17 Works

Fat storage influences fasting endurance more than body size in an ungulate

L. Monica Trondrud, Gabriel Pigeon, Elżbieta Król, Steve Albon, Alina L. Evans, Walter Arnold, Catherine Hambly, R. Justin Irvine, Erik Ropstad, Audun Stien, Vebjørn Veiberg, John R. Speakman & Leif Egil Loe
1. The fasting endurance hypothesis (FEH) predicts strong selection for large body size in mammals living in environments where food supply is interrupted over prolonged periods of time. The Arctic is a highly seasonal and food restricted environment, but contrary to predictions from the FEH, empirical evidence shows that Arctic mammals are often smaller than their temperate conspecifics. Intraspecific studies integrating physiology and behaviour of different-sized individuals, may shed light on this paradox. 2. We...

Determinants of heart rate in Svalbard reindeer reveal mechanisms of seasonal energy management

L. Monica Trondrud, Gabriel Pigeon, Steve Albon, Walter Arnold, Alina L. Evans, R. Justin Irvine, Elżbieta Król, Erik Ropstad, Audun Stien, Vebjørn Veiberg, John R. Speakman & Leif Egil Loe
Seasonal energetic challenges may constrain an animal’s ability to respond to changing individual and environmental conditions. Here we investigated variation in heart rate, a well-established proxy for metabolic rate, in Svalbard reindeer, a species with strong seasonal changes in foraging and metabolic activity. In 19 adult females we recorded heart rate, subcutaneous temperature and activity using biologgers. Mean heart rate more than doubled from winter to summer. Typical drivers of energy expenditure, such as reproduction...

Linking genetic, morphological, and behavioural divergence between inland island and mainland deer mice

Joshua Miller, Dany Garant, Charles Perrier, Tristan Juette, Joël Jameson, Denis Réale, Eric Normandeau & Louis Bernatchez
The island syndrome hypothesis (ISH) stipulates that, as a result of local selection pressures and restricted gene flow, individuals from island populations should differ from individuals within mainland populations. Specifically, island populations are predicted to contain individuals that are larger, less aggressive, more sociable, and that invest more in their offspring. To date, tests of the ISH have mainly compared oceanic islands to continental sites, and rarely smaller spatial scales such as inland watersheds. Here,...

Dataset for: Assessing pesticides exposure effects on the reproductive performance of a declining aerial insectivore

Fanie Pelletier, Marie-Christine Poisson, Daniel R. Garrett, Audrey Sigouin, Marc Bélisle & Dany Garant
In the context of increasing global environmental changes, it has become progressively important to understand the effects of human activity on wildlife populations. Declines in several avian populations have been observed since the 1970s, especially with respect to many farmland and grassland birds, which also include some aerial insectivores. Changes in farming practices referred to as agricultural intensification coincide with these major avian declines. Among those practices, increased pesticide use is hypothesized to be a...

Variable strength of predator-mediated effects on species occurrence in an arctic terrestrial vertebrate community

Éliane Duchesne, Jean-François Lamarre, Gilles Gauthier, Dominique Berteaux, Dominique Gravel & Joël Bêty
Indirect effects resulting from species sharing the same enemy can shape spatio-temporal variations in species occurrence. The strength of such effects remains poorly known in natural communities composed of species from different trophic levels interacting in heterogeneous landscapes. Benefiting from a well-known arctic vertebrate community and marked spatio-temporal variations in the density of key prey species, we examined the effects of direct predator-prey and indirect predator-mediated effects on species occurrence in the landscape. We found...

Incidence of TB by country of origin - Estrie region

Jacques Pépin
The identification and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among immigrants from high-incidence regions who move to low-incidence countries is generally considered an ineffective strategy because only ≈14% of them comply with the multiple steps of the ‘cascade of care’ and complete treatment. In the Estrie region of Canada, a refugee clinic was opened in 2009. One of its goals is LTBI management. Between 2009-2020, 5131 refugees were evaluated. To determine the efficacy and benefit-cost...

Effects of population density on static allometry between horn length and body mass in mountain ungulates

Christophe Pelabon, Marco Festa-Bianchet, Steeve Côté, Carole Toigo, Mathieu Garel & Anne Loison
Little is known about the effects of environmental variation on allometric relationships of condition-dependent traits, especially in wild populations. We estimated sex-specific static allometry between horn length and body mass in four populations of mountain ungulates that experienced periods of contrasting density over the course of the study. These species displayed contrasting sexual dimorphism in horn size; high dimorphism in Capra ibex and Ovis canadensis and low dimorphism in Rupicapra rupicapra and Oreamnos americanus. The...

Data for the detection of the boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata) using environmental DNA and call surveys at 180 ponds sampled in 2017-2018 in southeastern Québec, Canada

Marc J. Mazerolle, Marie-Pier Dubois-Gagnon, Louis Bernatchez, Marc Bélisle & Yohann Dubois
The boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata) is at risk of extinction in parts of its range in Canada. Our objectives were to quantify the influence of local and landscape characteristics on the occurrence of the species in wetlands in southern Québec. We hypothesized that site occupancy depends on local characteristics and landscape characteristics contributing to site connectivity. We developed an environmental DNA (eDNA) method to detect the species and compared the detection probability of this...

Nonideal nest box selection by tree swallows breeding in farmlands: evidence for an ecological trap?

Ève Courtois, Marc Bélisle, Dany Garant & Fanie Pelletier
Animals are expected to select a breeding habitat using cues that should reflect, directly or not, the fitness outcome of the different habitat options. However, human-induced environmental changes can alter the relationships between habitat characteristics and their fitness consequences, leading to maladaptive habitat choices. The most severe case of such nonideal habitat selection is the ecological trap, which occurs when individuals prefer to settle in poor-quality habitats while better ones are available. Here we studied...

Exotics are more complementary over time in tree biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments

Michael Belluau, Alain Paquette, Dominique Gravel, Peter Reich, Artur Stefanski & Christian Messier
Background and aims The Biodiversity – Ecosystem Functioning (BEF) literature proposes that ecosystem functioning increases with biodiversity because of complementarity in resource use among species, associated with functional diversity. In this study, we challenge the trait-based ecology framework by comparing congeneric exotic (European) and native (North American) tree species showing similar resource-use functional trait values. The trait-based framework suggests that two functionally equivalent species should play similar roles in a community, resulting in similar interactions...

Determinants of offspring sex in kangaroos: a test of multiple hypotheses

Pauline Toni, David Forsyth & Marco Festa-Bianchet
When the fitness costs and benefits of sons and daughters differ, offspring sex ratio manipulation could be an important reproductive tactic. We explored the effects of environment and maternal caring ability on offspring sex to test four adaptive sex ratio modification hypotheses: the Extrinsic Modification (EMH), Carrying Capacity (CCH), Trivers-Willard (TWH) and Cost-of-Reproduction (CRH) hypotheses. The EMH and CCH propose that environmental conditions shape offspring sex ratios, directly or in interaction with maternal condition. The...

Source pool diversity and proximity shape the compositional uniqueness of insular mammal assemblages worldwide

Katherine Hébert, Virginie Millien & Jean-Philippe Lessard
Islands have been the test bed of several theories in community ecology, biogeography, and evolutionary biology. Progress within these disciplines has given a more comprehensive and mechanistic understanding of the processes governing variation in species richness among islands. However, it remains unclear whether these same processes also explain variation in species and phylogenetic composition among islands. Integrating theory from ecology and biogeography, we infer the roles of dispersal, selection, and stochasticity on the composition of...

Determinants of nest box local recruitment and natal dispersal in a declining bird population

Esther Carle-Pruneau, Dany Garant, Marc Bélisle & Fanie Pelletier
Recruitment and dispersal are important demographic rates and studying their determinants is particularly important in the current context of global anthropogenic perturbations. In birds, and especially for migratory species, assessing these rates is challenging because of the difficulties involved in tracking individuals beyond fledging. Here we assessed the determinants of nest box local recruitment and natal dispersal distances in a declining aerial insectivore, the Tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor). We used a 16-year dataset obtained from...

Data for: Testing the match-mismatch hypothesis in bighorn sheep in the context of climate change

Limoilou-Amelie Renaud, Marco Festa-Bianchet & Fanie Pelletier
In species with long gestation, females commit to reproduction several months before parturition. If cues driving conception date are uncoupled from spring conditions, parturition could be mistimed. Mismatch may increase with global change if the rate of temporal changes in autumn cues differs from the rate of change in spring conditions. Using 17 years of data on climate and vegetation phenology, we show that autumn temperature and precipitation, but not vegetation phenology, explain parturition date...

Data from: Growth and reproduction trade-offs can estimate previous reproductive history in alpine ungulates

Benjamin Larue, Sandra Hamel, Steeve D. Côté, Fanie Pelletier & Marco Festa-Bianchet
1. Life-history theory predicts energy allocation trade-offs between traits when resources are limited. If females reduce allocation to growth when they reproduce, annual growth could reveal past reproductive effort, which would be useful to assess population dynamics and harvest sustainability. The potential and accuracy of growth measures for predicting reproductive success have rarely been evaluated with individuals with known reproductive history. 2. We used long-term monitoring of annual growth and reproduction of marked female bighorn...

Botanic gardens play key roles in the regional distribution of first records of alien plants in China

Ming Ni
Aim: Plant invasions pose a serious risk to biodiversity, and living collections in botanic gardens are recognized as a potentially important source of alien plant introductions. However, it is not yet known how the risks from botanic gardens compare with other socio-economic and environmental factors in influencing the regional distribution of alien plant introductions. Location: China Time period: 1840 – 2018 Major taxa studied: All vascular plants Methods: We compiled a dataset of the locations...

Data from: Determinants and long-term costs of early reproduction in males of a long-lived polygynous mammal

Yanny Ritchot, Fanie Pelletier, Marco Festa-Bianchet & David Coltman
In long-lived polygynous species, male reproductive success is often monopolized by a few mature dominant individuals. Young males are generally too small to be dominant and may employ alternative tactics, however, little is known about the determinants of reproductive success for young males. Understanding the causes and consequences of variability in early reproductive success may be crucial to assess the strength of sexual selection and possible long-term trade-offs among life-history traits. Selective pressures driven by...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Université de Sherbrooke
  • Université Laval
  • Frankfurt Zoological Society
  • University of Quebec at Montreal
  • The Arctic University of Norway
  • University of Aberdeen
  • Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • James Hutton Institute
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences