96 Works

Data for: Combining range and phenology shifts offers a winning strategy for boreal Lepidoptera

Maria Hällfors, Maria Hällfors, Juha Pöyry, Janne Heliölä, Ilmari Kohonen, Mikko Kuussaari, Reima Leinonen, Reto Schmucki, Pasi Sihvonen & Marjo Saastamoinen
Species can adapt to climate change by adjusting in situ or by dispersing to new areas, and these strategies may complement or enhance each other. Here, we investigate temporal shifts in phenology and spatial shifts in northern range boundaries for 289 Lepidoptera species by using long-term data sampled over two decades. While 40% of the species neither advanced phenology nor moved northward, nearly half (45%) used one of the two strategies. The strongest positive population...

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of soil moisture for Great Britain and Northern Ireland driven by observed data (1980 to 2011)

A.L. Kay, A.C. Rudd, H.N. Davies, R.A. Lane & V.A. Bell
Gridded hydrological model soil moisture estimates on a 1km grid over Great Britain and Northern Ireland for the period Dec 1980 - Nov 2011 (units: m water/m soil). The data are provided in gridded netCDF files. There are separate files for Great Britain and Northern Ireland. To aid interpretation, two additional spatial datasets are provided: 1km x 1km grids identifying majority lake cells for a) Great Britain and b) Northern Ireland. The data were produced...

Caterpillar counts from grass margins and hedgerows under streetlights, Oxfordshire, UK, 2018-2020

D.H. Boyes, D.M. Evans, R. Fox, M.S. Parsons & M.J.O. Pocock
This dataset contains information about moth caterpillar abundance at sites lit by streetlights (LED; high pressure sodium and low-pressure sodium) and unlit control sites. Caterpillars were sampled at 26 matched pairs of lit and unlit sites between 2018 and 2020 as part of a study of the effects of street lighting on the early life stages of moths.

Nitrogen oxide and ozone concentrations, pollinator visitation frequencies and yield metrics of Brassica nigra in fumigation rings, Sonning, UK, 2018-2019

J.M.W. Ryalls, L.M. Bromfield, B. Langford, N. Mullinger, E. Nemitz, C. Pfrang & R.D. Girling
The dataset contains concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2, collectively NOx) and ozone (O3), frequencies of insect pollinators and flower visits and yield metrics of Brassica nigra plants collected from within eight field-based fumigation rings located at the University of Reading's Sonning Farm, UK.

Monthly ammonia air concentration from Cuilcagh in Ireland/Northern Ireland, 2020

A. Stephens, A. Iwanicka, N. Van Dijk, R. Grimes & S. Gray
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements from a set of ALPHA (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) sampler sites in the area surrounding Cuilcagh in Ireland and Northern Ireland in 2020. The purpose of these measurements was to observe the impact of local ammonia levels on vegetation. Local site operator duties were completed by Ulster Wildlife Trust and analysis is completed by UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Edinburgh. The sites around Cuilcagh were started...

Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) of critical loads of acidity and nutrient nitrogen by acid and nitrogen deposition for the UK, 2015-2017

E.C. Rowe
This data resource consists of two files: (a) 1x1 km resolution Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) data summarising the exceedances of acidity critical loads for eight habitats; (b) 1x1 km resolution AAE data summarising the exceedances of nutrient nitrogen critical loads for thirteen habitats. The data provide information on the amount of excess acid or nitrogen deposition above the critical load values set to protect acid- and nitrogen-sensitive habitats in the UK. The AAE has been...

