40 Works

Differential nutrient limitation and tree height control leaf physiology, supporting niche partitioning in tropical dipterocarp forests

David Bartholomew, Lindsay Banin, Paulo Bittencourt, Mohammed Aminur Bin Suis, Lina Mercado, Reuben Nilus, David Burslem & Lucy Rowland
Revealing the mechanisms of environmental niche partitioning within lowland tropical forests is important for understanding the drivers of current species distributions and potential vulnerability to environmental change. Tropical forest structure and species composition change across edaphic gradients in Borneo over short distances. However, our understanding of how edaphic conditions affect tree physiology and whether these relationships drive niche partitioning within Bornean forests remains incomplete. This study evaluated how leaf physiological function changes with nutrient availability...

Variation and correlation in the timing of breeding of North Atlantic seabirds across multiple scales

Katharine Keogan, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Richard Phillips, David Alvarez, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Robert Barrett, Claus Bech, Peter Becker, Per-Arvid Berglund, Sandra Bouwhuis, Zofia Burr, Olivier Chastel, Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard, Sébastien Descamps, Tony Diamond, Kyle Elliott, Kjell Einar Erikstad, Mike Harris, Jonas Hentati-Sundberg, Martin Heubeck, Magdalene Langset, Svein Lorentsen, Heather Major, Mark Mallory … & Stephen Kress
Timing of breeding, an important driver of fitness in many populations, is widely studied in the context of global change, yet despite considerable efforts to identify environmental drivers of seabird nesting phenology, for most populations we lack evidence of strong drivers. Here we adopt an alternative approach, examining the degree to which different populations positively covary in their annual phenology to infer whether phenological responses to environmental drivers are likely to be (i) shared across...

Vegetation plot data from the UKCEH Countryside Survey, Great Britain, 2020 and 2021

S.M. Smart, C. Andrews, M. Brentegani, E. Fitos, R.A. Garbutt, A. Gray, P.A. Henrys, C.E. Long, B. Meek, S. Mullally, C. Ó Ceallaigh, C. O’Rourke, D.W. Pallett, E. Peet, P. Scarlett, M. Wagner, H. Wallace, B. Williams & C.M. Wood
This dataset consists of plant species presence and abundance in different sizes of plots recorded from 159 1km squares across Great Britain in 2020 and 2021, as part of a rolling soil and vegetation monitoring program of 500 1km squares, beginning in 2019 and repeated every 5 years. The UKCEH Countryside Survey is a unique study or 'audit' of the natural resources of the UK's countryside. The sample sites are chosen from a stratified random...

Soil moisture product merged from satellite and modelled data for Great Britain, April 2015-December 2017

M. Tanguy, J. Peng, E. Robinson, E. Pinnington, J. Evans, R. Ellis, E. Cooper, J. Hannaford, E. Blyth & S. Dadson
A soil moisture product for Great Britain at two spatial resolutions: 12.5km and 1km, based on triple collocation error estimation and a least-squares merging scheme. Two remote sensing soil moisture datasets (one passive microwave dataset: SMAP, and one active microwave dataset: ASCAT) and a modelled soil moisture dataset (from JULES-CHESS land surface model) were combined to produce this dataset. The dataset covers the period going from 1st April 2015 to 31st December 2017, at a...

Loch Leven monitoring data (water quality, chemistry, crustacean zooplankton), 2020

P.J. Taylor, A. Dobel, A. Grant, I.D.M. Gunn, J.P. Olszewska & L. May
This dataset contains weather conditions, water quality, water chemistry and crustacean zooplankton counts sampled at Loch Leven throughout the year 2020. Loch Leven is a lowland lake in Scotland, United Kingdom. The data were collected as part of a long-term monitoring programme, which began in 1968 and is still underway. Sampling occurs roughly every 2 weeks with laboratory analysis and data processing being performed at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Edinburgh site. The...

