77 Works

Data from: New approaches to ceramic use and discard: cooking pottery from the Peruvian Andes in ethnoarchaeological perspective

John A. Hildebrand & Melissa B. Hagstrum
Ethnoarchaeological data from contemporary Wanka villages in the Mantaro Valley of the Peruvian Andes provide new perspectives on the use and discard of ceramic cooking vessels. We present a regional survey of ceramic vessel use and discard with household consumption as the focus of study. A mathematical model determines vessel uselife from the age distribution of in-use vessels. We examine the number of vessels per household, their volume, their uselife, and their reported discard. A...

Wind Tunnel Mosquito Trajectory Data

Jeff Riffell
Mosquitoes track odors, locate hosts, and find mates visually. The color of a food resource, such as a flower or warm-blooded host, can be dominated by long wavelengths of the visible light spectrum (green to red for humans) and is likely important for object recognition and localization. However, little is known about the hues that attract mosquitoes or how odor affects mosquito visual search behaviors. We use a real-time 3D tracking system and wind tunnel...

Genotypes for herring samples collected from Chinook salmon gut contents

Eleni Petrou, Joshua Chamberlin, Will Duguid, Russel Barsh, Francis Juanes, Jessica Qualley & Lorenz Hauser
Dynamic prey resources influence foraging opportunities for consumers. In coastal food webs, forage fish abundance and seasonal reproduction mediate foraging opportunities for mobile consumers. Recent declines in Chinook salmon productivity have prompted efforts to determine whether poormarine survival is caused by limited feeding opportunities. To establish the importance of phenological diversity in Pacific herring for Chinook salmon, we used genetic stock identification to assign individual herring collected from the guts of juvenile and adult Chinook...

Data from: On the comparative biology of mammalian telomeres: telomere length co-evolves with body mass, lifespan and cancer risk

Michael Le Pepke & Dan T. A. Eisenberg
Telomeres, the short repetitive DNA sequences that cap the ends of linear chromosomes, shorten during cell division and are implicated in senescence in most species. Telomerase can rebuild telomeres but is repressed in many mammals that exhibit replicative senescence, presumably as a tumor suppression mechanism. It is therefore important to understand the co-evolution of telomere biology and life-history traits that has shaped the diversity of senescence patterns across species. Gomes et al. (2011) produced a...

Data from: The utility of climatic water balance for ecological inference depends on vegetation physiology assumptions

Derek Young, Sean Jeronimo, Derek Churchill, Van Kane & Andrew Latimer
This repository contains the data and code supporting the analyses in the corresponding paper in Global Ecology and Biogeography (GEB). The abstract of the paper is as follows: Background: In modeling and explaining spatial vegetation patterns, ecologists have increasingly favored the use of climatic water balance variables, including actual evapotranspiration (AET) and climatic water deficit (CWD), for representing the hydrologic and energetic environment experienced by plants. Much of the interest in these variables lies in...

Data from: Effects of Bark Beetle Outbreaks on Forest Landscape Pattern in the Southern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A.

Kyle Rodman, Robert Andrus, Cori Butkiewicz, Teresa Chapman, Nathan Gill, Brian Harvey, Dominik Kulakowski, Niko Tutland, Thomas Veblen & Sarah Hart
Since the late 1990s, extensive outbreaks of native bark beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) have affected coniferous forests throughout Europe and North America, driving changes in carbon storage, wildlife habitat, nutrient cycling, and water resource provisioning. Remote sensing is a crucial tool for quantifying the effects of these disturbances across broad landscapes. In particular, Landsat time series (LTS) are increasingly used to characterize outbreak dynamics, including the presence and severity of bark beetle-caused tree mortality, though broad-scale...

Data to replicate: Forecasting community reassembly using climate-linked spatio-temporal ecosystem models

James Thorson, Mayumi Arimitsu, Lewis Barnett, Wei Cheng, Lisa Eisner, Alan Haynie, Albert Hermann, Kirstin Holsman, David Kimmel, Mike Lomas, Jon Richar & Elizabeth Siddon
Ecosystems are increasingly impacted by human activities, altering linkages among physical and biological components. Spatial community reassembly occurs when these human impacts modify the spatial overlap between system components, and there is need for practical tools to forecast spatial community reassembly at landscape scales using monitoring data. To illustrate a new approach, we extend a generalization of empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, which involves a spatio-temporal ecosystem model that approximates coupled physical, biological, and human...