Alpine grassland soil microbial and biogeochemical data from a climate change and shrub expansion experiment in Tyrol, Austria, July 2019

A.A.D. Broadbent, M. Bahn, W.J. Pritchard, L. Newbold, T. Goodall, A. Guinta, H.S.K. Snell, I. Cordero, A. Michas, H.K. Grant, D.X. Soto, R. Kaufmann, M. Schloter, R.I. Griffiths & R.D. Bardgett
Data comprise soil microbial and biogeochemical data collected during a climate and vegetation change experiment conducted across three valleys in Tyrol, in the Austrian Alps. Sites were located near the villages of Obergurgl (lat., long. = 46.844833, 11.023783; mean elevation = 2279m), Soelden (46.978367, 10.972217, mean elevation = 2469m) and Vent (46.863217, 10.896800, mean elevation = 2472m). Soil microbial data include phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analyses, and bacterial (16S Small subunit ribosomal RNA) and fungal...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a conservation managed fen, Wicken Sedge Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK, 2009 to 2010

J. Kelvin, M. Acreman, R.J. Harding & R. Morrison
This dataset contains time series observations of land surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at the Wicken Sedge Fen, a conservation managed lowland fen (site code: EF-LN) in the Cambridgeshire Fens, UK. Turbulent flux densities (fluxes) were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 2009-03-20 to 2009-12-31, and 2010-04-09 to 2011-01-16. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics...

Methane and carbon dioxide fluxes from a seasonal wetland in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, 2018-2020

C. Helfter, M. Gondwe & U. Skiba
The dataset consists of a continuous time series of heat (latent and sensible) and trace gas (carbon dioxide and methane) fluxes obtained by eddy-covariance, gas concentrations and some ancillary meteorological data (e.g. air temperature, relative humidity, pressure, photosynthetically active radiation, total incoming radiation, wind speed and direction). The data were collected at Nxaraga, on the south edge of Chief’s Island (19°32'53''S; 23°10'45"E), in the seasonally flooded area of the Okavango Delta, Botswana, for the purpose...

Surface temperature, surface oxygen, water clarity, water chemistry and phytoplankton chlorophyll a data from Windermere North Basin, 2014 to 2018

H. Feuchtmayr, S. Beith, M.A. Clarke, M.M. De Ville, B.A. Dodd, J. Fletcher, A.G. Hunt, J.B. James, E.B. Mackay, G. Rhodes, S.J. Thackeray & S.C. Maberly
This is part of an ongoing long-term monitoring dataset of surface temperature, surface oxygen, water clarity, water chemistry and phytoplankton chlorophyll a from fortnightly sampling at the North Basin of Windermere in Cumbria, England. Monitoring began in 1945 for some variables. The data comprise surface temperature, surface oxygen saturation, Secchi depth, alkalinity, pH, ammonium, nitrate, soluble reactive phosphate, total phosphorus, dissolved reactive silicon and phytoplankton chlorophyll a. Water samples are based on a sample integrated...

Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) of critical loads of acidity and nutrient nitrogen by acid and nitrogen deposition for the UK, 2014-2016

E.C. Rowe
This data resource consists of two files: (a) 1x1 km resolution Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) data summarising the exceedances of acidity critical loads for eight habitats; (b) 1x1 km resolution AAE data summarising the exceedances of nutrient nitrogen critical loads for thirteen habitats. The data provide information on the amount of excess acid or nitrogen deposition above the critical load values set to protect acid- and nitrogen-sensitive habitats in the UK. The AAE has been...

Cumbrian Lakes Monitoring thermal stratification timing 1951 – 2017

E.B. Mackay, M.A. Clarke, B.A. Dodd, H. Feuchtmayr, J.M. Fletcher, J.B James, S.C. Maberly, G. Rhodes & S.J. Thackeray
The dataset contains the day of year for the onset and end of thermal stratification and its total length in Blelham Tarn, Esthwaite Water, Windermere, north basin and Windermere, south basin between 1951 and 2017. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCAPE programme delivering National Capability.

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of river flow for Great Britain driven by observed data (1980 to 2011)

A.L. Kay, A.C. Rudd, H.N. Davies, R.A. Lane & V.A. Bell
Gridded hydrological model river flow estimates on a 1km grid over Great Britain for the period Dec 1980 - Nov 2011. The dataset includes monthly mean river flow, annual maxima of daily mean river flow (water years Oct - Sept) and annual minima of 7-day mean river flow (years spanning Dec-Nov) (units: m3/s). The data are provided in gridded netCDF files. There is one file for each variable. To aid interpretation, two additional spatial datasets...

