96 Works

Live-trapping surveys of small mammals on arable field margins on the Hillesden estate in Buckinghamshire (England) during 2005-2011

R.K. Broughton, J.W. Redhead, A. Turk & R.F. Pywell
Data comprise results of systematic live-trapping surveys of small mammals on three types of arable field margin at 30 locations on the Hillesden Estate, Buckinghamshire (UK), for four autumn and four spring periods between 2005 and 2011. Trapping was conducted on standard (cross compliance) field margins, and also on conservation margins (Entry Level Scheme). Data include 3172 trap records of animal captures, including breeding condition, mass (g), and recaptures. Dominant species are Wood Mouse (Apodemus...

Dataset, posterior summaries and posterior samples for quantifying fluctuating selection on seasonal migration versus residence in European shags

Sarah Burthe, Paul Acker, Francis Daunt & Jane Reid
This dataset is associated with the manuscript Episodes of opposing survival and reproductive selection cause strong fluctuating selection on seasonal migration versus residence. Quantifying temporal variation in sex-specific selection on key ecologically relevant traits, and quantifying how such variation arises through synergistic or opposing components of survival and reproductive selection, is central to understanding eco-evolutionary dynamics but rarely achieved. Seasonal migration versus residence is one key trait that directly shapes spatio-seasonal population dynamics in spatially-...

Surface temperature, surface oxygen, water clarity, water chemistry and phytoplankton chlorophyll a data from Derwent Water, 2014 to 2018

H. Feuchtmayr, M.A. Clarke, M.M. De Ville, B.A. Dodd, J. Fletcher, J.B. James, P.O. Keenan, E.B. Mackay, S.J. Thackeray & S.C. Maberly
This is part of an ongoing long-term monitoring dataset of surface temperature, surface oxygen, water clarity, water chemistry and phytoplankton chlorophyll a from fortnightly sampling by the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH) at Derwent Water in Cumbria, England. The data available to download comprise surface temperature (TEMP) in degree Celsius, surface oxygen saturation (OXYG) in % air-saturation, Secchi depth (SECC) in metres, alkalinity (ALKA) in µg per litre as CaCO3 and pH. Ammonium...

Global gridded monthly mean Leaf Area Index (LAI) for five Plant Functional Types (PFTs) derived from the Global LAnd Surface Satellite (GLASS) products for the period 2000-2014

V.S. Semeena, C.M. Taylor, S.S. Folwell & A. Hartley
A new monthly long term average (climatology) of Leaf Area Index (LAI) has been developed for use as ancillary data with the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) Land Surface Model and the UK Met Office Unified Model. It is derived from an improved version of long time series of LAI from the original Global LAnd Surface Satellite (GLASS) products (http://www.glass.umd.edu/LAI/MODIS/0.05D/). The GLASS data consists of a time series of LAI from Moderate Resolution Imaging...

Diurnal soil nitrous oxide emission, soil temperature and other non-diurnal parameter data, UK, 1983-2019, collated from literature

Y.F. Wu & A. Bradley
These datasets were used for a study investigating the prevalence of diurnal variability of soil nitrous oxide (N¬2O) emissions. The datasets contain 286 diurnal N¬2O flux datasets and 160 diurnal soil temperature datasets, which were extracted from 46 published journal articles that were selected from a literature search and passed through a set of eligibility criteria. The datasets also include processed diurnal N¬2O flux data, which were used to classify the diurnal N¬2O pattern of...

Radionuclide distribution down soil profiles in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, 2020

S.E. Levchuk, D.M. Holiaka & V.V. Pavlyuchenko
A large area of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone was affected by severe wildfires in April 2020. This dataset presents the results of a study conducted following the fire in September/October 2020 to measure the migration of 137Cs and 90Sr in soils collected from three study sites located within forested areas on the left bank of the Pripyat River within the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone. Data comprise activity concentrations of 90Sr and 137Cs measured in soil samples....

