1,018 Works

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of river flow for Northern Ireland driven by observed data (1980 to 2011)

A.L. Kay, A.C. Rudd, H.N. Davies, R.A. Lane & V.A. Bell
Gridded hydrological model river flow estimates on a 1km grid over Northern Ireland for the period Dec 1980 - Nov 2011. The dataset includes monthly mean river flow, annual maxima of daily mean river flow (water years Oct - Sept) and annual minima of 7-day mean river flow (years spanning Dec-Nov) (units: m3/s). The data are provided in gridded netCDF files. There is one file for each variable. To aid interpretation, three additional spatial datasets...

Vadose zone nitrate contained within cave drip waters and speleothems

Peter Wynn, Scott Ambler, Imke Grefe, David Soto & Helen Grant
This data set contains a record of nitrate concentrations and isotopic composition present within the drip waters and speleothem carbonate deposits of Cueva-cubío del Llanío, northern Spain. Data were collected between 2018 to 2020, and specifically address the nitrate composition of the cave drip waters, pool waters, rocks, soil, vegetation and contemporary speleothem carbonate. Calculations are also undertaken to assess the partitioning of nitrate between cave drip water and speleothem carbonate deposits. Data pertaining to...

Net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange and meteorological observations from an eroding high altitude blanket bog, Scotland, 2018-2020

R.R.E. Artz, M. Coyle, G. Donaldson-Selby & R. Morrison
This record contains time series observations of land surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and meteorological observations measured at an eroded upland blanket bog peatland (UK-BAL) in the Eastern Cairngorms in Scotland, UK (56.93° N, -3.16° E, 642 m asl). The dataset comprises eddy covariance CO2, water and energy fluxes, originally collected at 20Hz and processed to 30-minute data, as well as accompanying meteorological observations,...

Hourly data from automatic water monitoring buoy from Blelham Tarn, 2016 to 2018

H. Feuchtmayr, I.D. Jones, M. Clarke & S.C. Maberly
This dataset consists of hourly lake temperature, air temperature, solar irradiance and wind speed data from an automatic water monitoring buoy on Blelham Tarn, a lake in the North West of England. The lake temperatures are measured at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 12 m depth (see supporting documentation for more information). Measurements were taken every 4 minutes and calculated as hourly averages. All data is given in...

Vegetation plot data from the UKCEH Countryside Survey, Great Britain, 2020 and 2021

S.M. Smart, C. Andrews, M. Brentegani, E. Fitos, R.A. Garbutt, A. Gray, P.A. Henrys, C.E. Long, B. Meek, S. Mullally, C. Ó Ceallaigh, C. O’Rourke, D.W. Pallett, E. Peet, P. Scarlett, M. Wagner, H. Wallace, B. Williams & C.M. Wood
This dataset consists of plant species presence and abundance in different sizes of plots recorded from 159 1km squares across Great Britain in 2020 and 2021, as part of a rolling soil and vegetation monitoring program of 500 1km squares, beginning in 2019 and repeated every 5 years. The UKCEH Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random...

Evaluation of national scale, long-distance connectivity (and its protection) in England’s priority habitat inventory - 2015 dataset

T.J.P. Travers, J. Alison, S.D. Taylor, H.Q.P. Crick & J.A. Hodgson
The results of an analysis of the connectivity of sixteen priority habitat networks in England using the Condatis methodology. The dataset includes conductance scores for each of the priority habitat networks (an overall assessment of how connected the habitat network is), the flow scores for each contiguous habitat patch within each of the habitat networks (the importance of that patch to connectivity), as well as details of protection. Additionally, the dataset includes data and scripts...

Yield and physiology data of four African crops exposed to varying ozone concentrations, grown in solardomes, UK, 2018

F. Hayes, K. Sharps & H. Harmens
Data are presented from an ozone exposure experiment performed on four African crops. The crops (Beans, Cowpeas, Amaranth and Sorghum) were exposed to three different levels of ozone and two heat treatments in the UK CEH Bangor solardomes. The experiment ran from May 2018 to September 2018. The crop plants were grown from seed, in pots in solardomes. The aim of the experiment was to investigate the impact of ozone exposure on the crop yield...