Wildfire smoke affects detection of birds in Washington state

Olivia Sanderfoot
Wildfire smoke is likely to have direct health effects on birds, as well as influence movement, vocalization, and other avian behaviors. These behavioral changes may affect if and how birds are observed in the wild, although research on the effects of wildfire smoke on bird behavior is limited. To evaluate how wildfire smoke affects detection of birds, we combined data from eBird, an online community science program, with data from an extensive network of air...

Shifting trends: detecting changes in cetacean population dynamics in shifting habitat

Charlotte Boyd & Andre Punt
The ability to monitor population dynamics and detect major changes in population trend is essential for wildlife conservation and management. However, this is often challenging for cetaceans as surveys typically cover only a portion of a population’s range and conventional stock assessment methods cannot then distinguish whether apparent changes in abundance reflect real changes in population size or shifts in distribution. We developed and tested methods for estimating population size and trend and detecting changes...

Flatfish exon-capture

Calder Atta
This dataset contains alignments used to study phylogenetic relationships of flatfishes based on exon-capture data. The samples in this dataset represent 89 species: 86 flatfishes and 3 outgroup Carangidae. 57 samples were extracted and assembled from tissues collected for this project, while 39 were sourced from previously assembled data that were prepared as part of the FishLife project. For this study we targeted 4,434 markers developed by Jiang et al. (2019) for capture efficiency in...

Neonatal exposure to BPA, BDE-99, and PCB produces persistent changes in hepatic transcriptome associated with gut dysbiosis in adult mouse livers

Joe Lim, Moumita Dutta, Joseph Dempsey, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, James MacDonald, Theo Bammler, Cheryl Walker, Terrance Kavanagh, Haiwei Gu, Sridhar Mani & Julia Cui
Background. Recent evidence suggests that multigenic and complex environmentally modulated diseases result from early life exposure to toxicants at least partly via gut microbial influences. Environmental toxicants, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are breast milk-enriched persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and thus remain a continuing threat to human health despite being banned from production. Recent findings focused on the liver developmental reprogramming capabilities from neonatal BPA exposure; however, little is known on how...

Supplemental material for: NINDS consensus diagnostic criteria for Traumatic Encephalopathy Syndrome

Douglas Katz, Charles Bernick, David Dodick, Jesse Mez, Megan Mariani, Charles Adler, Michael Alosco, Laura Balcer, Sarah Banks, William Barr, David Brody, Robert Cantu, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Yonas Geda, Barry Jordan, Thomas McAllister, Elaine Peskind, Ronald Petersen, Jennifer Wether, Ross Zafonte, Eimear Foley, Debra Babcock, Walter Koroshetz, Ann McKee, Martha Shenton … & Robert Stern
Objective: To develop evidence-informed, expert consensus research diagnostic criteria for Traumatic Encephalopathy Syndrome (TES), the clinical disorder associated with neuropathologically diagnosed Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE). Methods: A panel of 20 expert clinician-scientists in neurology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, neurosurgery, and physical medicine and rehabilitation, from 11 academic institutions, participated in a modified Delphi procedure to achieve consensus, initiated at the First NINDS Consensus Workshop to Define the Diagnostic Criteria for TES, April, 2019. Prior to consensus, panelists...

Genomic and immunogenic changes of Piscine novirhabdovirus (Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus) over its evolutionary history in the Laurentian Great Lakes

Carol Stepien, Megan Niner, Carol Stepien, Douglas W. Leaman & Bartolomeo Gorgoglione
A unique and highly virulent subgenogroup (VHSV-IVb) of Piscine novirhabdovirus, also known as Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus (VHSV), suddenly appeared in the Laurentian Great Lakes, causing large mortality outbreaks in 2005 and 2006, and affecting >32 freshwater fish species to date. Periods of apparent dormancy have punctuated smaller and more geographically-restricted outbreaks in 2007, 2008, and 2017. In this study, we conduct the largest whole genome sequencing analysis of VHSV-IVb to date, evaluating its evolutionary...