Carbon concentrations in natural and restoration pools in blanket peatlands in Scotland, 2013-2015

P.J. Chapman, C.S. Moody, T.E. Turner, R. McKenzie, K.J. Dinsmore, A.J. Baird, M.F. Billett, R. Andersen, F. Leith & J. Holden
Dataset contains water chemistry data (pH, conductivity, dissolved carbon, dissolved gases, absorbance) from natural and artificial/restoration peat pools in Scottish peatlands. Water samples were collected seasonally from three sites, and more frequently (up to weekly) from one site, within the Flow Country. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/J007609/1

Radar derived seasonal surface water maps for three Indian districts (Shivamogga, Sindhudurg, Wayanad), 2017-2018

N.G. Uday, B. Purse, A.T. Vanak, A. Samrat, A. Chaudhary & F. Gerard
Data provided are monthly surface water layers extracted from Sentinel1A SAR data for 3 districts in India (Shivamogga, Sindhudurg, Wayanad) for the year 2017 and 2018. Surface water body layers were mapped using an average monthly threshold value extracted from the image backscatter histogram. The average threshold value excluded the monsoon months due to the difference in water and not water area. The threshold value was slightly lesser than the mean threshold value. The end...

Gridded estimates of hourly areal rainfall for Great Britain 1990-2016 [CEH-GEAR1hr] v2

E. Lewis, N. Quinn, S. Blenkinsop, H.J. Fowler, J. Freer, M. Tanguy, O. Hitt, G. Coxon, P. Bates, R. Woods, M. Fry, A. Chevuturi, O. Swain & S.M. White
The dataset contains 1km gridded estimates of hourly rainfall for Great Britain for the period 1990-2016. The estimates are derived by applying the nearest neighbour interpolation method to a national database of hourly raingauge observations collated by Newcastle University and the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH). These interpolated hourly estimates were then used to temporally disaggregate the CEH-GEAR daily rainfall dataset. The estimated rainfall on a given hour refers to the rainfall amount...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site indices 2020

M.S. Botham, I. Middlebrook, S. Harris, C. Harrower, M. Lowe & D.B. Roy
This dataset comprises individual site indices for UK butterfly species calculated from data from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Site indices are a relative rather than an absolute measure of the size of a population, and have been shown to relate closely to other, more intensive, measures of population size such as mark, release, recapture (MRR) methods. The site index can be thought of as a relative measure of the population size, being a...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site location data 2020

M.S. Botham, I. Middlebrook, S. Harris, C. Harrower, M. Lowe & D.B. Roy
This dataset provides the details of all sites on which butterflies have been monitored as part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). This includes all standard UKBMS transect sites, Wider Countryside Butterfly Survey (WCBS) sites and targeted species survey sites (timed counts, single-species transects, larval web and egg counts). Data includes the location within the UK, the length and number of sections for the butterfly transect on each site and the number of years...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: phenology 2020

M. Botham, I. Middlebrook, C. Harrower & D.B. Roy
This dataset provides data on the timing of butterfly flight periods for each UK butterfly species across all monitored sites in the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Annual data from over 2,500 sites are presented relating to the timing (first appearance, last appearance, date of peak abundance and mean flight date) and the duration (total number of days, standard deviation around the mean flight date) of the flight period for all UK butterfly species from...

Demographic rates and stature of tree species in 13 sub-tropical forests: annual growth, annual survival, annual recruitment >( 1 cm dbh), stature (max dbh)

Stephan Kambach, Richard Condit, Salomón Aguilar, Helge Bruelheide, Sarayudh Bunyavejchewin, Chia-Hao Chang-Yang, Yu-Yun Chen, George Chuyong, Stuart J. Davies, Sisira Ediriweera, Corneille E. N. Ewango, Edwino S. Fernando, Nimal Gunatilleke, Savitri Gunatilleke, Stephen P Hubbell, Akira Itoh, David Kenfack, Somboon Kiratiprayoon, Yi-Ching Lin, Jean-Remy Makana, Mohizah Bt. Mohamad, Nantachai Pongpattananurak, Rolando Pérez, Lillian Jennifer V. Rodriguez, I-Fang Sun … & Nadja Rüger
Organisms of all species must balance their allocation to growth, survival and recruitment. Among tree species, evolution has resulted in different life-history strategies for partitioning resources to these key demographic processes. Life-history strategies in tropical forests have often been shown to align along a trade-off between fast growth and high survival, i.e. the well-known fast-slow continuum. In addition, an orthogonal trade-off has been proposed between tall stature – resulting from fast growth and high survival...