Hourly data from automatic water monitoring buoy from Windermere South Basin, 2016 to 2018

H. Feuchtmayr, I.D. Jones, M. Clarke & S.C. Maberly
This dataset consists of hourly lake temperature, air temperature, solar irradiance and wind speed data from an automatic water monitoring buoy on Windermere South Basin, a lake in the North West of England. The lake temperatures are measured at 1, 2, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 30 and 35 m depth (see supporting documentation for more information). Measurements were taken every 4 minutes and calculated as hourly averages. All data is given...

Dataset of nanoplastic transport in soil via bioturbation by Lumbricus terrestris

Wiebke Mareile Heinze, Denise M. Mitrano, Elma Lahive, John Koestel & Geert Cornelis
The dataset comprises data acquired in laboratory-based process-studies with microcosms on the transport of nanoplastics (polystyrene, 256 nm diameter) in an agricultural soil via bioturbation over the course of 4 weeks. Transport of nanoplastics was monitored through the use of palladium (Pd)-doped nanoplastics (0.24 % w/w) by analyzing soil samples at specific depths (0-2 cm, 2-6 cm, 6-15 cm, 15-29 cm) after defined experimental times (7, 14, 21, 28 days). Microcosms consisted of 30 cm...

Soil biological activity in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, Ukraine, September 2005 and spring 2016

C.L. Barnett, S. Gashchak, C. Wells, A. Maksimenko, J. Chaplow, M.D. Wood, N.R. Parekh & N.A. Beresford
Data comprise site location, soil chemistry (pH, soil moisture), soil radionuclide activity concentrations (the isotopes measured were: Americium-241, Caesium-137, Plutonium-238, -239 and -240, Strontium-90 (K-40 and U-238 activity concentrations were estimated from stable element data) and soil biological activity (derived from application of bait lamina sticks) at 18 sites in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ), Ukraine in 2016; data for four sites in 2005 are also presented. Estimate absorbed radionuclide dose rates to soil invertebrates...

Peat properties from the Flow Country, Scotland, 2020, following wildfire in 2019

P. Fernandez-Garcia, R. Andersen, R. Schmidt, P.P.J. Gaffney, P. Gilbert, D.J. Large, C. Marshall, D. Mayor, A. Pickard & B. Williamson
Location of peat cores and peat properties including moisture, bulk density, ash and organic matter content for short cores (50 cm) collected 10 month post-fire in high, medium and low severity areas within a drained and a near natural area in the footprint of a severe wildfire that impacted >6500 ha of blanket bog and wet heath in the Flow Country of Northern Scotland.

Nectar consumption, metabolic rate and activity datasets for bumblebees exposed to ecologically relevant radiation dose rates

J. Burrows, D. Copplestone, N.A. Beresford, K. Raines & M. Tinsley
This dataset contains information on the volume of nectar consumed, metabolic rate and activity of bumblebees that were exposed to environmentally relevant dose rates of ionising radiation at the University of Stirling. Data is for two connected experiments collected via direct observation in a laboratory setting. The first experiment investigates variables during and after 10-days of radiation exposure and the second investigates these variables under a dose rate gradient. Funding for this work was via...

Nitrous oxide emission factors of mineral fertilisers in the UK and Ireland (1999-2019)

N. Cowan
Data from 38 experimental sites across the UK and Ireland were collated resulting in 623 separate mineral fertiliser N2O emission factors (EF) estimates derived from field measurements. Data were either i) extracted from published studies in which one aim of the experimentation was to explicitly measure N2O and report EFs after a mineral fertiliser application, or ii) raw data were used from the Agricultural and Environmental Data Archive (AEDA). To find the published data, a...

Net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange and meteorological observations collected at peatlands across Wales, Scotland and England, 2008-2020

R. Morrison, H.M. Cooper, R. Artz, A. Burden, N. Callaghan, M. Coyle, A.M.J. Cumming, S. Dixon, C. Helfter, J. Kaduk, P. Levy, N. McNamara, S. Oakley, S.E. Page, M. Rayment, L.M. Ridley, F. Worrall & C.D. Evans
This dataset contains time series observations of land surface-atmosphere net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE) and supporting micrometeorological observations collected at 13 peatland eddy covariance (EC) flux observation sites located across Wales, Scotland and England. Sites were active at different timescales between 2008 and 2020. The dataset represents a subset of the variables measured at each site. The full range of variables monitored at each location can be accessed via EIDC records and/or by contacting...

