27 Works

The ASTARTE Paleotsunami deposits database - NEAM region

Paolo Marco De Martini, Daniela Pantosti, Simone Orefice, Alessandra Smedile, Antonio Patera, Raphaël Paris, Pedro Terrinha, James Hunt, Gerassimos Papadopoulos, João Noiva, Ioanna Triantafyllou & Ahmet Cevdet Yalçıner
The EU project ASTARTE aims at developing a higher level of tsunami hazard assessment in the North East Atlantic, Mediterranean and Connected seas (NEAM) region by a combination of field work, experimental work, numerical modeling and technical development. The project is a cooperative work of 26 institutes from 16 countries and links together the description of past tsunamigenic events, the identification and characterization of tsunami sources, the assessment of the impact of such events, and...

Data from: Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod

Jennifer Clack, Marcello Ruta, Andrew Milner, John Marshall, Timothy Smithson & Keturah Smithson
The enigmatic tetrapod Acherontiscus caledoniae from the Pendleian stage of the Early Carboniferous shows heterodontous and durophagous teeth, representing the earliest known examples of significant adaptations in tetrapod dental morphology. Tetrapods of the Late Devonian and Early Carboniferous (Mississippian), now known in some depth, are generally conservative in their dentition and body morphologies. Their teeth are simple and uniform, being cone-like and sometimes recurved at the tip. Modifications such as keels occur for the first...

Isis remotely-operated vehicle (ROV) bathymetry data in Marguerite Trough, Antarctica, from James Clark Ross cruise JR157, 2007

Julian Dowdeswell, Robert Larter, Riko Noormets, Gwyn Griffiths & Kelly Hogan
On cruise JR157 the Isis ROV was deployed on 15 dives in the Marguerite Trough area in January and February 2007. Dives 10 and 11 targeted a bedrock channel system on the inner continental shelf to investigate channel incision processes and the history of glaciation in the area. The plan was to map parts of the channel walls and thalweg, and then to use these data to locate the best coring sites within the channel...

Data from: A global perspective on the trophic geography of sharks

Christopher Stephen Bird, Ana Veríssimo, Sarah Magozzi, Kátya G. Abrantes, Alex Aguilar, Hassan Al-Reasi, Adam Barnett, Dana M. Bethea, Gérard Biais, Asuncion Borrell, Marc Bouchoucha, Mariah Boyle, Edward J. Brooks, Juerg Brunnschweiler, Paco Bustamante, Aaron Carlisle, Diana Catarino, Stéphane Caut, Yves Cherel, Tiphaine Chouvelon, Diana Churchill, Javier Ciancio, Julien Claes, Ana Colaço, Dean L. Courtney … & Clive N. Trueman
Sharks are a diverse group of mobile predators that forage across varied spatial scales and have the potential to influence food web dynamics. The ecological consequences of recent declines in shark biomass may extend across broader geographic ranges if shark taxa display common behavioural traits. By tracking the original site of photosynthetic fixation of carbon atoms that were ultimately assimilated into muscle tissues of 5,394 sharks from 114 species, we identify globally consistent biogeographic traits...

Data from: Energetic increases lead to niche packing in deep-sea wood falls

Craig R. McClain, Clifton Nunnally, Abbie S.A. Chapman, James P. Barry & Abbie S. A. Chapman
Mechanisms leading to variation in diversity over energetic gradients continue to challenge ecologists. Changes in diversity may reflect the environmental capacity to support species’ coexistence through increased niche packing or niche space expansion. Current ecological theory predicts increases of energy may lead to both scenarios but not their relative strengths. We use experimental deep-sea, wood-fall communities, where energy supply can be controlled, to test for the importance of niche expansion and packing in functional space...

Departing from an ideal: An asymmetric, bimodal and non-Equatorial latitudinal gradient of marine diversity in Western Atlantic burrowing shrimps (Decapoda: Axiidea and Gebiidea)

Patricio Hernáez, Phillip Fenberg & Marcelo Rivadeneira
Aim: Despite the generality of the latitudinal gradient of species diversity (LDG) phenomenon, there is growing evidence showing deviations from an idealized pattern, i.e., a single peak of species richness symmetrically centered in the Equator, but the underlying causes remains little studied. We here evaluate the existence of departures from the idealized LDG in a group of marine crustaceans and the explanatory role of environmental variables. Location: Coastal shelf (< 200 m depth) along the...