HadCM3 and HadGEM3 LIG model outputs: A sea ice-free Arctic

Maria Vittoria Guarino & Louise Sime
The HadGEM3 (HadGEM3-GC3.1 or HadGEM3-GC3.1-N96ORCA1) PI simulation was initialized using the standard CMIP6 protocol using constant 1850 GHGs, ozone, solar, tropospheric aerosol, stratospheric volcanic aerosol and land-use forcing. The PI spin-up was 700 model-years, which allowed the land and oceanic masses to attain approximate steady state. The HadGEM3 LIG (Last Interglacial) simulation was initialized from the end of the spin-up phase of the equivalent pre-industrial (PI) simulation. After initialization, the LIG was run for 350...

Comparing diversification rates in lakes, rivers, and the sea

Elizabeth Miller
The diversity of species inhabiting freshwater relative to marine habitats is striking, given that freshwater habitats encompass <1% of Earth’s water. The most commonly proposed explanation for this pattern is that freshwater habitats are more fragmented than marine habitats, allowing more opportunities for allopatric speciation and thus increased diversification rates in freshwater. However, speciation may be generally faster in sympatry than in allopatry, as illustrated by lacustrine radiations such as African cichlids. Differences between rivers...

Data from: A burning issue: Savanna fire management can generate enough carbon revenue to help restore Africa’s rangelands and fill protected area funding gaps

Timothy Tear, Nicholas Wolff, Geoffrey Lipsett-Moore, Mark Ritchie, Natasha Ribeiro, Lisanne Petracca, Peter Lindsey, Luke Hunter, Andrew Loveridge & Franziska Steinbruch
Many savanna-dependent species in Africa including large herbivores and apex predators are at increasing risk of extinction. Achieving effective management of protected areas (PAs) in Africa where lions live will cost an estimated USD >$1-2 B/year in new funding. We explored the potential for fire management-based carbon-financing programs to fill this funding gap and benefit degrading savanna ecosystems. We demonstrated how introducing early dry season fire management programs could produce potential carbon revenues (PCR) from...

Optimal test-assisted quarantine strategies for COVID-19

Bo Peng, Wen Zhou, Rowland Pettit, Patrick Yu, Peter Matos, Alexander Greninger, Julie McCashin & Christopher Amos
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 testing on shortening the duration of quarantines for COVID-19 and to identify the most effective choices of testing schedules. Design: We performed extensive simulations to evaluate the performance of quarantine strategies when one or more SARS-CoV-2 tests were administered during the quarantine. Simulations were based on statistical models for the transmissibility and viral loads of SARS-CoV-2 infections and the sensitivities of available testing methods. Sensitivity analyses were performed...

Site fidelity and behavioral plasticity regulate an ungulate’s response to extreme disturbance

Samantha Kreling, Kaitlyn Gaynor, Alex McInturff, Kendall Calhoun & Justin Brashares
1. With rapid global change, the frequency and severity of extreme disturbance events are increasing worldwide. The ability of animal populations to survive these stochastic events depends on how individual animals respond to their altered environments, yet our understanding of the immediate and short-term responses of animals to acute disturbances remains poor. 2. We focused on animal responses to the environmental disturbance created by megafire. Specifically, we explored the effects of the 2018 Mendocino Complex...

Diverse arsenic-containing lipids in the surface ocean

Katherine Heal, Ashley Maloney, Anitra Ingalls & Randelle Bundy
Arsenic is present at nanomolar levels throughout the ocean, and microbes assimilate this potentially toxic element due to its similarity to inorganic phosphorus. Although dissolved arsenic has been a focus of several oceanographic studies, the size and chemical character of the particulate arsenic pool is poorly understood. We measured particulate arsenic in five samples from the open ocean and determined the contribution of arsenic-containing lipids to this pool. Here we show that the accumulation of...

