41 Works

Revisiting of Carex sect. Confertiflorae s.l. (Cyperaceae): new data from molecular and morphological evidence and first insights on Carex biogeography in East Asia.

Yi-Fei Lu, Xiao-Feng Jin, Hiroshi Ikeda, Okihito Yano, Carmen Benítez Benítez, Wei-Jie Chen, Yong-Di Liu, Pedro Jiménez-Mejías & Ming-Jian Yu
Carex sect. Confertiflorae s.l., contains ca. 40 species and diverse in E Asia. It has one of the most unstable delimitations in the literature, and the section was proposed to split into two sections up to five different ones. Recent phylogenetic reconstructions showed Confertiflorae s.l. not to be monophyletic. In this study we investigate the phylogenetic structure, morphological affinities, and biogeographic history of sect. Confertiflorae s.l. We performed a taxon-based approach to explore the morphological...

Large-scale homogenization of soil bacterial communities in response to agricultural practices in paddy fields, China

Hang Wang, Sheng-En Liu, Zhi-Jian Zhang, Hao-Cai Wang, Xing-Hua Tao, Xian-Zhe Wang, Hong-Yi Li & Chen-Li Wang
This dataset contains data from 257 sites in four typical rice-growing regions across a 4,000-km transect in China, including geographic location data and environment factors data. The study was conducted across a 4,000-km transect of China’s rice-growing areas, from Heilong Jiang province to Yunnan province (100°55′ E to 134°08′° E, 22°46′ N to 48°02′ N, Table S1). Four typical rice-growing regions were selected along this transect: Sanjiang Plain (modern mechanical farming), Taihu Plain (mechanical plus...

Microsatellite data of 21 EST-SSR loci from all 469 Emmenopterys henryi samples

Wuqin Xu
Several hypotheses are available to predict change in genetic diversity at expanding range margins. However, empirical evidence to test predictions of the central-marginal hypothesis (CMH) at contracting range limits is scarce. To address this issue, we assessed spatial patterns of genetic variation, effective population size, and contemporary and historical gene flow in a widespread, Tertiary relict tree species from subtropical China, Emmenopterys henryi.

Island area, not isolation, drives taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity of ants on land-bridge islands

Yuhao Zhao, Robert Dunn, Haonan Zhou, Xingfeng Si & Ping Ding
Aim: To explore the impact of island area and isolation on multiple dimensions of ant biodiversity (taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity) and the underlying processes of community assembly on islands. Location: Thousand Island Lake, Zhejiang, China, created by dam construction in 1959. Taxon: Ants. Methods: We sampled ants on 33 islands, built a species-level phylogenetic tree and measured five morphological traits of all species collected to estimate taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity. We used multiple...

Degradation of aniline in water with gaseous streamer corona plasma

Yang Li, Zhanguo Li, Zhen Liu, Shitong Han, Sanping Zhao, Keping Yan & Anna Zhu
This paper demonstrated the effects and influencing factors in degrading aniline by gaseous streamer corona plasma along water surface under different discharging gas atmospheres. For aniline with an initial concentration of 100 mg/L, the degradation was fastest when the reactor was not ventilated, and degradation rate is 98.5% under 7.5 min treatment. While the degradation was slowest when Ar was ventilated, the degradation rate is 98.6% after treated for 60 min. Some active particles were...

Alleviation of refractory IgA nephropathy by intensive fecal microbiota transplantation: the first case reports

Jin Zhao, Ming Bai, Xiaoxia Yang, Yan Wang, Rong Li & Shiren Sun
Gut dysbiosis may be implicated in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) through immune and/or metabolite pathways. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) could reestablish the micro-ecological balance in IgAN, although this has never been attempted before. We explored whether FMT could be efficacious in treating IgAN in two patients with refractory IgAN. Two Chinese female patients with IgAN failed to achieve clinical remission after receiving several rounds of immunosuppressive therapy and suffered from unbearable adverse effects...

MMP-9-mediated regulation of hypoxia-reperfusion injury-related neutrophil inflammation in an in vitro proximal tubular cell model

Yan Dong, Hong Zhao, Jiangwei Man, Shengjun Fu & Li Yang
Hypoxia-reperfusion (HR) and inflammation are causes of renal allograft injury. Pathological evidence has indicated that ischemia followed by reperfusion leads to the proteolysis and destruction of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in renal tubular epithelial cells. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), such as MMP-2 and MMP-9, play roles in cleaving and reshaping the ECM. Acute accumulation of MMP-9 secreted from neutrophils promotes the incidence of inflammation and exacerbates graft trauma. Our goal was to investigate the activities of...