Yield and physiology data of two African crops exposed to varying ozone concentrations, grown in solardomes, UK, 2019

F. Hayes, K. Sharps & H. Harmens
Data are presented from an ozone exposure experiment performed on two African crops. The crops (beans and sweet potato) were exposed to three different levels of ozone in the heated UK CEH Bangor solardomes. The experiment ran from June 2019 to October 2019. The crop plants were grown from seed (beans) or plug plants (sweet potato), in pots in solardomes. The aim of the experiment was to investigate the impact of ozone exposure on the...

Spatial inventory of UK waterbodies

P.J. Taylor
The dataset is the lake polygons from the UK Lakes Portal (https://eip.ceh.ac.uk/apps/lakes/), originally based on OS PANORAMA but this dataset includes data from a number of sources. It has a basic set of attributes including the water body ID (WBID) as well as the computed area and perimeter of each lake. The WBID is commonly used across research institutions and is the same ID as used on the UK Lakes Portal, where more information can...

Leaf trait data for Melia volkensii Guerke from Kenya 2018-2020

A. Gray, D. Odee, A. Perry, J. O. Otieno, J. G. Kihara, A. Adienge, E. M. Tendwa, J. Kariuki, H. Grant & S. Cavers
Leaf trait data for several provenances of Melia volkensii an endemic tree from Kenya planted at two experimental trials in Kibwezi and Kitui. 11 traits are included including those for leaf size and leaf mass, and isotope values for δ13C.

Malaysian tropical heath forest growth and chemistry after fertilisation, 2016-2018

G. Sellan, J. Thompson, N. Majalap-Lee & F.Q. Brearley
The dataset consists of tree diameter at breast height (DBH) of all trees > 1 cm DBH in 16 parcels of 15 m x 15 m in the tropical heath forest of the Kabili-Sepilok Forest Reserve (Sabah, Malaysia). Also included are the tropical heath forest trees’ leaf element concentration. Tree DBH has been measured three times, one before (2016) and two after (2017 and 2018) the experimental application of Nitrogen fertiliser and CaCO3 to the...

Soil moisture product merged from satellite and modelled data for Great Britain, April 2015-December 2017

M. Tanguy, J. Peng, E. Robinson, E. Pinnington, J. Evans, R. Ellis, E. Cooper, J. Hannaford, E. Blyth & S. Dadson
A soil moisture product for Great Britain at two spatial resolutions: 12.5km and 1km, based on triple collocation error estimation and a least-squares merging scheme. Two remote sensing soil moisture datasets (one passive microwave dataset: SMAP, and one active microwave dataset: ASCAT) and a modelled soil moisture dataset (from JULES-CHESS land surface model) were combined to produce this dataset. The dataset covers the period going from 1st April 2015 to 31st December 2017, at a...

Loch Leven monitoring data (water quality, chemistry, crustacean zooplankton), 2020

P.J. Taylor, A. Dobel, A. Grant, I.D.M. Gunn, J.P. Olszewska & L. May
This dataset contains weather conditions, water quality, water chemistry and crustacean zooplankton counts sampled at Loch Leven throughout the year 2020. Loch Leven is a lowland lake in Scotland, United Kingdom. The data were collected as part of a long-term monitoring programme, which began in 1968 and is still underway. Sampling occurs roughly every 2 weeks with laboratory analysis and data processing being performed at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Edinburgh site. The...

