3 Works

Biodiversity citizen science: outcomes for the participating citizens

Maria Peter, Tim Diekötter, Tim Höffler & Kerstin Kremer
1. Citizen science (CS) is regarded a promising format in environmental and sustainability education as well as in science education. CS projects often assume that participation in the project influences, for example, participants' knowledge or behaviour. 2. We investigated whether and to what extent biodiversity citizen science (BDCS) projects, from the participants' self-reported perspective, achieve the following six participant outcomes: (1) content, process, and nature of science knowledge, (2) skills of science inquiry, (3) self-efficacy...

Causal Inference with Multilevel Data: A Comparison of Different Propensity Score Weighting Approaches

Alvaro Fuentes, Oliver Lüdtke & Alexander Robitzsch
Propensity score methods are a widely recommended approach to adjust for confounding and to recover treatment effects with non-experimental, single-level data. This article reviews propensity score weighting estimators for multilevel data in which individuals (level 1) are nested in clusters (level 2) and nonrandomly assigned to either a treatment or control condition at level 1. We address the choice of a weighting strategy (inverse probability weights, trimming, overlap weights, calibration weights) and discuss key issues...

Causal Inference with Multilevel Data: A Comparison of Different Propensity Score Weighting Approaches

Alvaro Fuentes, Oliver Lüdtke & Alexander Robitzsch
Propensity score methods are a widely recommended approach to adjust for confounding and to recover treatment effects with non-experimental, single-level data. This article reviews propensity score weighting estimators for multilevel data in which individuals (level 1) are nested in clusters (level 2) and nonrandomly assigned to either a treatment or control condition at level 1. We address the choice of a weighting strategy (inverse probability weights, trimming, overlap weights, calibration weights) and discuss key issues...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    3

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    3

Affiliations

  • Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education
    3
  • University of Hannover
    1
  • Kiel University
    1