Methane and carbon dioxide fluxes from a permanent wetland in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, 2018-2020

C. Helfter, M. Gondwe & U. Skiba
The data resource consists of half hourly time series of heat (latent and sensible) and trace gas (carbon dioxide and methane) fluxes obtained by eddy-covariance, gas concentrations and ancillary meteorological data (e.g. air temperature, relative humidity, pressure, photosynthetically active radiation, total incoming radiation, wind speed and direction). The data were collected at Guma Lagoon (18°57'53.01"S; 22°22'16.20"E), in the perennially flooded area of the Okavango Delta, Botswana, for the purpose of quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes over...

Data for: Winners and losers over 35 years of dragonfly and damselfly distributional change in Germany

Diana Bowler, David Eichenberg, Klaus-Jürgen Conze, Frank Suhling, Kathrin Baumann, Theodor Benken, André Bönsel, Torsten Bittner, Arne Drews, André Günther, Nick Isaac, Falk Petzold, Marcel Seyring, Torsten Spengler, Bernd Trockur, Christoph Willigalla, Helge Bruelheide, Florian Jansen & Aletta Bonn
Aim: Recent studies suggest insect declines in parts of Europe; however, the generality of these trends across different taxa and regions remains unclear. Standardized data are not available to assess large-scale, long-term changes for most insect groups but opportunistic citizen science data is widespread for some. Here, we took advantage of citizen science data to investigate distributional changes of Odonata. Location: Germany Methods: We compiled over 1 million occurrence records from different regional databases. We...

Soil and vegetation radionuclide activity concentrations and calculated dose rates from the Red Forest, Chernobyl, Ukraine, 2016-2017

C.L. Barnett, S. Gashchak, A. Maksimenko, J.S. Chaplow, M.D. Wood & N.A. Beresford
Data comprise plot details and radionuclide activity concentrations for Sr-90, Cs-137, Am-241, Pu-238, Pu-239 and Pu-240 in ‘grassy’ vegetation and soil. These radionuclide activity concentrations have been used to make estimations of total weighted absorbed doses to grassy vegetation, deciduous trees and bacteria; no dose rate estimates for grassy vegetation have been made for those sites where grassy vegetation was absent. Radiation from the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident killed coniferous trees in a...

Loch Leven monitoring data (water quality, chemistry, crustacean zooplankton), 2019

P.J. Taylor, A. Dobel, I.D.M. Gunn, J.P. Olszewska & L. May
This dataset contains weather conditions, water quality, water chemistry and crustacean zooplankton counts sampled at Loch Leven throughout the year 2019. Loch Leven is a lowland lake in Scotland, United Kingdom. The data were collected as part of a long-term monitoring programme, which began in 1968 and is still underway. Sampling occurs roughly every 2 weeks with laboratory analysis and data processing being performed at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Edinburgh site. The...

Dataset for: Relative contribution of high and low elevation soil microbes and nematodes to ecosystem functioning

Sergio Rasmann, Sarah Semeraro, Alan Kergunteuil, Sara Sánchez-Moreno, Jérémy Puissant, Tim Goodall & Robert Griffiths
Ecosystem productivity is largely dependent on soil nutrient cycling which, in turn, is driven by decomposition rates governed by locally-adapted belowground microbial and invertebrate communities. How climate change will impact soil biota and the correlated ecosystem functioning, however, remains largely an open question. To address this challenge, we first characterized the functional identity of soil microbial and nematode communities originated from the foothills or in the sub-alpine soils of the Alps, and then, using a...

Do tradeoffs govern plant species responses to different global change treatments?

J. Adam Langley, Emily Grman, Kevin Wilcox, Meghan Avolio, Kimberly Komatsu, Scott Collins, Sally Koerner, Melinda Smith, Andrew Baldwin, William Bowman, Nona Chiariello, Anu Eskelinen, Harry Harmens, Mark Hovenden, Kari Klanderud, Rebecca McCulley, Vladimir Onipchenko, Clare Robinson & Katharine Suding
Plants are subject to tradeoffs among growth strategies such that adaptations for optimal growth in one condition can preclude optimal growth in another. Thus, we hypothesized that the response of plant species abundance to one global change treatment would relate inversely to the response to a second treatment, particularly for treatment combinations that accentuate distinct traits. To address this hypothesis, we examined plant species abundances in 39 global change experiments manipulating CO2, nitrogen, phosphorus, water,...

