115 Works

Data from: Complementary mechanisms for upright balance during walking

Hendrik Reimann, Tyler D. Fettrow, Elizabeth D. Thompson, Peter Agada, Bradford J. McFadyen & John J. Jeka
Lateral balance is a critical factor in keeping the human body upright during walking. Two important mechanisms for balance control are the stepping strategy, in which the foot placement is changed in the direction of a sensed fall to modulate how the gravitational force acts on the body, and the lateral ankle strategy, in which the body mass is actively accelerated by an ankle torque. Currently, there is minimal evidence about how these two strategies...

Data from: ProtASR: an evolutionary framework for ancestral protein reconstruction with selection on folding stability

Miguel Arenas, Claudia C. Weber, David A. Liberles & Ugo Bastolla
The computational reconstruction of ancestral proteins provides information on past biological events and has practical implications for biomedicine and biotechnology. Currently available tools for ancestral sequence reconstruction (ASR) are often based on empirical amino acid substitution models that assume that all sites evolve at the same rate and under the same process. However, this assumption is frequently violated because protein evolution is highly heterogeneous due to different selective constraints among sites. Here, we present ProtASR,...

Data from: Environmental variation is a major predictor of global trait turnover in mammals

Ben G. Holt, Gabriel C. Costa, Caterina Penone, Jean-Philippe Lessard, Thomas M. Brooks, Ana D. Davidson, S. Blair Hedges, Volker C. Radeloff, Carsten Rahbek, Carlo Rondinini & Catherine H. Graham
Aim: To evaluate how environment and evolutionary history interact to influence global patterns of mammal trait diversity (a combination of 14 morphological and life-history traits). Location: The global terrestrial environment. Taxon: Terrestrial mammals. Methods: We calculated patterns of spatial turnover for mammalian traits and phylogenetic lineages using the mean nearest taxon distance. We then used a variance partitioning approach to establish the relative contribution of trait conservatism, ecological adaptation and clade specific ecological preferences on...

Bedforms of Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica: Character and Origin

R.B. Alley, N. Holschuh, D.R. MacAyea, B.R. Parizek, L. Zoet, K. Riverman, A. Muto, K. Christianson, E. Clyne, S. Anandakrishnan & N.T. Stevens
Bedforms of Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica both record and affect ice flow. Thwaites Glacier flows across the tectonic fabric of the West Antarctic rift system with its bedrock highs and sedimentary basins. Swath radar and seismic surveys of the glacier bed have revealed soft-sediment flutes 100 m or more high extending 15 km or more across basins downglacier from bedrock highs, and ending at prominent hard-bedded moats on stoss sides of the next topographic highs....

Data from: Gene expression profiling reveals deep-sea coral response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill

Danielle M. DeLeo, Santiago Herrera, Stephen D. Lengyel, Andrea M. Quattrini, Rob J. Kulathinal & Erik E. Cordes
Deep-sea coral communities are key components of the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem and were adversely affected by the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill. Coral colonies exposed to oil and dispersant exhibited mortality, damage, and physiological signatures of stress. Understanding how corals respond to oil and dispersant exposure at the molecular level is important to elucidate the sub-lethal effects of the DWH disaster, and reveal broader patterns of coral stress responses. Gene expression profiles from RNAseq...

sj-xlsx-2-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-2-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Functional convergence of gliP and aspf1 in Aspergillus fumigatus pathogenicity

Hong Liu, Wenjie Xu, Norma V. Solis, Carol Woolford, Aaron P. Mitchell & Scott G. Filler
Gliotoxin contributes to the virulence of the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus in non-neutropenic mice that are immunosuppressed with corticosteroids. To investigate how the absence of gliotoxin affects both the fungus and the host, we used a nanoString nCounter to analyze their transcriptional responses during pulmonary infection of a non-neutropenic host with a gliotoxin-deficient ΔgliP mutant. We found that the ΔgliP mutation led to increased expression of aspf1, which specifies a secreted ribotoxin. Prior studies have shown...

Data from: Shifts to earlier selfing in sympatry may reduce costs of pollinator sharing

April M. Randle, Rachel B. Spigler & Susan Kalisz
Coexisting plant congeners often experience strong competition for resources. Competition for pollinators can result in direct fitness costs via reduced seed set or indirect costs via heterospecific pollen transfer (HPT), causing subsequent gamete loss and unfit hybrid offspring production. Autonomous selfing may alleviate these costs, but to preempt HPT, selfing should occur early, before opportunities for HPT occur (i.e. “preemptive selfing hypothesis”). We evaluated conditions for this hypothesis in Collinsia sister species, C. linearis and...

Data from: Molecular evidence for the paraphyly of Scolecophidia and its evolutionary implications

Aurélien Miralles, Julie Marin, Damien Markus, Anthony Herrel, Blair S. Hedges & Nicolas Vidal
The phylogenetic relationships between the three main clades of worm snakes remain controversial. This question is, however, crucial to elucidate the origin of the successful snake radiation, as these burrowing and miniaturized wormlike organisms represent the earliest branching clades among the snake tree. The present molecular phylogenetic study, intended to minimize the amount of missing data, provides fully resolved inter-subfamilial relationships among Typhlopidae. It also brings robust evidence that worm snakes (Scolecophidia) are paraphyletic, with...

