656 Works

Molecular and serological investigation of 2019-nCoV infected patients: implication of multiple shedding routes

Wei Zhang, Rong-Hui Du, Bei Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xing-Lou Yang, Ben Hu, Yan-Yi Wang, Geng-Fu Xiao, Bing Yan, Zheng-Li Shi & Peng Zhou
In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused an outbreak in Wuhan, China, and soon spread to other parts of the world. It was believed that 2019-nCoV was transmitted through respiratory tract and then induced pneumonia, thus molecular diagnosis based on oral swabs was used for confirmation of this disease. Likewise, patient will be released upon two times of negative detection from oral swabs. However, many coronaviruses can also be transmitted through oral–fecal route by...

Molecular and serological investigation of 2019-nCoV infected patients: implication of multiple shedding routes

Wei Zhang, Rong-Hui Du, Bei Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xing-Lou Yang, Ben Hu, Yan-Yi Wang, Geng-Fu Xiao, Bing Yan, Zheng-Li Shi & Peng Zhou
In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused an outbreak in Wuhan, China, and soon spread to other parts of the world. It was believed that 2019-nCoV was transmitted through respiratory tract and then induced pneumonia, thus molecular diagnosis based on oral swabs was used for confirmation of this disease. Likewise, patient will be released upon two times of negative detection from oral swabs. However, many coronaviruses can also be transmitted through oral–fecal route by...

Population genetics and forensic efficiency of 30 InDel markers in four Chinese ethnic groups residing in Sichuan

Fei Wang, Guanglin He, Zheng Wang, Mengge Wang, Jing Liu, Xing Zou, Shouyu Wang, Mengyuan Song, Ziwei Ye, Mingkun Xie & Yiping Hou
Sichuan Province is located at the transitional junction regions of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the low-altitude plains. It also serves as the corridor of Sino-Tibetan-speaking population migration and expansion since neolithic expansion of Proto-Tibeto-Burman populations from Middle/Upper Yellow River during Majiayao period (3300–2000 BC). However, the population structure and the corresponding genetic diversity of forensic-related markers in this region remain unclear. Thus, we genotyped 30 insertion-deletion (InDel) markers in 444 samples from four ethnic groups...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chenfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 14.8 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Supplemental Material, original_data - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, original_data for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Oxidative stress and NF-κB signaling are involved in LPS induced pulmonary dysplasia in chick embryos

Yun Long, Guang Wang, Ke Li, Zongyi Zhang, Ping Zhang, Jing Zhang, Xiaotan Zhang, Yongping Bao, Xuesong Yang & Pengcheng Wang
Inflammation or dysbacteriosis-derived lipopolysaccharides (LPS) adversely influence the embryonic development of respiratory system. However, the precise pathological mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that LPS exposure caused lung maldevelopment in chick embryos, including higher embryo mortality, increased thickness of alveolar gas exchange zone, and accumulation of PAS+ immature pulmonary cells, accompanied with reduced expression of alveolar epithelial cell markers and lamellar body count. Upon LPS exposure, pulmonary cell proliferation was...

Protective effect of berberine against LPS-induced endothelial cell injury via the JNK signaling pathway and autophagic mechanisms

Junping Guo, Wei Chen, Beibei Bao, Dayong Zhang, Jianping Pan & Mao Zhang
The role of autophagic mechanisms in the protective effect of berberine (BBR) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced injury in the endothelial cells human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) was investigated. Cell viability, proliferation, and apoptosis were detected by the CCK-8 assay, the EdU kit, and flow cytometry, respectively, and autophagy-related protein expression, the number of autophagic vacuoles, and LC3 double-fluorescence were examined using western blot analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and...

Quasispecies of SARS-CoV-2 revealed by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis

Rongsui Gao, Wenhong Zu, Yang Liu, Junhua Li, Zeyao Li, Yanling Wen, Haiyan Wang, Jing Yuan, Lin Cheng, Shengyuan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Shuye Zhang, Weilong Liu, Xun Lan, Lei Liu, Feng Li & Zheng Zhang
New SARS-CoV-2 mutants have been continuously indentified with enhanced transmission ever since its outbreak in early 2020. As an RNA virus, SARS-CoV-2 has a high mutation rate due to the low fidelity of RNA polymerase. To study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) dynamics of SARS-CoV-2, 158 SNPs with high confidence were identified by deep meta-transcriptomic sequencing, and the most common SNP type was C > T. Analyses of intra-host population diversity revealed that intra-host quasispecies’...

