959 Works

Circular RNA ZFR accelerates non-small cell lung cancer progression by acting as a miR-101-3p sponge to enhance CUL4B expression

Haifeng Zhang, Xiaolong Wang, Baoli Hu, Feng Zhang, Haitao Wei & Li Li
Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Circular RNA ZFR (circZFR) is an identified circular RNA (circRNA) that is correlated with cancer progression. However, the role of circZFR in NSCLC remains unknown. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the function of circZFR in NSCLC and the underlying mechanism. The expression patterns of circZFR were determined using qRT-PCR in NSCLC samples and cell lines. The subcellular distribution of circZFR...

Circular RNA ZFR accelerates non-small cell lung cancer progression by acting as a miR-101-3p sponge to enhance CUL4B expression

Haifeng Zhang, Xiaolong Wang, Baoli Hu, Feng Zhang, Haitao Wei & Li Li
Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Circular RNA ZFR (circZFR) is an identified circular RNA (circRNA) that is correlated with cancer progression. However, the role of circZFR in NSCLC remains unknown. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the function of circZFR in NSCLC and the underlying mechanism. The expression patterns of circZFR were determined using qRT-PCR in NSCLC samples and cell lines. The subcellular distribution of circZFR...

Data from: Comparative and population mitogenomic analyses of Madagascar’s extinct, giant ‘subfossil’ lemurs

Logan Kistler, Aakrosh Ratan, Laurie R. Godfrey, Brooke E. Crowley, Cris E. Hughes, Runhua Lei, Yinqui Cui, Mindy L. Wood, Kathleen M. Muldoon, Haingoson Andriamialison, John J. McGraw, Lynn P. Tomsho, Stephan C. Schuster, Webb Miller, Edward E. Louis, Anne D. Yoder, Ripan S. Malhi, George H. Perry & Yinqiu Cui
Humans first arrived on Madagascar only a few thousand years ago. Subsequent habitat destruction and hunting activities have had significant impacts on the island's biodiversity, including the extinction of megafauna. For example, we know of 17 recently extinct ‘subfossil’ lemur species, all of which were substantially larger (body mass ∼11–160 kg) than any living population of the ∼100 extant lemur species (largest body mass ∼6.8 kg). We used ancient DNA and genomic methods to study...

CDK1-PLK1/SGOL2/ANLN pathway mediating abnormal cell division in cell cycle may be a critical process in hepatocellular carcinoma

Ling Li, Kang Huang, Huijia Zhao, Binyao Chen, Qifa Ye & Jiang Yue
This study aims to investigate the potential mechanisms and identify core biomarkers of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The profile GSE113850 was downloaded to analyze the differentially expressed genes. Gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and protein–protein interaction network analysis were used to reveal the main signal pathways of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and hub genes. The correlation between core gene expression and pathological stages, the disease-free survival analysis, the overall survival...

Mapping the global potential transmission hotspots for severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome by machine learning methods

Dong Miao, Ke Dai, Guo-Ping Zhao, Xin-Lou Li, Wen-Qiang Shi, Jiu Song Zhang, Yang Yang, Wei Liu & Li-Qun Fang
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with increasing spread. Currently SFTS transmission has expanded beyond Asian countries, however, with definitive global extents and risk patterns remained obscure. Here we established an exhaustive database that included globally reported locations of human SFTS cases and the competent vector, Haemaphysalis longicornis (H. longicornis), as well as the explanatory environmental variables, based on which, the potential geographic range of H. longicornis and risk areas...

Toward Optimal Fingerprinting in Detection and Attribution of Changes in Climate Extremes

Zhuo Wang, Yujing Jiang, Hui Wan, Jun Yan & Xuebin Zhang
Abstract–Detection and attribution of climate change plays a central role in establishing the causal relationship between the observed changes in the climate and their possible causes. Optimal fingerprinting has been widely used as a standard method for detection and attribution analysis for mean climate conditions, but there has been no satisfactory analog for climate extremes. Here, we turn an intuitive concept, which incorporates the expected climate responses to external forcings into the location parameters of...