Carbon concentrations in natural and restoration pools in blanket peatlands in Scotland, 2013-2015

P.J. Chapman, C.S. Moody, T.E. Turner, R. McKenzie, K.J. Dinsmore, A.J. Baird, M.F. Billett, R. Andersen, F. Leith & J. Holden
Dataset contains water chemistry data (pH, conductivity, dissolved carbon, dissolved gases, absorbance) from natural and artificial/restoration peat pools in Scottish peatlands. Water samples were collected seasonally from three sites, and more frequently (up to weekly) from one site, within the Flow Country. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/J007609/1

Caterpillar activity under experimentally manipulated light conditions, Oxfordshire, UK, winter 2019

D.H. Boyes, D.M. Evans, R. Fox, M.S. Parsons & M.J.O. Pocock
Counts of caterpillars arising from a short-term experiment that installed lighting rigs in previously unlit areas to test for a change in nocturnal feeding behaviour. Caterpillars were counted from lit and control transects at two locations in Oxfordshire during January and February 2019. Lighting rigs were installed during the afternoon and switched on one hour before sunset. To give the nocturnal caterpillars time to become active, sampling occurred between 60 and 120 minutes after sunset....

Catchment properties and the photosynthetic trait composition of freshwater plant communities

Lars Lønsmann Iversen, A. Winkel, L. Baastrup-Spohr, A. B. Hinke, J. Alahuhta, A. Baattrup-Pedersen, S. Birk, P. Brodersen, P. A. Chambers, F. Ecke, T. Feldmann, D. Gebler, J. Heino, T. S. Jespersen, S. J. Moe, T. Riis, L. Sass, O. Vestergaard, S. C. Maberly, K. Sand-Jensen & O. Pedersen
Unlike in land plants, photosynthesis in many aquatic plants relies on bicarbonate in addition to carbon dioxide (CO2) to compensate for the low diffusivity and potential depletion of CO2 in water. Concentrations of bicarbonate and CO2 vary greatly with catchment geology. In this study, we investigate whether there is a link between these concentrations and the frequency of freshwater plants possessing the bicarbonate use trait. We show, globally, that the frequency of plant species with...

Data from: Using structured eradication feasibility assessment to prioritise the management of new and emerging invasive alien species in Europe

Olaf Booy, Peter A. Robertson, Niall Moore, Jess Ward, Helen E. Roy, Tim Adriaens, Richard Shaw, Johan Van Valkenburg, Gabe Wyn, Sandro Bertolino, Olivier Blight, Etienne Branquart, Giuseppe Brundu, Joe Caffrey, Dario Capizzi, Jim Casaer, Olivier De Clerck, Neil Coughlan, Eithne Davis, Jaimie Dick, Franz Essl, Guillaume Fried, Piero Genovesi, Pablo González-Moreno, Frank Hysentruyt … & Aileen C. Mill
Prioritising the management of invasive alien species (IAS) is of global importance and within Europe integral to the EU IAS regulation. To prioritise management effectively the risks posed by IAS need to be assessed, but so too does the feasibility of their management. While risk of IAS to the EU has been assessed, the feasibility of management has not. We assessed the feasibility of eradicating 60 new (not yet established) and 35 emerging (established with...

Social competition stimulates cognitive performance in a sex-specific manner

James Rouse, Amanda Bretman, Laurin McDowall, Zak Mitchell & Elizabeth Duncan
Social interactions are thought to be a critical driver in the evolution of cognitive ability. Cooperative interactions, such as pair bonding, rather than competitive interactions have been largely implicated in the evolution of increased cognition. This is despite competition traditionally being a very strong driver of trait evolution. Males of many species track changes in their social environment and alter their reproductive strategies in response to anticipated levels of competition. We predict this to be...

National bat monitoring programme roost counts dataset

Lea Dambly, Kate Jones, Katherine Boughey & Nick Isaac
Many long-term wildlife population monitoring programmes rely on citizen scientists for data collection. This can offer several benefits over traditional monitoring practices as it is a cost-effective, large-scale approach capable of providing long time series data and raising public environmental awareness. Whilst there is a debate about the quality of citizen science data, a standardised sampling design can allow citizen science data to be of a similar quality to those collected by professionals. However, many...