Construction of a novel risk model based on the random forest algorithm to distinguish pancreatic cancers with different prognoses and immune microenvironment features

Yalan Lei, Rong Tang, Jin Xu, Bo Zhang, Jiang Liu, Chen Liang, Qingcai Meng, Jie Hua, Xianjun Yu, Wei Wang & Si Shi
Immune-related long noncoding RNAs (irlncRNAs) are actively involved in regulating the immune status. This study aimed to establish a risk model of irlncRNAs and further investigate the roles of irlncRNAs in predicting prognosis and the immune landscape in pancreatic cancer. The transcriptome profiles and clinical information of 176 pancreatic cancer patients were retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Immune-related genes (irgenes) downloaded from ImmPort were used to screen 1903 immune-related lncRNAs (irlncRNAs) using Pearson’s...

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) mediates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-drived resistance of breast cancer to doxorubicin

Yan Wang, Zhiqiang Cheng, Jing Xu, Meina Lai, Liming Liu, Min Zuo & Lin Dang
Excessive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is implicated in breast cancer (BC) chemoresistance, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood. There are STAT3 binding sites in fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promoter region, thus STAT3 may regulate the transcription of FTO. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FTO and STAT3 in BC chemoresistance. Herein, FTO and STAT3 were highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant BC (BC-DoxR) cells. CHIP...

Protein disulfide isomerases (PDIs) negatively regulate ebolavirus structural glycoprotein expression in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via the autophagy-lysosomal pathway

Bin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xin Liu, Qingqing Chai, Xiaoran Lu, Xiaoyu Yao, Zhichang Yang, Liangliang Sun, Silas F. Johnson, Richard C Schwartz & Yong-Hui Zheng
Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) causes a severe hemorrhagic fever in humans and non-human primates with high morbidity and mortality. EBOV infection is dependent on its structural glycoprotein (GP), but high levels of GP expression also trigger cell rounding, detachment, and downregulation of many surface molecules that is thought to contribute to its high pathogenicity. Thus, EBOV has evolved an RNA editing mechanism to reduce its GP expression and increase its fitness. We now report that the...

Exploration of the typical features of tubulovillous adenoma using in-depth quantitative proteomics analysis

Yin Zhang, Meng Pan, Chun-Yuan Li, Jing-ying Li, Wei Ge, Lai Xu & Yi Xiao
This present study aimed to explore the typical protein features of tubulovillous adenoma (TVA) using proteomic and bioinformatic analyses. Tandem mass tag (TMT)-based quantitative proteomic analyses were conducted on normal mucosa, tubular adenoma, TVA and adenocarcinoma tissues. We identified 5,665 proteins categorized into seven clusters based on Pearson’s correlation analysis. The bioinfomatic analysis showed mitochondrial and metabolism-related events were typical characteristics of TVA and mitochondrial-, ribosome- and matrisome-related biological processes may contribute to carcinogenesis. PLOD3...

Long non-coding RNA growth arrest specific transcript 5 acting as a sponge of MicroRNA-188-5p to regulate SMAD family member 2 expression promotes myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury

Jin Xu, Dong Yu, Xiaolu Bai & Peng Zhang
The purpose of this work is to probe into the potential role of long non-coding RNA growth arrest specific transcript 5 (lncGAS5)/ microRNA (miR)-188-5p/SMAD2 axis in MIRI. Through ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, MIRI animal model and hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) myocardial injury model in vitro were established. Via adenovirus or plasmid transfection, lncGAS5/MiR-188-5p/SMAD2 expression was up-regulated or down-regulated in the study. RT-qPCR was applied to check LncGAS5/MiR-188-5p/SMAD2 mRNA expression, HE staining for histopathological...

