33 Works

Data on Authorship Gender in Ranked, Unranked, and Interdisciplinary Philosophy Journals (JSTOR Database, 1900-2010)

Sherri Conklin, Nicole Hassoun, Michael Nekrasov & Jevin West
This data includes information on authorship gender in Leiter Ranked, Unranked, and Interdisciplinary Philosophy Journals between 1900 & 2010.

The biogeography of community assembly: latitude and predation drive variation in community trait distribution in a guild of epifaunal crustaceans

Collin Gross, Collin Gross, J Duffy, Kevin Hovel, Melissa Kardish, Pamela Reynolds, Christoffer Boström, Katharyn Boyer, Mathiew Cusson, Johan Eklöf, Aschwin Engelen, Klemens Eriksson, Joel Fodrie, John Griffin, Clara Hereu, Masakazu Hori, A Randall Hughes, Mikhail Ivanov, Pablo Jorgensen, Claudia Kruschel, Kun-Seop Lee, Jonathan Lefcheck, Karen McGlathery, Per-Olav Moksnes, Masahiro Nakaoka … & Jay Stachowicz
While considerable evidence exists of biogeographic patterns in the intensity of species interactions, the influence of these patterns on variation in community structure is less clear. Using a model selection approach on measures of trait dispersion in crustaceans associated with eelgrass (Zostera marina) spanning 30º of latitude in two oceans, we found that dispersion strongly increased with increasing predation and decreasing latitude. Ocean and epiphyte load appeared as secondary predictors; Pacific communities were more overdispersed...

Climate and conspecific density inform phenotypic forecasting of juvenile Pacific salmon body size

Marta Ulaski, Heather Finkle, Anne Beaudreau & Peter Westley
1. Predicting effects of climate on fitness-linked phenotypic traits, such as body size, is important for the management and conservation of species in the face of global change. During sensitive life stages, small changes in mean trait values can have large effects on survival and population productivity. 2. The transition from freshwater to saltwater by migrating anadromous fishes such as Pacific salmon (genus Oncorhynchus) is a critical life history transition, where survival is mediated by...

Integrated animal movement and spatial capture-recapture models: simulation, implementation, and inference

Beth Gardner, Brett McClintock, Sarah Converse & Nathan Hostetter
Over the last decade, spatial capture-recapture (SCR) models have become widespread for estimating demographic parameters in ecological studies. However, the underlying assumptions about animal movement and space use are often not realistic. This is a missed opportunity because ecological questions related to animal space use, habitat selection, and behavior cannot be addressed with most SCR models, despite the fact that the data collected in SCR studies -- individual animals observed at specific locations and times...

Oblique photos of coastal bluffs in the Elwha Littoral Cell, Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington State

Ian Miller
Digital oblique photos of an approximately 2.0 km alongshore reach of seaward-facing coastal bluff faces on the Strait of Juan de Fuca, Washington State, were collected at least quarterly between 2016 and 2022. In total over 3900 photos were collected over 38 separate surveys. The photos were collected to support digital surface reconstructions using Structure-from-Motion (SfM) photogrammetry, and specifically to assess the quality of surfaces generated with photos collected using relatively simple techniques that could...

Data from: Watershed classification predicts streamflow regime and organic carbon dynamics in the Northeast Pacific Coastal Temperate Rainforest

Ian Giesbrecht, Suzanne Tank, Gordon Frazer, Eran Hood, Santiago Gonzalez Arriola, David Butman, Dave D'Amore, David Hutchinson, Allison Bidlack & Ken Lertzman
Watershed classification has long been a key tool in the hydrological sciences, but few studies have been extended to biogeochemistry. We developed a combined hydro-biogeochemical classification for watersheds draining to the coastal margin of the Northeast Pacific coastal temperate rainforest (1,443,062 km2), including 2,695 small coastal rivers (SCR) and 10 large continental watersheds. We used cluster analysis to group SCR watersheds into 12 types, based on watershed properties. The most important variables for distinguishing SCR...

Data for: Substantial intraspecific trait variation across a hydrological gradient in northern Australian fishes

Osmar Luiz, Julian Olden, Mark Kennard, David Crook, Michael Douglas, Thor Saunders, Dion Wedd, Brendan Adair & Alison King
Trait-based models of ecological communities and ecosystem functioning often fail to account for intraspecific variation in functional traits, assuming that intraspecific variability is negligible compared to interspecific variability. However, this assumption remains poorly tested across vertebrate animals where past studies routinely describe species according to mean trait values without explicit consideration of individual trait variability. We assessed nine functional traits for 4,254 individuals belonging to 15 freshwater fish species from 11 families in Northern Australia,...

