24 Works

Differential effects of vegetation and climate on termite diversity and damage

Donghao Wu, Sebastian Seibold, M. D. Farnon Ellwood & Chengjin Chu
Species diversity shapes ecosystem services. Despite the advantages that this relationship has for pest management, few studies have investigated the links between infrastructure damage (i.e. the percentage amount of infrastructures infested by termites), species richness and the environment. Moreover, it is not clear that which proportion of species richness (total/functional-dominant/common/rare) contributes most to infrastructure damage. We correlated termite species richness with termite infestation throughout 83 cities in Zhejiang Province, eastern China. Species were classified according...

Linking variation in planktonic primary production to coral reef fish growth and condition

Ronan Roche
Within low nutrient tropical oceans, islands and atolls with higher primary production support higher reef fish biomass and reef organism abundance. External energy subsidies can be delivered onto reefs via a range of physical mechanisms. However, the influence of spatial variation in primary production on reef fish growth and condition is largely unknown. It is not yet clear how variability in food delivery onto a reef interacts with reef depth and slope, and affects reef...

Hurricane disturbance accelerated the thermophilization of a Jamaican montane forest

Edmund V. J. Tanner, Peter Bellingham, John Healey & Kenneth Feeley
Thermophilization – changes in community composition towards greater relative abundances of species associated with warmer environments – has been described for plants and animals in many locations around the world. Disturbances of various kinds have increased rates of thermophilization in temperate sites, and this has been proposed, but not demonstrated, for some tropical environments. In this study, we tested whether disturbance by a Category four hurricane in 1988 (Hurricane Gilbert) increased thermophilization in a Jamaican...

Zinc tolerance measurements for Silene uniflora populations in the UK and Ireland, 2021

A. Papadopulos, D. Wood & L. Giles
The dataset contains: (i) estimates of zinc tolerance for 50 populations of Silene uniflora in the UK and Ireland generated between 03/2021 and 09/2021. The data were collected using cuttings from wild collected specimens. Root growth of cuttings in zinc rich media was assessed using deep water culture experiments. The data set contains the zinc tolerance (mean and standard deviations of root growth scores) and the number of cuttings assessed for each population; (ii) GPS...

Hybridisation and chloroplast capture between ancient Themeda triandra ecotypes in Australia

Luke Dunning, Jill Olofsson, Alexander Papadopulos, Samuel Hibdige, Oriane Hidalgo, Ilia Leitch, Paulo Baleeiro, Sinethemba Ntshangase, Nigel Barker & Richard Jobson
Ecotypes are distinct populations within a species that are adapted to specific environmental conditions. Understanding how these ecotypes become established, and how they interact when reunited, is fundamental to elucidating how ecological adaptations are maintained. This study focuses on Themeda triandra, a dominant grassland species across Asia, Africa and Australia. It is the most widespread plant in Australia, where it has distinct ecotypes that are usually restricted to either wetter and cooler coastal regions or...

Nitrous oxide emissions and associated microbial diversity, soil biochemical properties and crop growth and yield from a field trial of winter barley with the addition of microplastics, Abergwyngregyn, UK, 2020-2021

L.M. Greenfield, M. Graf, S. Rengaraj, R. Bargiela, G.B. Williams, P.N. Golyshin, D.R. Chadwick & D.L. Jones
This dataset contains field data on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions, microbial community composition, crop yield and growth and soil biochemical properties. The field trial consisted of three different treatments of control, conventional microplastic addition and biodegradable microplastic addition where winter barley was grown. The data presented are from field and laboratory measurements. Data was collected by the data authors. The field trial was carried out from September 2020 to July 2021 at Henfaes Field Centre,...

Data from: Seasonal progression and differences in major floral resource use by bees and hoverflies in a diverse horticultural and agricultural landscape revealed by DNA metabarcoding

Abigail Lowe, Laura Jones, Georgina Brennan, Simon Creer & Natasha De Vere
Gardens are important habitats for pollinators, providing floral resources and nesting sites. There are high levels of public support for growing ‘pollinator-friendly’ plants but whilst plant recommendation lists are available, they are usually inconsistent, poorly supported by scientific research and target a narrow group of pollinators. In order to supply the most appropriate resources, there is a clear need to understand foraging preferences, for a range of pollinators, across the season within horticultural landscapes. Using...

