18 Works

Cross-biome synthesis of source versus sink limits to tree growth

Antoine Cabon, Steven A. Kannenberg, Flurin Babst, Dennis Baldocchi, Soumaya Belmecheri, Nicolas Delpierre, Rossella Guerrieri, Justin Maxwell, Shawn McKenzie, Chritoforos Pappas, Adrian Rocha, Paul Szejner, Masahito Ueyama, Danielle Ulrich, Caroline Vincke, Jingshu Wei, David Woodruff, Altaf Arain, Rick Meinzer, David J. P. Moore, Steven L. Voelker, William R. L. Anderegg & Frederick C. Meinzer
Uncertainties surrounding tree carbon allocation to growth are a major limitation to projections of forest carbon sequestration and response to climate change. The prevalence and extent to which carbon assimilation (source) or cambial activity (sink) mediate wood production are fundamentally important and remain elusive. We quantified source-sink relations across biomes by combining eddy-covariance gross primary production with extensive on-site and regional tree ring observations. We found widespread temporal decoupling between carbon assimilation and tree growth,...

Characteristic of decreased bacterial diversity in psoriasis

Tong Su, Fang Liu, Cai-Xia Kou, Hai-Bo Liu, Sheng-Jing Xu, Dong-Yan Zhang, Fan Wei-Xin, Chao Fang & Min Zhang
ABSTRACT Disturbance of commensal intestinal microbiota is related to chronic inflammatory dermatosis. We analyzed the diversity of the gut microbiota to characterize the biological variation of psoriasis (Ps). Significant differences of gut microbiome profiles were revealed in murine model with psoriasis by sequencing 16S rRNA V3-V4 variable region. Group comparisons included the imiquimod cream (IMQ group, n=8), the imiquimod cream and antibiotics (ATB) (PC+IMQ group, n=8) and the healthy control (CTRL group, n=8). The gut...

Characteristic of decreased bacterial diversity in psoriasis

Tong Su, Fang Liu, Cai-Xia Kou, Hai-Bo Liu, Sheng-Jing Xu, Dong-Yan Zhang, Fan Wei-Xin, Chao Fang & Min Zhang
ABSTRACT Disturbance of commensal intestinal microbiota is related to chronic inflammatory dermatosis. We analyzed the diversity of the gut microbiota to characterize the biological variation of psoriasis (Ps). Significant differences of gut microbiome profiles were revealed in murine model with psoriasis by sequencing 16S rRNA V3-V4 variable region. Group comparisons included the imiquimod cream (IMQ group, n=8), the imiquimod cream and antibiotics (ATB) (PC+IMQ group, n=8) and the healthy control (CTRL group, n=8). The gut...

Coupled stochastic modelling of hierarchical channel network dynamics and metapopulation persistency - Dataset

Nicola Durighetto, Leonardo Enrico Bertassello & Gianluca Botter
Dynamic changes in the active portion of stream networks represent a phenomenon common to diverse climates and geologic settings. However, the ecological implications of river network expansions/retractions remain poorly understood owing to operational difficulties in mechanistically describing these processes at the relevant spatio-temporal scales. Here we present a novel Bayesian framework for the simulation of event-based channel network dynamics capitalizing on the concept of "hierarchical structuring of temporary streams" - a general principle to identify...

Whole-exome sequencing reveals novel variants associated with abnormal uterine bleeding caused by copper intrauterine device Supplementary Materials

Yupei Shen, Xiaoli Liu, Linfen Xu, Weiqiang Zhu, Zhaofeng Zhang, Junwei Liu, Lifang Jiang, Yanyan Mao, Jianhua Xu, Xiaoqin Yan, Junjie Sun, Fang Liu, Xiumei Xiong, Xiujuan Chen, Yan Che & Jing Du
Aim: This study aimed to explore the genetic risk factors and validate variants of abnormal uterine bleeding after copper intrauterine device insertion. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing was performed and several variants were validated by Sequenom MassARRAY. Results: Eight variants showed potential clinical damage according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics criteria. By combined analysis of screening and validation, NFASC RS2802808 C>G p.Ile971Met (Pallele = 0.009 and Pgenotype = 0.027) and PIGR RS2275531 C>T p.Gly365Ser...