Olympics 2021

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Passive recording on two nodal arrays for 3 months on the Olympic Peninsula , Washington State, U.S.; Joint experiment between the University of Washington and the U.S.G.S. Instruments were Smart Solo nodes. Roughly 100 were deployed at any one time in two arrays with dimensions of ~2km.

MeadoWatch: a long-term community-science database of wildflower phenology in Mount Rainier National Park

Janneke HilleRisLambers, Ruben Manzanedo, Elli Theobald, Berry Brosi, Joshua Jenkins, Ava Kloss-Schmidt, Emilia Lia, Annie Schiffer, Jordana Sevigny, Anna Wilson, Yonit Yogev & Aji John
We present a long-term and high-resolution phenological dataset from 17 wildflower species collected in Mt. Rainier National Park, as part of the MeadoWatch (MW) community science project. Since 2013, 500+ unique volunteers and scientists have gathered data on the timing of four key reproductive phenophases (budding, flowering, fruiting, and seeding) in 28 plots over two elevational gradients alongside popular park trails. Trained volunteers (87.2%) and UW scientists (12.8%) collected data 3-9 times/week during the growing...

Genetic structure and dispersal in peripheral populations of a marine fish (Pacific cod, Gadus macrocephalus) and their importance for adaptation to climate change

Mary Fisher, Thomas Helser, Sukyung Kang, Wooseok Gwak, Michael Canino & Lorenz Hauser
Small and isolated peripheral populations, which are often remnants of glacial refugia, offer an opportunity to determine the magnitude and direction of fine-scale connectivity in high gene flow marine species. When located at the equatorial edge of a species’ range, these populations may also harbor genetic diversity related to survival and reproduction at higher temperatures, a critical resource for marine species facing warming ocean temperatures. Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), a marine fish in the North...

Asymmetry of thermal sensitivity and the thermal risk of climate change

Lauren Buckley, Raymond Huey & Joel Kingsolver
Aim. Understanding and predicting the biological consequences of climate change requires considering the thermal sensitivity of organisms relative to environmental temperatures. One common approach involves “thermal safety margins” (TSMs), which are generally estimated as the temperature differential between the highest temperature an organism can tolerate (CTmax) and the mean or maximum environmental temperature it experiences. Yet, organisms face thermal stress and performance loss at body temperatures below their CTmax, and the steepness of that loss...

Last Interglacial summer air temperature observations for the Arctic

Maria Vittoria Guarino & Louise Sime
These 21 Last Interglacial (LIG) summer surface air temperature (SSAT) observations were compiled to assess LIG Arctic sea ice (Guarino et al 2020). Twenty of the observations were also previously used in the IPCC-AR5 report. Each observation is thought to be of summer LIG air temperature anomaly relative to present day and is located in the circum-Arctic region. All sites are from north of 51N. There are 7 terrestrial based temperature records; 8 lacustrine records;...

Wings and halteres act as coupled dual-oscillators in flies

Tanvi Deora, Siddharth Sane & Sanjay Sane
The mechanics of Dipteran thorax is dictated by a network of exoskeletal linkages which, when deformed by the flight muscles, generate coordinated wing movements. In Diptera, the forewings power flight, whereas the hindwings have evolved into specialized structures called halteres which provide rapid mechanosensory feedback for flight stabilization. Although actuated by independent muscles, wing and haltere motion is precisely phase-coordinated at high frequencies. Because wingbeat frequency is a product of wing-thorax resonance, any wear-and-tear of...

Echinoderm sperm swimming and fertilization

Mike Nishizaki, Sara Leuchtenberger, Maris Daleo, Peter Gullickson, Andi Delgado & Carly Lo
In an era of climate change, impacts on the marine environment include warming and ocean acidification. These effects can be amplified in shallow coastal regions where conditions often fluctuate widely. This type of environmental variation is potentially important for many nearshore species that are broadcast spawners, releasing eggs and sperm into the water column for fertilization. We conducted two experiments to investigate: 1) the impact of water temperature on sperm swimming characteristics and fertilization rate...

