood or tissue sampling. A shift towards non-invasive measurement of OS would allow field ecologists and conservationists to apply this method more readily. However, the impact of methodological confounds on urinary OS measurement under field conditions has never been explicitly investigated. We combined...

Physical and geochemical properties of saltmarsh soils from wide diameter gouge cores in UK saltmarshes collected between 2018 and 2021

C. Smeaton, C.J.T. Ladd, G.M. Havelock, L.C. Miller, E. Garrett, W. Hiles, L. McMahon, R.T.E. Mills, A. Radbourne, L. Rees-Hughes, S. Riegel, N.L.M. Barlow, M.W. Skov, R. Gehrels & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset comprises of physical and biogeochemical measurements of saltmarsh soils from across 19 UK saltmarshes. The data provides a quantitative measure of soil dry bulk density, organic carbon content, nitrogen content, CN ratio, N/C ratio, δ13Corg and δ15N across varies substrate and marsh types. Between 2018 and 2021, 33 wide diameter gouge cores (60 mm in diameter) were collected as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to facilitate the calculation...

Vegetation composition data from UK saltmarshes, 2018 to 2021

C.J.T. Ladd, L.C. Miller, L. McMahon, G.M. Havelock, C. Smeaton, A. Garbutt, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset details vegetation composition of UK saltmarshes measured from quadrats across UK saltmarshes. Between 2018 and 2021, vegetation surveys were carried out at 460 sites across 33 saltmarshes as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to develop an understanding the linkages between saltmarsh soil organic carbon and vegetation. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats types in the UK, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The dataset...

Spatial mapping of surficial soil organic carbon storage and stocks across Great British saltmarshes

C. Smeaton, A. Burden, P. Ruranska, C.J.T. Ladd, A. Garbutt, L. Jones, L. McMahon, L.C. Miller, D.A. Norris, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The geospatial dataset maps organic carbon (OC) storage (kg OC m-2) and OC stocks (tonnes OC) of surficial soils across 438 Great British saltmarshes. The OC density for the surficial soils (top 10 cm) is mapped across 451.65 km2 of saltmarshes, identified from current saltmarsh maps of Great Britain’s three constituent countries; Scotland, England and Wales The spatial maps are built upon surficial (top 10 cm) soil bulk density and carbon data produced by the...

Climatic niche conservatism in a clade of disease vectors (Diptera: Phlebotominae)

Emmanuel R. R. D'Agostino, Rafael Jose Vivero Gomez, Luis Romero, Eduar Bejarano, Allen Hurlbert, Aaron A. Comeault & Daniel Matute
Sandflies of the family Psychodidae show notable diversity in both disease vector status and climatic niche. Psychodid species’ ranges can be solely tropical, confined to the temperate zones, or span both. We obtained observation site data, and associated climate data, for 223 psychodid species to understand which aspects of climate most closely predict distribution. Temperature and seasonality are strong determinants of species occurrence within the clade. We built a mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of Psychodidae, and...

Whole genome resequencing data enables a targeted SNP panel for conservation and aquaculture of Oreochromis cichlid fishes

Adam Ciezarek, Antonia Ford, Graham Etherington, Nasser Kasozi, Milan Malinsky, Tarang Mehta, Luca Penso-Dolfin, Benjamin Ngatunga, Asilatu Shechonge, Rashid Tamatamah, Wilfried Haerty, Federica Di Palma, Martin Genner & Turner George
Cichlid fish of the genus Oreochromis form the basis of the global tilapia aquaculture and fisheries industries. Broodstocks for aquaculture are often collected from wild populations, which in Africa may be from locations containing multiple Oreochromis species. However, many species are difficult to distinguish morphologically, hampering efforts to maintain good quality farmed strains. Additionally, non-native farmed tilapia populations are known to be widely distributed across Africa and to hybridize with native Oreochromis species, which themselves...

Plasticity of plant silicon and nitrogen concentrations in response to water regimes varies across temperate grassland species

Marius Klotz, Jörg Schaller, Heike Feldhaar, Jürgen Dengler, Gerhard Gebauer, Gregor Aas, Anita Weissflog & Bettina M. J. Engelbrecht
Temperate grasslands exhibit strong spatial and temporal variation in water regimes. Thus, grassland plants experience potentially stressful water regimes, which may influence their tissue silicon (Si) and nitrogen (N) concentrations. Plant Si and N concentrations play important ecological roles in temperate grasslands, e.g. by influencing plant performance and herbivory, yet comparisons of species’ responses to a broad range of water regimes, including drought, waterlogging, and flooding, are lacking. We conducted a mesocosm experiment with ten...

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