6 Works

Data from: The molecular biogeography of the Indo-Pacific: testing hypotheses with multispecies genetic patterns

Eric D. Crandall, Cynthia Riginos, Chris E. Bird, Libby Liggins, Eric Treml, Maria Beger, Paul H. Barber, Sean R. Connolly, Peter F. Cowman, Joseph D. Dibattista, Jeff A. Eble, Sharon F. Magnuson, John B. Horne, Marc Kochzius, Harilaos A. Lessios, Shang Yin Vanson Liu, William B. Ludt, Hawis Madduppa, John M. Pandolfi, Robert R. Toonen, Contributing Members Of Diversity Of The Indo-Pacific Network & Michelle R. Gaither
Aim: To test hypothesized biogeographic partitions of the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean with phylogeographic data from 56 taxa, and to evaluate the strength and nature of barriers emerging from this test. Location: The Indo-Pacific Ocean. Time Period: Pliocene through the Holocene. Major Taxa Studied: 56 marine species. Methods: We tested eight biogeographic hypotheses for partitioning of the Indo-Pacific using a novel modification to analysis of molecular variance. Putative barriers to gene flow emerging from this analysis...

Data from: Comparing two classes of alpha diversities and their corresponding beta and (dis)similarity measures, with an application to the Formosan sika deer (Cervus nippon taiouanus) reintroduction program

Anne Chao, Chun-Huo Chiu, Shu-Hui Wu, Chun-Lin Huang & Yiching Lin
1. Diversity partitioning, which decomposes gamma diversity into alpha and beta components, is commonly used to obtain measures that quantify spatial/temporal diversity and compositional similarity or dissimilarity among assemblages. We focus on the decomposition of diversity as measured by Hill numbers (parameterized by a diversity order q≧0). 2. At least three diversity-partitioning schemes based on Hill numbers have been proposed. These schemes differ in the way they formulate alpha diversity. We focus on comparing two...

Closing the life cycle of forest trees: The difficult dynamics of seedling-to-sapling transitions in a subtropical rain forest

Chia-Hao Chang-Yang, Jessica Needham, Chia-Ling Lu, Chang-Fu Hsieh, I-Fang Sun & Sean McMahon
1. Experimental and observational studies on seedling dynamics posit mechanisms that can influence forest diversity, structure, and function. However, high mortality and slow growth of seedlings make it difficult to evaluate the importance of this life-history filter to total tree life history. Quantifying the duration and transition of the seedling phase would help us understand this ‘black box’ in tree population biology. 2. We used a 16-year dataset of comprehensive seedling-to-sapling demography from a subtropical...

Extra high superoxide dismutase in host tissue upgrades bleaching resistance in the “thermal adapted” and Durusdinium trenchii-associating coral

Jih-Terng Wang, Yu-Ting Wang, Allen Chen, Pei-Jei Meng, Kwee Siong Tew, Pei-Wen Chiang & Sen-Lin Tang
Global warming threatens reef-building corals with large scale bleaching events. Before being too late, uncovering potential adaptive capabilities to increasing temperature becomes one of the major thinking of saving corals. This study presents two coral species (Platygyra verweyi and Isopora palifera) surviving from a reef with regular hot water influx via a nearby nuclear power plant exhibited completely different bleaching susceptibility to acute thermal stress, even though both species shared several so-called “winner” characteristics (e.g.,...

Data from: Biogeography of the Phalaenopsis amabilis species complex inferred from nuclear and plastid DNAs

Chi-Chu Tsai, Chang-Hung Chou, Hao-Ven Wang, Ya-Zhu Ko, Tzen-Yuh Chiang & Yu-Chung Chiang
Background: Phalaenopsis is one of the important commercial orchids in the world. Members of the P. amabilis species complex represent invaluable germplasm for the breeding program. However, the phylogeny of the P. amabilis species complex is still uncertain. The Phalaenopsis amabilis species complex (Orchidaceae) consists of subspecies amabilis, moluccana, and rosenstromii of P. amabilis, as well as P. aphrodite ssp. aphrodite, P. ap. ssp. formosana, and P. sanderiana. The aims of this study were to...

Species packing and the latitudinal gradient in local beta-diversity

Ke Cao, Richard Condit, Xiangcheng Mi, Lei Chen, Wubing Xu, David F. R. P. Burslem, Chunrong Cai, Min Cao, Li-Wan Chang, Chengjin Chu, Hu Du, Sisira Ediriweera, C. S. V. Gunatilleke, I. U. A. N. Gunatilleke, Zhanqing Hao, Jinbo Li, Guangze Jin, Buhang Li, Yankun Liu, Yide Li, Michael J. O'Brien, Xiujuan Qiao, Hongwei Ni, Guochun Shen, Xihua Wang … & Jens-Christian Svenning
The decline in species richness at higher latitudes is among the most fundamental patterns in ecology. Whether changes in species composition across space (beta-diversity) contribute to this gradient of overall local species richness (gamma diversity) remains hotly debated. Previous studies that failed to resolve the issue suffered from a well-known tendency for small samples in areas with high gamma-diversity to have inflated measures of beta-diversity. We provide here a novel analytical test, using beta-diversity metrics...

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