40 Works

Pore scale study of water adsorption and subsequent methane transport in clay in the presence of wettability heterogeneity

Rui Xu, Masa Prodanovic & Christopher Landry

Reversible diffusion-weighted imaging lesions in acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review

Nandakumar Nagaraja, John Forder, Steven Warach & Jośe Merino
Supplemental data: NNagaraja_12292019_DWI_Reversal_In_AIS_Review_Supplemental_File Supplemental Figure e-1: DWI reversal in acute ischemic stroke Supplemental Table e-1: Search Strategy Supplemental Table e-2: Variables extracted for the review Supplemental Table e-3: Imaging protocols for included studies Supplemental Table e-4: DWIR definitions used in the selected studies Supplemental Table e-5: Imaging characteristics of patients Supplemental Table e-6: QUADAS-2 tool for quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies by evaluating risk of bias and applicability concerns.

Ice-age persistence and genetic isolation of the disjunct distribution of larch in Alaska

Joseph Napier, Matias Fernandez, Guillaume De Lafontaine & Feng Sheng Hu
Larix laricina (eastern larch, tamarack) is a transcontinental North American conifer with a prominent disjunction in the Yukon isolating the Alaskan distribution from the rest of its range. We investigate whether in situ persistence during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) or long-distance postglacial migration from south of the ice sheets resulted in the modern-day Alaskan distribution. We analyzed variation in three chloroplast DNA regions of 840 trees from a total of 69 populations (24 new...

Data for: Landscape scale variation in the hydrologic niche of California coast redwood

Emily J. Francis, Gregory P. Asner, Katharine J. Mach & Christopher B. Field
Topoclimatic diversity within forest landscapes can underlie variation in water availability, which may correspond to patterns in habitat suitability of tree species with differing hydrologic niches. However, the trade-off between the collection of data at a fine grain size over large spatial extents has limited comprehensive analyses of landscape scale variation in habitat suitability. We present a fine scale analysis of the roles of topographic gradients in moisture availability, soil water storage, and fog frequency...

Combined-evidence analyses of ultraconserved elements and morphological data: an empirical example in iguanian lizards

Simon Scarpetta
Genomic datasets generated by next-generation sequencing are increasingly prevalent in phylogenetics, but morphological data are required to phylogenetically place fossils, corroborate molecular hypotheses, and date phylogenies. Combined-evidence analyses provide an integrative assessment of tree topology. However, no attempt has been made to simultaneously analyze next-generation genomic datasets and morphological data, and the future of morphology in the context of genomic data is uncertain. I conducted combined-evidence analyses that include genomic and morphological datasets, specifically, with...

F2R polymorphisms and clopidogrel efficacy and safety in patients with minor stroke or TIA: supplemental figures and tables

Yuesong Pan, Runqi Wangqin, Hao Li, Yilong Wang, Xia Meng, S. Claiborne Johnston, Tabassome Simon, Jinxi Lin, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, David Wang & Yongjun Wang
Objective: To investigate the association between protease-activated receptors-1 (PAR-1) gene F2R polymorphisms and efficacy of clopidogrel for minor stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Methods: Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (CYP2C19*2 [681G>A, rs4244285], CYP2C19*3 [636G>A, rs4986893] and F2R [IVSn-14 A/T, rs168753] were genotyped among 2,924 patients randomized to clopidogrel plus aspirin (n=1461) or aspirin alone (n=1463). The primary efficacy outcome was new stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) and the safety outcome was any bleeding. Results: Overall, 859(29.4%) were...

IS-mediated mutations both promote and constrain evolvability during a long-term experiment with bacteria

Jessika Consuegra, Joël Gaffé, Richard E. Lenski, Thomas Hindre, Jeffrey E. Barrick, Olivier Tenaillon & Dominique Schneider
The long-term dynamics of IS elements and their effects on bacteria are poorly understood, including whether they are primarily genomic parasites or important drivers of adaptation by natural selection. Here, we investigate the dynamics of IS elements and their contribution to genomic evolution and fitness during a long-term experiment with Escherichia coli. This data set includes the Rmd file to analyze the genomic and metagenomic data (Tenaillon et al. 2016 and Good et al. 2017)...

A new species of Eogruidae (Aves: Gruiformes) from the Miocene of the Linxia Basin, Gansu, China: Evolutionary and climatic implications

Grace Musser, Zhiheng Li & Julia A Clarke
Despite having one of the most robust fossil records within core-gruiform birds (rails, cranes, and allies), the biogeographic history of Gruidae (cranes) and key drivers of diversification within this group remain largely unknown. The Eogruidae of Eurasia represent some of the earliest known crane-like fossils. Here, we present description of a new species represented by a well-preserved specimen of a foot from the late Miocene (7–6.5 mya) Liushu Formation of Linxia Basin, Gansu, China. It...

