17 Works

Functional trait variation of Anemone nemorosa along macro‐ and microclimatic gradients close to the northern range edge

Leen Depauw, Ri Hu, Khumanand S. Dhungana, Sanne Govaert, Camille Meeussen, Pieter Vangansbeke, Richard Strimbeck, Bente J. Graae & Pieter De Frenne
Climate warming is affecting ecosystems worldwide, and slow-colonizing forest under- storey species are particularly vulnerable if they are unable to track climate change. However, species’ responses to climatic conditions in terms of growth, reproduction and colonization capacity may vary with the distance to their distribution range edge. Anemone nemorosa is known to be a slow colonizing forest herb dependent on forest cover in the southern and central part of its distribution range, whereas at its...

Dataset for: Aboveground carbon stocks, woody and litter productivity along an elevational gradient in the Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda

Joseph Okello, Marijn Bauters, Hans Verbeeck, John Kasenene & Pascal Boeckx
Montane forests are characterized by high biodiversity, endemism and strong elevational environmental gradients. The latter attribute makes them also suitable as a ‘natural laboratory’ for studying the effects of environmental parameters on ecosystem functions. To provide better insight into the carbon cycle of Afromontane ecosystems, we used an elevational gradient approach to quantify carbon stocks, woody and litter productivity, and their constraining factors. Twenty plots were established, covering five elevations from Kibale Forest at 1250...

Kin do not always help: testing multiple hypotheses on nest feeding in a cooperatively breeding bird

Laurence Cousseau, Laurence Cousseau, Dries Van De Loock, Beate Apfelbeck, Mwangi Githiru, Erik Matthysen & Luc Lens
In cooperatively breeding species, group members may derive multiple benefits from helping to raise other individuals’ offspring, yet not all individuals do so. In this study, we tested several hypotheses to explain why group members feed offspring of breeding placid greenbuls (Phyllastrephus placidus). In accordance with the kin selection hypothesis, all helpers were first-order kin of the breeding female and the presence of helpers was associated with increased survival of the breeding pair. However, the...

Data from: Freshwater ecological quality assessment of the gold mining Mashcon watershed, Cajamarca - Peru

Daniel Mercado-Garcia, Marco Sanchez Peña, Marie Anne Eurie Forio, Eveline Beeckman, Jana Van Butsel, Nilton Deza Arroyo, Karel De Schamphelaere, Guido Wyseure & Peter Goethals
These data were generated to investigate the aquatic community gradients across different types of anthropogenic impacts (reference, mining, rural and urban) and Andean environmental gradients (headwaters, midstream and downstream) in the Mashcon watershed. The macroinvertebrates' taxa abundance and abundance of traits modalities serve as biological values. The latter in combination with abiotic measurements of the freshwater habitats (i.e. physicochemical water quality and hydromorphology) constitute the ecological data. The values were obtained from river sediments (macroinvertebrates...

Interacting host modifier systems control Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility in a haplodiploid mite

Nicky Wybouw
Reproductive parasites such as Wolbachia spread within host populations by inducing cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). CI occurs when parasite-modified sperm fertilizes uninfected eggs and is typified by great variation in strength across biological systems. In haplodiploid hosts, CI has different phenotypic outcomes depending on whether the fertilized eggs die or develop into males. Genetic conflict theories predict the evolution of host modulation of CI, which in turn influences the stability of reproductive parasitism. Yet, despite the...

Chameleon biogeographic dispersal associated with extreme life history strategies

Sarah-Sophie Weil, Laure Gallien, Sébastien Lavergne, Luca Börger, Hassler Gabriel, Michaël P. J. Nicolaï & William L. Allen
This dataset contains data and code that support the results in Weil, S.-S., Gallien, L., Lavergne, S., Börger, L., Hassler, G., Nicolaï, Michaël P. J., Allen, William L. (2022) Chameleon biogeographic dispersal associated with extreme life history strategies (DOI: 10.1111/ecog.06323). We used species distribution, phylogenetic and life history trait data of 181 chameleons to determine the relationship between three traits (coastal distribution, body size, position on the fast/slow life history continuum) and past dispersal probability...