Data from: The role of ontogeny in physiological tolerance: decreasing hydrostatic pressure tolerance with development in the northern stone crab Lithodes maja

Catriona Munro, James P. Morris, Alastair Brown, Chris Hauton & Sven Thatje
Extant deep-sea invertebrate fauna represent both ancient and recent invasions from shallow-water habitats. Hydrostatic pressure may present a significant physiological challenge to organisms seeking to colonize deeper waters or migrate ontogenetically. Pressure may be a key factor contributing to bottlenecks in the radiation of taxa and potentially drive speciation. Here, we assess shifts in the tolerance of hydrostatic pressure through early ontogeny of the northern stone crab Lithodes maja, which occupies a depth range of...

Data from: Metabolic costs imposed by hydrostatic pressure constrain bathymetric range in the lithodid crab Lithodes maja

Alastair Brown, Sven Thatje, James P. Morris, Andrew Oliphant, Elizabeth A. Morgan, Chris Hauton, Daniel O. B. Jones & David W. Pond
Changing climate is shifting the distributions of marine species, yet the potential for shifts in depth distributions is virtually unexplored. Hydrostatic pressure is proposed to contribute to a physiological bottleneck constraining depth range extension in shallow-water taxa. However, bathymetric limitation by hydrostatic pressure remains undemonstrated, and the mechanism limiting hyperbaric tolerance remains hypothetical. Here, we assess the effects of hydrostatic pressure in the lithodid crab Lithodes maja (bathymetric range 4-790 m depth, approximately equivalent to...

Depth and velocity measurements in the South Saskatchewan River, Canada (2015-2017)

C. Unsworth, A. Nicholas, P. Ashworth, D. Parsons & G. Sambrook Smith
Data were collected in 2015, 2016 and 2017 to provide information on the distribution of flow depth and depth-averaged flow velocity at cross-sections on the South Saskatchewan River, Canada. Data were obtained using a Sontek M9 acoustic Doppler current profiler (aDcp) mounted onto either a small zodiac boat or a SonTek Hydroboard. Data for each cross-section is recorded in a single file. Individual points within each file represent single locations on the particular cross-section. Data...

Data from: Seafloor microplastic hotspots controlled by deep-sea circulation

Ian Kane, Michael Clare, Elda Miramontes, Roy Wogelius, James Rothwell, Pierre Garreau & Florian Pohl
While microplastics are known to pervade the global seafloor, the processes that control their dispersal and concentration in the deep sea remain largely unknown. Here we show that thermohaline-driven currents, which build extensive seafloor sediment accumulations, can control the distribution of microplastics and create hotspots of up to 1.9 million pieces m^2. This is the highest reported value for any seafloor setting, globally. Previous studies propose that microplastics are transported to the seafloor by vertical...

Composite Pb isotope record for Tropic Seamount

Pierre Josso, Matthew Horstwood, Ian Millar, Vanessa Pashley, Paul Lusty & Bramley Murton
The file contains the LA-MC-ICP-MS composite Pb isotope ratios for Tropic Seamount, north-east Atlantic Ocean, spanning a deposition history covering the last 75 Ma. The record was obtained by analysis of hydrogenetic ferromanganese crust samples recovered during the 2016 JC142 expedition of the MarineE-Tech project.

CO2-induced salt precipitation test in sandstone

Ismael Falcon-Suarez
Here we present the dataset collected during a CO2 flow-through test using a synthetic sandstone of high porosity and permeability, originally saturated with high salinity brine, performed under realistic shallow reservoir conditions stress. During the test, we collect geophysical data (elastic and electrical properties) which record petrophysical variations in the rock related to the precipitation of salt, induced by a continuous CO2 flow through the sample.