Data from: Neural control of balance during walking

Hendrik Reimann, Tyler Fettrow, Elizabeth D. Thompson & John J. Jeka
Neural control of standing balance has been extensively studied. However, most falls occur during walking rather than standing, and findings from standing balance research do not necessarily carry over to walking. This is primarily due to the constraints of the gait cycle: Body configuration changes dramatically over the gait cycle, necessitating different responses as this configuration changes. Notably, certain responses can only be initiated at specific points in the gait cycle, leading to onset times...

Naoxintong accelerates diabetic wound healing by attenuating inflammatory response

Leyu Fang, Lu Chen, Min Song, Juan He, Lusha Zhang, Chunxiao Li, Qianyi Wang, Wenjie Yang, Wei Sun, Yuze Leng, Hong Shi, Shaoxia Wang, Xiumei Gao & Hong Wang
Naoxintong (NXT), a prescribed traditional Chinese medicine, widely used in cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases, could be effective in diabetic wounds. This study evaluates the wound healing activity of NXT by employing an excisional wound splinting model. NXT was dissolved in saline and given daily by gavage. Wounds were induced at the dorsum of non-diabetic (db/+) and diabetic (db/db) mice and treated with saline or 700 mg/kg/d NXT for 16 days. Wound closure was measured every...

N(6)-adenosine-methyltransferase-14 promotes glioma tumorigenesis by repressing argininosuccinate synthase 1 expression in an m6A-dependent manner

You-Qing Miao, Wei Chen, Jianfeng Zhou, Qiyang Shen, Ying Sun, Tao Li & Sheng-Chan Wang
Glioma is one of the leading causes of tumor-related deaths worldwide, but its potential mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the biological role and potential mechanism of argininosuccinate synthase 1 (ASS1) in glioma. The relative expression levels of ASS1 in glioma specimens and cell lines were calculated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. The biological functions of ASS1 were demonstrated using the 5-ethynyl-2ʹ-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay, transwell assay, and in...

How early does the selfing syndrome arise? Associations between selfing ability and flower size within populations of the mixed mater Collinsia verna

Robert M McElderry, Rachel B Spigler, Donna W Vogler & Susan Kalisz
Widespread associations between selfing rate and floral size within and among taxa suggest that these traits may evolve in concert. Does this association develop immediately, because of shared genetic/developmental control, or stepwise with selection shaping the evolution of one trait following the other? If the former, then association ought to appear within and across populations. We explore this fundamental question in three populations of the mixed-mater Collinsia verna where autonomous selfing (AS) ability has been...

Localized carry-over effects of pond drying on survival, growth, and pathogen defenses in amphibians

Emily Le Sage
Climate change is increasing variability in precipitation patterns in many parts of the globe. Unpredictable changes in water availability can be particularly challenging for organisms that rely on precipitation-fed water sources for completing their life cycle, such as many amphibian species. Although developmental plasticity can mitigate the impacts of changing environments for some species, this strategy can come at a cost to other fitness-linked traits, such as immune function. We investigated localized variation in the...

Protective effect and mechanism of low P50 haemoglobin oxygen carrier on isolated rat heart

Wentao Zhou, Shen Li, Shasha Hao, Honghui Zhang, Tao Li, Wanjing Li, Jiaxin Liu, Hong Wang & Chengmin Yang
The protection of the isolated heart is very important in heart transplantation surgery, meanwhile, the ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) of the isolated heart is the main cause of its damage. A timely supply of oxygen can significantly improve the prevention of myocardial ischaemia, however, the cardioprotective solution does not have an oxygen supply function. Haemoglobin Based on Oxygen Carriers (HBOCs) is a kind of nano-oxygen drug, which can effectively and timely supply oxygen to hypoxic organs and...

Additional file 3 of Pharmacological mechanism and therapeutic efficacy of Icariside II in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review and network pharmacological analysis

Xu Wang, Jinjian Li, Lifang Liu, Jun-Ming Kan, Ping Niu, Zi-Qiao Yu, Chunyu Ma, Fuxiang Dong, Mo-Xuan Han, Jinhua Li & De-xi Zhao
Additional file 3. Quality assessment of CAMARADES and ARRIVE.

Additional file 3 of Pharmacological mechanism and therapeutic efficacy of Icariside II in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review and network pharmacological analysis

Xu Wang, Jinjian Li, Lifang Liu, Jun-Ming Kan, Ping Niu, Zi-Qiao Yu, Chunyu Ma, Fuxiang Dong, Mo-Xuan Han, Jinhua Li & De-xi Zhao
Additional file 3. Quality assessment of CAMARADES and ARRIVE.

