78 Works

Soil chemical and physical properties from inorganic fertiliser additions to grassland at North Wyke, Henfaes and Easter Bush, UK (2016)

S. Reinsch, A.M. Carswell, N.J. Cowan, I. Lebron, A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, G. Barrett, H.T. Carter, D.R. Chadwick, J.M. Cotton, H.J. Guyatt, R. Harvey, A. Hunt, D.L. Jones, P.O. Keenan, A.J. Lawlor, M.R. Marshall, T.H. Misselbrook, M. Patel, M.G. Pereira, K.S. Saunders, R. Shaw, U.M. Skiba, B. Tanna, N. Thompson & B.A. Emmett
The data consist of soil physicochemical and biological data for three soil depths (0-15, 15-30 and 30-60 cm) from a three-cut silage plot trial located at three grassland sites within the UK collected between April 2016 and October 2016. The sites were Rothamsted Research at North Wyke in Devon, Bangor University at Henfaes Research Station in North Wales, and Easter Bush in Scotland. At each site measurements were taken from sixteen plots, organised within a...

Growing season terrestrial methane static chamber fluxes from Abisko, Northern Sweden (June - September 2013)

J. Drewer, S.R. Leeson & U.M. Skiba
This dataset contains calculated terrestrial fluxes of methane using static chambers from Stordalen mire, a subarctic peatland (68°20’ N, 19°03’ E) located near Abisko, Northern Sweden . Measurements were carried out during growing season 2013 in three measurement campaigns: 16-27 June (number of sampling occasions, n, = 4), 11-22 August (n=5) and 16-29 September (n=5 for wetland and 4 for birch forest). A total of 60 static chambers were measured, 14 within the birch forest...

Annual estimates of occupancy for bryophytes, lichens and invertebrates in the UK (1970-2015)

C.L. Outhwaite, G.D. Powney, T.A. August, R.E. Chandler, S. Rorke, O. Pescott, M. Harvey, H.E. Roy, R. Fox, K. Walker, D.B. Roy, K. Alexander, S. Ball, T. Bantock, T. Barber, B.C. Beckmann, T. Cook, J. Flanagan, A. Fowles, P. Hammond, P. Harvey, D. Hepper, D. Hubble, J. Kramer, P. Lee … & N.J.B. Isaac
This dataset provides annual estimates of species occupancy and species trend estimates in the form of growth rates for 5,293 UK invertebrate, bryophyte and lichen species for the period 1970 to 2015. Estimates are provided at the country level for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland as well as for the UK and Great Britain (GB) where possible. These data were generated using observations of species collated by UK recording schemes and societies as the...

Data from: Relationships between plant traits, soil properties and carbon fluxes differ between monocultures and mixed communities in temperate grassland

Jonathan R. De Long, Benjamin G. Jackson, Anna Wilkinson, William J. Pritchard, Simon Oakley, Kelly E. Mason, Jörg G. Stephan, Nicholas J. Ostle, David Johnson, Elizabeth M. Baggs & Richard D. Bardgett
1. The use of plant traits to predict ecosystem functions has been gaining growing attention. Aboveground plant traits, such as leaf nitrogen (N) content and specific leaf area (SLA), have been shown to strongly relate to ecosystem productivity, respiration, and nutrient cycling. Further, increasing plant functional trait diversity has been suggested as a possible mechanism to increase ecosystem carbon (C) storage. However, it is uncertain whether belowground plant traits can be predicted by aboveground traits,...

Catchment properties and the photosynthetic trait composition of freshwater plant communities

Lars Lønsmann Iversen, A. Winkel, L. Baastrup-Spohr, A. B. Hinke, J. Alahuhta, A. Baattrup-Pedersen, S. Birk, P. Brodersen, P. A. Chambers, F. Ecke, T. Feldmann, D. Gebler, J. Heino, T. S. Jespersen, S. J. Moe, T. Riis, L. Sass, O. Vestergaard, S. C. Maberly, K. Sand-Jensen & O. Pedersen
Unlike in land plants, photosynthesis in many aquatic plants relies on bicarbonate in addition to carbon dioxide (CO2) to compensate for the low diffusivity and potential depletion of CO2 in water. Concentrations of bicarbonate and CO2 vary greatly with catchment geology. In this study, we investigate whether there is a link between these concentrations and the frequency of freshwater plants possessing the bicarbonate use trait. We show, globally, that the frequency of plant species with...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site location data 2018

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
This dataset provides the details of all sites which have been monitored as part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Data includes the location within the UK, the length and width of the line transect on each site, and how long the transect has been monitored. The UKBMS started in 1976 with fewer than 50 sites (a small number of pilot sites started from 1973). The number of sites monitored each year has increased...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a commercial Miscanthus x. giganteus plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2008 to 2013

R. Morrison, E. Clark, C. Lloyd, H. Ward, J. Evans, M. Brooks, R. Rowe & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a at a Miscanthus x. giganteus Greef et Deu plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 30th April 2008 and 18th February 2013. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site indices 2018

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
Site indices, as a relative measure of the actual population size, for UK butterfly species calculated from data from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Site indices are a relative rather than an absolute measure of the size of a population, and have been shown to relate closely to other, more intensive, measures of population size such as mark, release, recapture (MRR) methods. The site index can be thought of as a relative measure of...