QTL × environment interactions underlie adaptive divergence in switchgrass across a large latitudinal gradient

David Lowry, John Lovell, Li Zhang, Jason Bonnette, Philip Fay, Robert Mitchell, John Lloyd-Reilley, Arvid Boe, Yanqi Wu, Francis Rouquette, Richard Wynia, Xiaoyu Weng, Kathrine Behrman, Adam Healey, Kerrie Barry, Anna Lipzen, Diane Bauer, Aditi Sharma, Jerry Jenkins, Jeremy Schmutz, Felix B. Fritschi & Thomas E. Juenger
Local adaptation is the process by which natural selection drives adaptive phenotypic divergence across environmental gradients. Theory suggests that local adaptation results from genetic trade-offs at individual genetic loci, where adaptation to one set of environmental conditions results in a cost to fitness in alternative environments. However, the degree to which there are costs associated with local adaptation is poorly understood because most of these experiments rely on two-site reciprocal transplant experiments. Here, we quantify...

Data from: Chemical novelty facilitates herbivore resistance and biological invasions in some introduced plant species

Brian Sedio, John Devaney, Jamie Pullen, Geoffrey Parker, S. Joseph Wright & John Parker
Ecological release from herbivory due to chemical novelty is commonly predicted to facilitate biological invasions by plants, but has not been tested on a community scale. We used metabolomics based on mass spectrometry molecular networks to assess the novelty of foliar secondary chemistry of 15 invasive plant species compared to 46 native species at a site in eastern North America. Locally, invasive species were more chemically distinctive than natives. Among the 15 invasive species, the...

Data from: Plant community dynamics and carbon sequestration in Sphagnum-dominated peatlands in the era of global change

Tobi A. Oke & Heather A. Hager
Aim: Hydroclimatic shift and anthropogenic-driven nitrogen deposition are major outcomes of global change that could compromise the functioning of many peatlands as a carbon sink. For Sphagnum-dominated peatlands, an emerging hypothesis is that the change could be triggered by shifts in competitive dominance among plant functional groups, specifically from the currently predominant decay-resistant Sphagnum to the more decomposable vascular plants. However, the relationship between Sphagnum and vascular plant occurrence is notably complex and also includes...

Resurrection of a global, metagenomically defined gokushovirus

Paul Kirchberger
Gokushoviruses are single-stranded, circular DNA bacteriophages found in metagenomic datasets from diverse ecosystems wordwide, including human gut microbiomes. Despite their ubiquity and abundance, little is known about their biology or host range: isolates are exceedingly rare, known only from three obligate intracellular bacterial genera. By synthesizing circularized phage genomes from prophages embedded in diverse enteric bacteria, we produced gokushoviruses in an experimentally tractable model system, allowing us to investigate their features and biology. We demonstrate...

Targeted CT: Predictive Digital Rock Physics Models Without Segmentation

Eric Goldfarb, Masa Prodanovic, Richard Ketcham, Nicola Tisato & Ken Ikeda
In order to understand measurements from geophysical surveys, it is important to study rock samples in a laboratory setting. Digital rock physics (DRP) is a non invasive way estimate these same properties using numerical models. We have introduced a workflow to estimate rock properties, and this repository accompanies a manuscript where we explain the method. Here, we include our CT scans of four Berea Sandstone plugs which are used in the manuscript by Goldfarb et...

Evaluation of Capillary Pressure in Digital Rock Petrophysics

Christoph Arns, , , &

High-Resolution SEM Image Mosaics of Overburden Shales: Wilcox Group, Midway, Navarro

Christopher Landry, Masa Prodanovic & Bruce Hart

Groundwater recharge in Africa from ground based measurements

Alan MacDonald, Murray Lark, Richard Taylor, Tamiru Abiye, Helen Fallas, Guillaume Favreau, Ibrahim Goni, Seifu Kebede, Bridget Scanlon, James Sorenson, Moshood Tijani, Kirsty Upton & Charles West
This dataset comprises a map of groundwater recharge for Africa and a database of the 134 observations used to generate the map. The map shows long term average annual groundwater recharge in mm per annum relevant to the period 1970 to 2020. It is in the form of a GIS shapefile and is available as a layer package for ESRI and also as a georeferenced TIFF and BIL file for easy exchange with other software....

Data from: Recurrent circuit dynamics underlie persistent activity in the macaque frontoparietal network

Eric Hart & Alexander Huk
During delayed oculomotor response tasks, neurons in the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) and the frontal eye fields (FEF) exhibit persistent activity that reflects the active maintenance of behaviorally relevant information. Despite many computational models of the mechanisms of persistent activity, there is a lack of circuit-level data from the primate to inform the theories. To fill this gap, we simultaneously recorded ensembles of neurons in both LIP and FEF while macaques performed a memory-guided saccade...