Colorectal cancer interleukin-10 blockade scRNA-seq

Christopher Lausted, Kevin Sulllivan, Xiuyun Jiang, Prajna Guha, Jason Carter, Cynthia Hsu, Kevin Labadie, Karen Kohli, Heidi Kenerson, Sara Daniel, Xiaowei Yan, Changting Meng, Stella Shin, Arezou Abbasi, David Seo, James Park, Nicholas Crispe, Taranjit Gujral, Raymond Yeung, Teresa Kim, Qiang Tian, Steven Katz & Venu Pillarisetty
Objective: PD-1 checkpoint inhibition and adoptive cellular therapy have limited success in patients with microsatellite stable colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM). We demonstrate that interleukin-10 (IL-10) blockade enhances endogenous T cell and chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell anti-tumor function in CRLM slice cultures.Design: We created organotypic slice cultures from human CRLM (n = 38) and tested the anti-tumor effects of a neutralizing antibody against IL-10 (αIL-10). We evaluated slice cultures with single and multiplex...

Facemasks: Perceptions and use in an ED population during COVID-19

Vidya Eswaran, Anna Marie Chang, R Gentry Wilkerson, Kelli O'Laughlin, Brian Chinnock, Stephanie Eucker, Brigitte Baumann, Nancy Anaya, Daniel Miller, Adrianne Haggins, Jesus Torres, Erik Anderson, Stephen Lim, Martina Caldwell, Ali Raja & Robert Rodriguez
Study Objective: Facemask use is associated with reduced transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Most surveys assessing perceptions and practices of mask use miss the most vulnerable racial, ethnic, and socio-economic populations. These same populations have suffered disproportionate impacts from the pandemic. The purpose of this study was to assess beliefs, access, and practices of mask wearing across 15 urban emergency department (ED) populations. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study of ED patients from...

Craniodental traits predict feeding performance and dietary hardness in a community of Neotropical free-tailed bats (Chiroptera: Molossidae)

David Villalobos Chaves
Form-function studies have established a strong link between dental morphology and the mechanical properties of food items, with animals evolving tooth shapes theoretically ideal for their diets. However, information on how teeth perform under natural conditions is rare, which limits our understanding of how dental morphology influences dietary ecology and niche partitioning within animal communities. Free-tailed bats (Chiroptera: Molossidae) are a diverse clade of aerial insectivorous mammals that exhibit an outstanding variation in size and...

Data from: Network analysis of sea turtle movements and connectivity: a tool for conservation prioritization

Connie Y. Kot, Susanne Åkesson, Joanna Alfaro-Shigueto, Diego Fernando Amorocho Llanos, Marina Antonopoulou, George H. Balazs, Warren R. Baverstock, Janice M. Blumenthal, Annette C. Broderick, Ignacio Bruno, Ali Fuat Canbolat, Paolo Casale, Daniel Cejudo, Michael S. Coyne, Corrie Curtice, Sarah DeLand, Andrew DiMatteo, Kara Dodge, Daniel C. Dunn, Nicole Esteban, Angela Formia, Mariana M. P. B. Fuentes, Ei Fujioka, Julie Garnier, Matthew H. Godfrey … & Patrick N. Halpin
Aim: Understanding the spatial ecology of animal movements is a critical element in conserving long-lived, highly mobile marine species. Analysing networks developed from movements of six sea turtle species reveals marine connectivity and can help prioritize conservation efforts. Location: Global. Methods: We collated telemetry data from 1,235 individuals and reviewed the literature to determine our dataset’s representativeness. We used the telemetry data to develop spatial networks at different scales to examine areas, connections, and their...

Measurements of heavy metals in the moss Orthotrichum lyellii collected using community science in the Duwamish Valley, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A.

Sarah Jovan, Christopher Zuidema, Monika Derrien, Amanda Bidwell, Weston Brinkley, Robert Smith, Dale Blahna, Roseann Barnhill, Linn Gould, Alberto Rodríguez, Michael Amacher, Troy Abel & Paulina López
Heavy metals concentrations often vary at small spatial scales not captured by air monitoring networks, with implications for environmental justice in industrial-adjacent communities. Pollutants measured in moss tissues are commonly used as a screening tool to guide use of more expensive resources, like air monitors. We piloted a community science approach, engaging over 55 people from nine institutions, to map heavy metals using moss in two industrial-adjacent neighborhoods. Local youth led sampling of the moss...

Environmental DNA provides quantitative estimates of Pacific hake abundance and distribution in the open ocean.

