Data from: Relationship among medical student resilience, educational environment and quality of lifePatricia Tempski, Itamar S. Santos, Fernanda B. Mayer, Sylvia C. Enns, Bruno Perotta, Helena B. M. S. Paro, Silmar Gannam, Munique Peleias, Vera Lucia Garcia, Sergio Baldassin, Katia B. Guimaraes, Nilson R. Silva, Emirene M. T. Navarro Da Cruz, Luis F. Tofoli, Paulo S. P. Silveira & Milton A. Martins
Context: Resilience is a capacity to face and overcome adversities, with personal transformation and growth. In medical education, it is critical to understand the determinants of a positive, developmental reaction in the face of stressful, emotionally demanding situations. We studied the association among resilience, quality of life (QoL) and educational environment perceptions in medical students. Methods: We evaluated data from a random sample of 1,350 medical students from 22 Brazilian medical schools. Information from participants...
Data from: Differences in larval nutritional requirements and female oviposition preference reflect the order of fruit colonization of Zaprionus indianus and Drosophila simulansCristiane Matavelli, Maria João A. Carvalho, Nelson E. Martins & Christen K. Mirth
Species coexist using the same nutritional resource by partitioning it either in space or time, but few studies explore how species-specific nutritional requirements allow partitioning. Zaprionus indianus and Drosophila simulans co-exist in figs by invading the fruit at different stages; Z. indianus colonizes ripe figs, whereas D. simulans oviposits in decaying fruit. Larvae feed on yeast growing on the fruit, which serves as their primary protein source. Because yeast populations increase as fruit decays, we...
Data from: The relationship between pond habitat depth and functional tadpole diversity in an agricultural landscapeCássia De Souza Queiroz, Fernando Rodrigues Da Silva & Denise De Cerqueira Rossa-Feres
One of the most important goals of biodiversity studies is to identify which characteristics of local habitats act as filters that determine the diversity of functional traits along environmental gradients. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the environmental variables of ponds and the functional trait diversity distribution of anuran tadpoles in an agricultural area in southeastern Brazil. Our results show that the functional trait diversity of frog tadpoles has a bell-curve-shaped relationship with...
Data from: Contemporary and historic factors influence differently genetic differentiation and diversity in a tropical palmCarolina C. Carvalho, Milton C. Ribeiro, Mauro Galetti & Rosane G. Collevatti
Population genetics theory predicts loss in genetic variability because of drift and inbreeding in isolated plant populations; however, it has been argued that long-distance pollination and seed dispersal may be able to maintain gene flow, even in highly fragmented landscapes. We tested how historical effective population size, historical migration and contemporary landscape structure, such as forest cover, patch isolation and matrix resistance, affect genetic variability and differentiation of seedlings in a tropical palm (Euterpe edulis)...
Data from: Transcriptionally active LTR retrotransposons in Eucalyptus genus are differentially expressed and insertionally polymorphicHelena Sanchez Marcon, Douglas Silva Domingues, Juliana Costa Silva, Rafael Junqueira Borges, Fábio Filippi Matioli, Marcos Roberto De Mattos Fontes & Celso Luis Marino
Background: In Eucalyptus genus, studies on genome composition and transposable elements (TEs) are particularly scarce. Nearly half of the recently released Eucalyptus grandis genome is composed by retrotransposons and this data provides an important opportunity to understand TE dynamics in Eucalyptus genome and transcriptome. Results: We characterized nine families of transcriptionally active LTR retrotransposons from Copia and Gypsy superfamilies in Eucalyptus grandis genome and we depicted genomic distribution and copy number in two Eucalyptus species....
Data from: Identification of the notothenioid sister lineage illuminates the biogeographic history of an Antarctic adaptive radiationThomas J. Near, Alex Dornburg, Richard C. Harrington, Claudio Oliveira, Theodore W. Pietsch, Christine E. Thacker, Takashi P. Satoh, Eri Katayama, Peter C. Wainwright, Joseph T. Eastman & Jeremy M. Beaulieu
Background: Antarctic notothenioids are an impressive adaptive radiation. While they share recent common ancestry with several species-depauperate lineages that exhibit a relictual distribution in areas peripheral to the Southern Ocean, an understanding of their evolutionary origins and biogeographic history is limited as the sister lineage of notothenioids remains unidentified. The phylogenetic placement of notothenioids among major lineages of perciform fishes, which include sculpins, rockfishes, sticklebacks, eelpouts, scorpionfishes, perches, groupers and soapfishes, remains unresolved. We investigate...
Data from: Phylogenetic relationships of toads of the Rhinella granulosa group (Anura: Bufonidae): a molecular perspective with comments on hybridization and introgressionMartín O. Pereyra, Diego Baldo, Boris L. Blotto, Patricia P. Iglesias, Maria T. C. Thomé, Célio F. B. Haddad, César Barrio-Amorós, Roberto Ibáñez & Julián Faivovich
The Rhinella granulosa group consists of 13 species of toads distributed throughout open areas of South America and Panama. In this paper we perform a phylogenetic analysis considering all but one species of the group, employing five nuclear and four mitochondrial genes, for up to 7910 bp per specimen. Separate phylogenetic analyses under direct optimization (DO) of nuclear and mitochondrial sequences recovered the R. granulosa group as monophyletic and revealed topological incongruence that can be...
Data from: De novo assembly and characterization of leaf and floral transcriptomes of the hybridizing bromeliad species (Pitcairnia spp.) adapted to Neotropical InselbergsC. Palma-Silva, M. Ferro, M. Bacci & A. C. Turchetto-Zolet
We present the leaf and floral transcriptomes of two hybridizing bromeliad species that differ in their major pollinator systems. Here we identified candidate genes responsible for pollinator attraction and reproductive isolation in these two species. We searched for candidate genes involved in floral traits, such as color. Approximately 34 Gbp of cDNA sequence data were produced from both tissues and species, resulting in a total of 424,506,914 raw reads. The de novo-assembled transcriptomes consisted of...
The search for predictions of species diversity across environmental gradients has challenged ecologists for decades. The humped-back model (HBM) suggests that plant diversity peaks at intermediate productivity; at low productivity few species can tolerate the environmental stresses, and at high productivity a few highly competitive species dominate. Over time the HBM has become increasingly controversial, and recent studies claim to have refuted it. Here, by using data from coordinated surveys conducted throughout grasslands worldwide and...
Background: The shift from solitary to social behavior is one of the major evolutionary transitions. Primitively eusocial bumblebees are uniquely placed to illuminate the evolution of highly eusocial insect societies. Bumblebees are also invaluable natural and agricultural pollinators, and there is widespread concern over recent population declines in some species. High-quality genomic data will inform key aspects of bumblebee biology, including susceptibility to implicated population viability threats. Results: We report the high quality draft genome...
Sao Paulo State University10
Federal University of São Carlos2
University of Otago2
University of Sao Paulo2
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul2
University of Camerino1
Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum1
University of Kansas1
Universidade Federal de Goiás1
Federal Institute of São Paulo1