30 Works

Untangling the structural and molecular mechanisms underlying colour and rapid colour change in a lizard, Agama atra

Michael Nicolai, Liliana D'Alba, Jonathan Goldenberg, Yannick Gansemans, Filip Van Nieuwerbrugh, Susana Clusella-Trullas & Matthew Shawkey
With functions as diverse as communication, protection and thermoregulation, colouration is one of the most important traits in lizards. The ability to change colour as a function of varying social and environmental conditions is thus an important innovation. While colour change is present in animals ranging from squids, to fish and reptiles, not much is known about the mechanisms behind it. Traditionally, colour change was attributed to migration of pigments, in particular melanin. More recent...

Dataset for: Molecular diversity of dragonflies in high altitude Andean lakes through DNA barcoding

Alonzo Alfaro-Núñez, Rodrigo Chiriboga-Ortega, Christine Van Der Heyden, Maria Eugenia Sulen Burgos, Sania Ortega, Tania Oña, Elizabeth Velarde & Peter Goethals
Genetic and morphological identification of dragonflies’ larvae species in three high elevation Andean tropical lakes was done using DNA barcoding of the cytochrome oxidase 1 gene (COI). Phylogeny allowed inferring the evolutionary relationships of at least 5 species (from 74 samples) that belong to two different families within the Odonata order.

Global change shifts trade-offs among ecosystem functions in woodlands restored for multifunctionality

Sebastian Fiedler, José Monteiro, Kristin Hulvey, Rachel Standish, Michael Perring & Britta Tietjen
1. Ecological restoration increasingly aims at improving ecosystem multifunctionality and making landscapes resilient to future threats, especially in biodiversity hotspots such as Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Plants and their traits play a major role in the functioning of an ecosystem. Therefore, successful restoration towards long-term multifunctionality requires a fundamental mechanistic understanding of this link under changing climate. An integrated approach of empirical research and simulation modelling with a focus on plant traits can allow this understanding. 2....

Springtail coloration at a finer scale: mechanisms behind vibrant Collembolan metallic colours

Bram Vanthournout, Anastasia Rousaki, Thomas Parmentier, Frans Janssens, Johan Mertens, Peter Vandenabeele, Liliana D'Alba & Matthew Shawkey
The mechanisms and evolution of metallic structural colours are of both fundamental and applied interest, yet most work in arthropods has focused on derived butterflies and beetles with distinct hues. In particular, basal hexapods - groups with many scaled, metallic representatives – are currently poorly studied and controversial, with some recent studies suggesting either that thin- film (lamina thickness) or diffraction grating elements (longitudinal ridges, crossribs) produce these colors in early Lepidoptera and one springtail...

Data-Linking remote sensing data to the estimation of pollination services in agroecosystems

Daniel Ariza, Ivan Meeus, Maxime Eeraerts, Matti Pisman & Guy Smagghe
Wild bees are key providers of pollination services in agroecosystems. The abundance of these pollinators, and the service they provide, relies on the availability of supporting resources in the landscape. Because of this, spatially explicit models have been developed to quantify wild bee abundance and pollination services in food crops, while accounting for the influence of locally available foraging and nesting resources. However, model implementation is limited by the availability of land cover maps and...

Inhibitory control, exploration behaviour and manipulated ecological context are associated with foraging flexibility in the great tit

Jenny Coomes, Gabrielle Davidson, Michael Reichert, Ipek Kulahci, Camille Troisi & John Quinn
​​​​​Organisms are constantly under selection to respond effectively to diverse, sometimes rapid, changes in their environment, but not all individuals are equally plastic in their behaviour. Although cognitive processes and personality are expected to influence individual behavioural plasticity, the effects reported are highly inconsistent, which we hypothesise is because ecological context is usually not considered. We explored how one type of behavioural plasticity, foraging flexibility, was associated with inhibitory control (assayed using a detour-reaching task)...

