12 Works

Data from: Middle Bronze Age land use practices in the north-western Alpine foreland – A multi-proxy study of colluvial deposits, archaeological features and peat bogs

Sascha Scherer, Benjamin Höpfer, Katleen Deckers, Elske Fischer, Markus Fuchs, Ellen Kandeler, Eva Lehndorff, Johanna Lomax, Sven Marhan, Elena Marinova, Julia Meister, Christian Poll, Humay Rahimova, Manfred Rösch, Kristen Wroth, Julia Zastrow, Thomas Knopf, Thomas Scholten & Peter Kühn
This paper aims to reconstruct Middle Bronze Age (MBA) land use practices in the north-western Alpine foreland (SW Germany, Hegau). We used a multi-proxy approach including the biogeochemical proxies from colluvial deposits in the surrounding of the well-documented settlement site of Anselfingen and offsite pollen data from two peat bogs. This approach allowed in-depth insights into the MBA subsistence economy and shows that the MBA in the north-western Alpine foreland was a period of establishing...

Negative impact of roadside mowing on arthropod fauna and its reduction with arthropod-friendly mowing technique

Johannes Steidle, Thomas Kimmich, Michael Csader & Oliver Betz
This dataset contains data from the paper: “Steidle, J. L.M., Kimmich, T., Csader, M. Betz, O. 2021. Negative impact of roadside mowing on arthropod fauna and its reduction with “arthropod-friendly” mowing technique. Journal of Applied Entomology.” The study investigates the impact of a conventional mowing head ("MK1200") and a supposedly "insects-friendly" mowing head ("Eco 1200") during roadside mowing on the arthropod fauna. Mowing with a conventional mowing head caused considerable losses in arthropods, ranging from...

Range-wide population viability analyses reveal high sensitivity to wildflower harvesting in extreme environments

Martina Treurnicht, Frank Schurr, Jasper Slingsby, Karen Esler & Joern Pagel
The ecological effects of harvesting from wild populations are often uncertain, especially since the sensitivity of populations to harvesting can vary across species’ geographical ranges. In the Cape Floristic Region (CFR, South Africa) biodiversity hotspot, wildflower harvesting is widespread and economically important, providing an income to many rural communities. However, with very few species studied to date, and without considering range-wide sensitivity to harvesting, there is limited information available to ensure the sustainability of wildflower...

What matters for the job performance of field advisors: a case from Madhupur Sal forest, Bangladesh

Khondokar Humayun Kabir, Andrea Knierim, Ataharul Chowdhury & Dietrich Darr
This study analyzed the determinants of the job performance of field advisors who were working in a remote forest area. A stakeholder analysis was conducted to identify advisory organizations working in the Madhupur Sal forest, Tangail, Bangladesh. Data from 87 field advisors were collected in face-to-face interviews. The binary logistic regression was performed to identify the factors affecting the performance of the field advisors. Various factors drove the performance of field staff at organizational and...

Genome-wide association study in quinoa reveals selection pattern typical for crops with a short breeding history

Dilan Sarange Rajapaksha Patiranage, Elodie Rey, Nazgol Emrani, Gordon Wellman, Karl Schmid, Sandra Schmöckel, Mark Tester & Christian Jung
Quinoa germplasm preserves useful and substantial genetic variation, yet it remains untapped due to a lack of implementation of modern breeding tools. We have integrated field and sequence data to characterize a large diversity panel of quinoa. Whole-genome sequencing of 310 accessions revealed 2.9 million polymorphic high confidence SNP loci. Highland and Lowland quinoa were clustered into two main groups, with FST divergence of 0.36 and fast LD decay of 6.5 and 49.8 Kb, respectively....

Seed dispersal by wind decreases when plants are water-stressed, potentially counteracting species coexistence and niche evolution

Jinlei Zhu, Nataša Lukić, Verena Rajtschan, Julia Walter & Frank Schurr
Hydrology is a major environmental factor determining plant fitness, and hydrological niche segregation (HNS) has been widely used to explain species coexistence. Nevertheless, the distribution of plant species along hydrological gradients does not only depend on their hydrological niches but also on their seed dispersal, with dispersal either weakening or reinforcing the effects of HNS on coexistence. However, it is poorly understood how seed dispersal responds to hydrological conditions. To close this gap, we conducted...

