48 Works

Thirteen years of vegetation chronosequence data in ex-arable and undisturbed fields near Winthrop, Washington, USA

andrew kulmatiski & Karen Beard
Non-native plants have invaded much of the western United States over the past 100 years. Most of these invasive species are early-successional, yet they appear to persist for decades. The goal of this research was to describe non-native and native plant abundance in ex-arable and adjacent undisturbed fields over time.

Impact of basal diet on obesity phenotype of recipient mice following fecal microbiome transfer from obese or lean human donors. Appendix D. Microbiome sequencing data

Daphne Rodriguez, Abby Benninghoff & Korry Hintze
The complete data set generated by 16S rRNA sequencing of all fecal samples analyzed is provided as a digital data .biom file accessible.

Genetic differentiation between two species of buckwheat (Eriogonum)

Paul G. Wolf & Jenessa B. Lemon
Discovering the extent of genetic differentiation between closely related taxa facilitates decisions regarding species protection under the Endangered Species Act. Here, we analyze genotype data to explore the relatedness of two buckwheat species: Eriogonum soredium Reveal- a narrow endemic under consideration for protection, and a widespread close relative, Eriogonum shockleyi S. Watson. Eriogonum soredium grows only on Ordovician limestone outcroppings in west central Utah, whereas the range of E. shockleyi is broad, spanning the western...

Incorporating Drones in My Classroom: Survey Data from High School Teachers 2018

Tyson Sorenson, Kelsey Hall, Olivia Horning, Joshua Dallin & Davis Francis
Survey data collected from 69 high school and middle school teachers. Survey gauges intentions of integrating drone curriculum concepts into the classroom. Dataset includes summary data, raw data and survey instrument.

Genetic Engineering in Agriculture Curricula for Grades 9-12

Tyson Sorenson, Olivia Horning, Kelsey Hall, David Francis & Joshua Dallin
This is a curriculum package that was developed for teachers to be able to integrate genetic engineering and biotechnology concepts, skills, and career applications into their classrooms. This package was developed as part of the LEARN workshop entitled "Genetic Engineering: Workshop for Teachers." This curriculum package includes five full units of instructions with lesson plans, presentation resources, and other resources for teachers. This package is intended for students in grades 9-12. Each unit is complete...

Data from: Vertical differentiation in tropical forest butterflies: a novel mechanism generating insect diversity?

Chris C. Nice, James A. Fordyce, Katherine L. Bell, Matthew L. Forister, Zachariah Gompert & Phil J. DeVries
Many tropical fruit-feeding nymphalid butterflies are associated with either the forest canopy or the understory, however, the exceptions offer insights into the origins of tropical diversity. As it occurs in both habitats of tropical forests in Ecuador and Peru, Archaeoprepona demophon is one such exception. We compared patterns of occurrence of A. demophon in the canopy and understory and population genomic variation for evidence of ecological and genetic differentiation between habitats. We found that butterfly...

Data from: Deconstruction of a plant-arthropod community reveals influential plant traits with nonlinear effects on arthropod assemblages

Joshua G. Harrison, Casey Philbin, Zach Gompert, Glen Forister, Leonardo Hernandez, Benjamin W. Sullivan, Ian Wallace, Lyra Beltran, Craig D. Dodson, Jacob S. Francis, Amie Schlageter, Oren Shelef, Su'ad Yoon, Matthew L. Forister, Ian S. Wallace, Su'ad A. Yoon, Zachariah Gompert, Casey S. Philbin, Leonardo Hernandez-Espinoza & Glen W. Forister
1. Studies of herbivores and secondary consumer communities rarely incorporate a comprehensive characterization of primary producer trait variation, thus limiting our understanding of how plants mediate community assembly of consumers. 2. We took advantage of recent technological developments for efficient generation of phytochemical, microbial, and genomic data to characterize individual alfalfa plants (Medicago sativa; Fabaceae) growing in an old-field, semi-naturalized state for 770 traits (including 753 chemical features). Using random forest modeling, we investigated the...

Data from: Distance, elevation, and environment as drivers of diversity and divergence in bumble bees across latitude and altitude

Jason M. Jackson, Meaghan L. Pimsler, Kennan Jeannet Oyen, Jonathan B. Koch-Uhuad, James D. Herndon, James P. Strange, Michael E. Dillon & Jeffrey D. Lozier
Identifying drivers of dispersal limitation and genetic differentiation is a key goal in biogeography. We examine patterns of population connectivity and genetic diversity using Restriction-site Associated DNA sequencing (RADseq) in two bumble bee species, Bombus vosnesenskii and Bombus bifarius across latitude and altitude in mountain ranges from California, Oregon, and Washington, U.S.A. Bombus vosnesenskii, which occurs across a broader elevational range at most latitudes, exhibits little population structure while B. bifarius, which occupies a relatively...