Data to: Enjoying tranquility - Development of ground vegetation after cessation of management in forests on loamy soils in Flanders (Belgium)

Kris Vandekerkhove, Arno Thomaes, Luc De Keersmaeker, Peter Van De Kerckhove, Thierry Onkelinx, Hans Van Calster & Kris Verheyen
Questions: Managed forests often show a more homogeneous age structure compared to untouched forests, but also a higher share and frequency of sun-exposed conditions due to harvest operations. Frequent, small-scaled forestry operations may therefore lead to elevated species richness, compared to undisturbed forests. When non-intervention is introduced in formerly managed forests, Is there a significant decrease in species richness of vascular plant species? What species are particularly affected? Are there nonrandom shifts in species composition?...

Research data supporting the publication \"Characterization of Open-Cell Sponges via Magnetic Resonance and X-ray Tomography\"

Gabriele Cimmarusti, Abhishek Shastry, Matthieu N. Boone, Veerle Cnudde, Karl Braeckman, Anju Brooker, Eric Robles & Melanie Britton

4D oil and water flood in water- and mixed-wet complex sandstone

Arjen Mascini, Marijn Boone, Shan Wang, Stefanie Van Offenwert, Veerle Cnudde & Tom Bultreys

How melanism affects the sensitivity of lizards to climate change

Jonathan Goldenberg, Sebastian Mader, Federico Massetti, Karen Bisschop, Liliana D'Alba, Rampal S. Etienne, Susana Clusella Trullas & Matthew Shawkey
The impact of climate change on global biodiversity is firmly established, but the differential effect of climate change on populations within the same species is rarely considered. In ectotherms, melanism (i.e. darker integument due to heavier deposition of melanin) can significantly influence thermoregulation, as dark individuals generally heat more and faster than bright ones. Therefore, darker ectotherms might be more susceptible to climate change. Using the color-polyphenic lizard Karusasaurus polyzonus (Squamata: Cordylidae), we hypothesized that,...

Win some, lose some: mesocosm communities maintain community productivity despite lower phosphorus availability because of increased species diversity

Eva DeCock, An De Schrijver, Stephanie Schelfhout, Safaa Wasof, Margot Vanhellemont, Iris Moeneclaey, Jan Mertens & Kris Verheyen
Aims The restoration of degraded ecosystems typically focuses on establishing assemblages of target species, but successful recovery should also be evaluated by the ecosystem’s functioning to guarantee long-term persistence. We investigated how the processes underlying community assembly (i.e. species loss, species gain and changes in abundance of resident species) influenced ecosystem functioning in experimental grassland communities in different restoration states. Location A greenhouse experiment in Northern Flanders, Belgium. Methods We set up a mesocosm experiment...

The impact of data quality filtering of opportunistic citizen science data on species distribution model performance: dataset used for Maxent modelling.

Camille Van Eupen, Dirk Maes, Marc Herremans, Kristijn Swinnen, Ben Somers & Stijn Luca
This dataset contains all the necessary data to repeat the analyses conducted in the article 'The impact of data quality filtering of opportunistic citizen science data on species distribution model performance'. Per square kilometer in Flanders, the csv-file contains (i) the model predictor values, (ii) the filtered and unfiltered presence-only occurrences of the 255 considered species used for model training and (iii) the presences and absences per species used for model testing. Details on how...

Decane and brine injected into Estaillades carbonate - steady-state experiments

Catherine Spurin, Samuel Krevor, Martin Blunt & Tom Bultreys
This data is micro-CT images of the simultaneous injection of decane and brine into a porous carbonate rock (Estaillades). The images were acquired during steady-state, which was deduced from a plateau in the differential pressure across the sample. The experiments were conducted in the capillary dominated regime (the total flow rate was kept constant, with the fractional flow (fw) changed in sequence 0.85fw, 0.7fw, 0.5fw, 0.25fw, 0fw). The total flow rate was kept constant at...

