16 Works

Scavenging beetles control the temporal response of soil communities to carrion decomposition

Tancredi Caruso, Marco Ilardi, Sheena Cotter, Edith Hammer & Gillian Riddell
1. Carrion is a frequent but overlooked source of nutrients to the soil. The decomposition of carrion is accelerated by invertebrate scavengers but the impact of the scavengers on below-ground biota and its functions is scarcely known. 2. We conducted a laboratory experiment to investigate the effects of the burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides on the soil community of a temperate broadleaved forest. We assembled microcosms from soil collected from an oak woodland and treated them...

Building an ecologically-founded disease risk prioritization framework for migratory species based on contact with livestock

Munib Khanyari, Sarah Robinson, Eric Morgan, Tony Brown, Navinder Singh, Albert Salemgareyev, Steffen Zuther, Richard Kock & E Milner-Gulland
1. Shared use of rangelands by livestock and wildlife can lead to disease transmission. To align agricultural livelihoods with wildlife conservation, a multi-pronged and interdisciplinary approach for disease management is needed, particularly in data-limited situations with migratory hosts. Migratory wildlife and livestock can range over vast areas, and opportunities for disease control interventions are limited. Predictive frameworks are needed which can allow for identification of potential sites and timings of interventions. 2. We developed an...

How do children and adolescents experience healthcare professionals? Scoping review and interpretive synthesis

Gail Davison
Objective Explore children’s and adolescents’ (CADs’) lived experiences of healthcare professionals (HCPs). Eligibility criteria Research articles containing direct first-person quotations by CADs (aged 0-18 years inclusive) describing how they experienced HCPs. Scoping review methodology provided a six-step framework to, first, identify and organise existing evidence. Interpretive phenomenology provided methodological principles for, second, an interpretive synthesis of the life-worlds of CADs receiving healthcare, as represented by verbatim accounts of their experiences. Five key databases (Ovid MEDLINE,...

Habitat mediates coevolved but not novel species interactions

Joshua Twining, Chris Sutherland, Neil Reid & David Tosh
On-going recovery of native predators has the potential to alter species interactions, with community and ecosystem wide implications. We estimated co-occurrence of three species of conservation and management interest from a multi-species citizen science camera trap survey. We demonstrate fundamental differences in novel and co-evolved predator-prey interactions that are mediated by habitat. Specifically, we demonstrate that anthropogenic habitat modification had no influence on the expansion of the recovering native pine marten in Ireland, nor does...

The influence of the statistical significance of results and spin on readers’ interpretation of the results in an abstract for a hypothetical clinical trial: A randomized trial

Sofyan Jankowski, Isabelle Boutron & Mike Clarke
Objectives: To assess the impact on readers’ interpretation of the results reported in an abstract for a hypothetical clinical trial with 1) a statistically significant result, 2) spin, 3) both a statistically significant result and spin compared to 4) no spin and no statistically significant result. Participants: Health students and professionals from universities and health institutions in France and the UK. Interventions: Participants completed an online questionnaire using Likert scales and free text, after reading...

Frog nest foams exhibit pharmaceutical foam-like properties

Paul Hoskisson, Sarah Brozio, Erin M O Shaughnessy, Stuart Woods, Ivan Hall-Barrientos, Patrica Martin, Malcolm Kennedy, Dimitrios Lamprou & Paul Hoskisson
Foams have frequently been used as systems for the delivery of cosmetic and therapeutic molecules; however, there is high variability in the foamability and long-term stability of synthetic foams. The development of pharmaceutical foams that exhibit desirable foaming properties, delivering appropriate amounts of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and that have excellent biocompatibility is of great interest. The production of stable foams is rare in the natural world; however, certain species of frogs have adopted...

Prey and predator density-dependent interactions under different water volumes

Ross Cuthbert, Tatenda Dalu, Ryan Wasserman, Arnaud Sentis, Olaf Weyl, William Froneman, Amanda Callaghan & Jaimie Dick
Predation is a critical ecological process that directly and indirectly mediates population stabilities, as well as ecosystem structure and function. The strength of interactions between predators and prey may be mediated by multiple density-dependences concerning numbers of predators and prey. In temporary wetland ecosystems in particular, fluctuating water volumes may alter predation rates through differing search space and prey encounters rates. Using a functional response approach, we examined the influence of predator and prey densities...

Identifying relationships between multi-scale social-ecological factors to explore ungulate health in a Western Kazakhstan rangeland

Munib Khanyari, Sarah Robinson, Eric Morgan, Albert Salemgareyev & E.J. Milner-Gulland
1. Rangelands are multi-use landscapes which are socially and ecologically important in different ways. Among other interactions, shared use of rangelands by wildlife and livestock can lead to disease transmission. Understanding wildlife and livestock health and managing disease transmission in rangelands requires an integration of social and ecological knowledge. 2. Using the example of Western Kazakhstan, home to two types of ungulate hosts, the critically-endangered saiga antelopes, Saiga tatarica, and livestock, we conducted a cross-scale...

Data from: A bird’s eye view on turbulence: Seabird foraging associations with evolving surface flow features

Lilian Lieber, Roland Langrock & William Alex Michael Nimmo-Smith
Understanding physical mechanisms underlying seabird foraging is fundamental to predict responses to coastal change. For instance, turbulence in the water arising from natural or anthropogenic structures can affect foraging opportunities in tidal seas. Yet, identifying ecologically important localised turbulence features (e.g. upwellings ~10-100 m) is limited by observational scale and this knowledge gap is magnified in volatile predators. Here, using a drone-based approach, we present the tracking of surface-foraging terns (143 trajectories belonging to three...

