7 Works

Data from: Neural tuning functions underlie both generalization and interference

Ian S. Howard & David W. Franklin
In sports, the role of backswing is considered critical for generating a good shot, even though it plays no direct role in hitting the ball. We recently demonstrated the scientific basis of this phenomenon by showing that immediate past movement affects the learning and recall of motor memories. This effect occurred regardless of whether the past contextual movement was performed actively, passively, or shown visually. In force field studies, it has been shown that motor...

Data from: Bone-eating Osedax worms lived on Mesozoic marine reptile deadfalls

Silvia Danise & Nicholas D. Higgs
We report fossil traces of Osedax, a genus of siboglinid annelids that consume the skeletons of sunken vertebrates on the ocean floor, from early-Late Cretaceous (approx. 100 Myr) plesiosaur and sea turtle bones. Although plesiosaurs went extinct at the end-Cretaceous mass extinction (66 Myr), chelonioids survived the event and diversified, and thus provided sustenance for Osedax in the 20 Myr gap preceding the radiation of cetaceans, their main modern food source. This finding shows that...

Data from: Individual quality and personality: bolder males are less fecund in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus

Danielle Bridger, Simon J. Bonner & Mark Briffa
One explanation for animal personality is that different behavioural types derive from different life-history strategies. Highly productive individuals, with high growth rates and high fecundity, are assumed to live life at a fast pace showing high levels of boldness and risk taking, compared with less productive individuals. Here, we investigate among-individual differences in mean boldness (the inverse of the latency to recover from a startling stimulus) and in the consistency of boldness, in male hermit...

Data from: Weak rappers rock more: Hermit crabs assess their own agonistic behaviour

Elizabeth Edmonds & Mark Briffa
Fighting animals use a variety of information sources to make strategic decisions. A neglected potential source of information is an individual's own performance during a fight. Surprisingly, this possibility has yet to be incorporated into the large body of theory concerning the evolution of aggressive behaviour. Here, by experimentally dampening the impact of their shell rapping behaviour, we test for the possibility that attacking hermit crabs monitor their own fight performance. Attackers with dampened raps...

Data from: The influence of data resolution on predicted distribution and estimates of extent of current protection of three ‘listed’ deep-sea habitats

Lauren K. Ross, Rebecca E. Ross, Heather A. Stewart & Kerry L. Howell
Modelling approaches have the potential to significantly contribute to the spatial management of the deep-sea ecosystem in a cost effective manner. However, we currently have little understanding of the accuracy of such models, developed using limited data, of varying resolution. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of predictive models constructed using non-simulated (real world) data of different resolution. Predicted distribution maps for three deep-sea habitats were constructed using MaxEnt modelling methods...

Data from: Simulating regimes of chemical disturbance and testing impacts in the ecosystem using a novel programmable dosing system

Mark Anthony Browne, Paul R. Brooks, Robert Clough, Andrew S. Fisher, Mariana Mayer Pinto & Tasman P. Crowe
Pollution is a global issue at the frontier between ecology, environmental science, management, engineering and policy. Legislation requires experiments to determine how much contamination an ecosystem can absorb before there are structural or functional changes. Yet, existing methods cannot realistically simulate regimes of chemical disturbance and determine impacts to assemblages in ecosystems. This is because they lack ecologically relevant species and biotic interactions, are logistically difficult to set-up, and lack environmentally relevant regimes of chemical...

Data from: Basking sharks and oceanographic fronts: quantifying associations in the north-east Atlantic

Peter I. Miller, Kylie L. Scales, Simon N. Ingram, Emily J. Southall & David W. Sims
1. Understanding the mechanisms that link oceanographic processes and marine vertebrate space use is critical to our knowledge of marine ecosystem functioning, and for effective management of populations of conservation concern. 2. The basking shark Cetorhinus maximus has been observed in association with oceanographic fronts – physical interfaces at the transitions between water masses – exploiting foraging opportunities resulting from zooplankton aggregation. However, the scale, significance and variability of these associations have not previously been...

Registration Year

  • 2015

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Plymouth University
  • University of California System
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Southampton
  • University of Kentucky
  • University of California, Santa Barbara
  • University of Sydney
  • UNSW Sydney
  • Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • British Geological Survey