Data from: Thermal differences between juveniles and adults increased over time in European forest trees

Maria Mercedes Caron, Florian Zellweger, Kris Verheyen, Lander Baeten, Radim Hédl, Bernhardt-Römermann Markus, Imre Berki, Jörg Brunet, Guillaume Decocq, Sandra Díaz, Thomas Dirnböck, Tomasz Durak, Thilo Heinken, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Martin Kopecký, Jonathan Lenoir, Martin Macek, Malicki Marek, František Máliš, Thomas Nagel, Michael Perring, Petr Petřík, Kamila Reczyńska, Remigiusz Pielech, Wolfgang Schmidt … & Pieter De Frenne
Woody species’ requirements and environmental sensitivity change from seedlings to adults, a process referred to as ontogenetic shift. Such shifts can be increased by climate change. To assess the changes in the difference of temperature experienced by seedlings and adults in the context of climate change, it is essential to have reliable climatic data over long periods that capture the thermal conditions experienced by the individuals throughout their life cycle. Here we used a unique...

Behavioral strategies and the spatial pattern formation of nesting

Femke Batsleer, Dirk Maes & Dries Bonte
This dataset contains data from a combined field and simulation study regarding spatial pattern formation of nesting, described in the paper: “Batsleer, F., Maes, D., Bonte, D. (2021) Behavioral strategies and the spatial pattern formation of nesting. The American Naturalist”. The study investigates the relative importance of environmental and behavioral mechanisms in nest aggregations of the ground-nesting digger wasp Bembix rostrata. A field study was combined with an individual-based model that simulated the possible behaviors...

Data from: Whole-genome phylogenetic reconstruction as a powerful tool to reveal homoplasy and ancient rapid radiation in waterflea evolution

Kay Van Damme, Luca Cornetti, Peter D. Fields & Dieter Ebert
The Supplementary Material (and text) to Van Damme et al., contains 10 Supplementary Figures (Figs S1-S10), 5 Supplementary Tables (Tables S1-S5), Supplementary Materials and Methods (ST1), Supplementary Discussion (ST2) and a complete reference list to the manuscript and supplement (Supplementary References SR1). All Supplementary material and text have been peer-reviewed as part of the manuscript. The supplementary discussion provides an additional framework including the importance of the findings of the phylogenomic study for the interpretation...

Data from: Resource predictability drives inter-annual variation in migratory behaviour in a long-lived bird

Jan Baert, Eric Stienen, Frederick Verbruggen, Nico Van De Weghe, Luc Lens & Wendt Müller
There is a growing awareness that experience may play a major role in migratory decisions, especially in long-lived species. However, empirical support remains to date scarce. Here, we use multi-year GPS-tracking data on 28 adult Lesser Black-backed Gulls (Larus fuscus), a long-lived species for which migratory strategies typically consist of a series of long stopovers, to assess how experience affects interannual variation in stopover selection. We expect that food source reliability should play a pivotal...

Bumble bee foraged pollen analyses in spring time in Southern Estonia shows abundant food sources: dataset

Anna Bontšutšnaja, Reet Karise, Marika Mänd & Guy Smagghe
The database contains the results of DNA metabarcoding (sequences, relative importances) and microscopy pollen count data.

Fruit orchards and woody semi-natural habitat provide complementary resources for pollinators in agricultural landscapes

Maxime Eeraerts
To safeguard insect pollinators and their pollination services, we need to understand how landscape structure regulates the distribution of resources that sustain pollinator populations. However, evidence of how pollinator communities benefit from the variety of resources distributed across different habitat types is scarce. To explore complementary resource provision, we conducted a field study to examine the resources available to pollinators in fruit orchards and woody semi-natural habitat. We studied 13 landscapes containing both habitat types...

Data from: Context matters: the landscape matrix determines the population genetic structure of temperate forest herbs across Europe

Tobias Naaf, Jannis Till Feigs, Siyu Huang, Jörg Brunet, Sara A. O. Cousins, Guillaume Decocq, Pieter De Frenne, Martin Diekmann, Sanne Govaert, Per-Ola Hedwall, Jonathan Lenoir, Jaan Liira, Camille Meeussen, Jan Plue, Pieter Vangansbeke, Thomas Vanneste, Kris Verheyen, Stephanie I. J. Holzhauer & Katja Kramp
Context. Plant populations in agricultural landscapes are mostly fragmented and their functional connectivity often depends on seed and pollen dispersal by animals. However, little is known about how the interactions of seed and pollen dispersers with the agricultural matrix translate into gene flow among plant populations. Objectives. We aimed to identify effects of the landscape structure on the genetic diversity within, and the genetic differentiation among, spatially isolated populations of three temperate forest herbs. We...