Long noncoding RNA SATB1-AS1 contributes to the chemotherapy resistance through the microRNA-580/ 2’-5’-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 axis in acute myeloid leukemia

Hong Zhou, Xiaofeng Jia, Fan Yang & Pengfei Shi
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) represents a hematopoietic cancer with an invasive property. Chemoresistance blunts the therapeutic effect of chemotherapeutics in AML. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in chemotherapy resistance in AML. Transcriptome sequencing in the current study was applied to clarify the differentially expressed lncRNAs between peripheral blood mononuclear cells of AML and normal samples. The expression of special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (SATB1-AS1) and 2ʹ-5ʹ-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 (OAS2)...

Long noncoding RNA SATB1-AS1 contributes to the chemotherapy resistance through the microRNA-580/ 2’-5’-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 axis in acute myeloid leukemia

Hong Zhou, Xiaofeng Jia, Fan Yang & Pengfei Shi
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) represents a hematopoietic cancer with an invasive property. Chemoresistance blunts the therapeutic effect of chemotherapeutics in AML. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in chemotherapy resistance in AML. Transcriptome sequencing in the current study was applied to clarify the differentially expressed lncRNAs between peripheral blood mononuclear cells of AML and normal samples. The expression of special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (SATB1-AS1) and 2ʹ-5ʹ-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 (OAS2)...

A Unified Framework for Specification Tests of Continuous Treatment Effect Models

Wei Huang, Oliver Linton & Zheng Zhang
We propose a general framework for the specification testing of continuous treatment effect models. We assume a general residual function, which includes the average and quantile treatment effect models as special cases. The null models are identified under the unconfoundedness condition and contain a nonparametric weighting function. We propose a test statistic for the null model in which the weighting function is estimated by solving an expanding set of moment equations. We establish the asymptotic...

Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 infection

Zijin Chen, Chenni Gao, Haijin Yu, Lin Lu, Jialin Liu, Wei Chen, Xiaogang Xiang, Hafiz Muhammad Jafar Hussain, Benjamin J. Lee, Chuanlei Li, Wenjie Wei, Yuhan Huang, Xiang Li, Zhengying Fang, Shuwen Yu, Qinjie Weng, Yan Ouyang, Xiaofan Hu, Jun Tong, Jian Liu, Li Lin, Mingyu Liu, Xiaoman Xu, Dan Liu, Yuan Song … & Jingyuan Xie
This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup...

Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 infection

Zijin Chen, Chenni Gao, Haijin Yu, Lin Lu, Jialin Liu, Wei Chen, Xiaogang Xiang, Hafiz Muhammad Jafar Hussain, Benjamin J. Lee, Chuanlei Li, Wenjie Wei, Yuhan Huang, Xiang Li, Zhengying Fang, Shuwen Yu, Qinjie Weng, Yan Ouyang, Xiaofan Hu, Jun Tong, Jian Liu, Li Lin, Mingyu Liu, Xiaoman Xu, Dan Liu, Yuan Song … & Jingyuan Xie
This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup...

Long non-coding RNA RP11-283G6.5 confines breast cancer development through modulating miR-188-3p/TMED3/Wnt/β-catenin signalling

Jing Pei, Shengquan Zhang, Xiaowei Yang, Chunguang Han, Yubo Pan, Jun Li, Zhaorui Wang, Chenyu Sun & Jing Zhang
The contributions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) to breast cancer are critical areas of investigation. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-283G6.5 which was lowly expressed in breast cancer and whose low expression was correlated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival of breast cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that ectopic expression of RP11-283G6.5 confined breast cancer cellular growth, migration, and invasion, and promoted cellular apoptosis. Conversely, RP11-283G6.5 silencing facilitated...

Long non-coding RNA TRPM2 antisense RNA as a potential therapeutic target promotes tumorigenesis and metastasis in esophageal cancer

Wei Wang, Yukai Dai, Xin Yang & Xinming Xiong
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one type of aggressive gastrointestinal cancers. The treatment of EC is challenging. Effective therapeutic targets require development. Long non-coding RNA TRPM2 antisense RNA (LncRNA TRPM2-AS) is considering a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for various types of cancer. However, the role of lncRNA TRPM2-AS in EC remains unknown. This study aimed to illustrate effects of LncRNA TRPM2-AS on EC growth and metastasis and potential underlying molecular mechanisms. LncRNA TRPM2-AS expression was...