Tacrolimus versus cyclophosphamide for patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy and treated with steroids: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Haiting Huang, Zhao Liang, Xintong Zheng, Qin Qing, Xiuri Du, Zhiming Tang, Meili Wei, Chen Wang, Qiuhong Zhong & Xu Lin
The therapeutic effects of tacrolimus (TAC) versus cyclophosphamide (CTX) were not fully illustrated for patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). The PubMed, EmBase, Cochrane library, and CNKI were systematically searched throughout March 2020 for randomized controlled trials evaluating the therapeutic effects of TAC versus CTX for IMN patients treated with steroids. The pooled relative risks (RRs) and weighted mean differences (WMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random-effects model. Twelve trials recruited...

Long-term dietary flavonoid intake and subjective cognitive decline in US men and women

Tian-Shin Yeh, Changzheng Yuan, Alberto Ascherio, Bernard Rosner, Walter Willett & Deborah Blacker
Objective: To prospectively examine the associations between long-term dietary flavonoids and subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Methods: We followed 49,493 women from the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) (1984-2006) and 27,842 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) (1986-2002). Poisson regression was used to evaluate the associations between dietary flavonoids (flavonols, flavones, flavanones, flavan-3-ols, anthocyanins, polymeric flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins) and subsequent SCD. For the NHS, long-term average dietary intake was calculated from seven repeated food frequency...

Data from : Soil pH determines bacterial distribution and assembly processes in natural mountain forests of eastern China

Yingying Ni, Teng Yang, Yuying Ma, Kaoping Zhang, Pamela Soltis, Douglas Soltis, Jack Gilbert, Yunpeng Zhao, Chengxin Fu & Haiyan Chu
Aim: There have been numerous studies of forest-soil microbial biogeography, but an integrated view of edaphic factors, plant, climatic factors, and geographic distance in determining the variation of bacterial community and assembly processes remains unclear at large spatial scales. Here, we analyzed the factors affecting the biogeographic pattern and assembly processes of soil bacterial communities under 58 tree species in five natural mountain forests. Location: Eastern China. Major taxa studied: Bacterial communities. Methods: Hierarchical partitioning...

Sampling biases shape our view of the natural world

Alice Hughes, Keping Ma, Mark Costello, John Waller, Pieter Provoost, Qinmin Yang, Chaodong Zhu, Huijie Qiao & Michael Orr
Spatial patterns of biodiversity are inextricably linked to their collection methods, yet no synthesis of bias patterns or their consequences exists. As such, views of organismal distribution and the ecosystems they make up may be incorrect, undermining countless ecological and evolutionary studies. Using 742 million records of 374,900 species, we explore the global patterns and impacts of biases related to taxonomy, accessibility, ecotype, and data type across terrestrial and marine systems. Pervasive sampling and observation...

Tacrolimus versus cyclophosphamide for patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy and treated with steroids: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Haiting Huang, Zhao Liang, Xintong Zheng, Qin Qing, Xiuri Du, Zhiming Tang, Meili Wei, Chen Wang, Qiuhong Zhong & Xu Lin
The therapeutic effects of tacrolimus (TAC) versus cyclophosphamide (CTX) were not fully illustrated for patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). The PubMed, EmBase, Cochrane library, and CNKI were systematically searched throughout March 2020 for randomized controlled trials evaluating the therapeutic effects of TAC versus CTX for IMN patients treated with steroids. The pooled relative risks (RRs) and weighted mean differences (WMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random-effects model. Twelve trials recruited...

Dominant factors of the phosphorus regulatory network differ under various dietary phosphate loads in healthy individuals

Guoxin Ye, Jiaying Zhang, Zhaori Bi, Weichen Zhang, Minmin Zhang, Qian Zhang, Mengjing Wang & Jing Chen
The purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of each factor of the phosphorus metabolism network following phosphorus diet intervention via Granger causality analysis. In this study, a total of six healthy male volunteers were enrolled. All participants sequentially received regular, low-, and high-phosphorus diets. Consumption of each diet lasted for five days, with a 5-day washout period between different diets. Blood and urinary samples were collected on the fifth day of consumption...