Data from: Differential effects of fertilisers on pollination and parasitoid interaction networks

Edith Villa-Galaviz, Simon M. Smart, Elizabeth L. Clare, Susan E. Ward & Jane Memmott
Grassland fertilisation drives non-random plant loss resulting in areas dominated by perennial grass species. How these changes cascade through linked trophic levels, however, is not well understood. We studied how grassland fertilisation propagates change through the plant assemblage into the plant-flower visitor, plant-leaf miner and leaf miner-parasitoid networks using a year’s data collection from a long-term grassland fertiliser application experiment. Our experiment had three fertiliser treatments each applied to replicate plots 15 m2 in size:...

Woodland, cropland and hedgerows promote pollinator abundance in intensive grassland landscapes, with saturating benefits of flower cover

Jamie Alison
To enable reproduction of analyses in the linked journal article, we provide a table of habitats, woody linear features and elevation of all pollinator survey transect sections. This table can be linked to the publicly available data, based on square ID and section ID, to reproduce the analyses (except for one discontinued square with ID marked ‘NA’ in the publicly available data). Journal article abstract: 1. Pollinating insects provide economic value by improving crop yield....

Variation and correlation in the timing of breeding of North Atlantic seabirds across multiple scales

Katharine Keogan, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Richard Phillips, David Alvarez, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Robert Barrett, Claus Bech, Peter Becker, Per-Arvid Berglund, Sandra Bouwhuis, Zofia Burr, Olivier Chastel, Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard, Sébastien Descamps, Tony Diamond, Kyle Elliott, Kjell Einar Erikstad, Mike Harris, Jonas Hentati-Sundberg, Martin Heubeck, Magdalene Langset, Svein Lorentsen, Heather Major, Mark Mallory … & Stephen Kress
Timing of breeding, an important driver of fitness in many populations, is widely studied in the context of global change, yet despite considerable efforts to identify environmental drivers of seabird nesting phenology, for most populations we lack evidence of strong drivers. Here we adopt an alternative approach, examining the degree to which different populations positively covary in their annual phenology to infer whether phenological responses to environmental drivers are likely to be (i) shared across...

Differential nutrient limitation and tree height control leaf physiology, supporting niche partitioning in tropical dipterocarp forests

David Bartholomew, Lindsay Banin, Paulo Bittencourt, Mohammed Aminur Bin Suis, Lina Mercado, Reuben Nilus, David Burslem & Lucy Rowland
Revealing the mechanisms of environmental niche partitioning within lowland tropical forests is important for understanding the drivers of current species distributions and potential vulnerability to environmental change. Tropical forest structure and species composition change across edaphic gradients in Borneo over short distances. However, our understanding of how edaphic conditions affect tree physiology and whether these relationships drive niche partitioning within Bornean forests remains incomplete. This study evaluated how leaf physiological function changes with nutrient availability...

Bryophyte microecosystem experiment

Adam Vanbergen, Claire Boissieres, Alan Gray & Daniel Chapman
Ecosystems face multiple, potentially interacting, anthropogenic pressures that can modify biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Using a bryophyte-microarthropod microecosystem we tested the combined effects of habitat loss, episodic heat-shocks and an introduced non-native apex predator on ecosystem function (chlorophyll fluorescence as an indicator of photosystem II function) and microarthropod communities (abundance and body size). Photosynthetic function was degraded by the sequence of heat-shock episodes, but unaffected by microecosystem patch size or top-down pressure from the introduced...

Data from: Interpreting ELISA analyses from wild animal samples: some recurrent issues and solutions

Romain Garnier, Raül Ramos, Ana Sanz-Aguilar, Maud Poisbleau, Henri Weimerskirch, Sarah Burthe, Jeremy Tornos & Thierry Boulinier
1. Many studies in disease and immunological ecology rely on the use of assays that quantify the amount of specific antibodies (immunoglobulin) in samples. Enzyme-Linked Immuno Sorbent Assays (ELISAs) are increasingly used in ecology due to their availability for a broad array of antigens and the limited amount of sampling material they require. Two recurrent methodological issues are nevertheless faced by researchers: (i) the limited availability of immunological assays and reagents developed for non-model species,...

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