Single time point sampling of site characteristics, soil parameters and soil greenhouse gas emissions for extensive and intensive sheep-farming sites in North Wales and Devon, 2016

A.F. Charteris, P. Harris, K.A. Marsden, I.M. Harris, Z. Guo, D.A. Beaumont, H. Taylor, G. Sanfratello, D.L. Jones, S.C.M. Johnson, M.J. Whelan, N. Howden, H. Sint, D.R. Chadwick & L.M. Cárdenas
The data pertains to a single time point ‘snapshot’ spatial sampling of site characteristics, soil parameters and soil greenhouse gas emissions for two sites (Extensive and Intensive). The extensively managed site (‘Extensive’; 240-340 m above sea level; a.s.l.) consisted of an 11.5 ha semi-improved, sheep-grazed pasture at Bangor University’s Henfaes Research Station, Abergwyngregyn, North Wales (53°13’13’’N, 4°0’34’’W). The intensively managed site (‘Intensive’; on average 160 m a.s.l.) was a 1.78 ha sheep-grazed pasture located in...

Plant-root pathogenic fungal and plant-mycorrhizal fungal association networks in a subtropical forest

Chunchao Zhu, Zihui Wang, Wenqi Luo, Jiayi Feng, Yongfa Chen, Dong He, M. D. Farnon Ellwood, Chengjin Chu & Yuangzhi Li
Although rhizosphere fungi are essential for plant survival and ecosystem functioning, little is known about the processes that structure plant–fungal association networks. In this study, we constructed association networks between 43 plant species and two groups of root-associated fungi (mycorrhizal and pathogenic fungi; MF and PF, respectively) in a diverse subtropical forest. We then evaluated the modularity of plant–MF and plant–PF networks and linked them to the functional traits and phylogenies of both plants and...

Translin facilitates RNA polymerase II dissociation and suppresses genome instability during RNase H2- and Dicer-deficiency (data files)

Ramsay McFarlane
The conserved nucleic acid binding protein Translin contributes to numerous facets of mammalian biology and genetic diseases. It was first identified as a binder of cancer-associated chromosomal translocation breakpoint junctions leading to the suggestion that it was involved in genetic recombination. With a paralogous partner protein, Trax, Translin has subsequently been found to form a hetero-octomeric RNase complex that drives some of its functions, including passenger strand removal in RNA interference (RNAi). The Translin-Trax complex...

Physical and geochemical properties of saltmarsh soils from narrow diameter gouge cores in UK saltmarshes collected between 2018 and 2021

C. Smeaton, C.J.T. Ladd, G.M. Havelock, L.C. Miller, E. Garrett, W. Hiles, L. McMahon, R.T.E. Mills, A. Radbourne, L. Rees-Hughes, S. Riegel, N.L.M. Barlow, M.W. Skov, R. Gehrels & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset comprises of physical and biogeochemical measurements of saltmarsh soils from across 22 UK saltmarshes. Between 2018 and 2021, 462 narrow diameter gouge cores (30 mm in diameter) were collected as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to facilitate the calculation of saltmarsh soil organic carbon stocks. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats types in the UK, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The data provides...

Additional file 2 of Crop management shapes the diversity and activity of DNA and RNA viruses in the rhizosphere

George Muscatt, Sally Hilton, Sebastien Raguideau, Graham Teakle, Ian D. E. A. Lidbury, Elizabeth M. H. Wellington, Christopher Quince, Andrew Millard, Gary D. Bending & Eleanor Jameson
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table S1. Sample metadata for all sample libraries. Supplementary Table S2. DNA viral population read counts. Supplementary Table S3. ssRNA viral population read counts. Supplementary Table S4. 16S rRNA OTU read counts. Supplementary Table S5. Viral gene read counts. Supplementary Table S6. PERMANOVA testing of contribution of soil compartment, crop rotation strategy and growth stage on viral and bacterial community composition. Supplementary Table S7. Mixed effect model output for linear relationship...

Climatic similarity and genomic background shape the extent of parallel adaptation in Timema stick insects

Samridhi Chaturvedi, Zachariah Gompert, Jefferey L. Feder, Owen G. Osborne, Moritz Muschick, Rudiger Riesch, Victor Soria-Carrasco & Patrik Nosil
Evolution can repeat itself, resulting in parallel adaptations in independent lineages occupying similar environments. Moreover, parallel evolution sometimes, but not always, uses the same genes. Two main hypotheses have been put forth to explain the probability and extent of parallel evolution. First, parallel evolution is more likely when shared ecologies result in similar patterns of natural selection in different taxa. Second, parallelism is more likely when genomes are similar, because of shared standing variation and...

Data from: Fauxcurrence: simulating multi-species occurrences for null models in species distribution modelling and biogeography

Owen Osborne
This dataset contains GPS coordinates of occurrences from 22 species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. It was used in the manuscript "Fauxcurrence: simulating multi-species occurrences for null models in species distribution modelling and biogeography" to demonstrate the utility of the fauxcurrence R package (https://github.com/ogosborne/fauxcurrence).

Global positioning system (GPS) locations and elevations of soil sampling sites across UK saltmarshes 2018 to 2021

C. Smeaton, C.J.T. Ladd, G.M. Havelock, L.C. Miller, E. Garrett, W. Hiles, L. McMahon, R.T.E. Mills, A. Radbourne, P. Ruranska, L. Rees-Hughes, S. Riegel, N.L.M. Barlow, M.W. Skov, R. Gehrels & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset details global positioning system (GPS) locations and elevations recorded for 1323 sampling sites across UK saltmarshes. Between 2018 and 2021, soil was sampled at 1323 locations as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to facilitate the calculation of saltmarsh soil organic carbon stocks and burial rates. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitat types in the UK, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The work was...

Additional file 2 of Crop management shapes the diversity and activity of DNA and RNA viruses in the rhizosphere

George Muscatt, Sally Hilton, Sebastien Raguideau, Graham Teakle, Ian D. E. A. Lidbury, Elizabeth M. H. Wellington, Christopher Quince, Andrew Millard, Gary D. Bending & Eleanor Jameson
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table S1. Sample metadata for all sample libraries. Supplementary Table S2. DNA viral population read counts. Supplementary Table S3. ssRNA viral population read counts. Supplementary Table S4. 16S rRNA OTU read counts. Supplementary Table S5. Viral gene read counts. Supplementary Table S6. PERMANOVA testing of contribution of soil compartment, crop rotation strategy and growth stage on viral and bacterial community composition. Supplementary Table S7. Mixed effect model output for linear relationship...

Widespread variation in functional trait-vital rate relationships in tropical tree seedlings across a precipitation and soil phosphorus gradient

Luke Browne, Lars Markesteijn, Eric Manzané-Pinzón, Joe Wright, Robert Bagchi, Bettina Engelbrecht, F. Andrew Jones & Liza Comita
A fundamental assumption of functional ecology is that functional traits are related to interspecific variation in performance. However, the relationship between functional traits and performance is often weak or uncertain, especially for plants. A potential explanation for this inconsistency is that the relationship between functional traits and vital rates (e.g., growth and mortality) is dependent on local environmental conditions, which would lead to variation in trait-rate relationships across environmental gradients. In this study, we examined...

Dry bulk density, loss on ignition and organic carbon content of surficial soils from English and Welsh salt marshes 2019

P. Ruranska, C.J.T. Ladd, C. Smeaton, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The data provide a quantitative measure of the dry bulk density, soil texture, organic matter content (LOI) and organic carbon present within surface soils (up to a depth of 10 cm). A total of 212 samples from 49 sites across England and Wales were collected using modified syringe samplers as part of the citizen scientist programme CarbonQuest, part of Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats across England...

