571 Works

Data from: Evolutionary responses of a coccolithophorid Gephyrocapsa oceanica to ocean acidification

Peng Jin, Kunshan Gao & John Beardall
The ongoing ocean acidification associated with a changing carbonate system may impose profound effects on marine planktonic calcifiers. Here, we show that a coccolithophore, Gephyrocapsa oceanica, evolved in response to an elevated CO2 concentration of 1000 μatm (pH reduced to 7.8) in a long term (∼ 670 generations) selection experiment. The high CO2 selected cells showed increases in photosynthetic carbon fixation, growth rate, cellular particulate organic carbon (POC) or nitrogen (PON) production and a decrease...

Data from: Drivers shaping the diversity and biogeography of total and active bacterial communities in the South China Sea

Yao Zhang, Zihao Zhao, Minhan Dai, Nianzhi Jiao & Gerhard J. Herndl
To test the hypothesis that different drivers shape the diversity and biogeography of the total and active bacterial community, we examined the bacterial community composition along two transects, one from the inner Pearl River estuary to the open waters of the South China Sea (SCS) and the other from the Luzon Strait to the SCS basin, using 454 pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA and 16S rRNA gene (V1-3 regions) and thereby, characterizing the active and...

Data from: Untangling the roles of microclimate, behaviour and physiological polymorphism in governing vulnerability of intertidal snails to heat stress

Yun-Wei Dong, Xiao-Xu Li, Francis M.P. Choi, Gray A. Williams, George N. Somero, Brian Helmuth & Francis M. P. Choi
Biogeographic distributions are driven by cumulative effects of smaller scale processes. Thus, vulnerability of animals to thermal stress is the result of physiological sensitivities to body temperature (Tb), microclimatic conditions, and behavioural thermoregulation. To understand interactions among these variables, we analysed the thermal tolerances of three species of intertidal snails from different latitudes along the Chinese coast, and estimated potential Tb in different microhabitats at each site. We then empirically determined the temperatures at which...

Data from: Herbivory enhances the resistance of mangrove forest to cordgrass invasion

Yihui Zhang, Hanyu Meng, Yi Wang & Qiang He
The biotic resistance hypothesis proposes that biotic interactions, such as competition and herbivory, resist the establishment and spread of non-native species. The relative and interactive role of competition and herbivory in resisting plant invasions, however, remains poorly understood. We investigated the interactive role of competition and herbivory (by the native rodent Rattus losea) in resisting Spartina alterniflora (cordgrass) invasions into mangrove forests. In southern China, although exotic cordgrass numerically dominates intertidal mudflats and open gaps...

Description and classification of echolocation clicks of Indian Ocean humpback (Sousa plumbea) and Indo-Pacific bottlenose (Tursiops aduncus) dolphins from Menai Bay, Zanzibar, East Africa

Liangliang Yang, Matt Sharpe, Andrew Temple, Narriman Jiddawi, Xiaomei Xu & Per Berggren
Passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) is a powerful method to study the occurrence, movement and behavior of echolocating odontocetes (toothed whales) in the wild. However, in areas occupied by more than one species, echolocation clicks need to be classified into species. The present study investigated whether the echolocation clicks produced by small, at-risk, resident sympatric populations of Indian Ocean humpback dolphin (Sousa plumbea) and Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) in Menai Bay, Zanzibar, East Africa, could...

Data from: Intra-specific variation in tree growth responses to neighborhood composition and seasonal drought in a tropical forest

Jie Yang, Xiaoyang Song, Jenny Zambrano, Yuxin Chen, Min Cao, Xiaobao Deng, Wenfu Zhang, Xiaofei Yang, Guocheng Zhang, Yong Tang & Nathan Swenson
1. Functional traits are expected to provide insights into the abiotic and biotic drivers of plant demography. However, successfully linking traits to plant demographic performance likely requires the consideration of important contextual and individual-level information that is often ignored in trait-based ecology. 2. Here, we modeled 8 years of growth from 1,138 individual trees from 36 tropical rain forest species. We compared models of tree growth parameterized using individual-level versus species mean trait data. We...

Historical rice farming in China linked to contemporary polygenic score differences

Chen Zhu, Thomas Talhelm, Yingxiang Li, Gang Chen, Jiong Zhu & Jun Wang
Following domestication in the lower Yangtze River valley 9,400 years ago, rice farming spread throughout China and changed lifestyle patterns among Neolithic populations. Here we report evidence that the advent of rice domestication and cultivation may have shaped humans not only culturally but also genetically. Leveraging recent findings from molecular genetics, we construct a number of polygenic scores of behavioural traits and examine their associations with rice cultivation based on a sample of 4,101 individuals...

Moisture and mold-proof characteristics of surface modified wood for musical instrument soundboards

Caiping Xu, Zhenbo Liu, Wanli Li & Xingyun Li
Wood is the major material for musical instrument soundboards fabrication on account of practical and cultural reasons. However, as a natural material, wood is easy to be degraded due to moisture or fungi corrosion. The traditional wood protection methods are normally meant for the structural materials, which might not suitable for the soundboard materials. Therefore, in this work, a novel nanomaterial-based modification method was applied to effectively protect wood from moisture and fungi, without causing...

Comparative analysis of a geometric and an adhesive righting strategy against toppling in inclined hexapedal locomotion

Toni Wöhrl, Adrian Richter, Shihui Guo, Lars Reinhardt, Manuela Nowotny & Reinhard Blickhan
Animals are known to exhibit different walking behaviors in hilly habitats. For instance, cats, rats, squirrels, tree frogs, desert iguana, stick insects and desert ants were observed to lower their body height in traversing slopes, whereas mound-dwelling iguanas and wood ants tend to maintain constant walking kinematics regardless of the slope. This paper aims to understand and classify these distinct behaviors into two different strategies against toppling for climbing animals by looking into two factors,...