Flow cytometry analysis of water samples for bacterial and Pico-plankton enumeration, samples collected in the Barents Sea during 2017-2018

Elaine Mitchell, Sharon McNeil, Callum Whyte, Finlo Cottier, Joanne Hopkins & Keith Davidson
Collection and preservation of open ocean water samples from stations along a transect in the Barents Sea over the course of a year from July 2017 - July 2018. Four cruises in total to cover seasonal changes, two on board the James Clark Ross (RRS) and two aboard the Helmer Hansen (RV). A standard CTD cast was deployed to collect the samples, the depths were selected to support Primary Production experiments on board the ship,...

Forecasts, neural networks, and results from the paper: 'Seasonal Arctic sea ice forecasting with probabilistic deep learning'

Tom R. Andersson & J. Scott Hosking
This dataset encompasses data produced in the study 'Seasonal Arctic sea ice forecasting with probabilistic deep learning', published in Nature Communications. The study introduces a new Arctic sea ice forecasting AI system, IceNet, which predicts monthly-averaged sea ice probability (SIP; probability of sea ice concentration > 15%) up to 6 months ahead at 25 km resolution. The study demonstrated IceNet's superior seasonal forecasting skill over a state-of-the-art physics-based sea ice forecasting system, ECMWF SEAS5, and...

A climate risk index for marine life

Daniel Boyce, Derek Tittensor, Cristina Garilao, Stephanie Henson, Kristen Kaschner, Kathleen Kesner-Reyes, Alex Pigot, Rodolfo Reyes, Gabriel Reygondeau, Kathryn Schleit, Nancy Shackell, Patricia Sorongon-Yap & Boris Worm
Climate change is impacting virtually all marine life. Adaptation strategies will require a robust understanding of the risk to species and ecosystems and how those propagate to human societies. We develop a unified and spatially explicit index to comprehensively evaluate the climate risks to marine life. Under high emissions (SSP5-8.5), almost 90% of ~25,000 species are at high or critical risk, with species at risk across 85% of their native distributions. One-tenth of the ocean...

High-resolution LA-MC-ICP-MS Pb isotope data (65.5 - 63 Ma) for Tropic Seamount, north-east Atlantic, and Matlab and R processing scripts for cyclostratigraphic analysis

Pierre Josso, Tim van Peer, Matthew Horstwood, Paul Lusty & Bramley Murton
The excel table presents the high-resolution LA-MC-ICP-MS Pb isotope data (± 2S%) produced for the Paleocene interval of Fe-Mn crust core sample 085_004 recovered in 2016 during the JC142 expedition to Tropic Seamount for the MarineE-Tech project. A detailed description of the sample can be found in Josso et al., 2019 and 2020. The Scripts data are Matlab and R readable file presenting all scripts and built-in functions used during the processing of the data...

Greenhouse gas and nutrient data measured across estuaries in the UK, 2017-2018

A.E. Pickard, I. Brown, A. Burden, N. Callaghan, C.D. Evans, V. Kitidis, D. Mayor, J. Olszewska, G. Pereira, B.M. Spears, J. Williamson, M. Woodward & A.P. Rees
The dataset contains dissolved greenhouse and nutrient data collected from seven UK estuaries: the Clyde, Clywd, Conwy, Dart, Forth, Tamar and Tay, for the LOCATE project. Sampling was conducted from July 2017 to April 2018 on a quarterly basis, and was coordinated to occur on falling tides and to target specific salinities of interest: 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 25 psu. Data were obtained via collection of gas and water samples in situ, and concentrations...

Peat properties from the Flow Country, Scotland, 2020, following wildfire in 2019

P. Fernandez-Garcia, R. Andersen, R. Schmidt, P.P.J. Gaffney, P. Gilbert, D.J. Large, C. Marshall, D. Mayor, A. Pickard & B. Williamson
Location of peat cores and peat properties including moisture, bulk density, ash and organic matter content for short cores (50 cm) collected 10 month post-fire in high, medium and low severity areas within a drained and a near natural area in the footprint of a severe wildfire that impacted >6500 ha of blanket bog and wet heath in the Flow Country of Northern Scotland.