Emerging stability of forest productivity by mixing two species buffers temperature destabilizing effect

Miren Del Rio, Ricardo Ruiz‐Peinado, Stig‐Olof Holm, Aris Jansons, Thomas Nord‐Larsen, Kris Verheyen, Andrés Bravo‐Oviedo, Hans Pretzsch, Ricardo Ruiz-Peinado, Hervé Jactel, Lluís Coll, Magnus Löf, Jorge Aldea, Christian Ammer, Admir Avdagić, Ignacio Barbeito, Kamil Bielak, Felipe Bravo, Gediminas Brazaitis, Jakub Cerný, Catherine Collet, Sonia Condés, Lars Drössler, Marek Fabrika, Michael Heym … & Andrés Bravo-Oviedo
The increasing disturbances in monocultures around the world are testimony to their instability under global change. Many studies have claimed that temporal stability of productivity increase with species richness, although the ecological fundaments have mainly been investigated through diversity experiments. To adequately manage forest ecosystems, it is necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of the effect of mixing species on the temporal stability of productivity and the way in which this it is influenced by...

Observational data and model output for sediment nutrient cycling at Patagonian fjords

Hong Chin Ng, Jon R. Hawkings, Jemma L. Wadham, Katharine R. Hendry, Tim M. Conway, Sebastien Bertrand, Matthias Sieber, Brent A. Summers, Felipe S. Freitas, James P.J. Ward, Helena V. Pryer & Sandra Arndt
Glacier meltwater supplies a significant amount of silicon (Si) and iron (Fe) sourced from weathered bedrock to downstream ecosystems. However, the extent to which these essential nutrients reach the ocean is regulated by the nature of the benthic cycling of dissolved Si and Fe within fjord systems, given the rapid deposition of reactive particulate fractions at fjord heads. The dataset is used to examine the benthic cycling of the two nutrients at Patagonian fjord heads...

Dataset for unsteady-state capillary drainage experiment on Estaillades carbonate

Shan Wang, Tom Bultreys, Stefanie Van Offenwert & Leo Ruspini

Raw data for the study titled \"Fungal ectoparasites increase winter mortality of ladybird hosts despite limited effects on their immune system\"

Michal Knapp, Michal Řeřicha, Danny Haelewaters & Ezequiel González
Winter represents a challenging period for insects inhabiting temperate regions. A plethora of studies have investigated how abiotic environmental conditions such as temperature affect insect overwintering success. However, only a few studies have focused on biotic factors and the mechanisms affecting the overwintering performance of insects. Here, we investigated the effects of the parasitic fungus Hesperomyces virescens on the overwintering performance and immune system functioning of the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis. Winter survival was significantly...

The origins of asexual brine shrimps

Nicolas O. Rode, Loreleï Boyer, Élodie Flaven, Francisco Hontoria, Gilbert Van Stappen, France Dufresne, Christoph Haag, Thomas Lenormand & Roula Jabbour-Zahab
Determining how and how often asexual lineages emerge within sexual species is central to our understanding of sex-asex transitions and the long-term maintenance of sex. Asexuality can arise “by transmission” from an existing asexual lineage to a new one, through different types of crosses. The occurrence of these crosses, cryptic sex, variation in ploidy and recombination within asexuals greatly complicates the study of sex-asex transitions, as they preclude the use of standard phylogenetic methods and...

Data from: Delegation to artificial agents fosters prosocial behaviors in the collective risk dilemma

Elias Fernandez Domingos, Inês Terrucha, Rémi Suchon, Jelena Grujić, Juan C. Burguillo, Francisco C. Santos & Tom Lenaerts
Home assistant chat-bots, self-driving cars, drones or automated negotiation systems are some of the several examples of autonomous (artificial) agents that have pervaded our society. These agents enable the automation of multiple tasks, saving time and (human) effort. However, their presence in social settings raises the need for a better understanding of their effect on social interactions and how they may be used to enhance cooperation towards the public good, instead of hindering it. To...