Upland grassland habitats and agri-environment schemes change soil microarthopod abundance

Amy Arnott
This dataset contains invertebrate and plant survey data described in the paper: "Arnott, A., Riddell, G., Emmerson, M., Caruso, T., Reid, N. (2021) Upland grassland habitats and agri-environment schemes change soil microarthopod abundance. J. Appl. Ecol" This study tested the effects of agri-environment scheme (AES) management of upland grasslands on soil microarthopod communities using a large-scale factorial field experiment across 90 field sites. Invertebrate families were extracted using Tullgren funnels, plant species were identified from...

Sea freshening may drive the ecological impacts of emerging and existing invasive alien species dataset

James Dickey, Ross Cuthbert, Gregor Steffen, Jaimie Dick & Elizabeta Briski
Aim: The spread of invasive non-native species (INNS) will pose major threats to global biodiversity over the coming decades. However, predicting how key effects of climate change will influence the abilities of INNS to establish and exert ecological impact is a major challenge. One overlooked aspect of global change is the expected freshening of certain marine systems, which may interact with INNS and lead to drastic effects on community structure and stability. Location: Baltic Sea,...

Animal lifestyle affects acceptable mass limits for attached tags

Rory Wilson, Kayleigh Rose, Richard Gunner, Mark Holton, Nikki Marks, Nigel Bennett, Stephen Bell, Joshua Twining, Jamie Hesketh, Carlos Duarte, Neil Bezodis, Milos Jezek, Michael Painter, Vaclav Silovsky, Margaret Crofoot, Roi Harel, John Arnould, Blake Allan, Desley Whisson, Abdulaziz Alagaili & David Scantlebury
Animal-attached devices have transformed our understanding of vertebrate ecology. To minimize any associated harm, researchers have long advocated that tag masses should not exceed 3% of carrier body mass. However, this ignores tag forces resulting from animal movement. Using data from collar-attached accelerometers on 10 diverse free-ranging terrestrial species from koalas to cheetahs, we detail a tag-based acceleration method to clarify acceptable tag mass limits. We quantify animal athleticism in terms of fractions of animal...

Limitations of using surrogates for behaviour classification of accelerometer data: refining methods using random forest models in Caprids

Eleanor Dickinson, Joshua Twining, Rory Wilson, Philip Stephens, Jennie Westander, Nikki Marks & Michael Scantlebury
Animal-attached devices can be used on cryptic species to measure their movement and behaviour, enabling unprecedented insights into fundamental aspects of animal ecology and behaviour. However, direct observations of subjects are often still necessary to translate biologging data accurately into meaningful behaviours. As many elusive species cannot easily be observed in the wild, captive or domestic surrogates are typically used to calibrate data from devices. However, the utility of this approach remains equivocal. Here, we...

In utero accumulated steroids predict neonate anti-predator response in a wild mammal

Bawan Amin, Dómhnall Jennings, Adam Smith, Matthew Quinn, Srivats Chari, Amy Haigh, Devorah Matas, Lee Koren & Simone Ciuti
This file contains the raw data and R-scripts used for the analysis published in the research article: "In utero accumulated steroids predict neonate anti‐predator response in a wild mammal" (https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13790). A full and detailed description of the methods can be found in the manuscript, or at request from the author (BA). The R-scripts can be used to follow all the steps taken in the analysis and fully reproduce the effects reported. The file contains data...

Biometric conversion factors as a unifying platform for comparative assessment of invasive freshwater bivalves

Neil Coughlan, Eoghan Cunningham, Ross Cuthbert, Patrick Joyce, Pedro Anastacio, Filipe Banha, Nicolás Bonel, Stephanie Bradbeer, Elizabeta Briski, Vincent Butitta, Zuzana Čadková, Jaimie Dick, Karel Douda, Lawrence Eagling, Noé Ferreira-Rodríguez, Leandro Hünicken, Mattias Johansson, Louise Kregting, Anna Labecka, Deliang Li, Florencia Liquin, Jonathan Marescaux, Todd Morris, Patrycja Nowakowska, Małgorzata Ożgo … & Francisco Sylvester
1. Invasive bivalves continue to spread and negatively impact freshwater ecosystems worldwide. As different metrics for body size and biomass are frequently used within the literature to standardise bivalve related ecological impacts (e.g. respiration and filtration rates), the lack of broadly applicable conversion equations currently hinders reliable comparison across bivalve populations. To facilitate improved comparative assessment amongst studies originating from disparate geographic locations, we report body size and biomass conversion equations for six invasive freshwater...

Invader abundance and contraction of niche breadth during replacement of a native gammarid amphipod

Ian Montgomery
The introduction of non-native species to new locations is a growing global phenomenon with major negative effects on native species and biodiversity. Such introductions potentially bring competitors into contact leading to partial or total species replacements. This creates an opportunity to study novel species interactions as they occur, with the potential to address the strength of inter- and intraspecific interactions, most notably competition. Such potential has often not been realized, however, due to the difficulties...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    16

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    16

Affiliations

  • Queen's University Belfast
    16
  • GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
    3
  • Nature Conservation Foundation
    2
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
    2
  • Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum
    1
  • University of North Georgia
    1
  • Water Research Institute
    1
  • Plymouth University
    1
  • South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity
    1
  • University of Pretoria
    1