Data from: Floral scents of a deceptive plant are hyperdiverse and under population-specific phenotypic selection

Eva Gfrerer, Danae Laina, Marc Gibernau, Roman Fuchs, Martin Happ, Till Tolasch, Wolfgang Trutschnig, Anja C. Hörger, Hans Peter Comes & Stefan Dötterl
Floral scent is a key mediator in plant–pollinator interactions; however, little is known to what extent intraspecific scent variation is shaped by phenotypic selection, with no information yet in deceptive plants. We recorded 289 scent compounds in deceptive moth fly-pollinated Arum maculatum from various populations north vs. south of the Alps, the highest number so far reported in a single plant species. Scent and fruit set differed between regions, and some, but not all differences...

Data from: Floral resource diversification promotes solitary bee reproduction and may offset insecticide effects – evidence from a semi-field experiment

Felix Klaus, Teja Tscharntke, Gabriela Bischoff & Ingo Grass
Pollinator declines in agricultural landscapes are driven by multiple stressors, but potential interactions of these remain poorly studied. Using a highly replicated semi-field study with 56 mesocosms of varying wild plant diversity (2-16 species) and oilseed rape treated with a neonicotinoid, we tested the interacting effects of resource diversity and insecticides on reproduction of a solitary wild bee. Compared to mesocosms with oilseed rape monocultures, availability of resources from wild plants complementing oilseed rape doubled...

Human impact, climate and dispersal strategies determine plant invasion on islands

Severin D. H. Irl, Andreas H. Schweiger, Manuel J. Steinbauer, Claudine Ah-Peng, José R. Arévalo, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Alessandro Chiarucci, Curtis C. Daehler, José M. Fernández-Palacios, Olivier Flores, Christoph Kueffer, Petr Madera, Rüdiger Otto, Julienne M. I. Schweiger, Dominique Strasberg & Anke Jentsch
Aim: Biological invasions are likely determined by species dispersal strategies as well as environmental characteristics of a recipient region, especially climate and human impact. However, the contribution of climatic factors, human impact and dispersal strategies in driving invasion processes is still controversial and not well embedded in the existing theoretical considerations. Here, we study how climate, species dispersal strategies and human impact determine plant invasion processes on islands distributed in all major oceans in the...

Data from: Competitive ability of native and alien plants: effects of residence time and invasion status

Christine S. Sheppard & Marco R. Brendel
Competition is commonly thought to underlie the impact of plant invasions. However, competitive effects of aliens and competitive response of natives may also change over time. Indeed, as with time the novelty of an invader decreases, the accumulated eco-evolutionary experience of resident species may eventually limit invasion success. We aimed to gain insights on whether directional changes in biotic interactions over time, or more general differences between natives and aliens, for instance resulting from an...

Data for: Quantifying patch-specific seed dispersal and local population dynamics to estimate population spread of an endangered plant species

Jinlei Zhu
Dataset on seed dispersal and population spread for the paper Quantifying patch-specific seed dispersal and local population dynamics to estimate population spread of an endangered plant species Jinlei Zhu1, 2, *, Karolína Hrušková1, 3, Hana Pánková1, Zuzana Münzbergová1, 3 1Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, Průhonice, Czech Republic 2Institute of Landscape and Plant Ecology, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany 3Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic *Corresponding author: jinlei.zhu@uni-hohenheim.de Institute...

The emergence of ecotypes in a parasitoid wasp: a case of incipient sympatric speciation in Hymenoptera?

Pawel Malec, Justus Weber, Marc Fiebig, Denise Meinert, Carolin Rein, Ronja Reinisch, Maik Henrich, Viktoria Polyvas, Marie Pollmann, Lea Von Berg, Christian König, Johannes L.M. Steidle & Robin Böhmer
Background To understand which reproductive barriers initiate speciation is a major question in evolutionary research. Despite their high species numbers and specific biology, there are only few studies on speciation in Hymenoptera. This study aims to identify very early reproductive barriers in a local, sympatric population of Nasonia vitripennis (Walker 1836), a hymenopterous parasitoid of fly pupae. We studied ecological barriers, sexual barriers, and the reduction in F1-female offspring as a postmating barrier, as well...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • University of Hohenheim
  • University of Tübingen
  • University of Bayreuth
  • University of La Réunion
  • University of Würzburg
  • University of Bologna
  • King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
  • University of Guelph
  • University of La Laguna
  • University of Hawaii at Manoa