Transcript- and annotation-guided genome assembly of the European starling

Katarina Stuart, Richard Edwards, Yuanyuan Cheng, Wes Warren, Dave Burt, William Sherwin, Natalie Hofmeister, Scott Werner, Gregory Ball, Melissa Bateson, Matthew Brandley, Katherine Buchanan, Phillip Cassey, David Clayton, Tim De Meyer, Simone Meddle & Lee Rollins
The European starling, Sturnus vulgaris, is an ecologically significant, globally invasive avian species that is also suffering from a major decline in its native range. Here, we present the genome assembly and long-read transcriptome of an Australian-sourced European starling (S. vulgaris vAU), and a second North American genome (S. vulgaris vNA), as complementary reference genomes for population genetic and evolutionary characterisation. S. vulgaris vAU combined 10x Genomics linked-reads, low-coverage Nanopore sequencing, and PacBio Iso-Seq full-length...

Phenotypic and genotypic divergence of plant-herbivore interactions along an urbanization gradient

Jiao Qu, Dries Bonte & Martijn L. Vandegehuchte
Urban environments provide challenging conditions for species survival, including increased temperatures, drought, and pollution. Species can deal with these conditions through evolution across generations or the immediate expression of phenotypic plasticity. The resulting phenotypic changes are key to the performance of species and their interactions with other species in the community. We here document patterns of herbivory in Arabidopsis thaliana along a rural-urban gradient, and tested the genetic background and ecological consequences of traits related...

Amplicon_sorter: a tool for reference-free amplicon sorting based on sequence similarity and for building consensus sequences

Andy Vierstraete & Bart Braeckman
Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) is a third-generation sequencing technology that is gaining popularity in ecological research for its portable and low-cost sequencing possibilities. Although the technology excels at long-read sequencing, it can also be applied to sequence amplicons. The downside of ONT is the low quality of the raw reads. Hence, generating a high-quality consensus sequence is still a challenge. We present Amplicon_sorter, a tool for reference-free sorting of ONT sequenced amplicons based on their...

Genomic evidence that a sexually selected trait captures genome-wide variation and facilitates the purging of genetic load

Jonathan Parrett, Sebastian Chmielewski, Eylem Aydogdu, Aleksandra Łukasiewicz, Stephane Rombauts, Agnieszka Szubert-Kruszyńska, Wiesław Babik, Mateusz Konczal & Jacek Radwan
The evolution of costly traits like deer antlers and peacock trains, which drove the formation of Darwinian sexual selection theory, has been hypothesised to both reflect and affect patterns of genetic variance across the genome, but direct tests are missing. Here, we used an evolve and re-sequence approach to reveal patterns of genome-wide diversity associated with the expression of a sexually-selected weapon that is dimorphic among males of the bulb mite, Rhizoglyphus robini. Populations selected...

Data from: Climatic niche lability but growth form conservatism in the African woody flora

Anaïs-Pasiphaé Gorel, Olivier J. Hardy, Gilles Dauby, Kyle G. Dexter, Ricardo A. Segovia, Kathy Steppe & Adeline Fayolle
Climatic niche evolution during the diversification of tropical plants has received little attention in Africa. To address this, we characterized the climatic niche of >4000 tropical African woody species, distinguishing two broad bioclimatic groups (forest vs. savanna) and six subgroups. We quantified niche conservatism versus lability at the genus level and for higher clades, using a molecular phylogeny of >800 genera. Although niche stasis at speciation is prevalent, numerous clades individually cover vast climatic spaces...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    17

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    17

Affiliations

  • Ghent University
    17
  • University of Edinburgh
    2
  • Université Libre de Bruxelles
    2
  • Spanish National Research Council
    2
  • National University of Cajamarca
    1
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    1
  • University of Adelaide
    1
  • University of Antwerp
    1
  • University of Liège
    1
  • University of Pennsylvania
    1