Range shifts in butternut, a rare, endangered tree, in response to past climate and modern conditions

Emily Schumacher, Alissa Brown, Martin Williams, Jeanne Romero-Severson, Tannis Beardmore & Sean Hoban
Aim: Range shifts are a key process that determine species distributions and genetic patterns. A previous investigation reported that Juglans cinerea (butternut) has lower genetic diversity at higher latitudes, hypothesized to be the result of range shifts following the last glacial period. However, genetic patterns can also be impacted by modern ecogeographic conditions. Therefore, we re-investigate genetic patterns of butternut with additional northern population sampling, hindcasted species distribution models, and fossil pollen records to clarify...

Comparing antigenaemia - and microfilaraemia as criteria for stopping decisions in lymphatic filariasis elimination programmes in Africa

Wilma Stolk, Luc Edgar Coffeng, FATORMA BOLAY, Obiora Eneanya, Peter Fischer, T Deirdre Hollingsworth, Benjamin Koudou, Aboulaye Méité, Edwin Michael, Joaquin Miguel Prada Jimenez de Cisneros, Rocio Marilyn Caja Rivera, SWARNALI SHARMA, Panayiota Touloupou, Gary Weil & Sake J. de Vlas

Recent advances in developing butyrogenic functional foods to promote gut health

Miao Zhang, Robert W. Li, Haiyan Yang, Zhongfang Tan & Fang Liu
As one of the major short-chain fatty acids produced via microbial fermentation, butyrate serves as not only a preferred energy substrate but also an important signaling molecule. Butyrate concentrations in circulation, tissues, and gut luminal contents have important pathophysiological implications. The genetic capacity of butyrate biosynthesis by the gut microbiota is frequently compromised during aging and various disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease, metabolic disorders and colorectal cancer. Substantial efforts have been made to identify...

Climatic similarity and genomic background shape the extent of parallel adaptation in Timema stick insects

Samridhi Chaturvedi, Zachariah Gompert, Jefferey L. Feder, Owen G. Osborne, Moritz Muschick, Rudiger Riesch, Victor Soria-Carrasco & Patrik Nosil
Evolution can repeat itself, resulting in parallel adaptations in independent lineages occupying similar environments. Moreover, parallel evolution sometimes, but not always, uses the same genes. Two main hypotheses have been put forth to explain the probability and extent of parallel evolution. First, parallel evolution is more likely when shared ecologies result in similar patterns of natural selection in different taxa. Second, parallelism is more likely when genomes are similar, because of shared standing variation and...

Whole-exome sequencing reveals novel variants associated with abnormal uterine bleeding caused by copper intrauterine device Supplementary Materials

Yupei Shen, Xiaoli Liu, Linfen Xu, Weiqiang Zhu, Zhaofeng Zhang, Junwei Liu, Lifang Jiang, Yanyan Mao, Jianhua Xu, Xiaoqin Yan, Junjie Sun, Fang Liu, Xiumei Xiong, Xiujuan Chen, Yan Che & Jing Du
Aim: This study aimed to explore the genetic risk factors and validate variants of abnormal uterine bleeding after copper intrauterine device insertion. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing was performed and several variants were validated by Sequenom MassARRAY. Results: Eight variants showed potential clinical damage according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics criteria. By combined analysis of screening and validation, NFASC RS2802808 C>G p.Ile971Met (Pallele = 0.009 and Pgenotype = 0.027) and PIGR RS2275531 C>T p.Gly365Ser...

Identity and density of parasite exposures alter the outcome of co-infections: Implications for management

Chloe Ramsay & Jason R. Rohr
1) Although research has focused on density-dependent responses of hosts to single-parasite infections, hosts are exposed to numerous parasites simultaneously under natural conditions and if these exposures lead to infections, they can threaten host populations and ecosystem stability. Moreover, spatiotemporal variation in abundance of co-occurring parasites might influence host infection intensity. If interactions are consistent between different co-infecting parasites, then these patterns could give managers another tool to control disease spread and even predict problematic...

Whole-exome sequencing reveals novel variants associated with abnormal uterine bleeding caused by copper intrauterine device Supplementary Materials

Yupei Shen, Xiaoli Liu, Linfen Xu, Weiqiang Zhu, Zhaofeng Zhang, Junwei Liu, Lifang Jiang, Yanyan Mao, Jianhua Xu, Xiaoqin Yan, Junjie Sun, Fang Liu, Xiumei Xiong, Xiujuan Chen, Yan Che & Jing Du
Aim: This study aimed to explore the genetic risk factors and validate variants of abnormal uterine bleeding after copper intrauterine device insertion. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing was performed and several variants were validated by Sequenom MassARRAY. Results: Eight variants showed potential clinical damage according to American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics criteria. By combined analysis of screening and validation, NFASC RS2802808 C>G p.Ile971Met (Pallele = 0.009 and Pgenotype = 0.027) and PIGR RS2275531 C>T p.Gly365Ser...