Data from: The predictability of genomic changes underlying a recent host shift in Melissa blue butterflies

Samridhi Chaturvedi, Lauren K. Lucas, Chris C. Nice, James A. Fordyce, Matt L. Forister, Zachariah Gompert & Matthew L. Forister
Despite accumulating evidence that evolution can be predictable, studies quantifying the predictability of evolution remain rare. Here, we measured the predictability of genome-wide evolutionary changes associated with a recent host shift in the Melissa blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa). We asked whether and to what extent genome-wide patterns of evolutionary change in nature could be predicted (1) by comparisons among instances of repeated evolution, and (2) from SNP $\times$ performance associations in a lab experiment. We...

Data from: Herbivory and eutrophication mediate grassland plant nutrient responses across a global climatic gradient

T. Michael Anderson, Daniel M. Griffith, James B. Grace, Eric M. Lind, Peter B. Adler, Lori A. Biederman, Dana M. Blumenthal, Pedro Daleo, Jennifer Firn, Nicole Hagenah, W. Stanley Harpole, Andrew S. MacDougall, Rebecca L. McCulley, Suzanne M. Prober, Anita C. Risch, Mahesh Sankaran, Martin Schütz, Eric W. Seabloom, Carly J. Stevens, Lauren L. Sullivan, Peter D. Wragg & Elizabeth T. Borer
Plant stoichiometry, the relative concentration of elements, is a key regulator of ecosystem functioning and is also being altered by human activities. In this paper we sought to understand the global drivers of plant stoichiometry and compare the relative contribution of climatic vs. anthropogenic effects. We addressed this goal by measuring plant elemental (C, N, P and K) responses to eutrophication and vertebrate herbivore exclusion at eighteen sites on six continents. Across sites, climate and...

Replication data for “Can you take the heat?\" Heat-health symptoms are associated with protective behaviors

Emily D. Esplin, Jennifer R. Marlon, Anthony Leiserowitz & Peter Howe
This dataset contains survey data of the U.S. adult population that includes self-reported heat-health symptoms, protective behaviors implemented during heat waves, and perceptions of how a heat wave would affect personal health and the health of others. Temperature estimates of what participants may have experienced the summer prior to the survey are included at the county level. Demographic variables and spatial scales by region, state, and county are also included.

Storm Enhanced Density Model Runs (GAIM-GM)

Robert W. Schunk & Larry C. Gardner
The Utah State University (USU) Global Assimilation of Ionospheric Measurements – Gauss Markov (GAIM-GM) model has been used to investigate the distribution of ionospheric plasma during storm times over the Continental United States. Storm periods dramatically increase the affects of space weather on the ionosphere and upper atmosphere, leading to impacts on over-the-horizon radars, GPS location determination, spacecraft charging, power grid overloads, and disruption of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS)...

Salvinia RADseq

Carol A. Rowe, Donald Hauber & Paul G. Wolf

USU-CSU Na Lidar Data

Tao Yuan
The naturally existing mesospheric Na layer, overlapping the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere, provides an excellent tracer for lidar remote sensing. The Na Doppler lidar technique is designed to measure neutral temperature and wind profiles in the mesopause region (~ 80-110 km) by observing the thermal broadening and Doppler shift of the atomic Na fluorescence spectrum. Relocated from Colorado State University (CSU), the Na lidar at Utah State University (USU) has been operating since the...

Data from: Associations between blooming plants and their bee visitors in a riparian ecosystem in eastern Oregon

Samantha M. Roof, Sandra J. DeBano, Mary M. Rowland & Skyler Burrows
Native bees are declining world-wide, but conserving or restoring their habitat requires a better understanding of bee-flower associations. High quality bee habitat includes flowers that provide pollen and nectar preferred by bees. However, little data exist about which plants are commonly used by bees in the Pacific Northwest, or whether bees prefer certain plant characteristics over others. We examined bee and plant communities in an Oregon riparian ecosystem. Our purpose was to describe bee-plant associations,...

Data from: Competition and coexistence in plant communities: intraspecific competition is stronger than interspecific competition

Peter B. Adler, Danielle Smull, Karen H. Beard, Ryan T. Choi, Tucker Furniss, Andrew Kulmatiski, Joan M. Meiners, Andrew T. Tredennick & Kari E. Veblen
Theory predicts that intraspecific competition should be stronger than interspecific competition for any pair of stably coexisting species, yet previous literature reviews found little support for this pattern. We screened over 5400 publications and identified 39 studies that quantified phenomenological intraspecific and interspecific interactions in terrestrial plant communities. Of the 67% of species pairs in which both intra- and interspecific effects were negative (competition), intraspecific competition was, on average, four to five-fold stronger than interspecific...

Data from: Landscape heterogeneity strengthens the relationship between β-diversity and ecosystem function

Edd Hammill, Charles P. Hawkins, Hamish S. Greig, Pavel Kratina, Jonathan B. Shurin & Trisha B. Atwood
Consensus has emerged in the literature that increased biodiversity enhances the capacity of ecosystems to perform multiple functions. However, most biodiversity/ecosystem function studies focus on a single ecosystem, or on landscapes of homogenous ecosystems. Here we investigate how increased landscape-level environmental dissimilarity may affect the relationship between different metrics of diversity (α, β, or γ) and ecosystem function. We produced a suite of simulated landscapes, each of which contained four experimental outdoor aquatic mesocosms. Differences...