Additional file 3 of Genome-centric insight into metabolically active microbial population in shallow-sea hydrothermal vents

Xiaofeng Chen, Kai Tang, Mu Zhang, Shujing Liu, Mingming Chen, Peiwen Zhan, Wei Fan, Chen-Tung Arthur Chen & Yao Zhang
Additional file 3: Table S2. Summary of the metagenome sequencing statistics.

Additional file 8 of Genome-centric insight into metabolically active microbial population in shallow-sea hydrothermal vents

Xiaofeng Chen, Kai Tang, Mu Zhang, Shujing Liu, Mingming Chen, Peiwen Zhan, Wei Fan, Chen-Tung Arthur Chen & Yao Zhang
Additional file 8: Table S7. Genomic and proteomic information of 20 MAGs recovered in this study.

Additional file 6 of Genome-centric insight into metabolically active microbial population in shallow-sea hydrothermal vents

Xiaofeng Chen, Kai Tang, Mu Zhang, Shujing Liu, Mingming Chen, Peiwen Zhan, Wei Fan, Chen-Tung Arthur Chen & Yao Zhang
Additional file 6: Table S5. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and amino acid identity (AAI) between MAGs and their closes relatives.

Additional file 6 of Genome-centric insight into metabolically active microbial population in shallow-sea hydrothermal vents

Xiaofeng Chen, Kai Tang, Mu Zhang, Shujing Liu, Mingming Chen, Peiwen Zhan, Wei Fan, Chen-Tung Arthur Chen & Yao Zhang
Additional file 6: Table S5. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and amino acid identity (AAI) between MAGs and their closes relatives.

Additional file 1 of Elevated NRAS expression during DCIS is a potential driver for progression to basal-like properties and local invasiveness

Ze-Yi Zheng, Hanan Elsarraj, Jonathan T. Lei, Yan Hong, Meenakshi Anurag, Long Feng, Hilda Kennedy, Yichao Shen, Flora Lo, Zifan Zhao, Bing Zhang, Xiang H.-F. Zhang, Ossama W. Tawfik, Fariba Behbod & Eric C. Chang
Additional file 1: Table S1. Pathological, Biomarker and Demographic Characteristics of the patients in the TMAs.

Additional file 3 of Elevated NRAS expression during DCIS is a potential driver for progression to basal-like properties and local invasiveness

Ze-Yi Zheng, Hanan Elsarraj, Jonathan T. Lei, Yan Hong, Meenakshi Anurag, Long Feng, Hilda Kennedy, Yichao Shen, Flora Lo, Zifan Zhao, Bing Zhang, Xiang H.-F. Zhang, Ossama W. Tawfik, Fariba Behbod & Eric C. Chang
Additional file 3: Table S2. NRAS-silencing induced a switch from basal to luminal gene expression pattern in SUM102PT cells as measured by RNA-seq.

Additional file 3 of Elevated NRAS expression during DCIS is a potential driver for progression to basal-like properties and local invasiveness

Ze-Yi Zheng, Hanan Elsarraj, Jonathan T. Lei, Yan Hong, Meenakshi Anurag, Long Feng, Hilda Kennedy, Yichao Shen, Flora Lo, Zifan Zhao, Bing Zhang, Xiang H.-F. Zhang, Ossama W. Tawfik, Fariba Behbod & Eric C. Chang
Additional file 3: Table S2. NRAS-silencing induced a switch from basal to luminal gene expression pattern in SUM102PT cells as measured by RNA-seq.

Additional file 3 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Additional file 3. Differentially expressed protein data.

Additional file 2 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm dispersion by the mouse antimicrobial peptide CRAMP

Yang Zhang, Peng Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Xiaofen Li, Lianci Peng, Rendong Fang, Jing Xiong, Hui Li, Cui Mei, Jiye Gao, Zhenhui Song, Dengfeng Xu, Lizhi Fu, Chenghong Li, Xueqing Wu, Yuzhang He & Hongwei Chen
Additional file 2. Differentially expressed gene data.

Additional file 1 of Transcriptome profiling of lung immune responses potentially related to acute respiratory distress syndrome in forest musk deer

Jie Tang, Lijuan Suo, Feiran Li, Kun Bian, Chao Yang & Yan Wang
Additional file 1.

Additional file 12 of A comparative proteomic analysis provides insight into the molecular mechanism of bud break in longan

Dengwei Jue, Liqin Liu, Xuelian Sang & Shengyou Shi
Supplementary Material 12

Additional file 8 of A comparative proteomic analysis provides insight into the molecular mechanism of bud break in longan

Dengwei Jue, Liqin Liu, Xuelian Sang & Shengyou Shi
Supplementary Material 8

Additional file 2 of A comparative proteomic analysis provides insight into the molecular mechanism of bud break in longan

Dengwei Jue, Liqin Liu, Xuelian Sang & Shengyou Shi
Supplementary Material 2

Additional file 3 of A comparative proteomic analysis provides insight into the molecular mechanism of bud break in longan

Dengwei Jue, Liqin Liu, Xuelian Sang & Shengyou Shi
Supplementary Material 3

Additional file 10 of A comparative proteomic analysis provides insight into the molecular mechanism of bud break in longan

Dengwei Jue, Liqin Liu, Xuelian Sang & Shengyou Shi
Supplementary Material 10

Additional file 8 of A comparative proteomic analysis provides insight into the molecular mechanism of bud break in longan

Dengwei Jue, Liqin Liu, Xuelian Sang & Shengyou Shi
Supplementary Material 8

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