Troubled waters: Water availability drives human-baboon encounters in a protected, semi-arid landscape

Elise N. Paietta, Chelsea J. Weibel, David A. Jansen, Raphael S. Mututua, J. Kinyua Warutere, I. Long'ida Siodi, Laurence R. Gesquiere, Vincent Obanda, Susan C. Alberts & Elizabeth A. Archie
Most animal habitats are affected by humans. While some species tolerate and even benefit from these changes, others suffer. Understanding when and how human-altered landscapes affect animal behavior, health, reproduction, and survival is essential to species management in a human-dominated world. Here we use 27 years of data on human-baboon encounters in a protected, semi-arid ecosystem in Kenya to: (i) identify spatial, environmental, and group-level predictors of baboon encounters with pastoralists; (ii) test whether human-built...

Data from: Metabolites from the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) reduce Bd load in Cuban treefrog tadpoles

Caitlin Nordheim, Sarah Detmering, David Civitello, Pieter TJ Johnson, Jason Rohr & Taegan McMahon
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has been associated with massive amphibian population declines worldwide. Wildlife vaccination campaigns have proven effective for mitigating damage from other pathogens, and there is evidence that adult frogs can acquire resistance to Bd when exposed to killed Bd zoospores and the metabolites they produced. Here, we investigated whether Cuban treefrogs tadpoles (Osteopilus septentrionalis) can gain protection from Bd through exposure to a prophylaxis treatment composed of killed zoospores or soluble Bd metabolites....

Circum-Arctic distribution of chemical anti-herbivore compounds arctic shrubs

Elin Lindén, Mariska Te Beest, Ilka Abreu, Thomas Moritz, Maja Sundqvist, Isabel C Barrio, Julia Boike, John Bryant, Kari Anne Bråthen, Agata Buchwal, Guillermo Bueno, Alain Cuerrier, Dagmar Egelkraut, Bruce Forbes, Martin Hallinger, Monique Heijmans, Luise Hermanutz, David S Hik, Annika Hofgaard, Milena Holmgren, Diane C Huebner, Toke Hoye, Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir, Elina Kaarlejärvi, Emilie Kissler … & Johan Olofsson
Spatial variation in plant chemical defence towards herbivores can help us understand variation in herbivore top-down control of shrubs in the Arctic and possibly also shrub responses to global warming. Less defended, non-resinous shrubs could be more influenced by herbivores than more defended, resinous shrubs. However, sparse field measurements limit our current understanding of how much of the circum-Arctic variation in defence compounds is explained by taxa or defence functional groups (resinous/non-resinous). We measured circum-Arctic...

Pyrite oxidation under carbonate buffer and its environmental implications: a case study from the Shangmanggang gold deposit, southwest China

Yanyan Wang, Xuemin Liu & Qi Li
Supplement 2

Pyrite oxidation under carbonate buffer and its environmental implications: a case study from the Shangmanggang gold deposit, southwest China

Yanyan Wang, Xuemin Liu & Qi Li
Supplement 2

Recent advances in developing butyrogenic functional foods to promote gut health

Miao Zhang, Robert W. Li, Haiyan Yang, Zhongfang Tan & Fang Liu
As one of the major short-chain fatty acids produced via microbial fermentation, butyrate serves as not only a preferred energy substrate but also an important signaling molecule. Butyrate concentrations in circulation, tissues, and gut luminal contents have important pathophysiological implications. The genetic capacity of butyrate biosynthesis by the gut microbiota is frequently compromised during aging and various disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease, metabolic disorders and colorectal cancer. Substantial efforts have been made to identify...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    18

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    18

Affiliations

  • University of Notre Dame
    18
  • Central South University
    9
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    6
  • Shenzhen University
    6
  • China Medical University
    6
  • Wuhan Union Hospital
    6
  • UNSW Sydney
    6
  • Hebei Academy of Sciences
    6
  • Beijing Hua Xin Hospital
    6
  • Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
    5