Water chemistry measured from peatland sub-catchments in the Flow Country, Scotland following a wildfire 2019-2020

P. Fernandez-Garcia, R. Anderson, S. Felgate, P. Gaffney, P. Gilbert, A. Grant, D. Mayor & A.E. Pickard
The dataset contains water chemistry data collected from peatland headwaters across the Flow Country following a wildfire in May 2019. Samples were collected on a monthly basis from 52 sites across the region from September 2019 to October 2020. Sampling sites were selected to represent peatland catchments in the following conditions: burned near natural, burned drained, unburned near natural, unburned drained and unburned forested. Data were obtained via collection of water samples in situ, and...

Additional file 2 of Transcriptomic stability or lability explains sensitivity to climate stressors in coralline algae

Tessa M. Page, Carmel McDougall, Ido Bar & Guillermo Diaz-Pulido
Additional file 2: SI Dataset. Table of all significantly (FDR < 0.05), differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from pairwise comparisons of experimental treatments from edgeR analysis for Porolithon cf. onkodes. Table includes P. cf. onkodes gene identifiers and values for log expression fold changes (logFC), log counts per million (logCPM), F statistic, p value, false discovery rate (FDR; p adjusted by the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure) for pairwise comparisons of each treatment combination. Treatment comparisons are listed as...

Data from: Symbiodinium thermophilum sp. nov., a thermotolerant symbiotic alga prevalent in corals of the world’s hottest sea, the Persian/Arabian Gulf

Benjamin C. C. Hume, Cecilia D'Angelo, Edward G. Smith, Jamie R. Stevens, John Burt & Joerg Wiedenmann
Coral reefs are in rapid decline on a global scale due to human activities and a changing climate. Shallow water reefs depend on the obligatory symbiosis between the habitat forming coral host and its algal symbiont from the genus Symbiodinium (zooxanthellae). This association is highly sensitive to thermal perturbations and temperatures as little as 1°C above the average summer maxima can cause the breakdown of this symbiosis, termed coral bleaching. Predicting the capacity of corals...

Data from: Genetic structure of coral-Symbiodinium symbioses on the world’s warmest reefs

Edward G. Smith, Benjamin C. C. Hume, Patrice Delaney, Jörg Wiedenmann & John A. Burt
Corals in the Arabian/Persian Gulf (PAG) survive extreme sea temperatures (summer mean: >34°C), and it is unclear whether these corals have genetically adapted or physiologically acclimated to these conditions. In order to elucidate the processes involved in the thermal tolerance of PAG corals, it is essential to understand the connectivity between reefs within and outside of the PAG. To this end, this study set out to investigate the genetic structure of the coral, Platygyra daedalea,...

Data from: Anthropogenic transport of species across native ranges: unpredictable genetic and evolutionary consequences

Jamie Hudson, Frédérique Viard, Charlotte Roby & Marc Rius
Human activities are responsible for the translocation of vast amounts of organisms, altering natural patterns of dispersal and gene flow. Most research to date has focused on the consequences of anthropogenic transportation of non-indigenous species within introduced ranges, with little research focusing on native species. Here, we compared genetic patterns of the sessile marine invertebrate, Ciona intestinalis, which has highly restricted dispersal capabilities. We collected individuals in a region of the species' native range where...

Data from: Environmental heterogeneity decreases reproductive success via effects on foraging behaviour

Alice Trevail, Jonathan Green, Jonathan Sharples, Jeff Polton, Peter Miller, Francis Daunt, Ellie Owen, Mark Bolton, Kendrew Colhoun, Stephen Newton, Gail Robertson & Samantha Patrick
Environmental heterogeneity shapes the uneven distribution of resources available to foragers, and is ubiquitous in nature. Optimal foraging theory predicts that an animal’s ability to exploit resource patches is key to foraging success. However, the potential fitness costs and benefits of foraging in a heterogeneous environment are difficult to measure empirically. Heterogeneity may provide higher quality foraging opportunities, or alternatively could increase the cost of resource acquisition because of reduced patch density or increased competition....

Registration Year

  • 2022
  • 2021
  • 2020
  • 2019
  • 2018
  • 2017
  • 2016
  • 2015

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • National Oceanography Centre
  • University of Southampton
  • British Geological Survey
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • University of Edinburgh
  • Natural Environment Research Council, UK Research & Innovation
  • Griffith University
  • Scottish Association For Marine Science
  • New York University Abu Dhabi
  • British Antarctic Survey