8 Works

Data from: The polyphyly of Plasmodium: comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of the malaria parasites (order Haemosporida) reveal widespread taxonomic conflict

Spencer C. Galen, Janus Borner, Ellen S. Martinsen, Juliane Schaer, Christopher C. Austin, Christopher J. West & Susan L. Perkins
The evolutionary relationships among the apicomplexan blood pathogens known as the malaria parasites (order Haemosporida), some of which infect nearly 200 million humans each year, has remained a vexing phylogenetic problem due to limitations in taxon sampling, character sampling, and the extreme nucleotide base composition biases that are characteristic of this clade. Previous phylogenetic work on the malaria parasites has often lacked sufficient representation of the broad taxonomic diversity within the Haemosporida or the multi-locus...

Data from: Phylogenomics and the evolution of hemipteroid insects

Kevin P. Johnson, Christopher H. Dietrich, Frank Friedrich, Rolf G. Beutel, Benjamin Wipfler, Ralph S. Peters, Julie M. Allen, Malte Petersen, Alexander Donath, Kimberly K. O. Walden, Alexey M. Kozlov, Lars Podsiadlowski, Christoph Mayer, Karen Meusemann, Alexandros Vasilikopoulos, Robert M. Waterhouse, Stephen L. Cameron, Christiane Weirauch, Daniel R. Swanson, Diana M. Percy, Nate B. Hardy, Irene Terry, Shanlin Liu, Xin Zhou, Bernhard Misof … & Kazunori Yoshizawa
Hemipteroid insects (Paraneoptera), with over 10% of all known insect diversity, are a major component of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Previous phylogenetic analyses have not consistently resolved the relationships among major hemipteroid lineages. We provide maximum likelihood-based phylogenomic analyses of a taxonomically comprehensive dataset comprising sequences of 2,395 single-copy, protein-coding genes for 193 samples of hemipteroid insects and outgroups. These analyses yield a well-supported phylogeny for hemipteroid insects. Monophyly of each of the three hemipteroid...

Data from: Contrasting patterns of divergence at the regulatory and sequence level in European Daphnia galeata natural populations

Suda Parimala Ravindran, Maike Herrmann & Mathilde Cordellier
Understanding the genetic basis of local adaptation has long been the focus of evolutionary biology. Recently there has been increased interest in deciphering the evolutionary role of Daphnia’s plasticity and the molecular mechanisms of local adaptation. Using transcriptome data, we assessed the differences in gene expression profiles and sequences within and between four European Daphnia galeata populations. To distinguish neutral from adaptive differentiation, we corrected for phylogenetic differentiation of Daphnia populations. We also applied a...

Data from: General perceptual-cognitive abilities: age and position in soccer

Nils Schumacher, Mike Schmidt, Kai Wellmann & Klaus-Michael Braumann
Various studies suggest the importance of sport-specific cognitive and perceptual abilities in soccer. However, the role of general perceptual-cognitive abilities and the relation of age respective to position have not been clarified for soccer in detail. Therefore, it was the objective of the present study to determine the relation of age and position to general perceptual-cognitive abilities. 178 highly talented male soccer players (mean age 16.2, age range 10 to 33 years) were involved. The...

Data from: Dietary niche separation of rodents and shrews in an African savanna

Ngawo Namukonde, Chuma Simukonda & Jörg U. Ganzhorn
While niche separation and relationships with environmental conditions of large mammals of the African savanna have been studied intensively, less conspicuous components have not received similar attention. This is the case of Kafue National Park (KNP), Zambia, where mechanisms supporting coexistence among rodent and shrew species remain unclear, much less the influence of fire on their dietary resource use. Here, we use stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes to assess dietary resource use and partitioning among...

Data from: Controlled feeding experiments with diets of different abrasiveness reveal slow development of mesowear signal in goats (Capra aegagrus hircus)

Nicole L. Ackermans, Daniela E. Winkler, Ellen Schulz-Kornas, Thomas M. Kaiser, Dennis W.H. Mueller, Patrick R. Kircher, Jurgen Hummel, Marcus Clauss & Jean-Michel Hatt
Dental mesowear is applied as a proxy to determine the general diet of mammalian herbivores based on tooth-cusp shape and occlusal relief. Low, blunt cusps are considered typical for grazers and high, sharp cusps typical for browsers. However, how internal or external abrasives impact mesowear, and the time frame the wear signature takes to develop, still need to be explored. Four different pelleted diets of increasing abrasiveness (lucerne, grass, grass and rice husks, grass, rice...

Data from: ­Challenges of NGS in conservation management: insights from long-term monitoring of corridor effects on the genetic diversity of mouse lemurs in a fragmented landscape

B. Karina Montero, Ernest Refaly, Jean-Baptiste Ramanamanjato, Faly Randriatafika, S. Jacques Rakotondranary, Kerstin Wilhelm, Jörg U. Ganzhorn & Simone Sommer
Long-term genetic monitoring of populations is essential for efforts aimed at preserving genetic diversity of endangered species. Here, we employ a framework of long-term genetic monitoring to evaluate the effects of fragmentation and the effectiveness of the establishment of corridors in restoring population connectivity and genetic diversity of mouse lemurs Micocebus ganzhorni. To this end, we supplement estimates of neutral genetic diversity with the assessment of adaptive genetic variability of the MHC. In addition, we...

Data from: Genetic analyses reveal complex dynamics within a marine fish management area

Jakob Hemmer-Hansen, Karin Hüssy, Henrik Baktoft, Bastian Huwer, Dorte Bekkevold, Holger Haslob, Jens-Peter Herrmann, Hans-Harald Hinrichsen, Uwe Krumme, Henrik Mosegaard, Einar Eg Nielsen, Thorsten B.H. Reusch, Marie Storr-Paulsen, Andres Velasco, Burkhard Von Dewitz, Jan Dierking & Margit Eero
Genetic data have great potential for improving fisheries management by identifying the fundamental management units – i.e. the biological populations - and their mixing. However, so far the number of practical cases of marine fisheries management using genetics has been limited. Here, we used Atlantic cod in the Baltic Sea to demonstrate the applicability of genetics to a complex management scenario involving mixing of two genetically divergent populations. Specifically, we addressed several assumptions used in...

Registration Year

  • 2018
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  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • University of Hamburg
    8
  • Zoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig
    1
  • Paul Ehrlich Institut
    1
  • University of Vermont
    1
  • Natural History Museum
    1
  • University of Lausanne
    1
  • Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies
    1
  • University of Göttingen
    1
  • Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
    1
  • University of Zurich
    1