Vegetation map of Roudsea Wood National Nature Reserve, 1962

R.J. Donelly, N. English, C.M. Wood & E. Hebbert
This is a digital map containing polygons representing areas of vegetation within Roudsea Wood National Nature Reserve (NNR), Cumbria. Vegetation was mapped in the field on a basemap as parcels according to tree cover type, tree stocking rates and ground flora communities. The map covers the western side of the reserve (the woodland). The field map was originally created by staff at the Nature Conservancy’s Merlewood Research Station, Grange-over-Sands, Cumbria in 1962 and digitized by...

Impact of grassland management on biomass production and nutritional quality, invertebrate communities, and soil health in Berkshire (UK) 2009-2012

J. Savage, B.A. Woodcock, J.M. Bullock, J. Peyton, S. Hulmes, L. Hulmes, M. Nowakowski & R.F. Pywell
The dataset describes the effects of different management techniques on grassland biomass production (dry matter yield), nutritional quality (herbage nitrogen content), pollinator communities (abundance and species richness), predatory beetle communities (abundance, species richness and biomass), and soil health (bulk density, total soil carbon and nitrogen). Data was collected from a site in Berkshire (UK), where a field-scale, randomised block experiment had been implemented to investigate how the establishment of a variety of plant functional groups...

Marine invasive alien species monitoring data from Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Cyprus, February 2017 to September 2018

M. Demetriou
Marine fish, algae and invertebrate invasive alien species (IAS) data from Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Cyprus. Data were collected during an 19-month monitoring period starting in February 2017 and ending in September 2018. Sampling occurred seasonally, approximately once every 3 months, and used an underwater visual census (UVC) method. The UVC involved divers swimming at a steady pace along three 25m transects, with each transect separated by a 5m gap. The transects were randomly placed, covering...

Fish monitoring data from Akrotiri SBA, Cyprus, February 2018 to March 2019

I.J. Winfield, V.P. Michael & N. Andreou
This dataset contains the number and fork length of Aphanius fasciatus and Gambusia holbrooki individuals caught in traps within pools and channels in Akrotiri SBA, Cyprus between 26th February 2018 and 19th March 2019. Fish were collected from submerged and semi-submerged traps within six pools and three channels within the lake approximately every two weeks before being measured, sexed as obvious males and then released. Traps were deployed for 24 hours before data were collected....

Spatial radionuclide deposition data from the 60 km radial area around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, 1987

V. Kashparov, S. Levchuk, M. Zhurba, V. Protsak, N.A. Beresford & J.S. Chaplow
Data comprise sample site information, dose rate, radionuclide (zirconium-95, niobium-95, ruthenium-106, caesium-134, caesium-137 and cerium-144) deposition, and exchangeable caesium-134 and 137 in soils collected from within a 60 km radius of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (ChNPP) in 1987 following the Chernobyl nuclear accident on 26th April 1986. The work was carried out by the Ukrainian Institute of Agricultural Radiology (UIAR), a division of National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine. Funding for...

Gridded estimates of hourly areal rainfall for Great Britain (1990-2014) [CEH-GEAR1hr]

E. Lewis, N. Quinn, S. Blenkinsop, H.J. Fowler, J. Freer, M. Tanguy, O. Hitt, G. Coxon, P. Bates & R. Woods
The dataset contains 1km gridded estimates of hourly rainfall for Great-Britain for the period 1990-2014. The estimates are derived by applying the nearest neighbour interpolation method to a national database of hourly raingauge observations collated by Newcastle University and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH). These interpolated hourly estimates were then used to temporally disaggregate the CEH-GEAR daily rainfall dataset. The estimated rainfall on a given hour refers to the rainfall amount accumulated in...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2018

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across monitored sites in the UK, calculated from data collected by the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Collated indices are calculated annually for each individual butterfly species that has been recorded on five or more sites in that year. Based on this criterion collated indices have been calculated for the entire UKBMS time series from 1976 to the current year for the majority of species. For...

Land-use and climate change for 1.5 and 2.0 degrees centigrade warming scenarios (JULES land surface model)

A. Harper, T. Powell, P. Cox, E. Comyn-Platt & C. Huntingford
This dataset includes six sets of model output from JULES/IMOGEN simulations. Each set includes output from JULES (the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator) run with 34 climate change patterns from 2000-2099. The outputs provide carbon stocks and variables related to the surface energy budget to understand the implications of land-based climate mitigation.

Tree trait, insect herbivore abundance and powdery mildew infection data (2016-17) from Forest Research Climate Matching Trials, UK

E Field, K Schonrogge, N Barsoum, A Hector & M Gibbs
This data set comprises two years of data (2016 and 2017) from one trial (Hucking, Kent, UK) and one year (2017) from a second trial (Hartshorne, Derbyshire, UK). Data was collected on tree traits (tree height, shoot length, tree provenance), abundance of foliar insect herbivores (gallers, leaf manipulators and leaf miners) and leaf damage by oak powdery mildew, a foliar fungal pathogen. Data was collected from plots differing in tree diversity (provenance and species diversity).