Calcium and magnesium concentrations in plants used as human and animal foods derived from global literature

J.S. Chaplow, N.A. Beresford & C.L. Barnett
The data comprise collated data on calcium and magnesium (milligrams per kilogram dry mass) in plants used as human and animal food (including fruit, vegetables, grasses, nuts and seeds) from global literature published between 1982 and 2019. Where reported strontium values are also included. Each data point is referenced.

Daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil data (2013-2019) [COSMOS-UK]

S. Stanley, V. Antoniou, A. Askquith-Ellis, L.A. Ball, E.S. Bennett, J.R. Blake, D.B. Boorman, M. Brooks, M. Clarke, H.M. Cooper, N. Cowan, A. Cumming, J.G. Evans, P. Farrand, M. Fry, O.E. Hitt, W.D. Lord, R. Morrison, G.V. Nash, D. Rylett, P.M. Scarlett, O.D. Swain, M. Szczykulska, J.L. Thornton, E.J. Trill … & B. Winterbourn
This dataset contains daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil observations from COSMOS-UK (cosmic-ray soil moisture) monitoring network from October 2013 to the end of 2019. These data are from 51 sites across the UK recording a range of hydrometeorological and soil variables. Each site in the network records the following hydrometeorological and soil data at 30 minute resolution: Radiation (short wave, long wave and net), precipitation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, wind speed and direction, humidity,...

Tree and shrub vegetation surveys in Monks Wood National Nature Reserve, Cambridgeshire, England, 2005-2006

R.K. Broughton, P.E. Bellamy & S.A Hinsley
Vegetation surveys from 35 transects in 2005 and 34 transects in 2006, focusing on tree and shrub abundance and sizes, in Monks Wood National Nature Reserve (Cambridgeshire, England). The transects were located in occupied territories of Marsh Tits, and also unoccupied areas of the wood used as controls, in order to sample the birds' habitat. However, the surveys also provide representative and widespread sampling of the overall woodland. The surveys include all woody tree and...

Water chemistry data from Lake Akrotiri, Cyprus, and its main inputs, July 2019 - November 2020

M. Bowes, P. Scarlett, E. Trill, D. Nicholls, L. Armstrong, M. Philippou, M. Georgiou, J. Peyton, C. Taylor, O. Pescott & E. Young
Data comprise water chemistry (analysis included phosphorus and nitrogen species, dissolved reactive silicon, suspended solids, chlorophyll, fluoride, chloride, and sulphate) in water samples taken at Lake Akrotiri, Cyprus, and its main inputs between July 2019 and November 2020. The eight monitoring sites included marginal samples from around the lake and also samples of the input canals that drained the surrounding marshes and a drainage pipe.

No severe genetic bottleneck in a rapidly range-expanding bumblebee pollinator

Ryan Edward Brock, Liam Crowther, David Wright, David Richardson, Claire Carvell, Martin Taylor & Andrew Bourke
Genetic bottlenecking can limit the success of populations colonising new ranges. However, successful colonisations can occur despite bottlenecking, a phenomenon known as the genetic paradox of invasion. Eusocial Hymenoptera such as bumblebees (Bombus spp.) should be particularly vulnerable to genetic bottlenecking, since homozygosity at the sex-determining locus leads to costly diploid male production. The Tree Bumblebee (B. hypnorum) has rapidly colonised the UK since 2001 and has been highlighted as exemplifying the genetic paradox of...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    96

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    96

Affiliations

  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    89
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    7
  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
    2
  • University of Salford
    2
  • James Hutton Institute
    2
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    1
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    1
  • National Oceanography Centre
    1
  • Stanford University
    1
  • University of Colorado System
    1