Horizontally acquired cysteine synthase genes undergo functional divergence in lepidopteran herbivores

Yinghui Li & Huabing Wang
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) plays an important role in evolutionary processes as organisms adapt to their environments, and now cases of gene duplication after HGT in eukaryotes are emerging at an increasing rate. However, the fate and roles of the duplicated genes over time in eukaryotes remain unclear. Here we conducted a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of cysteine synthase (CYS) in lepidopteran insects. Our results indicate that HGT-derived CYS genes are widespread and have...

Soil chemistry determines whether defensive plant secondary metabolites promote or suppress herbivore growth

Lingfei Hu, Zhenwei Wu, Christelle A.M. Robert, Matthias Erb, Jianming Xu, Xiao Ouyang, Tobias Züst & Adrien Mestrot
Plant secondary (or specialized) metabolites mediate important interactions in both the rhizosphere and the phyllosphere. If and how such compartmentalized functions interact to determine plant-environment interactions is not well understood. Here, we investigated how the dual role of maize benzoxazinoids as leaf defenses and root siderophores shapes the interaction between maize and a major global insect pest, the fall armyworm. We find that benzoxazinoids suppress fall armyworm growth when plants are grown in soils with...

Vachellia drepanolobium nutrient translocation in response to smoke

Katherine Angier, Richard Rabideau-Childers, Brendan Dean, Meghan Blumstein, Walker Darling, Annina Kennedy-Yoon, Clayton Ziemke, Christian Perez-Martinez, Donghao Wu, Wenqing Ye, Inam Yekwayo, Duncan Kimuyu, Dino Martins & Naomi Pierce
1. Fire is a major selective force on arid grassland communities, favoring traits such as the smoke-induced seed germination response seen in a wide variety of plant species. However, little is known about the relevance of smoke as a cue for plants beyond the seedling stage. 2. We exposed a fire-adapted savanna tree, Vachellia (=Acacia) drepanolobium, to smoke and compared nutrient concentrations in leaf and root tissues to unexposed controls. Experiments were performed on three...

Dissecting incongruence between concatenation- and quartet-based approaches in phylogenomic data

Xing-Xing Shen, Jacob Steenwyk & Antonis Rokas
Topological conflict or incongruence is widespread in phylogenomic data. Concatenation- and coalescent-based approaches often result in incongruent topologies, but the causes of this conflict can be difficult to characterize. We examined incongruence stemming from conflict between likelihood-based signal (quantified by the difference in gene-wise log likelihood score or ΔGLS) and quartet-based topological signal (quantified by the difference in gene-wise quartet score or ΔGQS) for every gene in three phylogenomic studies in animals, fungi, and plants,...

Effectively and accurately mapping global biodiversity patterns for different regions and taxa

Alice Hughes, Michael C. Orr, Qinmin Yang & Huijie Qiao
Aim To understand the representativeness and accuracy of expert range maps, and explore alternate methods for accurately mapping species distributions. Location Global Time period Contemporary Major taxa studied Terrestrial vertebrates, and Odonata Methods We analyzed the biases in 50,768 animal IUCN, GARD and BirdLife species maps, assessed the links between these maps and existing political and various non-ecological boundaries to assess their accuracy for certain types of analysis. We cross-referenced each species map with data...

Species packing and the latitudinal gradient in local beta-diversity

Ke Cao, Richard Condit, Xiangcheng Mi, Lei Chen, Wubing Xu, David F. R. P. Burslem, Chunrong Cai, Min Cao, Li-Wan Chang, Chengjin Chu, Hu Du, Sisira Ediriweera, C. S. V. Gunatilleke, I. U. A. N. Gunatilleke, Zhanqing Hao, Jinbo Li, Guangze Jin, Buhang Li, Yankun Liu, Yide Li, Michael J. O'Brien, Xiujuan Qiao, Hongwei Ni, Guochun Shen, Xihua Wang … & Jens-Christian Svenning
The decline in species richness at higher latitudes is among the most fundamental patterns in ecology. Whether changes in species composition across space (beta-diversity) contribute to this gradient of overall local species richness (gamma diversity) remains hotly debated. Previous studies that failed to resolve the issue suffered from a well-known tendency for small samples in areas with high gamma-diversity to have inflated measures of beta-diversity. We provide here a novel analytical test, using beta-diversity metrics...