Land Cover Map 2020 (10m classified pixels, N. Ireland)

R.D. Morton, C.G. Marston, A.W. O’Neil & C.S. Rowland
This is a 10m pixel data set representing the land surface, classified into 21 UKCEH land cover classes, based upon Biodiversity Action Plan broad habitats. The pixel product is given as a two-band raster in geoTiff format. The first band gives the most likely land cover type; the second band gives the probability associated with this land cover. The probability layer is an indicator of uncertainty (rescaled 0 to 100). Low values correspond to low...

Invertebrates identified in pitfall traps within diesel exhaust and ozone fumigation rings, Sonning, UK, 2018-2019

J.M.W. Ryalls, T. Staton, L.M. Bromfield, N. Mullinger, B. Langford, C. Pfrang, E. Nemitz & R.D. Girling
The dataset contains abundances of invertebrates collected from pitfall traps within eight field-based diesel exhaust and ozone fumigation rings located at the University of Reading’s Sonning Farm, UK. Rings were fumigated with diesel exhaust, ozone or both pollutants during two full summer seasons (April-October 2018 and 2019). Pitfall traps contained 500 mL 20% propylene glycol (including detergent to break the surface tension), which was filtered through mesh by two field researchers before collecting invertebrate samples...

Plant indicator species for JNCC Common Standards habitat monitoring, UK

K.J. Walker & O.L. Pescott
Dataset contains lists of plant indicator species extracted from the JNCC Common Standards habitat monitoring guidance for the UK. The Common Standards Monitoring (CSM) approach was developed in order to standardise the monitoring of designated nature conservation sites. As well as extracting (and sometimes interpreting) the plant species noted in the CSM guidance documents, we provide links to CSM habitats, National Vegetation Classification communities, National Plant Monitoring Scheme (www.npms.org.uk) indicator species, and provide current taxonomic...

Long-term multisite Scots pine trial, Scotland: mother tree, cone and seed phenotypes, 2007

A. Perry, J.K. Beaton, J.A. Stockan, J.E. Cottrell, G.R. Iason & S. Cavers
Phenotypes for Scots pine mother trees and their cones/seed from 21 populations across Scotland in 2007. The seed was used to establish a long-term multisite common garden trial at three nurseries/field sites.

Collated neutron probe measurements and derived soil moisture data, UK, 1966-2013

V.A. Bell, H.N. Davies, M. Fry, T. Zhang, H. Murphy, O. Hitt, E.J. Hewitt, R. Chapman & K.B. Black
The dataset of neutron probe soil moisture observations for 112 sites (428 probe locations) from 1966 to 2013 includes 4 comma-separated tables, derived from the UK Soil Moisture Databank. The data include: • Neutron probe readings (number of neutrons) and Volumetric soil moisture content (m3 m-3) at a range of soil depths • Profile moisture content (m3 m-3) to a range of soil depths • Metadata (includes probe location, maximum depth of readings, soil type,...

Activity, energy expenditure and mass data from common guillemots from the Isle of May during the 2016-2017 annual cycle

R.E. Dunn, S. Wanless, M.P. Harris, M.A. Newell, M.I. Bogdanova & F. Daunt
This dataset contains energy expenditure, sea surface temperature, foraging activity, day length, longitude, latitude, distance from the coastline and mass data from 17 common guillemots (Uria aalge) from the Isle of May during the 2016-2017 annual cycle.

Long-term multisite Scots pine trial, Scotland: field phenotypes, 2013-2020

A. Perry, J.K. Beaton, J.A. Stockan, J.E. Cottrell, G.R. Iason & S. Cavers
Phenotypes (growth and phenology) for Scots pine trees in a long-term common garden trial planted in three sites in Scotland, surveyed annually from 2013 to 2020.

Gridded (1km) physical river characteristics for the UK

H.N. Davies, P. Rameshwaran & V.A. Bell
The dataset includes five files of UK physical river characteristics including four files of gridded data at 1km × 1km resolution and one comma separated table. The data includes: • Outflow drainage directions (D8) • Catchment areas (km2) • Widths of bankfull rivers (m) • Depths of bankfull rivers (m) • NRFA gauging station locations (easting (m), northing (m)) The comma separated NRFA (National River Flow Archive) gauging station locations table provides the best locations...