Preventing Candida albicans from subverting host plasminogen for invasive infection treatment

Si-Min Chen, Zui Zou, Shi-Yu Guo, Wei-Tong Hou, Xi-Ran Qiu, Yu Zhang, Li-Jun Song, Xin-Yu Hu, Yuan-Ying Jiang, Hui Shen & Mao-Mao An
Candida albicans is a common fungal pathogen in humans that colonizes the skin and mucosal surfaces of the majority healthy individuals. How C. albicans disseminates into the bloodstream and causes life-threatening systemic infections in immunocompromised patients remains unclear. Plasminogen system activation can degrade a variety of structural proteins in vivo and is involved in several homeostatic processes. Here, for the first time, we characterized that C. albicans could capture and “subvert” host plasminogen to invade...

Silk fibroin hydrogel as mucosal vaccine carrier: induction of gastric CD4+TRM cells mediated by inflammatory response induces optimal immune protection against Helicobacter felis

Chupeng Hu, Wei Liu, Ningyin Xu, An Huang, Zhenxing Zhang, Menghui Fan, Guojing Ruan, Yue Wang, Tao Xi & Yingying Xing
Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells, located in the epithelium of most peripheral tissues, constitute the first-line defense against pathogen infections. Our previous study reported that gastric subserous layer (GSL) vaccination induced a “pool” of protective tissue-resident memory CD4+T (CD4+TRM) cells in the gastric epithelium. However, the mechanistic details how CD4+TRM cells form in the gastric epithelium are unknown. Here, our results suggested that the vaccine containing CCF in combination with Silk fibroin hydrogel (SF) broadened...

Supplemental Material, original_data - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, original_data for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

The lipoprotein NlpD in Cronobacter sakazakii responds to acid stress and regulates macrophage resistance and virulence by maintaining membrane integrity

Xuemeng Ji, Ping Lu, Juan Xue, Ning Zhao, Yan Zhang, Lu Dong, Xuejiao Zhang, Ping Li, Yaozhong Hu, Jin Wang, Bowei Zhang, Jingmin Liu, Huan lv & Shuo Wang
Cronobacter sakazakii, an emerging opportunistic pathogen, is implicated in severe foodborne outbreak infections in premature and full-term infants. Generally, acid tolerance is vital for the pathogenesis of foodborne pathogens; however, its role in C. sakazakii virulence remains largely unknown. To screen out acid-tolerance determinants from transposon mutants, anovel counterselection method using gentamicin and acid was developed. Using the counterselection method and growth assay, we screened several acid-sensitive mutants and found that nlpD encodes an acid-resistance...

Ivabradine protects rats against myocardial infarction through reinforcing autophagy via inhibiting PI3K/AKT/mTOR/p70S6K pathway

Yingnan Dai, Yeping Chen, Guoqian Wei, Li Zha & Xueqi Li
Ivabradine (Iva), a heart rate reducing agent that specifically inhibits the pacemaker I(f) ionic current, has been demonstrated to be cardioprotective in many cardiovascular diseases. Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved metabolic process that regulates cardiac homeostasis. This study is aimed to explore whether autophagy is functionally involved in the cardioprotective effect of Iva in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). We observed that Iva treatment (po, 10 mg/kg/day) showed significant recovery on the hemodynamics...

A novel ferroptosis-related gene signature for predicting outcomes in cervical cancer

Xingling Qi, Yipeng Fu, Jia Sheng, Meng Zhang, Mingxing Zhang, Yumeng Wang & Guiling Li
Ferroptosis, a newly discovered iron-dependent form of cell death, contributes to various pathologies; however, the prognostic value of ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) in cervical cancer (CC) remains unclear. Herein, we identified 15 differentially expressed FRGs based on data from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Ten FRGs that correlated with prognosis were screened by univariate Cox regression analysis. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression model was performed to develop a novel prognostic signature. A four-gene...

Anti-tumour effects of red blood cell membrane-camouflaged black phosphorous quantum dots combined with chemotherapy and anti-inflammatory therapy

Xueyuan Huang, Bin Wu, Jian Li, Yinghui Shang, Wansong Chen, Xinmin Nie & Rong Gui
Conventional anti-tumour chemotherapy is facing the challenges of poor specificity, high toxicity and drug resistance. Tumour microenvironment (TME) plays a critical role in tumour development and drug resistance. To address this problem, we constructed a novel anti-tumour nanoparticle platform RBC@BPQDs-DOX/KIR, black phosphorus nanoparticle quantum dots (BPQDs) with one of the chemotherapeutics (doxorubicin, DOX) and an anti-inflammatory traditional Chinese medicine active component (Kirenol, KIR). Red blood cell membrane (RBCm) vesicles were used as the shell to...

MicroRNA-146b-3p regulates the dysfunction of vascular smooth muscle cells via repressing phosphoinositide-3 kinase catalytic subunit gamma

Xijing Zhuang, Feng Gao, Lei Shi, Wei Liu, Wenjun Wang, Xuezhi He & Yang Gao
MicroRNAs are crucial regulators in the phenotype switch of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Nonetheless, the role of miR-146b-3p in VSMCs remains unclear. In the present study, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) at different concentrations was employed to stimulate VSMCs for different times, to establish the model of VSMC dysfunction. The relative expression of miR-146b-3p was quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The proliferation of VSMCs was measured by BrdU assay. Flow cytometry analysis...

The expression and clinical prognostic value of protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit beta in pancreatic cancer

Lingyu Hu, Haokai Xu, Xiaoguang Wang, Bin Wu, Fei Chen, Wei Chen, Yong Gao & Zhengxiang Zhong
Pancreatic cancer (PAAD) is a common malignancy with a poor survival rate. The identification of novel biomarkers could improve clinical outcomes for patients with PAAD. Here we evaluated the expression and clinical significance of PPP1CB in PAAD. PPP1CB expression was higher in PAAD tissue than in matched paracancerous tissue (P < 0.05). We predicted a network of regulatory targets and protein interaction partners of PPP1CB, and identified a PPI network consisting of 39 node genes....

Protective effect of berberine against LPS-induced endothelial cell injury via the JNK signaling pathway and autophagic mechanisms

Junping Guo, Wei Chen, Beibei Bao, Dayong Zhang, Jianping Pan & Mao Zhang
The role of autophagic mechanisms in the protective effect of berberine (BBR) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced injury in the endothelial cells human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) was investigated. Cell viability, proliferation, and apoptosis were detected by the CCK-8 assay, the EdU kit, and flow cytometry, respectively, and autophagy-related protein expression, the number of autophagic vacuoles, and LC3 double-fluorescence were examined using western blot analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and...

STAT3-induced ZBED3-AS1 promotes the malignant phenotypes of melanoma cells by activating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway

Yang Wang, Nan Lou, Min Zuo, Fuqiang Zhu, Yan He, Zhiqiang Cheng & Xiaomei Wang
Melanoma is considered as the most frequent primary malignancy occurring in skin. Accumulating studies have suggested that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical parts in multiple cancers. In this study, we explored the molecular mechanism of ZBED3 antisense RNA 1 (ZBED3-AS1) in melanoma. We observed that ZBED3-AS1 expression was remarkably up-regulated in melanoma tissues, and high ZBED3-AS1 level was linked to unsatisfactory survival of melanoma patients. Then, we discovered that ZBED3-AS1 was overexpressed in melanoma...

Comparative study of bioinformatic tools for the identification of chimeric RNAs from RNA Sequencing

Sandeep Singh & Hui Li
Chimeric RNAs are gaining more and more attention as they have broad implications in both cancer and normal physiology. To date, over 40 chimeric RNA prediction methods have been developed to facilitate their identification from RNA sequencing data. However, a limited number of studies have been conducted to compare the performance of these tools; additionally, previous studies have become outdated as more software tools have been developed within the last three years. In this study,...

Protective effect of Qingre Huoxue decoction against myocardial infarction via PI3K/Akt autophagy pathway based on UPLC-MS, network pharmacology, and in vivo evidence

Zheng Jin, Wenbo Zhang, Yuan Luo, Xiushen Li, Lijin Qing, Qiang Zuo, Junfeng Fang & Wei Wu
Qingre Huoxue (QRHX) decoction, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used to prevent and treat myocardial infarction (MI). This study elucidates the possible mechanisms of QRHX in preventing or treating MI in a rat model. The chemical constituents of QRHX were identified by UPLC-MS. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the Sham (normal saline), Model (normal saline), QRHX-L, QRHX-M and QRHX-H group (n = 10 per group). QRHX decoction was administered by gavage to...

Kazak faecal microbiota transplantation induces short-chain fatty acids that promote glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion by regulating gut microbiota in db/db mice

Xue Han, Ye Wang, Peipei Zhang, Manli Zhu, Ling Li, Xinmin Mao, Xiaoting Sha & Linlin Li
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from Kazak individuals with normal glucose tolerance (KNGT) significantly reduces plasma glycolipid levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus db/db mice. However, the mechanism behind this effect has not been reported. To study the mechanism of improved glycolipid disorders in db/db mice by FMT from a KNGT donor. The normal diet group consisted of db/m mice orally administered 0.2 mL phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (db/m + PBS). For the db/db + PBS...

Short- and long-term follow-up outcomes of patients with Brucella endocarditis: a systematic review of 207 Brucella endocarditis Cases

Xiufeng Li, Tan Wang, Yuanzhi Wang, Songsong Xie, Wenbo Tan & Ping Li
Brucella endocarditis is a fatal complication and the most frequent cause of death for human brucellosis. This study aimed to systematically review the literature on the follow-up outcomes of Brucella endocarditis and analyze the determinants affecting the follow-up outcomes. The databases PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane were searched using keywords and suitable combinations. All studies reporting the follow-up outcomes of Brucella endocarditis were included. Finally, a total of 76 studies (207 patients), including...

Trypanosoma evansi evades host innate immunity by releasing extracellular vesicles to activate TLR2-AKT signaling pathway

Ran Wei, Xin Li, Xiaocen Wang, Nan Zhang, Yuru Wang, Xichen Zhang, Pengtao Gong & Jianhua Li
Surra, one of the most important animal diseases with economic consequences in Asia and South America, is caused by Trypanosoma evansi. However, the mechanism of immune evasion by T. evansi has not been extensively studied. In the present study, T. evansi extracellular vesicles (TeEVs) were characterized and the role of TeEVs in T. evansi infection were examined. The results showed that T. evansi and TeEVs could activate TLR2-AKT pathway to inhibit the secretions of IL-12p40,...

Genome-wide screening for the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) pathway-related therapeutic gene RGS19 (regulator of G protein signaling 19) in bladder cancer

Yue Liu, Weiming Lou, Guang Chen, Bing Ding, Jin Kuang, Yize Zhang, Cong Wang, Sainan Duan, Ying Deng & Xiongbing Lu
Bladder cancer is one of the most severe genitourinary cancers, causing high morbidity worldwide. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is not clear, and it is urgent to find target genes for treatment. G-protein-coupled receptors are currently a target of high interest for drug design. Thus, we aimed to identify a target gene-related to G-protein-coupled receptors for therapy. We used The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and DepMap databases to obtain the expression and clinical data of...

A pan-cancer analysis of the prognostic and immunological role of β-actin (ACTB) in human cancers

Yuxi Gu, Shouyi Tang, Zhen Wang, Luyao Cai, Haosen Lian, Yingqiang Shen & Yu Zhou
Beta-actin (ACTB), a highly conserved cytoskeleton structural protein, has been regarded as a common housekeep gene and used as a reference gene for years. However, accumulating evidence indicates that ACTB is abnormally expressed in multiple cancers and hence changes the cytoskeleton to affect the invasiveness and metastasis of tumors. This study aimed to investigate the function and clinical significance of ACTB in pan-cancer. The role of ACTB for prognosis and immune regulation across 33 tumors...

Delivery of mesenchymal stem cells-derived extracellular vesicles with enriched miR-185 inhibits progression of OPMD

Lin Wang, Panpan Yin, Jiaqi Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Zheng Sun, Yu Zhou & Xiaobing Guan
Oral leukoplakia is one of the most common oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and its malignant transformation to oral cancer is highly associated with chronic inflammation. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) or exosome-delivered microRNAs modulate inflammatory responses and alleviate irritations that predisposes to cancer. We previously reported that microRNA-185 (miR-185) was significantly decreased in the buccal tissue of patients with oral cancer. In this study, we utilized genetically modified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived EVs with high...

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