Origin of the volcanic rocks in Dianzhong Formation, central Lhasa Terrane, Tibet: implication for the genesis of syn-collisional magmatism and Neo-Tethyan slab roll-back

Yutong Zhang, Feng Huang, Jifeng Xu, Yunchuan Zeng, Baodi Wang, Mingda Lv, Le Zhang, Mingjian Li, Zhao Zhang, Ye Tian, Qian Liu & Liying Zhang
The origin and formation of the continental collision-related magmas remain elusive. The volcanic rocks erupted during India-Asia continental collision offer an ideal opportunity to explore their genesis and geodynamic process. Here, we report new zircon U-Pb dating results and Hf isotope, whole-rock element and Sr-Nd isotope data of volcanic rocks in Linzhou Basin, central Lhasa Terrane, southern Tibet. These volcanic rocks are mainly comprised of andesites and belong to Dianzhong Formation. The timing of their...

Proteotoxic stress disrupts epithelial integrity by inducing MTOR sequestration and autophagy overactivation

Xiaoxiang Cheng, Pei Zhang, Hongyu Zhao, Hui Zheng, Kai Zheng, Hong Zhang & Hongjie Zhang
Macroautophagy/autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved degradation system, serves to clear intracellular components through the lysosomal pathway. Mounting evidence has revealed cytoprotective roles of autophagy; however, the intracellular causes of overactivated autophagy, which has cytotoxic effects, remain elusive. Here we show that sustained proteotoxic stress induced by loss of the RING and Kelch repeat-containing protein C53A5.6/RIKE-1 induces sequestration of LET-363/MTOR complex and overactivation of autophagy, and consequently impairs epithelial integrity in C. elegans. In C53A5.6/RIKE-1-deficient animals, blocking...

Long non-coding RNA-PCGEM1 contributes to prostate cancer progression by sponging microRNA miR-129-5p to enhance chromatin licensing and DNA replication factor 1 expression

Qiao Fu, Fangfang Wang, Jun Yang, Wei Sun, Zhi Hu, Lv Xu, Hao Chu, Xiao Wang & Wei Zhang
PCGEM1 facilitates prostate cancer (PCa) progression. This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism of action of PCGEM1 in PCa. The expression of PCGEM1, microRNA miR-129-5p, chromatin licensing, and DNA replication factor 1 (CDT1) was detected by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). A series of function experiments including cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), caspase-3 activity, and cell cycle assays were performed to evaluate the influence of PCGEM1, miR-129-5p, and CDT1 on the biological processes of PCa cells. CyclinD1,...

Expression status and prognostic value of autophagy-related lncRNAs in prostate cancer

Guo Chen, Xiaoping Qin, Yu Wang, Biyun Gao, Muan Ling, Wenjun Yin, Yutong Li & Bin Pan
LncRNAs involve in the autophagy to regulate prostate cancer (PCA) initiation and progression. Therefore, it urges to explore more significant AR-lncRNAs in PCa. mRNA data and clinical information of PCa were achieved from TCGA database, and ARGs were obtained from the HADb. AR-lncRNAs were identified by correlation analysis of DE ARGs and lncRNAs. Univariate Cox regression, LASSO regression, and multivariate Cox regression were used to identify the prognostic AR-lncRNA signature and constructed a risk model....

Abdominal or pelvic enhanced CT images within 10 days before surgery of 230 patients with stage II colorectal cancer

Tong Tong & Menglei Li
This dataset includes abdominal or pelvic enhanced CT images within 10 days before surgery of 230 patients with stage II colorectal cancer (CRC). The inclusion criteria were as follows: (i) patients with radical surgery for CRC (complete removal of the original tumor and regional lymphadenectomy); (ii) patients with stage II CRC confirmed by histology and pathology; (iii) abdominal or pelvic enhanced CT examination was performed within 10 days before surgery, with complete CT enhanced scan...

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Resource Types

  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
    656
  • Fudan University
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  • Zhejiang University
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  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    453
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
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  • Sichuan University
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  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
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  • Sun Yat-sen University
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  • Capital Medical University
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  • University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
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