Pod and seed trait data for Moringa oleifera Lam. from Kenya 2019

A. Gray, D. Odee, C. Magare, J. O. Otieno, J. G. Kihara, E. M. Tendwa, J. Jason Kariuki, A. Perry & S. Cavers
This dataset comes from Moringa oleifera and M. stenopetala seed pod collections harvested from known provenances in Kenya. The data includes both pod and seed traits as well as canopy and coppicing information for the mother trees.

Yield and physiology data of four African crops exposed to varying ozone concentrations, grown in solardomes, UK, 2017

F. Hayes, K. Sharps & H. Harmens
Data are presented from an ozone exposure experiment performed on five African crops. The crops (Beans, cowpea, finger millet, pearl millet and wheat) were exposed to three different levels of ozone in the UK CEH Bangor solardomes. Wheat was grown at UK ambient temperature, whereas the solardomes were heated for the other crops to better mimic tropical conditions. The experiment ran from May 2017 to September 2017. The crop plants were grown from seed in...

UK Environmental Change Network (ECN) Cairngorm environmental and phenological data derived from fixed-point repeat photography, 2002-2019

C. Andrews & J. Dick
This dataset includes the dates and/or duration of all the environmental and phenological events that could be derived from a series of photographs taken by a fixed-point repeat camera system at the UK Environmental Change Network (ECN) site in the Cairngorms National Park, Scotland. The data covers the timing of permanent winter snow fall and subsequent spring melt on northern and eastern facing hill slopes between 2002 and 2019, as well as invertebrate (spittlebug spittlemass)...

Larval mass and survival data for Maniola jurtina under drought stress, UK

M.P. Greenwell, M.S. Botham, M.W. Bruford, J.C. Day, L.C. Evans, M. Gibbs, I. Middlebrook, D.B. Roy, K. Watts & T.H. Oliver
Larval mass and survival data for Meadow Brown butterflies (Maniola jurtina) originating from nine different source populations in the UK and reared under one of two host plant treatment groups (either control or drought stress) in an outdoor insectary at UKCEH under natural environmental conditions. Each individual larva was monitored at three growth check points throughout development: 49 days after hatching (pre-overwintering), 162 days after hatching (post overwintering during larval growth) and 309 days after...

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of river flow for Great Britain driven by UK Climate Projections 2018 (UKCP18) Regional (12km) data (1980 to 2080)

A.L. Kay, A.C. Rudd, H.N. Davies, R.A. Lane & V.A. Bell
Gridded hydrological model river flow estimates on a 1km grid over Great Britain for the period Dec 1980 - Nov 2080. The dataset includes monthly mean river flow, annual maxima of daily mean river flow (water years Oct - Sept), along with the date of occurrence, and annual minima of 7-day mean river flow (years spanning Dec-Nov), along with the date of occurrence (units: m3/s). The data are provided in gridded netCDF files. There is...

Traits data for the butterflies and macro-moths of Great Britain and Ireland, 2021

P.M. Cook, G.M. Tordoff, A.M. Davis, M.S. Parsons, E.B. Dennis, R. Fox, M.S. Botham & N.A.D. Bourn
Here, we present a comprehensive traits database for the butterflies and macro-moths of Great Britain and Ireland. The database covers 968 species in 21 families. Ecological traits fall into four main categories: life cycle ecology and phenology, host plant specificity and characteristics, breeding habitat, and morphological characteristics. The database also contains data regarding species distribution, conservation status, and temporal trends for abundance and occupancy. This database can be used for a wide array of purposes...

Ammonia measurements from passive samplers at Ballynahone Bog field site, Northern Ireland, 2020

A. Stephens, A. Iwanicka, S. Tang & A. Crory
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements from a set of ALPHA (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) sampler sites at Ballynahone National Nature Reserve, a designated Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI), Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Ramsar (wetland of international importance designated under the Ramsar Convention) site in Northern Ireland. The park is an ammonia sensitive peatland ecosystem managed locally by Ulster Wildlife Trust (UWT). The data were originally collected due to concern...