The Total Western Diet and Vancomycin Treatment Increase Inflammation-Mediated Colorectal Cancer--Microbiome Sequencing Data

Korry Hintze & Niklas Aardema
Data includes .biom and mapping files (.txt) of microbiome data sequenced via 16s rRNA sequencing and processed using the latest version of QIIME. A complete dataset of 16S rRNA sequencing of terminal fecal samples is provided as a digital data .biom file. Biom files are readable through QIIME software, available at Qiime.org. A mapping file, formatted as a tab-delimited .txt file, is also available.

Alllenrolfea Wetland Genetics Data

Paul G. Wolf, Carol A. Rowe & Robert W. Lichvar
The hydrophyte Allenrolfea occidentalis (S. Watson) Kuntze (iodine bush) is a halophytic shrub of the arid southwest that is listed as a facultative wetland (FACW) species on the National Wetland Plant List. This rating means the species is usually a hydrophyte but occasionally is found in uplands. We tested for genetic (ecotypic) differences between plants sampled from wetlands versus uplands. We used genotyping-by-sequencing (ddRAD-seq) to generate data from 133 plants from 30 locations representing both...

Data for pre-fire and post-fire surface fuel loading in a Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest.

C. Alina Cansler, Mark E. Swanson, Tucker J. Furniss, Andrew J. Larson & James A. Lutz
This data set includes measurements of the 116 fuel transects that were used in Cansler et al. (in review). The research was conducted in the Yosemite Forest Dynamics Plot, Yosemite National Park, California, USA (Lutz et al. 2012). File Cansler_et_al_YFDP_Density_By_Species_By_Decay_Class.csv This file contains the wood density values used for the calculations. File Cansler_et_al_YFDP_2011_CWD_DWD_input.xlsx File Cansler_et_al_YFDP_2014_CWD_DWD_input.xlsx These two files with identical field definitions compare the pre-fire (2011) tally of coarse woody debris (CWD) with the post-fire...

Elk female age, brucellosis status, and pregnancy status collected over >20 years at winter feedgrounds in Wyoming

Johan T du Toit & Gavin Cotterill
We investigated the impacts of brucellosis (Brucella abortus) on elk (Cervus canadensis) productivity using serological data from over 6000 captures since 1990 in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, USA. Over 1000 of these records included known age and pregnancy status. Using Bayesian multilevel models, we estimated the age-specific pregnancy probabilities of exposed and native elk. We then used repeat-capture data to investigate the full effects of the disease on life history. Brucellosis exposure reduced pregnancy rates...

Data from Kruger Park Porometry Project

andrew kulmatiski
This data is part of a body of work exploring tree and grass water use in Kruger National Park.

Data from: Predation shapes the evolutionary traits of cervid weapons

Matthew C. Metz, Douglas J. Emlen, Daniel R. Stahler, Daniel R. MacNulty, Douglas W. Smith & Mark Hebblewhite
Sexually selected weapons evolved to maximize the individual reproductive success of males in many polygynous breeding species. Many weapons are also retained outside of reproductive periods for secondary reasons, but the importance of these secondary functions is poorly understood. Here we leveraged a unique opportunity from the predator–prey system in northern Yellowstone National Park, WY, USA to evaluate whether predation by a widespread, coursing predator (wolves) has influenced a specific weapon trait (antler retention time)...

Data from: Parental habituation to human disturbance over time reduces fear of humans in coyote offspring

Christopher J. Schell, Julie K. Young, Elizabeth V. Lonsdorf, Rachel M. Santymie, Jill M. Mateo & Rachel M. Santymire
A fundamental tenet of maternal effects assumes that maternal variance over time should have discordant consequences for offspring traits across litters. Yet, seldom are parents observed across multiple reproductive bouts, with few studies considering anthropogenic disturbances as an ecological driver of maternal effects. We observed captive coyote (Canis latrans) pairs over two successive litters to determine whether among-litter differences in behavior (i.e., risk-taking) and hormones (i.e., cortisol and testosterone) corresponded with parental plasticity in habituation....

Data from: Genetic constraints on wing pattern variation in Lycaeides butterflies: a case study on mapping complex, multifaceted traits in structured populations

Lauren K. Lucas, Chris C. Nice, Zach Gompert & Zachariah Gompert
Patterns of phenotypic variation within and among species can be shaped and constrained by trait genetic architecture. This is particularly true for complex traits, such as butterfly wing patterns, that consist of multiple elements. Understanding the genetics of complex trait variation across species boundaries is difficult, as it necessitates mapping in structured populations and can involve many loci with small or variable phenotypic effects. Here, we investigate the genetic architecture of complex wing pattern variation...

Registration Year

  • 2018
    48

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    48

Affiliations

  • Utah State University
    48
  • University of Minnesota
    4
  • University of Washington
    3
  • University of Nevada Reno
    3
  • United States Department of Agriculture
    3
  • University of Guelph
    3
  • Texas State University
    3
  • University of Montana
    2
  • University of Pretoria
    2
  • University of Notre Dame
    2