Reversible Diffusion Weighted Imaging Lesion in Acute Ischemic Stroke – A Systematic Review

Nandakumar Nagaraja, John Forder, Steven Warach & Jośe Merino
Supplemental data: NNagaraja_12292019_DWI_Reversal_In_AIS_Review_Supplemental_File Supplemental Figure e-1: DWI reversal in acute ischemic stroke Supplemental Table e-1: Search Strategy Supplemental Table e-2: Variables extracted for the review Supplemental Table e-3: Imaging protocols for included studies Supplemental Table e-4: DWIR definitions used in the selected studies Supplemental Table e-5: Imaging characteristics of patients Supplemental Table e-6: QUADAS-2 tool for quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies by evaluating risk of bias and applicability concerns.

Switchgrass v5 4-way (AP13 x DAC, WBC x VS16) genetic map

John Lovell, Adam Healey, Jeremy Schmutz & Thomas Juenger
Here we present the genetic map construction methods for the switchgrass 4-way mapping population. The map spans 750 recombinant 4-way (pseudo F2) progeny genotyped at 4700 markers. These data are formatted for simple input into R/qtl and most other QTL mapping programs.

Cassowary gloss and a novel form of structural color in birds

Chad Eliason & Julia Clarke
One of the two lineages of extant birds resulting from its deepest split, Palaeognathae, has been reported not to exhibit structural coloration in feathers, affecting inferences of ancestral coloration mechanisms in extant birds. Structural coloration in facial skin and eggshells have been shown in the lineage, but not feathers. Here, we report the first evidence for two distinct mechanisms of structural color in palaeognath feathers. One extinct volant clade, Lithornithidae, shows evidence of elongate melanin-containing...

Data from: A new dissorophoid temnospondyl from the Allegheny Group (Late Westphalian, Carboniferous) of Five Points, Mahoning County, Ohio (USA)

Rainer Schoch, Amy Henrici & Robert Hook
A small temnospondyl skull from the Upper Carboniferous Allegheny Group of Five Points, Ohio, is referred to a new dissorophoid, Palodromeus bairdi n. gen n. sp. The complete skull with mandibles is preserved in counterparts. It is characterized by (1) elongated slit-like choana, (2) postfrontal, postorbital, and supratemporal bearing a distinct ridge, and (3) reduced parietal only two-thirds the length of the frontal. Phylogenetic analysis confirms a dichotomy between amphibamiforms and olsoniforms and places Palodromeus...

Data from: Bee phenology is predicted by climatic variation and functional traits

Michael Stemkovski, Will Pearse, Sean Griffin, Gabriella Pardee, Jason Gibbs, Terry Griswold, John Neff, Ryan Oram, Molly RightMyer, Cory Sheffield, Karen Wright, Brian Inouye, David Inouye & Rebecca Irwin
Climate change is shifting the environmental cues that determine the phenology of interacting species. Plant-pollinator systems may be susceptible to temporal mismatch if bees and flowering plants differ in their phenological responses to warming temperatures. While the cues that trigger flowering are well-understood, little is known about what determines bee phenology. Using Generalized Additive Models, we analyzed time-series data representing 67 bee species collected over nine years in the Colorado Rocky Mountains to perform the...

Does breeding season variation affect evolution of a sexual signaling trait in a tropical lizard clade?

Levi Gray, Anthony Barley, David Hillis, Carlos Pavón-Vázquez, Steven Poe & Brittney White
Sexually selected traits can be expected to increase in importance when the period of sexual behavior is constrained, such as in seasonally restricted breeders. Anolis lizard male dewlaps are classic examples of multifaceted signaling traits, with demonstrated intraspecific reproductive function reflected in courtship behavior. Fitch and Hillis found a correlation between dewlap size and seasonality in mainland Anolis using traditional statistical methods. Here, we present two tests of the Fitch-Hillis Hypothesis using new phylogenetic and...

Historical biogeography of Vochysiaceae reveals an unexpected perspective of plant evolution in the Neotropics

Deise Josely Pereira Goncalves, Gustavo H. Shimizu, Edgardo M. Ortiz, Robert K. Jansen & Beryl B. Simpson
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Despite the fast pace of exploration of the patterns and processes influencing Neotropical plant hyperdiversity, taxa explored are mostly from large groups that are widely distributed, morphologically diverse or economically important. Vochysiaceae is an example of an undersampled taxon, providing an excellent system for investigating Neotropical biogeography. We present a phylogenomic-based hypothesis of species relationships in Vochysiaceae to investigate its evolutionary history through space and time. METHODS: We inferred a phylogeny...

Capillary rise in vuggy porous media

Hasan J Khan, Masa Prodanovic, Ayaz Mehmani, David DiCarlo & Dayeed Khan
Capillary rise in vuggy porous media

Registration Year

  • 2020
    40

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    40

Affiliations

  • The University of Texas at Austin
    40
  • Stanford University
    2
  • Texas A&M University
    2
  • Georgetown University
    2
  • Agricultural Research Service
    2
  • University of Florida
    2
  • University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
    2
  • Université du Québec à Rimouski
    2
  • HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology
    2
  • North Carolina State University
    2