Vegetation survey of Brachypodium pinnatum herbicide control trials at the Martin Down National Nature Reserve (2012-2015)

J. Redhead, M. Nowakowski, L. Ridding, M. Wagner, S. Hulmes, L. Hulmes, S. Amy, R. McDonald, N. Mitschunas, P. Nuttall, J. Peyton & R. Pywell
Vegetation data from botanical field survey of trials of selective herbicide impacts on tor-grass (Brachypodium pinnatum s.l.) control at Martin Down NNR, England. The data relate to 50 cm × 50 cm quadrats placed in herbicide treated and control plots in a replicated experiment, including a baseline (pre-treatment) survey in 2012 and three surveys after repeat treatments in 2013, 2014 and 2015. Data include percentage cover of plant species, bare ground and plant groups (total...

Soil biodiversity, carbon cycling and crop plant biomass responses to experimental biochar amendment of agricultural soil (Dundee, UK)

S. McCormack, N. Ostle, R.D. Bardgett, D.W. Hopkins, G.M. Pereira & A.J. Vanbergen
These data describe the results of a three year (2011-2013) factorial experiment using plant-soil mesocosms testing the effects of biochar on soil biodiversity and soil carbon fluxes. The experimental design comprised three treatments: (1) biochar (absence or presence at 2% w/w); (2) plant type (barley, perennial ryegrass, or unvegetated); and (3) soil texture (sandy clay, sandy silt loam, clay loam). Ecosystem responses measured were net ecosystem exchange of carbon (NEE) & ecosystem respiration (both g...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a commercial short rotation coppice willow plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2009 to 2013

R. Morrison, E. Clark, C. Lloyd, H. Ward, J. Evans, M. Brooks, R. Rowe & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a short rotation coppice willow plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 13th October 2009 and 15th May 2013. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2017

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across monitored sites in the UK, calculated from data collected by the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Collated indices are calculated annually for each individual butterfly species that has been recorded on five or more sites in that year. Based on this criterion collated indices have been calculated for the entire UKBMS time series from 1976 to the current year for the majority of species. For...

Plynlimon research catchment hydrochemistry (2016-2019)

D.A. Norris, R. Harvey, J.M. Winterbourn, I. Lebron, S.A. Thacker, A.J Lawlor, H.T. Carter, H Guyatt, P.O. Keenan, M.G. Pereira, A.P. Pinder, S. Hughes, E. Fitos, M.R. Brooks & B.J. Cosby
This dataset includes stream and rainfall hydrochemistry of the Plynlimon research catchments in Mid Wales. The data cover the period from March 2016 to March 2019. Sampling was carried out fortnightly from March 2016 to July 2017. From August 2017 to November 2018 stream samples were collected every four weeks and the rain sample every two weeks. From December 2018 onwards all samples were collected every four weeks. Data are presented for major anions and...

Topsoil meso-fauna data from the Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme, Wales 2013-2014

A.M. Keith, S. Astbury, B.A. Dodd, B.A. Emmett, A. Fitton, A. Garbutt, P. George, R. Marshall, D.A. Robinson, B. Williams & C.M. Wood
This data set includes counts of soil meso-fauna collected from topsoil within a wide range of land use types across Wales, collected as part of the Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (GMEP). Meso-fauna include collembola (springtails) and acari (mites). The monitoring programme was set up by the Welsh Government in 2013 to monitor the effects of the Glastir agri-environment scheme on the environment and ran from 2013 to 2016. The field survey element was based...

High temporal resolution meteorology and soil physics observations from INCOMPASS land surface stations in India, 2016 to 2018

R. Morrison, S.S. Angadi, H.M. Cooper, J.G. Evans, G. Rees, M. Sekhar, C. Taylor, S.N. Tripathi & A.G. Turner
The dataset contains time series observations of meteorological and soil physics variables logged at one minute time resolution at three Land Surface Stations in India. The three INCOMPASS Land Surface Stations were located at: (1) agricultural land in Southern Karnataka (Berambadi); (2) the University of Agricultural Sciences in Dharwad in northern Karnataka; and (3) a semi-natural grassland at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur (IITK), Uttar Pradesh. Observations were collected under the Interaction of...

Data from: Introduced plants as novel Anthropocene habitats for insects

Roberto Padovani, Andrew Salisbury, Helen Bostock, David Roy & Chris Thomas
Insect-plant interactions from an extensive field experiment spanning several years (2010-2016), which examined the insects sampled from 69 garden plant species that vary in their relatedness to the native flora of Great Britain. The 69 plant species were organised into 23 species triplets, with a third of the plots containing a mixture of native plant species, a third containing a mixture of non-native species closely related to the natives (‘congeners’), and the remaining third of...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    78

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    78

Affiliations

  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    69
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    60
  • Rothamsted Research
    10
  • Bangor University
    8
  • Butterfly Conservation
    8
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    7
  • British Trust for Ornithology
    7
  • University of Edinburgh
    4
  • University of York
    3
  • Met Office
    2