Data from: Sensitivity to habitat fragmentation across European landscapes in three temperate forest herbs

Tobias Naaf, Jannis Till Feigs, Siyu Huang, Jörg Brunet, Sara A. O. Cousins, Guillaume Decocq, Pieter De Frenne, Martin Diekmann, Sanne Govaert, Per-Ola Hedwall, Kenny Helsen, Jonathan Lenoir, Jaan Liira, Camille Meeussen, Jan Plue, Pedro Poli, Fabien Spicher, Pieter Vangansbeke, Thomas Vanneste, Kris Verheyen, Stephanie I. J. Holzhauer & Katja Kramp
Context. Evidence for effects of habitat loss and fragmentation on the viability of temperate forest herb populations in agricultural landscapes is so far based on population genetic studies of single species in single landscapes. However, forest herbs differ in their life histories, and landscapes have different environments, structures and histories, making generalizations difficult. Objectives. We compare the response of three slow-colonizing forest herbs to habitat loss and fragmentation and set this in relation to differences...

Metabarcoding prey Araneus diadematus: TREE platform

Dries Bonte
Trophic interactions may strongly depend on body size and environmental variation, but this prediction has been seldom tested in nature. Many spiders are generalist predators that use webs to intercept flying prey. The size and mesh of orb webs increases with spider size, allowing a more efficient predation on larger prey. We studied to this extent the orb-weaving spider Araneus diadematus inhabiting forest fragments differing in edge distance, tree diversity and tree species. These environmental...

Beneficial worm allies warn plants of parasite attack belowground and reduce aboveground herbivore preference and performance

Shokoofeh Kamali, Ali Javadmanesh, Lukasz Stelinski, Tina Kydnt, Alireza Seifi, Mojtaba Hosseini, Mehyar Heydarpour, Javad Asili & Javad Karimi
We investigated responses of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) to two functional guilds of nematodes - plant parasite (Meloidogyne javanica) and entomopathogens (Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, Steinernema feltiae belowground, and S. carpocapsae) - as well as a leaf mining insect (Tuta absoluta) aboveground. Our results indicate that entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs): 1) induced plant defense responses, 2) reduced root knot nematode (RKN) infestation belowground and 3) reduced herbivore (T. absoluta) host preference and performance aboveground. Concurrently, we investigated the plant...

Lianas and trees exhibit divergent intrinsic water-use efficiency along elevational gradients in South American and African tropical forests

Francis Mumbanza M., Marijn Bauters, Félicien Meunier, Pascal Boeckx, Lucas Cernusak, Hannes De Deurwaerder, Miro Demol, Camille Meeussen, Bram Sercu, Lore Verryckt, Jana Pauwels, Landry Cizungu N., Selene Báez, Constantin Lubini A. & Hans Verbeeck
Elevational gradients provide excellent opportunities to explore long-term morphological and physiological responses of plants to environmental change. We determined the difference in the elevational pattern of foliar carbon isotope composition (δ13C) between lianas and trees, and assessed whether this difference arises from changes in photosynthesis or stomatal conductance. We also explored the pattern of nutrient limitations with the elevation of these two growth forms. We conducted inventories of lianas and trees using standardized techniques along...

Simultaneous genotyping of snails and infecting trematode parasites using high-throughput amplicon sequencing.

Cyril Hammoud, Stephen Mulero, Bert Van Bocxlaer, Jérôme Boissier, Dirk Verschuren, Christian Albrecht & Tine Huyse
Several methodological issues currently hamper the study of entire trematode communities within populations of their intermediate snail hosts. Here we develop a new workflow using high-throughput amplicon sequencing to simultaneously genotype snail hosts and their infecting trematode parasites. We designed primers to amplify 4 snail and 5 trematode markers in a single multiplex PCR. While also applicable to other genera, we focused on medically and economically important snail genera within the Superorder Hygrophila and targeted...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Ghent University
  • University of Antwerp
  • Research Institute for Nature and Forest
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • University College Ghent
  • University of Picardie Jules Verne
  • Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
  • University of Tartu
  • University of Bremen
  • Stellenbosch University