Physical and geochemical properties of saltmarsh soils from wide diameter gouge cores in UK saltmarshes collected between 2018 and 2021

C. Smeaton, C.J.T. Ladd, G.M. Havelock, L.C. Miller, E. Garrett, W. Hiles, L. McMahon, R.T.E. Mills, A. Radbourne, L. Rees-Hughes, S. Riegel, N.L.M. Barlow, M.W. Skov, R. Gehrels & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset comprises of physical and biogeochemical measurements of saltmarsh soils from across 19 UK saltmarshes. The data provides a quantitative measure of soil dry bulk density, organic carbon content, nitrogen content, CN ratio, N/C ratio, δ13Corg and δ15N across varies substrate and marsh types. Between 2018 and 2021, 33 wide diameter gouge cores (60 mm in diameter) were collected as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to facilitate the calculation...

Methodological confounds of measuring urinary oxidative stress in wild animals

Zoe Melvin, Zoe Melvin, Hussein Dhirani, Christopher Mitchell, Tim Davenport, Jonathan Blount & Alexander Georgiev
Biomarkers of oxidative stress (OS) are useful in addressing a wide range of research questions, but thus far, they have had limited application to wild mammal populations due to a reliance on blood or tissue sampling. A shift towards non-invasive measurement of OS would allow field ecologists and conservationists to apply this method more readily. However, the impact of methodological confounds on urinary OS measurement under field conditions has never been explicitly investigated. We combined...

Vegetation composition data from UK saltmarshes, 2018 to 2021

C.J.T. Ladd, L.C. Miller, L. McMahon, G.M. Havelock, C. Smeaton, A. Garbutt, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The dataset details vegetation composition of UK saltmarshes measured from quadrats across UK saltmarshes. Between 2018 and 2021, vegetation surveys were carried out at 460 sites across 33 saltmarshes as part of the Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (C-SIDE) project to develop an understanding the linkages between saltmarsh soil organic carbon and vegetation. Sites were chosen to represent contrasting habitats types in the UK, in particular sediment types, vegetation and sea level history. The dataset...

Spatial mapping of surficial soil organic carbon storage and stocks across Great British saltmarshes

C. Smeaton, A. Burden, P. Ruranska, C.J.T. Ladd, A. Garbutt, L. Jones, L. McMahon, L.C. Miller, D.A. Norris, M.W. Skov & W.E.N. Austin
The geospatial dataset maps organic carbon (OC) storage (kg OC m-2) and OC stocks (tonnes OC) of surficial soils across 438 Great British saltmarshes. The OC density for the surficial soils (top 10 cm) is mapped across 451.65 km2 of saltmarshes, identified from current saltmarsh maps of Great Britain’s three constituent countries; Scotland, England and Wales The spatial maps are built upon surficial (top 10 cm) soil bulk density and carbon data produced by the...

Climatic niche conservatism in a clade of disease vectors (Diptera: Phlebotominae)

Emmanuel R. R. D'Agostino, Rafael Jose Vivero Gomez, Luis Romero, Eduar Bejarano, Allen Hurlbert, Aaron A. Comeault & Daniel Matute
Sandflies of the family Psychodidae show notable diversity in both disease vector status and climatic niche. Psychodid species’ ranges can be solely tropical, confined to the temperate zones, or span both. We obtained observation site data, and associated climate data, for 223 psychodid species to understand which aspects of climate most closely predict distribution. Temperature and seasonality are strong determinants of species occurrence within the clade. We built a mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of Psychodidae, and...

Plasticity of plant silicon and nitrogen concentrations in response to water regimes varies across temperate grassland species

Marius Klotz, Jörg Schaller, Heike Feldhaar, Jürgen Dengler, Gerhard Gebauer, Gregor Aas, Anita Weissflog & Bettina M. J. Engelbrecht
Temperate grasslands exhibit strong spatial and temporal variation in water regimes. Thus, grassland plants experience potentially stressful water regimes, which may influence their tissue silicon (Si) and nitrogen (N) concentrations. Plant Si and N concentrations play important ecological roles in temperate grasslands, e.g. by influencing plant performance and herbivory, yet comparisons of species’ responses to a broad range of water regimes, including drought, waterlogging, and flooding, are lacking. We conducted a mesocosm experiment with ten...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    24

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    24

Affiliations

  • Bangor University
    23
  • University of Glasgow
    6
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    5
  • University of St Andrews
    5
  • University of York
    5
  • University of Leeds
    3
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    2
  • Earlham Institute
    2
  • University of Warwick
    2
  • University of Bayreuth
    2