Scaling and structural properties of juvenile bull kelp (Nereocystis luetkeana) Data

Stephanie Crofts & Katie Dobkowski
Bull kelp (Nereocystis luetkeana), the only canopy-forming kelp in the Salish Sea, provides primary production in the nearshore subtidal environment and serves as important habitat for economically and ecologically important species. An annual species, each year juvenile bull kelp sporophytes must grow from the hydrodynamically more benign benthos to the water column, where they experience substantial drag at the surface. Because of the differences in morphology and ecology across life stages, and the fact that...

Longitudinal variation in the nutritional quality of basal food sources and its effect on invertebrates and fish in subalpine rivers

Fen Guo, Nadine Ebm, Stuart Bunn, Michael Brett, Hannes Hager & Martin Kainz
1. There is growing recognition of the importance of food quality over quantity for aquatic consumers. In streams and rivers, most previous studies considered this primarily in terms of the quality of terrestrial leaf litter and importance of microbial conditioning. However, many recent studies suggest that algae are a more nutritional food source for riverine consumers than leaf litter. To date, few studies have quantified longitudinal shifts in the nutritional quality of basal food resources...

Data from: Latitudinal embryonic thermal tolerance and plasticity shape the vulnerability of oviparous species to climate change

Bao-Jun Sun, Liang Ma, Yang Wang, Chun-Rong Mi, Lauren Buckley, Ofir Levy, Hong-Liang Lu & Wei-Guo Du
Heat tolerance at the immobile embryonic stage is expected to be critical in determining species vulnerability to climate change. However, how the mean and developmental plasticity of embryonic heat tolerance vary geographically, and how these geographic variations affect species’ vulnerability under climate change remain unknown. We experimentally determined the mean and developmental plasticity of embryonic acute heat tolerance (EAHT, i.e., heat shock temperature at which embryonic heartbeats ceased) for three latitudinally-distributed populations of an oviparous...

COMSOL models of fluid flow in the sarcomere

Sage Malingen, Kaitlyn Hood, Eric Lauga, Anette Hosoi & Thomas Daniel
A highly organized and densely packed lattice of molecular machinery within the sarcomeres of muscle cells powers contraction. Although many of the proteins that drive contraction have been studied extensively, the mechanical impact of fluid shearing within the lattice of molecular machinery has received minimal attention. It was recently proposed that fluid flow augments substrate transport in the sarcomere, however, this analysis used analytical models of fluid flow in the molecular machinery that could not...

Phylogeny of Citharexyleae

Laura Frost, Nataly O'Leary, Laura Lagomarsino, David Tank & Richard Olmstead
As a family of Neotropical origin and primarily Neotropical distribution, the Verbenaceae are a good but understudied system with which to understand Neotropical evolution. Tribe Citharexyleae comprises three genera: Baillonia, Citharexylum—one of the largest genera in Verbenaceae—and Rehdera. A molecular phylogenetic approach was taken to resolve intergeneric relationships in Citharexyleae and infrageneric relationships in Citharexylum. The phylogeny is used to elucidate character evolution in a widespread, morphologically diverse Neotropical genus. Seven plastid regions, two nuclear...

Long-term change in the parasite burden of shore crabs (Hemigrapsus oregonensis and H. nudus) on the northwestern Pacific coast of North America

Jessica Quinn, Sarah Lee, Duncan Greeley, Alyssa Gehman, Armand Kuris & Chelsea Wood
The abundances of free-living species have changed dramatically in recent decades, but little is known about change in the abundance of parasitic species. We investigated whether populations of several parasites have shifted over time in two shore crab hosts, Hemigrapsus oregonensis and H. nudus, by comparing the prevalence and abundance of three parasite taxa in a historical dataset (1969–1970) to contemporary parasite abundance (2018–2020) for hosts collected from 11 intertidal sites located from Oregon, USA...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    77

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    77

Affiliations

  • University of Washington
    77
  • University of Cambridge
    4
  • Stanford University
    3
  • University of California, Berkeley
    3
  • University of California, Santa Barbara
    3
  • University of British Columbia
    3
  • The Nature Conservancy
    2
  • University of Glasgow
    2
  • University of California, San Diego
    2
  • The University of Texas at Arlington
    2