Potential evapotranspiration derived from the UK Climate Projections 2018 Regional Climate Model ensemble 1980-2080 (Hydro-PE UKCP18 RCM)

E.L. Robinson, A.L. Kay, M. Brown, R. Chapman, V.A. Bell & E.M. Blyth
Gridded potential evapotranspiration calculated from United Kingdom Climate Projections 2018 (UKCP18) regional climate model (RCM) ensemble at 12 km resolution over the United Kingdom for the years 1980-2080 under the Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5 (RCP8.5) scenario. This dataset contains two potential evapotranspiration variables: daily total potential evapotranspiration (PET; kg m-2 d-1) and daily total potential evapotranspiration with interception correction (PETI; kg m-2 d-1). PET and PETI were calculated for each member of the UKCP18 RCM...

Sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) data for the UK, 2017-2019

P.E. Levy, C. Martin Hernandez, R.I. Smith, S.J. Tomlinson, Y.S. Tang & J.R. Stedman
These datasets provide Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) values of sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric deposition for 5x5 kilometres (km) grid squares of the UK averaged over the years 2017 to 2019. The data consist of deposition values for sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen, and base cations. Total deposition is the sum of four components calculated separately: wet deposition, dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particulate matter and cloud droplet deposition. Habitat-specific data are...

Soil metrics and vegetation data from pasture fed livestock farms across Great Britain, 2018

L.R. Norton, M. Wagner, C.M. Wood, A. Pinder, M. Brentegani, A. Hunt, H. Risser & B.A. Dodd
This set of data includes records of vegetation species and characteristics, soil quality metrics and aspects of farm management relating to a single field on each sampled farm. Data were collected in 2018, from farms across Great Britain belonging to the Pasture Fed Livestock Association (PFLA). The data were collected by the UK Centre of Ecology & Hydrology, during a project funded by the BBSRC, seeking to evidence the impacts of pasture fed livestock approaches...

Vadose zone nitrate contained within cave drip waters and speleothems

Peter Wynn, Scott Ambler, Imke Grefe, David Soto & Helen Grant
This data set contains a record of nitrate concentrations and isotopic composition present within the drip waters and speleothem carbonate deposits of Cueva-cubío del Llanío, northern Spain. Data were collected between 2018 to 2020, and specifically address the nitrate composition of the cave drip waters, pool waters, rocks, soil, vegetation and contemporary speleothem carbonate. Calculations are also undertaken to assess the partitioning of nitrate between cave drip water and speleothem carbonate deposits. Data pertaining to...

Aquatic carbon and greenhouse gas concentrations in headwater streams draining from natural, drained and restored peatland catchments in the Flow Country, Scotland, September 2008-August 2010

A. Pickard, K.J. Dinsmore, M.F. Billett & M. Branagan
The dataset contains aquatic carbon and dissolved greenhouse gas data collected from 6 headwater stream sampling sites within the UK’s largest tract of blanket bog, the Flow Country of N. Scotland. The streams drain from catchments under different peatland management regimes: natural non-drained peatland, drained peatland, and restored peatland (achieved via ditch blocking). Sites were sampled on an approximately fortnightly basis between September 2008 and August 2010. Data were obtained via collection of water and...

A land use map of Peninsular Malaysia for the year 2018 (25m grid)

A. Kaelin, J. Miller, B. Rehan, P. Sayers, E. Stewart, H. Houghton-Carr & B. Hasan-Basri
Gridded land use map of Peninsular Malaysia with a resolution of approximate 25 meters for the year 2018. The map includes nine different classes: 1) non-paddy agriculture, 2) paddy fields, 3) rural residential, 4) urban residential, 5) commercial/institutional, 6) industrial/infrastructure, 7) roads, 8) urban and 9) others. The land use map was created as part of the project “Malaysia - Flood Impact Across Scales”. The project is funded under the Newton-Ungku Omar Fund ‘Understanding of...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
  • University of Salford
  • James Hutton Institute
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
  • Bangor University
  • National Oceanography Centre
  • Stanford University