10 Works

Molecular gut content analysis indicates the inter- and intra-guild predation patterns of spiders in conventionally managed vegetable fields

Hafiz Sohaib Ahmed Saqib, Pingping Liang, Minsheng You & Geoff M. Gurr
Inter- and intra-guild interactions are important in the coexistence of predators and their prey, especially in highly disturbed vegetable cropping systems with sporadic food resources. Assessing the dietary range of a predator taxon characterized by diverse foraging behavior using conventional approaches, such as visual observation and conventional molecular approaches for prey detection, has serious logistical problems. In this study, we investigated the trophic interactions of a functionally diverge group of predators -spiders- to accomplish the...

Mangrove wetland restoration in China

Yamian Zhang
The large-scale conversion of natural mangroves to aquaculture reduces species richness and diversity. Large areas of abandoned aquaculture ponds in areas where mangroves formerly predominated in China and Southeast Asia represent important potential effective targets for mangrove restoration. Here, we empirically assessed the α-diversity (species richness) and β-diversity (variation in community composition) of mangrove, macrobenthos, fish, and waterbird in a tropical mangrove bay on Hainan Island, China. We compared sites subjected to different pond-to-mangrove restoration...

Human-mediated dispersal redefines mangrove biogeography in the Anthropocene

Guogui Chen, Xuan Gu, Shing Yip Lee, Yuxi Wang, Wenqing Wang & Mao Wang
Introduction of species by humans breaks down biogeographic boundaries and results in the homogenization of species composition, yet empirical tests of this impact in marine forest ecosystems are still scarce. Large-scale planting aimed at reversing losses of mangroves has been the dominant strategy for mangrove restoration adopted by many organizations in the past decades, but there is a lack of quantitative understanding of the impacts of such large-scale plantings on mangrove biogeography. Here we used...

Advanced Cambrian hydroid fossils (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) extend the medusozoan evolutionary history

Xikun Song, Bernhard Ruthensteiner, Mingxin Lyu, Xi Liu, Jian Wang & Jian Han
Primitive cnidarians are crucial for elucidating the early evolution of metazoan body plans and life histories in the late Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic. The highest complexity of both evolutionary aspects within cnidarians is found in extant hydrozoans. Many colonial hydrozoans coated with chitinous exoskeletons have the potential to form fossils; however, only a few fossils possibly representing hydroids have been reported, which still require scrutiny. Here, we present an exceptionally well-preserved hydroid found in the Upper...

The complete chloroplast genome of Mimusops elengi (Sapotaceae)

Lijuan He & Qiyi Huang
The first complete chloroplast genome sequences of Mimusops elengi (Sapotaceae) were reported in this study. The cpDNA of M. elengi is 159,719 bp in length, contains a large single-copy region (LSC) of 88,935 bp and a small single-copy region (SSC) of 18,606 bp, which were separated by a pair of inverted repeat (IR) regions of 26,089 bp. The genome contains 132 genes, including 87 protein-coding genes, 8 ribosomal RNA genes, and 37 transfer RNA genes....

Moisture and mold-proof characteristics of surface modified wood for musical instrument soundboards

Caiping Xu, Zhenbo Liu, Wanli Li & Xingyun Li
Wood is the major material for musical instrument soundboards fabrication on account of practical and cultural reasons. However, as a natural material, wood is easy to be degraded due to moisture or fungi corrosion. The traditional wood protection methods are normally meant for the structural materials, which might not suitable for the soundboard materials. Therefore, in this work, a novel nanomaterial-based modification method was applied to effectively protect wood from moisture and fungi, without causing...

Comparative analysis of a geometric and an adhesive righting strategy against toppling in inclined hexapedal locomotion

Toni Wöhrl, Adrian Richter, Shihui Guo, Lars Reinhardt, Manuela Nowotny & Reinhard Blickhan
Animals are known to exhibit different walking behaviors in hilly habitats. For instance, cats, rats, squirrels, tree frogs, desert iguana, stick insects and desert ants were observed to lower their body height in traversing slopes, whereas mound-dwelling iguanas and wood ants tend to maintain constant walking kinematics regardless of the slope. This paper aims to understand and classify these distinct behaviors into two different strategies against toppling for climbing animals by looking into two factors,...

Historical rice farming in China linked to contemporary polygenic score differences

Chen Zhu, Thomas Talhelm, Yingxiang Li, Gang Chen, Jiong Zhu & Jun Wang
Following domestication in the lower Yangtze River valley 9,400 years ago, rice farming spread throughout China and changed lifestyle patterns among Neolithic populations. Here we report evidence that the advent of rice domestication and cultivation may have shaped humans not only culturally but also genetically. Leveraging recent findings from molecular genetics, we construct a number of polygenic scores of behavioural traits and examine their associations with rice cultivation based on a sample of 4,101 individuals...

Microhabitat temperature variation combines with physiological variation to enhance thermal resilience of the intertidal mussel Mytilisepta virgata

Xiao-Xu Li, Yue Tan, Yong-Xu Sun, Jie Wang, Yun-Wei Dong & Xiao-Xu Li
1. Predicting the effects of rising temperature entails measuring both habitat thermal characteristics and the physiological variation of the species as it relates to this microhabitat variation; these two types of measurements can generate what is termed a “physiological landscape” for the species. Mapping the micro-scale physiological landscape across space and time, rather than relying on large-scale averages of temperature and means of thermal limits in a species, can allow more accurate estimates of an...

An invasive species erodes the performance of coastal wetland protected areas

Junlin Ren, Jianshe Chen, Changlin Xu, Johan Van De Koppel, Mads Thomsen, Shi-Yun Qiu, Fangyan Cheng, Wanjuan Song, Quan-Xing Liu, Chi Xu, Junhong Bai, Yihui Zhang, Baoshan Cui, Mark Bertness, Brian Silliman, Bo Li & Qiang He
The world has increasingly relied upon protected areas (PAs) to rescue highly valued ecosystems from human activities, but whether PAs will fare well with bioinvasions remains unknown. By analyzing three decades of seven largest coastal PAs in China, including multiple World Natural Heritage and/or Wetlands of International Importance sites, we show that although PAs are achieving success in rescuing iconic wetlands and critical shorebird habitats from once widespread reclamation, this success is counteracted by escalating...

Registration Year

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  • Xiamen University
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