Additional file 4 of Pharmacological mechanism and therapeutic efficacy of Icariside II in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review and network pharmacological analysis

Xu Wang, Jinjian Li, Lifang Liu, Jun-Ming Kan, Ping Niu, Zi-Qiao Yu, Chunyu Ma, Fuxiang Dong, Mo-Xuan Han, Jinhua Li & De-xi Zhao
Additional file 4. Information of AIS and ICS II targets.

Water chemistry dataset in eastern Siberian rivers

Ping Wang, Shiqi Liu, Qiwei Huang, Olga Gabysheva, Zehong Li, Jialing Zhang, Ekaterina Kazak, Yu Liu, Tcogto Bazarzhapov, Raisa Shpakova, Victor Gabyshev, Sergey Pozdniakov & Natalia Frolova
The dataset includes major ion (Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3, SO4, and Cl) data spanning 1940-2019, with 9487 groups of chemical results from 1434 water samples collected mainly in six large river basins in eastern Siberia.

Water chemistry dataset in eastern Siberian rivers

Ping Wang, Shiqi Liu, Qiwei Huang, Olga Gabysheva, Zehong Li, Jialing Zhang, Ekaterina Kazak, Yu Liu, Tcogto Bazarzhapov, Raisa Shpakova, Victor Gabyshev, Sergey Pozdniakov & Natalia Frolova
The dataset includes major ion (Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3, SO4, and Cl) data spanning 1940-2019, with 9487 groups of chemical results from 1434 water samples collected mainly in six large river basins in eastern Siberia.

Tegument protein UL21 of alpha-herpesvirus inhibits the innate immunity by triggering CGAS degradation through TOLLIP-mediated selective autophagy

Zicheng Ma, Juan Bai, Chenlong Jiang, Huixin Zhu, Depeng Liu, Mengjiao Pan, Xianwei Wang, Jiang Pi, Ping Jiang & Xing Liu
Alpha-herpesvirus causes lifelong infections and serious diseases in a wide range of hosts and has developed multiple strategies to counteract the host defense. Here, we demonstrate that the tegument protein UL21 (unique long region 21) in pseudorabies virus (PRV) dampens type I interferon signaling by triggering the degradation of CGAS (cyclic GMP-AMP synthase) through the macroautophagy/autophagy-lysosome pathway. Mechanistically, the UL21 protein scaffolds the E3 ligase UBE3C (ubiquitin protein ligase E3C) to catalyze the K27-linked ubiquitination...

Tegument protein UL21 of alpha-herpesvirus inhibits the innate immunity by triggering CGAS degradation through TOLLIP-mediated selective autophagy

Zicheng Ma, Juan Bai, Chenlong Jiang, Huixin Zhu, Depeng Liu, Mengjiao Pan, Xianwei Wang, Jiang Pi, Ping Jiang & Xing Liu
Alpha-herpesvirus causes lifelong infections and serious diseases in a wide range of hosts and has developed multiple strategies to counteract the host defense. Here, we demonstrate that the tegument protein UL21 (unique long region 21) in pseudorabies virus (PRV) dampens type I interferon signaling by triggering the degradation of CGAS (cyclic GMP-AMP synthase) through the macroautophagy/autophagy-lysosome pathway. Mechanistically, the UL21 protein scaffolds the E3 ligase UBE3C (ubiquitin protein ligase E3C) to catalyze the K27-linked ubiquitination...

Additional file 4 of Expanding known viral diversity in plants: virome of 161 species alongside an ancient canal

Shixing Yang, Qingqing Mao, Yan Wang, Jingxian He, Jie Yang, Xu Chen, Yuqing Xiao, Yumin He, Min Zhao, Juan Lu, Zijun Yang, Ziyuan Dai, Qi Liu, Yuxin Yao, Xiang Lu, Hong Li, Rui Zhou, Jian Zeng, Wang Li, Chenglin Zhou, Xiaochun Wang, Quan Shen, Hui Xu, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart … & Wen Zhang
Additional file 4. Table S2: Information of viruses with complete genomes determined in the present study.

Additional file 1 of Expanding known viral diversity in plants: virome of 161 species alongside an ancient canal

Shixing Yang, Qingqing Mao, Yan Wang, Jingxian He, Jie Yang, Xu Chen, Yuqing Xiao, Yumin He, Min Zhao, Juan Lu, Zijun Yang, Ziyuan Dai, Qi Liu, Yuxin Yao, Xiang Lu, Hong Li, Rui Zhou, Jian Zeng, Wang Li, Chenglin Zhou, Xiaochun Wang, Quan Shen, Hui Xu, Xutao Deng, Eric Delwart … & Wen Zhang
Additional file 1. Table S1: Plant species and library information.

Additional file 1 of Identification and validation of plant height, spike length and spike compactness loci in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Hong Liu, Zhipeng Shi, Feifei Ma, Yunfeng Xu, Guohao Han, Jinpeng Zhang, Dongcheng Liu & Diaoguo An
Additional file 1: Supplementary file 1.

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Affiliations

  • Temple University
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