Andrew Shelton, Ana Ramon-Laca, Abigail Wells, Julia Clemons, Dezhang Chu, Blake Feist, Ryan Kelly, Sandra Parker-Stetter, Rebecca Thomas, Krista Nichols & Linda Park
All species inevitably leave genetic traces in their environments, and the resulting environmental DNA (eDNA) reflects the species present in a given habitat. It remains unclear whether eDNA signals can provide quantitative metrics of abundance on which human livelihoods or conservation successes depend. Here, we report the results of a large eDNA ocean survey (spanning 86,000 km2 to depths of 500m) to understand the abundance and distribution of Pacific hake Merluccius productus, the target of...

Population expansion, divergence, and persistence in western fence lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis) at the northern extreme of their distributional range

Hayden R. Davis, Simone Des Roches, Roger A. Anderson & Adam D. Leaché
Population dynamics within species at the edge of their distributional range, including the formation of genetic structure during range expansion, are difficult to study when they have had limited time to evolve. Western Fence Lizards (Sceloporus occidentalis) have a patchy distribution at the northern edge of their range around the Puget Sound, Washington, where they almost exclusively occur on imperiled coastal habitats. The entire region was covered by Pleistocene glaciation as recently as 16,000 years...

Geographical variation in the trait-based assembly patterns of multitrophic invertebrate communities

Diane S. Srivastava, A. Andrew M. MacDonald, Valério D. Pillar, Pavel Kratina, Vanderlei J. Debastiani, Laura Melissa Guzman, M. Kurtis Trzcinski, Olivier Dézerald, Ignacio M. Barberis, Paula M. De Omena, Gustavo Q. Romero, Fabiola Ospina Bautista, Nicholas A. C. Marino, Céline Leroy, Vinicius F. Farjalla, Barbara A. Richardson, Ana Z. Gonçalves, Bruno Corbara, Jana S. Petermann, Michael J. Richardson, Michael C. Melnychuk, Merlijn Jocqué, Jacqueline T. Ngai, Stanislas Talaga, Gustavo C. O. Piccoli … & Régis Céréghino
It has been argued that the mechanisms structuring ecological communities may be more generalizable when based on traits than on species identities. If so, patterns in the assembly of community-level traits along environmental gradients should be similar in different places in the world. Alternatively, geographic change in the species pool and regional variation in climate might result in site-specific relationships between community traits and local environments. These competing hypotheses are particularly untested for animal communities....

Site fidelity increases reproductive success by increasing foraging efficiency in a marine predator

Ginger Rebstock, Briana Abrahms & Dee Boersma
Seabirds must find food efficiently in the dynamic ocean environment to succeed at raising chicks. In theory, site familiarity, gained by prior experience in a place, should increase foraging efficiency when prey is predictable. For non-flying species like penguins, prior experience may be the only source of information on prey location. Penguins should therefore exhibit high foraging-site fidelity, particularly when prey is more predictable. Using movement data from 180 Magellanic penguins Spheniscus magellanicus tracked during...

Data from: Intrapopulation differences in polar bear movement and step selection patterns

Ryan Wilson, Michelle St Martin, Eric Regehr & Karyn Rode
Background: The spatial ecology of individuals often varies within a population or species. Identifying how individuals in different classes interact with their environment can lead to a better understanding of population responses to human activities and environmental change and improve population estimates. Most inferences about polar bear (Ursus maritimus) spatial ecology are based on data from adult females due to morphological constraints on applying satellite radio collars to other classes of bears. Recent studies, however,...

Functional architecture of neural circuits for leg proprioception in Drosophila

Chenghao Chen, Sweta Agrawal, Brandon Mark, Akira Mamiya, Anne Sustar, Jasper Phelps, Wei-Chung Lee, Barry Dickson, Gwyneth Card & John Tuthill
To effectively control their bodies, animals rely on feedback from proprioceptive mechanosensory neurons. In the Drosophila leg, different proprioceptor subtypes monitor joint position, movement direction, and vibration. Here, we investigate how these diverse sensory signals are integrated by central proprioceptive circuits. We find that signals for leg joint position and directional movement converge in second-order neurons, revealing pathways for local feedback control of leg posture. Distinct populations of second-order neurons integrate tibia vibration signals across...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    33

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    33

Affiliations

  • University of Washington
    33
  • Duke University
    3
  • Alaska Fisheries Science Center
    3
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
    2
  • University of North Carolina
    2
  • Texas A&M University
    2
  • Simon Fraser University
    2
  • Queen Mary University of London
    2
  • Western Washington University
    2
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
    1