Derivation and validation of a model to predict acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery in patients with normal renal function

Penghua Hu, Zhiming Mo, Yuanhan Chen, Yanhua Wu, Li Song, Li Zhang, Zhilian Li, Lei Fu, Huaban Liang, Yiming Tao, Shuangxin Liu, Zhiming Ye & Xinling Liang
The study aimed to construct a clinical model based on preoperative data for predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac surgery in patients with normal renal function. A total of 22,348 consecutive patients with normal renal function undergoing cardiac surgery were enrolled. Among them, 15,701 were randomly selected for the training group and the remaining for the validation group. To develop a model visualized as a nomogram for predicting AKI, logistic regression was performed with...

LncRNA MALAT1-deficiency restrains lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pyroptotic cell death and inflammation in HK-2 cells by releasing microRNA-135b-5p

Jie Huang & Chen Xu
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) participate in the regulation of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and acute kidney injury (AKI) is identified as an important risk factor for CKD. This study investigated the involvement of a novel LncRNA MALAT1 in regulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell pyroptosis and inflammation in the human renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cells. Here, the HK-2 cells were subjected to LPS (2 μg/mL) treatment to establish cellular AKI models in vitro, and we validated that...

MMP-9-mediated regulation of hypoxia-reperfusion injury-related neutrophil inflammation in an in vitro proximal tubular cell model

Yan Dong, Hong Zhao, Jiangwei Man, Shengjun Fu & Li Yang
Hypoxia-reperfusion (HR) and inflammation are causes of renal allograft injury. Pathological evidence has indicated that ischemia followed by reperfusion leads to the proteolysis and destruction of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in renal tubular epithelial cells. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), such as MMP-2 and MMP-9, play roles in cleaving and reshaping the ECM. Acute accumulation of MMP-9 secreted from neutrophils promotes the incidence of inflammation and exacerbates graft trauma. Our goal was to investigate the activities of...

Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 infection

Zijin Chen, Chenni Gao, Haijin Yu, Lin Lu, Jialin Liu, Wei Chen, Xiaogang Xiang, Hafiz Muhammad Jafar Hussain, Benjamin J. Lee, Chuanlei Li, Wenjie Wei, Yuhan Huang, Xiang Li, Zhengying Fang, Shuwen Yu, Qinjie Weng, Yan Ouyang, Xiaofan Hu, Jun Tong, Jian Liu, Li Lin, Mingyu Liu, Xiaoman Xu, Dan Liu, Yuan Song … & Jingyuan Xie
This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup...

Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 infection

Zijin Chen, Chenni Gao, Haijin Yu, Lin Lu, Jialin Liu, Wei Chen, Xiaogang Xiang, Hafiz Muhammad Jafar Hussain, Benjamin J. Lee, Chuanlei Li, Wenjie Wei, Yuhan Huang, Xiang Li, Zhengying Fang, Shuwen Yu, Qinjie Weng, Yan Ouyang, Xiaofan Hu, Jun Tong, Jian Liu, Li Lin, Mingyu Liu, Xiaoman Xu, Dan Liu, Yuan Song … & Jingyuan Xie
This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup...

Association between atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases risk and renal outcome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Honghong Ren, Lijun Zhao, Yutong Zou, Yiting Wang, Junlin Zhang, Yucheng Wu, Rui Zhang, Tingli Wang, Jiali Wang, Yitao Zhu, Ruikun Guo, Huan Xu, Lin Li, Mark E. Cooper & Fang Liu
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus increase atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD) risk. However, the association between renal outcome of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and ASCVD risk is unclear. This retrospective study enrolled 218 type 2 diabetic patients with biopsy-proven DKD, and without known cardiovascular diseases. Baseline characteristics were obtained and the 10-year ASCVD risk score was calculated using the Pooled Cohort Equation (PCE). Renal outcome was defined as progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD)....

Registration Year

  • 2021
    41

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    41

Affiliations

  • Zhejiang University
    41
  • Capital Medical University
    16
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    16
  • Sichuan University
    14
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    13
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    13
  • Xiamen University
    10
  • Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China
    10
  • Fudan University
    9
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    9