Data from: Hierarchical variation in phenotypic flexibility across timescales and associated survival selection shape the dynamics of partial seasonal migration

Paul Acker, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Sarah J. Burthe, Mark A. Newell, Michael P. Harris, Carrie Gunn, Robert Swann, Ana Payo-Payo & Jane M. Reid
Population responses to environmental variation ultimately depend on within-individual and among-individual variation in labile phenotypic traits that affect fitness, and resulting episodes of selection. Yet, complex patterns of individual phenotypic variation arising within and between time periods, and associated variation in selection, have not been fully conceptualised or quantified. We highlight how structured patterns of phenotypic variation in dichotomous threshold traits can theoretically arise and experience varying forms of selection, shaping overall phenotypic dynamics. We...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2020

M.S. Botham, I. Middlebrook, S. Harris, C. Harrower, M. Lowe & D.B. Roy
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across sites monitored as part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. Data from all survey sites (standard UKBMS transects, Wider Countryside Survey transects and targeted species surveys such as timed, larval web and egg counts) are used in the calculation of these indices. The statistics are presented as log10 values. These values are centred round an arbitrary value of 2 as a mean for the time...

Monthly atmospheric ammonia, acid gas, inorganic aerosols and base cation concentrations from Northern Ireland DELTA gas and aerosol monitoring network, 2019-2020

Y.S. Tang, S.J. Tomlinson, E.J. Carnell, M. Williams, I. Simmons, M. Twigg, A.C.M. Stephens, A. Iwanicka, D. Leaver, C.F. Braban, J. Mcllroy, M.G. Pereira, P.O. Keenan, B. Tanna, S. Thacker, E. Salisbury, A. Hunt, H. Guyatt, H. Smith, C. Graham & U. Dragosits
This dataset is from the Northern Ireland (NI) DELTA® Gas and Aerosol Monitoring Network, and consists of monthly atmospheric concentrations of inorganic, water-soluble, reactive gases and aerosols measured with the UKCEH DELTA® method at 4 sites across NI for the years 2019 to 2020. • Gases: ammonia (NH3), nitric acid (HNO3), sulphur dioxide (SO2) • Aerosols: ammonium (NH4+), nitrate (NO3-), sulphate (SO42-), chloride (Cl-), sodium (Na+), calcium (Ca2+), Magnesium (Mg2+) The network is operated jointly...

Plant management, but not fertilization, mediates soil carbon emission and microbial community composition in subtropical Eucalyptus plantations

Bin Wu, Jianping Wu, Wenfei Liu, Ying Wu & Jill Thompson
The diversity of plant functional groups in plantations affects soil carbon, but we have limited understanding of the underlying mechanisms for how plant management affects soil carbon dynamics. Here, we conducted a 3-year manipulation experiment of plant functional groups that included understory removal, tree root trenching, and fertilization treatments in 2-year-old and 6-year-old Eucalyptus plantations in the subtropical region. The results showed that soil respiration was significantly suppressed by understory removal (-38%), tree root trenching...

Hydrological projections for the UK, based on UK Climate Projections 2018 (UKCP18) data, from the Enhanced Future Flows and Groundwater (eFLaG) project

J. Hannaford, J. Mackay, M. Ascot, V. Bell, T. Chitson, S. Cole, C. Counsell, M. Durant, K. Facer-Childs, C. Jackson, A. Kay, R. Lane, M. Mansour, R. J. Moore, S. Parry, A. Rudd, M. Simpson, S. Turner, J. Wallbank, S. Wells & A. Wilcox
Enhanced Future Flows and Groundwater (eFLaG) is an 12-member ensemble projection of river flow, groundwater level, and groundwater recharge time series for 200 catchments, 54 boreholes and 558 groundwater bodies in Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is derived from the UKCP18 dataset, specifically the 'Regional' 12km projections, to which a bias correction is applied. River flows, groundwater level and groundwater recharge data are at a daily time step. To be consistent with the driving...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Butterfly Conservation
  • British Trust for Ornithology
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of St Andrews
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • Thammasat University
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
  • Yunnan University
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique