19 Works

Data set for \"Three-dimensional measurements of air entrainment and enhanced bubble transport during wave breaking\"

Luc Deike & Daniel Ruth
Data set for air entrainment and bubble transport by breaking waves.

Mechanisms of dietary resource partitioning in large-herbivore assemblages: a plant-trait-based approach

Arjun Potter, Matthew Hutchinson, Johan Pansu, Bart Wursten, Ryan Long, Jonathan Levine & Robert Pringle
Sympatric large mammalian herbivore species differ in diet composition, both by eating different parts of the same plant and by eating different plant species. Various theories proposed to explain these differences are not mutually exclusive, but are difficult to reconcile and confront with data. Moreover, whereas several of these ideas were originally developed with reference to within-plant partitioning (i.e., consumption of different tissues), they may analogously apply to partitioning of plant species; this possibility has...

Data from: Evaluating staging habitat quality to advance the conservation of a declining migratory shorebird, Red Knot Calidris canutus

Tong Mu, Shangxiao Cai, Hebo Peng, Chris J. Hassell, Adrian Boyle, Zhengwang Zhang, Theunis Piersma & David Wilcove
Identifying where and when population “bottlenecks” occur is critical to the conservation of migratory species, many of which are declining precipitously worldwide. Especially challenging is the evaluation of changes to staging sites. These sites are indispensable links in the migratory cycle but are typically used only briefly. We devised a field-based approach to assess the quality and carrying capacity of a critical staging site in Nanpu, China, for the declining, migratory Red Knot (Calidris canutus...

Data from: Constraints on the evolution of toxin-resistant Na,K-ATPases have limited dependence on sequence divergence

Shabnam Mohammadi, Santiago Herrera-Álvarez, Lu Yang, María Del Pilar Rodríguez-Ordoñez, Karen Zhang, Jay F. Storz, Susanne Dobler, Andrew J. Crawford & Peter Andolfatto
A growing body of theoretical and experimental evidence suggests that intramolecular epistasis is a major determinant of rates and patterns of protein evolution and imposes a substantial constraint on the evolution of novel protein functions. Here, we examine the role of intramolecular epistasis in the recurrent evolution of resistance to cardiotonic steroids (CTS) across tetrapods, which occurs via specific amino acid substitutions to the α-subunit family of Na,K-ATPases (ATP1A). After identifying a series of recurrent...

A mechanism for punctuating equilibria during mammalian vocal development

Thiago Varella, Daniel Takahashi, Yisi Zhang & Asif Ghazanfar
Evolution and development are typically characterized as the outcomes of gradual changes, but sometimes such changes are abrupt: States of equilibrium can be punctuated by sudden change. Here, we studied the early vocal development of three different mammals: common marmoset monkeys, Egyptian fruit bats, and humans. Consistent with the notion of punctuated equilibria, we found that all three species undergo at least one sudden transition in the acoustics of their developing vocalizations. This was expected....

Global Ocean particulate organic phosphorus, carbon, oxygen for respiration, and nitrogen (GO-POPCORN) data from Bio-GO-SHIP cruises

Tatsuro Tanioka, Alyse Larkin, Allison Moreno, Catherine Garcia, Nathan Garcia, Jenna Lee, Adam Fagan, Melissa Brock, Skylar Gerace & Adam Martiny
Here, we present the Global Ocean Particulate Organic Phosphorus, Carbon, Oxygen for Respiration, and Nitrogen (GO-POPCORN) dataset from recent Bio-GO-SHIP cruises between 2011 and 2020. The combined dataset contains 2109 paired surface measurements of particulate organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus from 70°S to 55°N across all major ocean basins. The dataset also includes 933 measurements of oxygen demand for organic carbon respiration. This new dataset is valuable for improving our understanding of how biological elemental...

Cryptic species in a colorful genus: integrative taxonomy of the bush robins (Aves, Muscicapidae, Tarsiger) suggests two overlooked species

Yang Liu, Chentao Wei, George Sangster, Urban Olsson, Pamela Rasmussen, Lars Svensson, Cheng-Te Yao, Geoff Carey, Paul Leader, Ruiying Zhang, Guoling Chen, Gang Song, Fumin Lei, David Wilcove & Per Alström
Several cryptic avian species have been validated by recent integrative taxonomic efforts in the Sino-Himalayan mountains, indicating that avian diversity in this global biodiversity hotspot may be underestimated. In the present study,we investigated species limits in the genus Tarsiger, the bush robins, a group of montane forest specialists with high species richness in the Sino-Himalayan region. Based on comprehensive sampling of all 11 subspecies of the six currently recognized species, we applied an integrative taxonomic...

Evolutionary causes and consequences of ungulate migration

Joel Abraham, Nathan Upham, Alejandro Damian-Serrano & Brett Jesmer
Ungulate migrations are crucial for maintaining abundant populations and functional ecosystems. However, little is known about how or why migratory behavior evolved in ungulates. To investigate the evolutionary origins of ungulate migration, we employed phylogenetic path analysis using a comprehensive species-level phylogeny of mammals. We found that 95 of 207 extant ungulate species are at least partially migratory, with migratory behavior originating independently in 17 lineages. The evolution of migratory behavior is associated with reliance...

Reunion of Australasian possums by shared SINE insertions

Liliya Doronina, Charles Y. Feigin & Jürgen Schmitz
Although first posited to be of a single origin, the two subfamilies of Phalangeriform marsupial possums (Phalangeroidea: cuscuses and brushtail possums and Petauroidea: possums and gliders) have long been considered, based on multiple sequencing studies, to have evolved from two separate origins. We reinvestigated these relationships by screening ~200,000 orthologous SINE loci across the newly available whole-genome sequences of Phalangeriform species and their relatives, and identified 106 highly reliable phylogenetic SINE markers. The presence/absence patterns...

Corneal Laser Procedure for safety and efficacy in vision improvement

Michael J. Berry, Robert G. Devenyi, Samuel N. Markowitz &
Purpose: To determine the safety and efficacy of corneal photovitrification (CPV), a corneal laser procedure, for vision improvement in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and other retinal disorders involving central vision loss. Design: Retrospective observational cohort study. Methods: In this retrospective observational case series, 72 eyes of 54 patients received a single CPV treatment. Examinations included pre- and post-treatment (post-Tx) best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA) and pre-Tx potential visual acuity (PVA). Results: Safety...

Barro Colorado Island - eddy covariance flux data (2012-2017)

Matteo Detto
This dataset contains CO2/H2O eddy covariance fluxes and other microclimatic observations observed on Barro Colorado Island (Panama) from 2012 to 2017. Data were acquired and processed using standard routines (see Methods). Data are organized in a spreadsheet with each variable in a column.

Data from \"Transferability of data-driven, many-body models for CO2 simulations in the vapor and liquid phases\"

Shuwen Yue & Marc Riera Riambau
This dataset comprises of data associated with the publication "Transferability of data-driven, many-body models for CO2 simulations in the vapor and liquid phases", which can be found at https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0080061. The data includes calculations for a Many-Body decomposition, virial coefficient calculations, orientational molecular scan energies, potential energy fields, correlation plots of training and testing data, vapor-liquid equilibrium simulations, liquid density simulations, and solid cell simulations.

High Reynolds Number Wind Turbine Wake Data

Alexander Pique
This dataset is affiliated with the publication https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-022-03455-0. All of the data provided is necessary to reproduce the results with the aforementioned publication. The data in this repository is for the wake of a wind turbine at high Reynolds numbers. The data is mainly used for reproducing the statistics (deficit and variance profiles) and the phase averaged results.

Supplement to PhD Dissertation: \"Subsurface Computational Modeling and Policy Analysis of Large-Scale Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (2022)\"

Yiheng Tao
This dataset contains supplementary materials for Chapter 4 and Chapter 5 of Yiheng Tao's PhD dissertation (2022). The dissertation’s abstract is provided here: Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) mitigates climate change by capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from large point sources, or CO2 from the ambient air, and subsequently reusing the captured CO2 or injecting it into deep geological formations for long-term and secure storage. Almost all current decarbonization pathways include large-scale CCUS, on...

Data for Coarse-grained Intrinsically Disordered Proteins

Michael Webb, Roshan Patel & Carlos Borca
This distribution compiles numerous physical properties for 2,585 intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) obtained by coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation. This combination comprises "Dataset A" as reported in "Featurization strategies for polymer sequence or composition design by machine learning" by Roshan A. Patel, Carlos H. Borca, and Michael A. Webb (DOI: 10.1039/D1ME00160D). The specific IDP sequences are sourced from version 9.0 of the DisProt database. The simulations were performed using the LAMMPS molecular dynamics engine. The interactions...

Active neural coordination of motor behaviors with internal states

Yisi Zhang, Daniel Takahashi, Ahmed El Hady & Asif Ghazanfar
The brain must continuously coordinate skeletomuscular movements with internal physiological states like arousal, but how is this coordination achieved? One possibility is that brain simply reacts to changes in external and/or internal signals. Another possibility is that it is actively coordinating both external and internal activities. We used functional ultrasound imaging to capture a large medial section of the brain, including multiple cortical and subcortical areas, in marmoset monkeys while monitoring their spontaneous movements and...

Divergent water requirements partition exposure risk to parasites in wild equids

Kaia Tombak, Laurel Easterling, Lindsay Martinez, Monica Seng, Liana Wait & Daniel Rubenstein
For grazing herbivores, dung density in feeding areas is an important determinant of exposure risk to faecal-orally transmitted parasites. When host species share the same parasite species, a non-random distribution of their cumulative dung density and/or non-random ranging and feeding behaviour may skew exposure risk and the relative selection pressure parasites impose on each host. The arid-adapted Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi) can range more widely than the water-dependent plains zebra (Equus quagga), with which it...

Individual and collective encoding of risk in animal groups

Matthew M.G. Sosna, Colin R. Twomey, Joseph Bak-Coleman, Winnie Poel, Bryan C. Daniels, Pawel Romanczuk & Iain D. Couzin
The need to make fast decisions under risky and uncertain conditions is a widespread problem in the natural world. While there has been extensive work on how individual organisms dynamically modify their behavior to respond appropriately to changing environmental conditions (and how this is encoded in the brain), we know remarkably little about the corresponding aspects of collective information processing in animal groups. For example, many groups appear to show increased “sensitivity” in the presence...

Large Herbivore Nemabiomes: Patterns of Diversity and Sharing

Georgia Titcomb, Johan Pansu, Matthew Hutchinson, Kaia Tombak, Christina Hansen, Chris Baker, Tyler Kartzinel, Hillary Young & Robert Pringle
Amidst global shifts in the distribution and abundance of wildlife and livestock, we have only a rudimentary understanding of ungulate parasite communities and parasite-sharing patterns. We used qPCR and DNA metabarcoding of fecal samples to characterize gastrointestinal nematode (Strongylida) community composition and sharing among 17 sympatric species of wild and domestic large mammalian herbivore in central Kenya. We tested a suite of hypothesis-driven predictions about the role of host traits and phylogenetic relatedness in describing...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Princeton University
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Hunter College
  • Arizona State University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Universität Hamburg
  • Columbia University
  • Lund University
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research